Elaine Showalter  

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"Central polemical texts contributing to this [sexual inversion] discourse include Symonds's A Problem in Greek Ethics (1883); and his A Problem in Modern Ethics (1891); Havelock Ellis's Sexual Inversion, originally written with Symonds, published and suppressed in England in 1897, and later to be included as volume 2 of Ellis's Studies in the Psychology of Sex (1901)." --Speaking of Gender (1989) by Elaine Showalter

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Elaine Showalter (born January 21, 1941) is an American literary critic, feminist, and writer on cultural and social issues. She presumably coined the term gynocriticism, a term describing the study of "women as writers".

She is connected to écriture féminine, feminist literature and feminist literary criticism.

She contributed a chapter to Hysteria Beyond Freud (1993).


  • Showalter, Elaine. A literature of their own: British women novelists from Brontë to Lessing. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1977.
  • Showalter, Elaine. "Towards a Feminist Poetics," Women's Writing and Writing About Women. London: Croom Helm, 1979.
  • Showalter, Elaine. "Feminist Criticism in the Wilderness," Critical Inquiry 8. University of Chicago: Winter, 1981.
  • Showalter, Elaine. The female malady: women, madness, and English culture, 1830–1980. New York: Pantheon Books, 1985.
  • Showalter, Elaine, ed. New feminist criticism: essays on women, literature, and theory. New York: Pantheon Books, 1985.
  • Showalter, Elaine. Sexual anarchy: gender and culture at the fin de siècle. New York: Viking, 1990.
  • Showalter, Elaine. Hystories: hysterical epidemics and modern media. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.
  • Showalter, Elaine. Inventing herself: claiming a feminist intellectual heritage. New York: Scribner, 2001.
  • Showalter, Elaine. Teaching literature. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003.
  • Showalter, Elaine. Faculty Towers: The Academic Novel and Its Discontents. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005.

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