A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue  

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"Ham Carvel, a jealous old doctor, being in bed with his wife , dreamed that the Devil gave him a ring , which, so long as he had it on his finger, would prevent his being made a cuckold: waking he found he had got his finger the Lord-knows-where. See Rabelais, and Prior's versification of the story." --A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue (1811) by Francis Grose

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A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue (1811) is an Anglophone slang dictionary by Francis Grose.

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Full text

1811 DICTIONARY OF THE VULGAR TONGUE.

             A
         DICTIONARY
            OF

BUCKISH SLANG, UNIVERSITY WIT,

           AND
    PICKPOCKET ELOQUENCE.


UNABRIDGED FROM THE ORIGINAL 1811 EDITION WITH A FOREWORD BY ROBERT CROMIE

COMPILED ORIGINALLY BY CAPTAIN GROSE.

AND NOW CONSIDERABLY ALTERED AND ENLARGED, WITH THE MODERN CHANGES AND IMPROVEMENTS, BY A MEMBER OF THE WHIP CLUB.

ASSISTED BY HELL-FIRE DICK, AND JAMES GORDON, ESQRS. OF CAMBRIDGE; AND WILLIAM SOAMES, ESQ. OF THE HON. SOCIETY OF NEWMAN'S HOTEL.




PREFACE.

The merit of Captain Grose's Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue has been long and universally acknowledged. But its circulation was confined almost exclusively to the lower orders of society: he was not aware, at the time of its compilation, that our young men of fashion would at no very distant period be as distinguished for the vulgarity of their jargon as the inhabitants of Newgate; and he therefore conceived it superfluous to incorporate with his work the few examples of fashionable slang that might occur to his observation.

But our Jehus of rank have a phraseology not less peculiar to themselves, than the disciples of Barrington: for the uninitiated to understand their modes of expression, is as impossible as for a Buxton to construe the Greek Testament. To sport an Upper Benjamin, and to swear with a good grace, are qualifications easily attainable by their cockney imitators; but without the aid of our additional definitions, neither the cits of Fish-street, nor the boors of Brentford would be able to attain the language of whippism. We trust, therefore, that the whole tribe of second- rate Bang Ups, will feel grateful for our endeavour to render this part of the work as complete as possible. By an occasional reference to our pages, they may be initiated into all the peculiarities of language by which the man of spirit is distinguished from the man of worth. They may now talk bawdy before their papas, without the fear of detection, and abuse their less spirited companions, who prefer a good dinner at home to a glorious UP-SHOT in the highway, without the hazard of a cudgelling.

But we claim not merely the praise of gratifying curiosity, or affording assistance to the ambitious; we are very sure that the moral influence of the Lexicon Balatronicum will be more certain and extensive than that of any methodist sermon that has ever been delivered within the bills of mortality. We need not descant on the dangerous impressions that are made on the female mind, by the remarks that fall incidentally from the lips of the brothers or servants of a family; and we have before observed, that improper topics can with our assistance be discussed, even before the ladies, without raising a blush on the cheek of modesty. It is impossible that a female should understand the meaning of TWIDDLE DIDDLES, or rise from table at the mention of BUCKINGER'S BOOT. Besides, Pope assures us, that "VICE TO BE HATED NEEDS BUT TO BE SEEN;" in this volume it cannot be denied, that she is seen very plainly; and a love of virtue is, therefore, the necessary result of perusing it.

The propriety of introducing the UNIVERSITY SLANG will be readily admitted; it is not less curious than that of the College in the Old Bailey, and is less generally understood. When the number and accuracy of our additions are compared with the price of the volume, we have no doubt that its editors will meet with the encouragement that is due to learning, modesty, and virtue.



DICTIONARY OF THE VULGAR TONGUE.



ABBESS, or LADY ABBESS, A bawd, the mistress of a

 brothel.

ABEL-WACKETS. Blows given on the palm of the hand

 with a twisted handkerchief, instead of a ferula; a jocular
 punishment among seamen, who sometimes play at cards
 for wackets, the loser suffering as many strokes as he has
 lost games.

ABIGAIL. A lady's waiting-maid.

ABRAM. Naked. CANT.

ABRAM COVE. A cant word among thieves, signifying a

 naked or poor man; also a lusty, strong rogue.

ABRAM MEN. Pretended mad men.

TO SHAM ABRAM. To pretend sickness.

ACADEMY, or PUSHING SCHOOL. A brothel. The Floating

 Academy; the lighters on board of which those persons
 are confined, who by a late regulation are condemned to
 hard labour, instead of transportation.--Campbell's
 Academy; the same, from a gentleman of that name, who had
 the contract for victualling the hulks or lighters.

ACE OF SPADES. A widow.

ACCOUNTS. To cast up one's accounts; to vomit.

ACORN. You will ride a horse foaled by an acorn, i.e. the

 gallows, called also the Wooden and Three-legged Mare.
 You will be hanged.--See THREE-LEGGED MARE.

ACT OF PARLIAMENT. A military term for small beer, five

 pints of which, by an act of parliament, a landlord was
 formerly obliged to give to each soldier gratis.

ACTEON. A cuckold, from the horns planted on the head

 of Acteon by Diana.

ACTIVE CITIZEN. A louse.

ADAM'S ALE. Water.

ADAM TILER. A pickpocket's associate, who receives the

 stolen goods, and runs off with them. CANT.

ADDLE PATE. An inconsiderate foolish fellow.

ADDLE PLOT. A spoil-sport, a mar-all.

ADMIRAL OF THE BLUE, who carries his flag on the main-mast.

 A landlord or publican wearing a blue apron, as
 was formerly the custom among gentlemen of that vocation.

ADMIRAL OF THE NARROW SEAS. One who from drunkenness

 vomits into the lap of the person sitting opposite to
 him. SEA PHRASE.

ADRIFT. Loose, turned adrift, discharged. SEA PHRASE.

AEGROTAT, (CAMBRIDGE), A certificate from the apothecary

 that you are INDISPOSED, (i. e.) to go to chapel. He
 sports an Aegrotat, he is sick, and unable to attend Chapel.
 or Hall. It does not follow, however, but that he can STRUM
 A PIECE, or sport a pair of oars.

AFFIDAVIT MEN. Knights of the post, or false witnesses,

 said to attend Westminster Hall, and other courts of
 justice, ready to swear any thing for hire.

AFTER-CLAP. A demand after the first given in has been

 discharged; a charge for pretended omissions; in short,
 any thing disagreeable happening after all consequences of
 the cause have been thought at an end.

AGAINST THE GRAIN. Unwilling. It went much against

 the grain with him, i.e. it was much against his
 inclination, or against his pluck.

AGOG, ALL-A-GOG. Anxious, eager, impatient: from the

 Italian AGOGARE, to desire eagerly.

AGROUND. Stuck fast, stopped, at a loss, ruined; like a

 boat or vessel aground.

AIR AND EXERCISE. He has had air and exercise, i.e. he

 has been whipped at the cart's tail; or, as it is generally,
 though more vulgarly, expressed, at the cart's a-se.

ALDERMAN. A roasted turkey garnished with sausages;

 the latter are supposed to represent the gold chain worn
 by those magistrates.

ALDGATE. A draught on the pump at Aldgate; a bad bill

 of exchange, drawn on persons who have no effects of the
 drawer.

ALE DRAPER. An alehouse keeper.

ALE POST. A may-pole.

ALL-A-MORT. Struck dumb, confounded. What, sweet

 one, all-a-mort? SHAKESPEARE.

ALL HOLIDAY. It is all holiday at Peckham, or it is all holiday

 with him; a saying signifying that it is all over
 with the business or person spoken of or alluded to.

ALL HOLLOW. He was beat all hollow, i.e. he had no

 chance of conquering: it was all hollow, or a hollow thing,
 it was a decided thing from the beginning. See HOLLOW.

ALL NATIONS. A composition of all the different spirits

 sold in a dram-shop, collected  in a vessel into which
 the drainings of the bottles and quartern pots are emptied.

ALLS. The five alls is a country sign, representing five human

 figures, each having a motto under him. The first
 is a king in his regalia; his motto, I govern all: the second,
 a bishop in pontificals; motto, I pray for all: third,
 a lawyer in his gown; motto, I plead for all: fourth: a
 soldier in his regimentals, fully accoutred; motto, I
 fight for all: fifth, a poor countryman with his scythe
 and rake; motto, I pay for all.

