Ennio Morricone  

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Ennio Morricone (10 November 1928 – 6 July 2020) was an Italian composer, orchestrator, conductor, and trumpet player who wrote music in a wide range of styles. Morricone composed over 400 scores for cinema and television, as well as over 100 classical works.

He is best known for the characteristic sparse and memorable soundtracks of Sergio Leone's spaghetti westerns: "Man with a Harmonica" from Once Upon a Time in the West and the theme to "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly". The first has a haunting harmonica and the second an immediately recognizable flute/whistle.

His soundtracks have been compiled on the Mondo Morricone series.

Contents

Spaghetti Western whistling

In the Ennio Morricone soundtrack for the film For a Few Dollars More, prominent whistling can be heard by Alessandro Alessandroni. Along with the whistling in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly theme, these are perhaps the two best-known whistling tunes. Alessandroni can be heard as the whistler on the soundtrack for Sergio Leone's film A Fistful of Dollars and many others.

Soundtrack filmography

1950s

  • Morte di un amico (Death of a Friend), (Franco Rossi, 1959)

1960s

1960

  • Le Pillole Di Erole (Luciano Salce) replaced by Armando Trovioli

1961

1962

  • La cuccagna (Girl In a Million), Luciano Salce
  • Diciottenni al sole, Camillo Mastrocinque,
  • La voglia matta / Crazy Desire (Luciano Salce)
  • I motorizzati / The Motorists (Camillo Mastrocinque)

1963

  • Le monachine / The Little Nuns (Luciano Salce)
  • Il successo (Mauro Morassi) - the film was actually directed by Dino Risi
  • I basilischi (Lina Wertmüller)
  • Duello nel Texas / Gunfight at Red Sands (Ricardo Blasco)
  • I marziani hanno 12 mani (Castellano e Pipolo)

1964

1965

  • Agent 505: Todesfalle Beirut (Manfred R. Kohler)
  • Agente 077: Missione Bloody Mary (Terence Hathaway)
  • Thrilling (Carlo Lizzani, Gianni Luigi Polidori, Ettore Scola)
  • Slalom (Luciano Salce)
  • Menage all'italiana (Franco Indovina)
  • Non Son Degno Di Te (Ettore Fizzarotti)
  • Se Non Avessi Piu Te (Ettore Fizzarotti)
  • Una pistola per Ringo (Duccio Tessari)
  • Gli amanti d'oltretomba (Mario Caiano)
  • Altissima pressione (Enzo Trapani) - composed together with Luis Enriquez Bacalov
  • Fists in the Pocket (I pugni in tasca) (Marco Bellocchio)
  • Idoli controluce (Enzo Battaglia)
  • Il ritorno di Ringo (Duccio Tessari)
  • Per qualche dollaro in più / For a Few Dollars More (Sergio Leone)
  • Gli Amanti d'oletretomba/Nightmare Castle (Mario Caino)
  • Sette pistole per i Mac Gregor (Franco Giraldi)

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970s

1970

1971

1972

  • Anche se volessi lavorare, che faccio?, Flavio Mogherini
  • Bluebeard, Edward Dmytryk
  • Che c'entriamo noi con la rivoluzione?, Sergio Corbucci
  • Chi l'ha vista morire?, Aldo Lado
  • Cosa avete fatto a Solange?, Massimo Dallamano
  • D'amore si muore, Carlo Carunchio
  • Fiorina la vacca, Vittorio De Sisti
  • Giornata nera per l'ariete, Luigi Bazzoni
  • I figli chiedono perché, Nino Zanchin
  • Il diavolo nel cervello, Sergio Sollima
  • Il Maestro e Margherita, Aleksander Petrovic
  • Imputazione di omicidio per uno studente, Mauro Bolognini
  • I racconti di Canterbury, Pier Paolo Pasolini
  • La banda, J. & S., Sergio Corbucci
  • La tarantola dal ventre nero, Paolo Cavara
  • L'attentat, Yves Boisset
  • La vita a volte è molto dura, vero Provvidenza?, Giulio Petroni
  • Les Deux saisons de la vie, Samy Pavel
  • L'ultimo uomo di Sara, Maria Virginia Onorato
  • Mio caro assassino, Tonino Valeri
  • Quando le donne persero la coda, Pasquale Festa Campanile
  • Questa specie d'amore, Alberto Bevilacqua
  • Violenza: quinto potere, Florestano Vancini

