Discipline (academia)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

A discipline (or specialism) is knowledge or wisdom associated with one academic field of study or profession. A discipline incorporates types of knowledge, expertise, skills, people, projects, communities, problems, challenges, studies, inquiry, approaches, and research areas that are strongly associated with academic areas of study or areas of professional practice. For example, the phenomenon of gravitation is strongly associated with the academic discipline of physics, and so gravitation is considered to be part of the disciplinary knowledge of physics.

Closely associated concepts include multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, and crossdisciplinarity.

Disciplinary knowledge associated with academic disciplines and professions results in people who are known as experts or [specialists, as opposed to generalists who may have studied liberal arts or systems theory.

Disciplinary "silos" create the problem of communicating with experts who speak different languages. Division of labor can lead to productivity and comparative advantage in applying production or problem solving skills, but also adds to the problem of transaction costs and the problem of communication overhead that may require that some individuals develop Interactional expertise and establish "trading zones" to communicate across disciplinary "silos".

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Discipline (academia)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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