Duke of Bourbon  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Duke of Bourbon (Template:Lang-fr) is a title in the peerage of France. It was created in the first half of the 14th century for the eldest son of Robert of France, Count of Clermont and Beatrice of Burgundy, heiress of the lordship of Bourbon. In 1416, with the death of John of Valois, the Dukes of Bourbon, were simultaneously Dukes of Auvergne.

Although the line came to an end in 1527, it is from the Dukes of Bourbon that emerge all ramifications of the House of Bourbon, which include monarchs of France and Spain. After this date, the title was given to several Princes of Condé and sons of the French Royal family.


Dukes of Bourbon


From 1503 onwards, Charles III de Bourbon, a member of the House of Bourbon-Montpensier, a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon at that time, was heir male of Bourbon ducal dynasty. Because Pierre II Bourbon's son, Charles de Bourbon, count of Clermont, had died in 1489 and he had no male heirs. This was consolidated with the title of duke of Bourbon, because of his marriage with Suzanne of Bourbon.

The so called House of Bourbon-Montpensier was the senior branch of the House of Bourbon from 1503 onwards.

He was later stripped of his titles and possessions in 1523, because of his betrayel of the king of France and his collaboration with the Holy Roman Emperor. None of his children by his wife Suzanne survived a year of age. Thus, the line of Bourbon-Montpensier was extinct in the male line from 1527 onward. The junior line, of Bourbon-Vendôme, however were not allowed to inherit, because Charles III had forfeited his fiefs because of his treason.

Therefore, the heir male of the Bourbon family belonged to the House of Bourbon-La Marche from 1527 onwards, in the person of Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme until he died in 1537. He was succeeded by his son, Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, who died in 1562. He was succeeded by his son Henry (IV/III) of Bourbon, king of France and Navarre. All the present day family members descend from him. The House of Bourbon-La Marche renamed itself the House of Bourbon.

After 1523 : personal title

The title of duke of Bourbon was bestowed at least twice, after the incorporation of the duchy into the royal domain.

After 1793 : courtesy title

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Duke of Bourbon" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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