1973

  • La proprietà non è più un furto, Elio Petri
  • Ci risiamo, vero Provvidenza?,* Alberto De Martino
  • Crescete e moltiplicatevi, Giulio Petroni
  • Giordano Bruno, Giuliano Montaldo
  • Il mio nome è Nessuno / My Name Is Nobody, Tonino Valeri
  • La cosa buffa, Aldo Lado
  • Le Serpent, Henri Verneuil
  • Libera amore mio, Mauro Bolognini
  • Quando l'amore è sensualità, Vittorio De Sisti
  • Quando la preda è l'uomo / Spogliati protesta uccidi, Vittorio De Sisti
  • Rappresaglia, George Pan Cosmatos
  • Revolver, Sergio Sollima
  • Sepolta viva, Aldo Lado
  • Un uomo da rispettare, Michele Lupo

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980s

1980

  • Il bandito dagli occhi azzurri, Alfredo Giannetti
  • Il ladrone, Pasquale Festa Campanile
  • [[La Cage aux Folles (film)|La cage aux folles II, Edouard Molinaro
  • Professione figlio / Bugie bianche, Stefano Rolla
  • Si salvi chi vuole, Roberto Faenza
  • Stark system, Armenia Balducci
  • The Island, Michael Ritchie
  • Un sacco bello, Carlo Verdone
  • Uomini e no, Valentino Orsini
  • Windows, Gordon Willis

1981

1982

  • Copkiller, Roberto Faenza
  • El tesoro de las cuatro coronas, Ferdinando Baldi
  • Extrasensorial /The Link, Alberto De Martino
  • Hundra, Matt Cimber
  • Le ruffian, Josè Giovanni
  • Nana, Dan Wolman
  • The Thing, John Carpenter

1983

1984

  • Don't Kill God, Jacqueline Manzano - identity and collocation are doubtful, *as it is doubtful that this is an original collaboration
  • La cage aux folles III, Georges Lautner
  • La gabbia, Giuseppe Patroni Grifi
  • La Venexiana, Mauro Bolognini
  • Once Upon a Time in America, Sergio Leone

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990s

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

  • Con rabbia e con amore (Alfrede Angeli, 1995)
  • L'uomo delle stelle (Giuseppe Tornatore, 1995)
  • L'uomo proiettile (Silvano Agosti, 1995)
  • Joseph, (Roger Young, 1995)
  • Pasolini, un delitto italiano (Marco Tullio Giordana, 1995)
  • The Night and the Moment (Anna Maria Tato', 1995)
  • Sostiene Pereira (Roberto Faenza, 1995)

1996

  • La sindrome di Stendhal (Dario Argento, 1996)
  • La Lupa (Gabriele Lavia, 1996)
  • I magi randagi (Sergio Citti, 1996)
  • Ninfa Plebea (Lina Wertmuller, 1996)
  • Vite Strozzate (Ricky Tognazzi, 1996)

1997

  • Lolita (Adrian Lyne, 1997)
  • Cartoni animati (Franco and Sergio Citti, 1997)
  • Con rabbia e con amore (Alfredo Angeli, 1997)
  • Naissance des stéréoscopages (1997)
  • U-Turn (Oliver Stone, 1997)

1998

1999

  • Canone inverso (Ricky Tognazzi, 1999)
  • Morti di una ragazza perbene (Luigi Perelli, 1999)
  • I guardiani del cielo (Alberto Negrin, 1999)
  • Il quarto re (Stefano Reali, 1999)

2000s

2000

2001

  • Vatel (Roland Joffé, 2001)
  • Aida degli alberi / Aida of the Trees (Guido Manuli, 2001)
  • Un altro mondo è possibile / Another World Is Possible (2001)
  • La ragion pura (Silvano Agosti, 2001)

2002

  • Senso `45 (Tinto Brass, 2002)
  • Un difetto di famiglia (Alberto Simone, 2002)
  • Threnody (Vincent Paterson, 2002)
  • L'ultimo pistolero (2002)
  • Diario di Matilde Manzoni, Il (Lino Capolicchio, 2002)
  • Ripley's Game (Liliana Cavani, 2002)
  • Carlo Giuliani, ragazzo (Francesca Comencini, 2002)