ALTAMEL. A verbal or lump account, without particulars,

 such as is commonly produced at bawdy-houses,
 spunging-houses, &c. Vide DUTCH RECKONING.

ALTITUDES. The man is in his altitudes, i.e. he is drunk.

AMBASSADOR. A trick to duck some ignorant fellow or

 landsman, frequently played on board ships in the warm
 latitudes. It is thus managed: A large tub is filled with
 water, and two stools placed on each side of it. Over
 the whole is thrown a tarpaulin, or old sail: this is
 kept tight by two persons, who are to represent the king
 and queen of a foreign country, and are seated on the
 stools. The person intended to be ducked plays the Ambassador,
 and after repeating a ridiculous speech dictated
 to him, is led in great form up to the throne, and seated
 between the king and queen, who rising suddenly as soon
 as he is seated, he falls backwards into the tub of water.

AMBASSADOR OF MOROCCO. A Shoemaker. (See Mrs.

 Clarke's Examination.)

AMBIDEXTER. A lawyer who takes fees from both plaintiff

 and defendant, or that goes snacks with both parties
 in gaming.

AMEN CURLER. A parish clerk.

AMEN. He said Yes and Amen to every thing; he agreed to

 every thing.

AMINADAB. A jeering name for a Quaker.

AMES ACE. Within ames ace; nearly, very near.

TO AMUSE. To fling dust or snuff in the eyes of the person

 intended to be robbed; also to invent some plausible tale,
 to delude shop-keepers and others, thereby to put them
 off their guard. CANT.

AMUSERS. Rogues who carried snuff or dust in their pockets,

 which they threw into the eyes of any person they
 intended to rob; and running away, their accomplices
 (pretending to assist and pity the half-blinded person)
 took that opportunity of plundering him.

ANABAPTIST. A pickpocket caught in the fact, and punished

 with the discipline of the pump or horse-pond.

ANCHOR. Bring your a-se to an anchor, i.e. sit down. To let

 go an anchor to the windward of the law; to keep within
 the letter of the law. SEA WIT.

ANGLERS. Pilferers, or petty thieves, who, with a stick

 having a hook at the end, steal goods out of shop-windows,
 grates, &c.; also those who draw in or entice unwary persons
 to prick at the belt, or such like devices.

ANGLING FOR FARTHINGS. Begging out of a prison window

 with a cap, or box, let down at the end of a long
 string.

ANKLE. A girl who is got with child, is said to have sprained

 her ankle.

ANODYNE NECKLACE. A halter.

ANTHONY or TANTONY PIG. The favourite or smallest pig

 in the litter.--To follow like a tantony pig, i.e. St.
 Anthony's pig; to follow close at one's heels. St. Anthony
 the hermit was a swineherd, and is always represented
 with a swine's bell and a pig. Some derive this saying
 from a privilege enjoyed by the friars of certain convents
 in England and France (sons of St. Anthony), whose swine
 were permitted to feed in the streets. These swine would
 follow any one having greens or other provisions, till they
 obtained some of them; and it was in those days considered
 an act of charity and religion to feed them.

TO KNOCK ANTHONY. Said of an in-kneed person, or one

 whose knees knock together; to cuff Jonas. See JONAS.

APE LEADER. An old maid; their punishment after

 death, for neglecting increase and multiply, will be, it is
 said, leading apes in hell.

APOSTLES. To manoeuvre the apostles, i.e. rob Peter to

 pay Paul; that is, to borrow money of one man to pay
 another.

APOSTLES. (CAMBRIDGE.) Men who are plucked, refused

 their degree.

APOTHECARY. To talk like an apothecary; to use hard or

 gallipot words: from the assumed gravity and affectation
 of knowledge generally put on by the gentlemen of this
 profession, who are commonly as superficial in their
 learning as they are pedantic in their language.

APOTHECARY'S BILL. A long bill.

APOTHECARY'S, or LAW LATIN. Barbarous Latin, vulgarly

 called Dog Latin, in Ireland Bog Latin.

APPLE CART. Down with his apple-cart; knock or throw

 him down.

APPLE DUMPLIN SHOP. A woman's bosom.

