Erutarettil  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Erutarettil[1] (Litterature spelt backwards) is the title of a double page spread[2][3] in the French literary review Littérature, No. 11-12, October 1923 (new series). The work of Desnos and Breton, it is a weighted list of the influences of surrealism.

The largest type lemma's are Young, Swift, Baffo, Sade, Lewis, Mathurin, Hegel, Hugo, Rabbe, Bertrand, Baudelaire, Lautréamont, Rimbaud, Nouveau, Jarry, Apollinaire, Fantômas, Vaché.

The full list (from left to right, top to bottom):

Hermes Trismegistus, Apuleius, Erasmus, 1001 Nights, Lulle, Flamel, Cornelius Agrippa, Retz, Aretino, Leibnitz, Racine, La Religieuse Portugaise, Pascal, Perrault, Swift, Young, Fichte, Leprince de Beaumont, Baffo, Radcliffe, Keats, Byron, de Saint Martin, Hegel, Diderot, Nerciat, Rousseau, Restif, Laclos, Sade, Marat, Lewis, Mathurin, Lermontov, Chateaubriand, Mickiewicz, Constant, Senancour, Hugo, Musset, Rabbe, Borel, Nerval, Desbordes-Valmore, Gustave? Aymard, Grandville, Lacenaire, Baudelaire, Lautréamont, Germain? Nouveau, Poitevin, Sue, Charcot, Gros, Rimbaud, Maeterlinck, Ghil, Saint-Pol-Roux, Péladan, Jarry, Zola, Huysmans, Vaché, Roussel, Louys, Hamsun, Cravan, Apollinaire, Fantômas, Reverdy, Vaché, Roussel.

The list has a significant overlap with Breton's list in the first Surrealist Manifesto.

The spread is reproduced in the book Sade/Surreal.



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