2003

  • La luz prodigiosa / The End of a Mystery (Miguel Hermoso, 2003)
  • Alla fine della notte (Salvatore Piscicelli, 2003)
  • Al cuore si commanda (Giovanni Morricone, 2003)

2004

  • 72 metra / 72 meters (Vladimir Khotinenko, 2004)
  • I guardiani delle nuvole (Luciano Odorisio, 2004)
  • E ridendo l'uccise (Florestano Vancini, 2004)

2005

2006

2007

  • Tutte le donne della mia vita (Simona Izzo, 2007)
  • Demoni di San Pietroburgo (Giuliano Montaldo, 2007)

2008

TV films & series

  • Il Lieto Fine (Luciano Salce, 1959)
  • Il Rossetto (Damiano Damiani, 1959) (only conducted)
  • Il Pappa Reale (Luciano Salce, 1960) Theatre
  • Alla scoperta dell'America (Sergio Gioradani, 1961)
  • Lo squarciagola (1966)
  • Giovanni ed Elviruccia (1969)
  • The Virginian: Men from Shiloh (various directors, 1970-71) (Title theme)
  • Nessuno deve sapere (Mario Landi, 1973)
  • Moses, the Lawgiver (Gianfranco de Bosio, 1974) (TV epic)
  • Drammi gotici (Giorgio Bandini, 1977)
  • Noi lazzaroni (Giorgio Felloni, 1978)
  • Il prigioniero (Aldo Lado, 1978)
  • El Mundial (1978) (Soccer World Cup theme)
  • Le mani sporche (Elio Petri, 1978)
  • Orient Express (Claude Barma, 1979)
  • Dietro il processo (Franco Biancacci, 1979)
  • The Life and Times of David Lloyd George (John Hefin, 1981)(TV series - 9 episodes)
  • Marco Polo (Giuliano Montaldo, 1982) (TV epic)
  • Via Mala (Tom Toelle, 1985)
  • La Piovra (Florestano Vancini, Luigi Perelli, 1985 – 1999)
  • Secret of the Sahara (Alberto Negrin, 1987) (TV epic)
  • I promessi sposi (Salvatore Nocita, 1987) (TV epic)
  • Gli indifferenti (Mauro Bolognini, 1988)
  • The Endless Game (Bryan Forbes, 1989)
  • Gli angeli del potere (Giorgio Albertazzini, 1989)
  • Voyage of Terror: the Achille Lauro Affair (Alberto Negrin, 1990)
  • Il principe del deserto (Duccio Tessari, 1991)
  • Piazza di Spagna (Florestano Vancini, 1991)
  • Cacciatore di nave (Folco Quilici, 1992)
  • Una storia italiana (Stefano Reali, 1992)
  • Missus (Alberto Negrin, 1994)
  • In fondo al cuore (Luigi Perelli, 1997)
  • Nostromo (Alistair Reid, 1997) (TV epic)
  • La casa bruciata (Massimo Spano, 1997)
  • Ultimo 2 - La sfida (Michele Soave, 1999)
  • I guardiani del cielo (Alberto Negrin, 1999)
  • Padre Pio - tra cielo e terra (Giulio Base, 2001)
  • Nana' (Alberto Negrin, 2001)
  • Musashi (Japanese TV series, Mitsunobu Ozaki, 2002)
  • Perlasca, un eroe italiano (Alberto Negrin, 2002)
  • Il Papa buono (Ricky Tognazzi, 2003)
  • ICS L'amore ti da' un nome (Alberto Negrin, 2003)
  • Charlie Chaplin - Les années suisses (2003)
  • Il cuore nel pozzo (Alberto Negrin, 2005)
  • Karol, un uomo diventato papa (Giacomo Battiato, 2005)
  • Cefalonia (Riccardo Milani, 2005)
  • Lucia (Pasquale Pozzessere, 2005)
  • Karol, un papa' rimasto uomo (Giacomo Battiato, 2005)
  • Gino Bartali – L'intramontabile (Alberto Negrin, 2005)
  • La provinciale (Pasquale Pozzessere, 2006)
  • Giovanni Falcone (Andrea and Antonio Frazzi, 2006)
  • L'Ultimo dei corleonesi (Alberto Negrin, 2007)
  • Résolution 819 (Giacomo Battiato, 2008)

