Anne Desclos  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

(Redirected from Dominique Aury)
Jump to: navigation, search

Related e

Google
Wikipedia
Wiktionary
Wiki Commons
Wikisource
YouTube
Shop


Featured:
The Birth of Venus (detail), a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli
Enlarge
The Birth of Venus (detail), a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli

Anne Desclos (September 23, 1907 - April 27, 1998) was a French journalist and novelist who wrote under the pseudonyms Dominique Aury and Pauline Réage. She is best known as the author of Story of O.

Biography

Born in Rochefort-sur-Mer, Charente-Maritime, France to a bilingual family, Desclos began reading in French and English at an early age. After completing her studies at the Sorbonne, she worked as a journalist until 1946 when she joined Gallimard Publishers as the editorial secretary for one of its imprints where she began using the pen name of Dominique Aury.

An avid reader of English and American literature, Desclos either translated or introduced readers in France such renowned authors as Algernon Charles Swinburne, Evelyn Waugh, Virginia Woolf, T. S. Eliot, F. Scott Fitzgerald and numerous others. She became a highly respected critic and was made a member of the jury for several prominent literary awards.

Her lover and employer, Jean Paulhan, had made the remark to her that no female was capable of writing an erotic novel. To prove him wrong, Desclos wrote a graphic, sadomasochistic novel that was published under the pseudonym Pauline Réage; in June of 1954. Titled Histoire d'O (Story of O), it proved Paulhan wrong and was an enormous, though controversial, commercial success. The book caused much speculation as to the identity of the author. Many doubted that it was a woman, let alone the demure, intellectual, and almost prudish persona depicted in Dominique Aury.

In addition, the book's graphic content sparked so much controversy that the following March the government authorities brought obscenity charges against the publisher and its mysterious author that were thrown out of court in 1959. However, a publicity ban and a restriction on the book's sale to minors was imposed by the judge. Following the lifting of the publicity ban in 1967 she published the conclusion to Story of O under the title Retour à Roissy, again using the pseudonym of Pauline Réage. According to her recent biography by Angie David, Desclos did not write this second novel.

She did an interview about erotic books in 1975 with author and publisher Régine Deforges, yet at the time her authorship of Story of O was still unknown. Desclos publicly admitted that she was the author of The Story of O forty years after the book was published, in an interview with The New Yorker magazine.

She was actively bisexual at times in her life [1].

Anne Desclos died in Corbeil-Essonnes, Île-de-France.

Adaptations

In 2000, Guido Crepax combined her work The Story of O with one of de Sade's most famous pieces, Justine, creating an erotic graphic novel version of each.

Source




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Anne Desclos" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools