Early twentieth century  

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Extreme close-up from the movie "The Big Swallow" (1901), produced and directed by James Williamson (1855-1933)
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Extreme close-up from the movie "The Big Swallow" (1901), produced and directed by James Williamson (1855-1933)
Rue de la Colonie (1900) - Eugène Atget
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Rue de la Colonie (1900) - Eugène Atget
 Calavera de la Catrina (before 1913) by Posada
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Calavera de la Catrina (before 1913) by Posada
Centrale elettrica (1914) - Antonio Sant'Elia
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Centrale elettrica (1914) - Antonio Sant'Elia
Inversions, the first French gay journal is published between 1924 and 1926, it stopped publication after the French government charged the publishers with "Outrage aux bonnes mœurs".  Its full title was Inversions ... in art, literature, philosophy and science. Sexual inversion was a term used by sexologists in the late 19th and early 20th century, to refer to homosexuality.
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Inversions, the first French gay journal is published between 1924 and 1926, it stopped publication after the French government charged the publishers with "Outrage aux bonnes mœurs". Its full title was Inversions ... in art, literature, philosophy and science. Sexual inversion was a term used by sexologists in the late 19th and early 20th century, to refer to homosexuality.
Josephine Baker dancing the charleston at the Folies Bergère in Paris for La Revue nègre in 1926. Notice the art deco background. (Photo by Walery)
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Josephine Baker dancing the charleston at the Folies Bergère in Paris for La Revue nègre in 1926. Notice the art deco background.
(Photo by Walery)
Nazi Germany disapproved of contemporary German art movements such as Expressionism and Dada and on July 19, 1937 it opened the Degenerate art travelling exhibition in the Haus der Kunst in Munich, consisting of modernist artworks chaotically hung and accompanied by text labels  deriding the art, to inflame public opinion against modernity.
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Nazi Germany disapproved of contemporary German art movements such as Expressionism and Dada and on July 19, 1937 it opened the Degenerate art travelling exhibition in the Haus der Kunst in Munich, consisting of modernist artworks chaotically hung and accompanied by text labels deriding the art, to inflame public opinion against modernity.

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The early 20th century comprise the 1900s, 1910s, 1920s, 1930s and the interbellum. The period followed the fin de siècle. Cinema is still mainly silent. It is the floruit of Paris and Berlin as modern metropolises and the rise of artistic Montparnasse. The period was marked by WWI and ended with WWII.

Contents

1900s

1900s

1910s

1910s

Film

Visual art

end of Art Nouveau and beginning of Art Deco

Music

Architecture

Literature

Fiction

Non fiction

Others


1920s

1920s

Subcultures

In the 1920s, American Jazz music and motor cars were at the centre of a European subculture which began to break the rules of social etiquette and the class system (See also Swing Kids). In America, the same flaming youth subculture was "running wild" but with the added complication of alcohol prohibition. Canada had prohibition in some areas, but for the most part, thirsty Americans coming over the border found an oasis. As a result, smuggling escalated as crime gangs became organised. In the southern United States, Mexico and Cuba were popular with drinkers. Thus, a drinking subculture grew in size and a crime subculture grew along with it. Other drugs were used as alternatives to alcohol. When prohibition ended, the subculture of drink, drugs and jazz did not disappear, and neither did the gangsters.

1930s

1930s

Sociology

Trends

start of the streamline style - Art Deco - Hitler's rise to power, end of Weimar Republic - degenerate art exhibitions - Surrealism - swing music - effects of the great depression

Timeline

Film

  • In the art of film making, the Golden Age of Hollywood entered a whole decade, after the advent of talking pictures ("talkies") in 1927 and full-color films in 1930: more than 50 classic films were made in the 1930s:

Popular Culture

Visual art

Literature

See also

20th century, 1900s, 1910s, 1920s, 1930s, fin de siecle, interbellum
music history of the United States (1900–1940), artistic Montparnasse, 1920s Paris, Lost Generation
WWI
early cinema





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Early twentieth century" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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