Films with songs by Morricone

  • Gli imbroglioni (Lucio Fulci, 1963) the song Gokart twist
  • Prima della rivoluzione (Bernardo Bertolucci, 1963) songs of Morricone and Gino Paoli
  • In ginocchio da te (Ettore Maria Fizzarotti, 1964)
  • Non son degno di te (Ettore Maria Fizzarotti, 1965)
  • Se non avessi più te (Ettore Maria Fizzarotti, 1965)
  • Mi vedrai tornare (Ettore Maria Fizzarotti, 1966)
  • O.K. Connery (Alberto de Martino, 1966)
  • Le Professionnel (Georges Lautner, 1981) - features Il vento, il grido - does not feature the Chi Mai (even if it looks like)
  • Joseph (Roger Young, 1995) songs of Ennio Morricone and Marco Frisina
  • Election (Alexander Payne, 1999) has music from Navajo Joe.
  • Cowboys Don't Kiss In Public (Michelle Trudo, 2001)
  • Kill Bill Vol. 1 (Quentin Tarantino, 2003) features the main theme from Death Rides a Horse.
  • Kill Bill Vol. 2 (Quentin Tarantino, 2004) features the tracks "L'Arena" (From "Il Mercenario"), "Il Tramonto" (From "Il Buono, Il Brutto, Il Cattivo"), "Per Un Pugno di Dollari" (From "Per Un Pugno di Dollari"), "A Silhouette of Doom" & "The Demise of Barbara and The Return of Joe" (From "Navajo Joe").
  • Jackass Number Two (2006) features the song "The Ecstacy of Gold" from Buono, il brutto, il cattivo, Il.
  • Death Proof (2007) features the song "Paranoia Prima" from "Cat O' Nine Tales" Soundtrack. (1971)
  • The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou

Concert music

  • Il Mattino (for voice and piano) 1946
  • Imitazione (for voice and piano) 1947
  • Iintimità (for voice and piano) 1947
  • Barcarola funebre (for piano) 1952
  • Preludio a una Novella senza titolo (for piano) 1952
  • Distacco I (for voice and piano) 1953
  • Distacco II (for voice and piano) 1953
  • Verrà la morte (for contralto and piano) 1953
  • Oboe sommerso (for baritone and five instruments) 1953
  • Musica (for piano and string orchestra) 1954
  • Sonata (for brass ensemble, piano and timpani) 1954
  • Variations on a theme by Frescobaldi (for piano) 1955
  • Cantata (for orchestra and mixed chorus singing a text by Cesare Pavese) 1955
  • Sestetto (for flute, oboe, bassoon, violin, viola and cello) 1955
  • Twelve Variations (for oboe d'amore, cello and piano) 1956
  • Invenzione, canone e ricercare (for piano) 1956
  • Concerto (for orchestra) 1957
  • Distanze (for violin, cello and piano) 1958
  • Requiem per un destino (for mixed chorus and orchestra) 1966
  • Suoni per Dino (a piece for viola virtuoso Dino Asciolla using 2 magnetic tapes) 1969
  • Proibito (for 8 trumpets) 1972
  • Gestazione (for female voice and instruments plus pre-recorded electronic sounds and an ad lib string orchestra) 1980
  • Totem secondo (for 5 bassoons and 2 contrabassoons) 1981
  • Second Concerto (for flute, cello and orchestra) 1984-85
  • Four Studies (for piano) 1984-89
  • Frammenti di Eros (Cantata for soprano, piano and orchestra to a text by Sergio Miceli) 1985
  • Cantata per L'Europa (for soprano, two vocal recitals, mixed chorus and orchestra) 1988
  • Mordenti (for harpsichord) 1988
  • Epos (for orchestra) 1989
  • Study (for double-bass) 1989
  • Reflessi (for cello) 1989-90
  • Frammenti di giochi (for violin and harp) 1990
  • Third Concerto (for guitar, marimba and string orchestra) 1990-91
  • UT (for trumpet, timpani, bass drum and string orchestra) 1991
  • Una via crucis ('Stations of The Cross' in various vocal and instrumental combinations and in collaboration with Michele Dall'Ongaro and Egisto Macchi) 1991-93
  • Fourth Concerto (for organ, two trumpets, two trombones and orchestra) 1993
  • Vidi aquam (for soprano and small orchestra) 1993
  • Elegia per Egisto (a piece for violin dedicated to his fellow-Nuova Consonanza member Egisto Macchi) 1993
  • Il silenzio, il gioco, la memoria (for a chorus of children's voices singing a text by Sergio Miceli) 1994
  • Partenope (an opera with a libretto by Guido Barbieri and Sandro Cappelletto) 1996
  • Passaggio secondo (for flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, French horn, 20 strings and a vocal recital of a text by Allen Ginsberg) 1996
  • Scherzo (for violin and piano) 1996; Ombra di lontana presenza (for viola, string orchestra and magnetic tape) 1997
  • Nocturne and Passacaglia (for flute, oboe, clarinet, piano and strings) 1998
  • Amen (for 6 choruses of mixed voices) 1998
  • Pietre (for double chorus, percussion and cello) 1999
  • For the Children Killed by the Mafia (for soprano, baritone, 6 instruments and two voices reciting a text by Luciano Violante) 1999
  • Abenddämmerung (for violin, cello, piano and soprano or mezzo-soprano singing a text by Heinrich Heine) 2000
  • If This Be a Man (for soprano, violin, strings and vocal recital of a text by Primo Levi) 2001
  • Voci dal silenzio (for vocal recital, recorded voice, chorus and orchestra) 2002
  • Finale (for two organs) 2002
  • Riverberi (for flute, cello and piano) 2004

