Dukkha  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Dukkha (Pāli; Sanskrit: Template:IAST; Tibetan sdug bsngal) is a Buddhist term commonly translated as "suffering", "stress", "anxiety", or "dissatisfaction". Dukkha is identified as the first of the Four Noble Truths.

Alternate translations

Translations used for dukkha in the context of the four noble truths are:

  • A basic unsatisfactoriness pervading all existence (Bhikkhu Bodhi)
  • Anguish
  • Anxiety (Chogyam Trungpa, The Truth of Suffering, pp. 8–10)
  • Affliction (Brazier)
  • Dissatisfaction (Pema Chodron, Chogyam Trunpa)
  • Discomfort
  • Discontent
  • Frustration (Dalai Lama, Four Noble Truths, p. 38)
  • Misery
  • Sorrow
  • Stress (Thanissaro Bhikkhu, Jon Kabat-Zin)
  • Suffering (Thich Nhat Hanh, Ajahn Succito, Chogyam Trungpa, Rupert Gethin, Dalai Lama, et al.)
  • Uneasiness (Chogyam Trungpa)
  • Unease (Rupert Gethin, Venerable Punnaji [1])
  • Unhappiness
  • Unsatisfactoriness (Rupert Gethin; Dalai Lama, Four Noble Truths, p. 38; Piyadassi Thera, The Ancient Path)

See also





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Dukkha" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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