From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- Dubliners are the blacks of Ireland. And the Northside Dubliners are the blacks of Dublin. So say it once, say it loud: I'm black and I'm proud.-- Jimmy in The Commitments
Dublin (from the Irish language Án Dubh Linn (literally, the black pool). The modern city uses a different Irish language name: Baile Átha Cliath1) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland.
Since the beginning of English rule in the twelfth century the city has served as the capital of the island of Ireland in the varying geopolitical entities that existed; the Lordship of Ireland (1171-1541) and the Kingdom of Ireland (1541-1801), the island within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801-1922) and the Irish Republic (1919-1922). From 1921, following the partition of Ireland, it served as the capital of Southern Ireland (1921-1922) and the Irish Free State (1922-1937).2