Video games

Tribute albums

  • The Big Gundown by John Zorn (1985)
  • The Film Music Collection of Ennio Morricone by pianist Richard Clayderman (1990)
  • Pearls - Amii Stewart Sings Ennio Morricone by Amii Stewart (1990)
  • Cinema Italiano (1991) by Henry Mancini
  • Morricone by saxophonist Nobuya Sugawa (1998)
  • Triology Plays Ennio Morricone by Tristan Schulze, Daisy Joplin and Aleksey Igudesman (1998)
  • The Fantastic Movie Story of Ennio Morricone by pianist Richard Clayderman (1999)
  • For a Few Guitars More - A Tribute to Morricone's Spaghetti Western Themes by various artists (2002)
  • Enrico Pieranunzi, Marc Johnson, Joey Baron Play Morricone (2002)
  • Dear Morricone by violinist Tatsuya Yabe (2003)
  • Roman by erhuist Jia Peng Fang (2003)
  • Enrico Pieranunzi, Marc Johnson, Joey Baron Play Morricone 2 (2003)
  • Le Romanze di Morricone by flautist Kaori Fujii (2003)
  • My Favourite Ennio Morricone Music presented by Junichiro Koizumi, former prime minister of Japan (2006)
  • We All Love Ennio Morricone by various artists (2007)
  • Yo-Yo Ma Plays Ennio Morricone (2004)

Selected Music Certifications

Score Sales Certification date/info
A Fistful of Dollars (1964) 100,000 (F) Certification in 1981
The Good, The Bad & The Ugly (1966) 500,000 (RIAA) 08/14/1968
The Good, The Bad & The Ugly (song) (1968) 1,000,000 (Worldwide) Hugo Montenegro version
A Man With Harmonica (1969) 1,260,000 (F) Original single version
Once Upon a Time in the West (1969) 800,000 (NL) Certification in 1992
Here's To You (1971) 790,000 (F) Original single version
God With Us (1973) 378,000 (F) Original single version
La Cage aux Folles (1978) 500,000 (RIAA) 12/14/1995
Le Professionnel (1981) 600,000 (F) certification in 2001
The Mission (1986) 500,000 (RIAA) (US)
50,000 (CDN)
100,000 (UK)</small>
20,000 (Polen)</small><ref>Związek Producentów Audio-Video :: Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry</ref></small>
100,000 (F)<ref>Charts in France</ref>
Chi Mai (1981) 400,000 (BPI) (UK)
911,000 (F)<ref>Infodisc.fr</ref>
single
Guardinas of the Clouds (2006) 30,000 (NL) 05/01/1981

Ennio Morricone sold over 5,175,100 singles and scores in France only.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Ennio Morricone" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Ennio Morricone" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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