Lords, Marquesses and Dukes of Elbeuf  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The Seigneurie of Elbeuf, later a marquisate and duchy, was based on the territory of Elbeuf in the Vexin, ruled first by the Counts of Valois and then the Counts of Meulan before passing to the Lords of Harcourt. In 1265, it was erected into a seigneurie for them. Occupied by the English from 1419 to 1444, it passed by marriage to the Lorraine-Vaudémont, a cadet branch of the House of Lorraine, in 1452. When René of Vaudémont inherited Lorraine, he left the Harcourt inheritance, including Elbeuf, to his second son Claude. During Claude's lifetime, Elbeuf was raised to a marquisate in 1528. Claude, in turn, left Elbeuf to his youngest son René. It was elevated to a duchy in 1582 for his son Charles, and the title became extinct in 1825.

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