Early centers of Christianity  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Early Christianity (generally considered as Christianity before 325) spread from the Eastern Mediterranean throughout the Roman Empire and beyond into East Africa and South Asia reaching as far as India. At first, this development was closely connected to centers of Hebrew faith, in the Holy Land and the Jewish diaspora. Jesus and his first followers were Jews, or Jewish Proselytes, which historians refer to as Jewish Christians.

After the Crucifixion, James the Just took leadership of the Jerusalem Church while many of the Apostles, following the Great Commission, traveled extensively and established Christian communities outside of Jerusalem. Early Christians gathered in small private homes, known as house churches, but a city's whole Christian community would also be called a church - the Greek noun εκκλησια (from which the English word 'church' is derived) literally means 'gathering' or 'crowd'.

Many of these Early Christians were merchants and others who had practical reasons for traveling to northern Africa, Asia Minor, Arabia, Greece, and other places. Over 40 such communities were established by the year 100, many in Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, such as the Seven churches of Asia. By the end of the first century, Christianity had already spread to Rome, India, and major cities in Greece, Asia Minor and Syria, serving as foundations for the expansive spread of Christianity, eventually throughout the world.

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