English prefixes  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Native

Prefix Meaning Example
a-/an-lacking in, lack ofasexual, anemic
a-verb > predicative adjective with progressive aspectafloat, atremble
anti-againstanti-war, antivirus, anti-human
arch-supreme, highest, worstarch-rival
auto-selfautobiography, automatic
be-equipped with, covered with, beset with (pejorative or facetious)bedeviled, becalm, bedazzle, bewitch
co-joint, with, accompanyingco-worker, coordinator, cooperation
counter-against, in opposition tocounteract, counterpart
de-reverse action, get rid ofde-emphasise
dis-not, opposite ofdisloyal, disagree
dis-reverse action, get rid ofdisconnect, disinformation,
en-/em-to make into, to put into, to get intoenmesh, empower
ex-formerex-husband, ex-boss, ex-colleague
fore-beforeforerunner,
hyper-extra specially, over, highhypermarket, hyperthermia
in-/il-/im-/ir-not, opposite ofinexact, irregular
infra-below, beneathinfrared
inter-between, amonginterstate, interact
mal-bad(ly)malnourish
mini-smallminimarket, mini-room
mis-wrong, astraymisinformation, misguide
neo-new, revivedNeolithic
non-notnonexistent
out-better, faster, longer, beyondoutreach, outcome
over-too muchoverreact, overact
pan-all, world-widepan-African
post-afterpost-election, post-graduation
pre-beforepre-election, pre-enter
pro-for, on the side ofpro-life
proto-first, originalprototype
pseudo-false, imitationpseudonym
re-again, backrerun
semi-halfsemicircle
step-family relation by remarriagestepbrother
sub-under, lower than, less than, beneath, lesser in ranksub-zero
super-over, above, more than, above, bettersuper-heated, superpower, supernatural
sur-over and abovesurreal, surrunder
trans-across, from one place to anothertransatlantic
twi-twotwibill, twilight
ultra-beyond, extremelyultraviolet, ultramagnetic
un-not, opposite ofunnecessary, unequal
un-reverse action, deprive of, release fromundo, untie
under-below, beneath, lower in grade/dignity, lesser, insufficientunderachieve, underground, underpass
vice- deputyvice-president, vice-principal
with-againstwithstand

Neo-classical

Prefix Meaning Example
Afro-relating to AfricaAfro-American
ambi-bothambitendency
amphi-two, both, on both sidesamphiaster, amphitheater
ana-/an-up, againstanacardiaceous, anode
Anglo-relating to EnglandAnglo-Norman
ante-beforeantenatal
anti-oppositeanti-clockwise
apo-away, different fromapomorphine
astro-starastrobiology
bi-twobicycle
bio-biologicalbiodegrade
circum-aroundcircumnavigate
cis-on this side ofcislunar
con-/com-/col-/cor-/co-together or withconfederation, commingle, colleague, correlation, cohabit
contra-oppositecontradict
cryo-icecryogenics
crypto-hidden, secretcryptography
demi-halfdemigod
demo-peopledemography
di-twodioxide
down- to make something lesser, lower or worsedowngrade
du-/duo-twoduet
eco-ecologicalecosystem
electro-electric, electricityelectro-analysis
epi-upon, at, close upon, in additionepidermis
Euro-EuropeanEurocentric
ex-out ofexport
extra-outsideextracurricular
fin-kinshipaffinity
Franco-French, FranceFrancophile
geo-relating to the earth or its surfacegeography
hetero-differentheterosexual
hemi-halfhemimorphic
homo-samehomosexual, homophobic
hydro-relating to water, or using waterhydroelectricity
hypo- under or below something, low hypothermia
in-in, intoinsert
iso-equalisochromatic
intra-insideintravenous
maxi-very long, very largemaxi-skirt
mega-/megalo-very largemegastar, megalopolis
meta-after, along with, beyond, among, behindmeta-theory
mid-middlemidlife
micro-minute sizemicrobacillus
midi-medium-sizedmidi-length
mono-one, sole, onlymonogamy
multi-manymulti-storey
paleo-oldpaleo-lithic
para-beside, beyondparallel
ped-/pod-footpedestrian, podiatrist
per-through, completely, wrongly, exceedinglypermeate, permute
peri-aroundperiphrase
poly-manypolygon
photo-light, photography, photographphotoelectric
preter-beyond, past, more thanpreternatural
pro-substitute, deputyproconsul
pro-beforeprocambium
pyro-firepyrokinetic
quasi-partly, almost, appearing to be but not reallyquasi-religious
retro-backwardsretrograde
self-selfself-sufficient
socio-society, social, sociologicalsociopath
supra-abovesuprarenal
syn-/sym-/syl-together or withsynthesis, symbol, syllable
tele-at a distancetelevision
tri-threetricycle
uni-oneunicycle
up-to make something greater, higher, or betterupgrade
ven-to move forwardvenal





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