APPLE-PYE BED. A bed made apple-pye fashion, like what

 is called a turnover apple-pye, where the sheets are so
 doubled as to prevent any one from getting at his length
 between them: a common trick played by frolicsome
 country lasses on their sweethearts, male relations, or
 visitors.

APRIL FOOL. Any one imposed on, or sent on a bootless

 errand, on the first of April; which day it is the custom
 among the lower people, children, and servants, by dropping
 empty papers carefully doubled up, sending persons
 on absurd messages, and such like contrivances, to impose
 on every one they can, and then to salute them with
 the title of April Fool. This is also practised in
 Scotland under the title of Hunting the Gowke.

APRON STRING HOLD. An estate held by a man during

 his wife's life.

AQUA PUMPAGINIS. Pump water. APOTHECARIES LATIN.

ARBOR VITAE. A man's penis.

ARCH DUKE. A comical or eccentric fellow.

ARCH ROGUE, DIMBER DAMBER UPRIGHT MAN. The

 chief of a gang of thieves or gypsies.

ARCH DELL, or ARCH DOXY, signifies the same in rank

 among the female canters or gypsies.

ARD. Hot. CANT.

ARMOUR. In his armour, pot valiant: to fight in armour;

 to make use of Mrs. Philips's ware. See C--D--M.

ARK. A boat or wherry. Let us take an ark and winns, let

 us take a sculler. CANT.

ARK RUFFIANS. Rogues who, in conjunction with watermen,

 robbed, and sometimes murdered, on the water, by
 picking a quarrel with the passengers in a boat, boarding
 it, plundering, stripping, and throwing them overboard, &c.
 A species of badger. CANT.

ARRAH NOW. An unmeaning expletive, frequently used by

 the vulgar Irish.

ARS MUSICA. A bum fiddlle.

ARSE. To hang an arse; to hang back, to be afraid to

 advance. He would lend his a-e and sh-te through his ribs;
 a saying of any one who lends his money inconsiderately.
 He would lose his a-e if it was loose; said of a careless
 person. A-e about; turn round.

ARSY YARSEY. To fall arsy varsey, i.e. head over heels.

ARTHUR, KING ARTHUR, A game used at sea, when near

 the line, or in a hot latitude. It is performed thus: A man
 who is to represent king Arthur, ridiculously dressed,
 having a large wig made out of oakum, or some old swabs, is
 seated on the side, or over a large vessel of water. Every
 person in his turn is to be ceremoniously introduced to
 him, and to pour a bucket of water over him, crying,
 hail, king Arthur! if during this ceremony the person
 introduced laughs or smiles (to which his majesty endeavours
 to excite him, by all sorts of ridiculous gesticulations), he
 changes place with, and then becomes, king Arthur, till
 relieved by some brother tar, who has as little command
 over his muscles as himself.

ARTICLES. Breeches; coat, waistcoat, and articles.

ARTICLE. A wench. A prime article. A handsome girl.

 She's a prime article (WHIP SLANG), she's a devilish good
 piece, a hell of a GOER.

ASK, or AX MY A-E. A common reply to any question;

 still deemed wit at sea, and formerly at court, under the
 denomination of selling bargains. See BARGAIN.

ASSIG. An assignation.

ATHANASIAN WENCH, or QUICUNQUE VULT. A forward

 girl, ready to oblige every man that shall ask her.

AUNT. Mine aunt; a bawd or procuress: a title of eminence

 for the senior dells, who serve for instructresses, midwives,
 &c. for the dells. CANT. See DELLS.

AVOIR DU POIS LAY. Stealing brass weights off the counters

 of shops. CANT.

AUTEM. A church.

AUTEM BAWLER. A parson. CANT.

AUTEM CACKLERS, AUTEM PRICKEARS. Dissenters of every

 denomination. CANT.

AUTEM CACKLETUB. A conventicle or meeting-house for

 dissenters. CANT.

AUTEM DIPPERS. Anabaptists. CANT.

AUTEM DIVERS. Pickpockets who practice in churches;

 also churchwardens and overseers of the poor. CANT.

AUTEM GOGLERS. Pretended French prophets. CANT.

AUTEM MORT. A married woman; also a female beggar

 with several children hired or borrowed to excite charity.
 CANT.

AUTEM QUAVERS. Quakers.

AUTEM QUAVER TUB. A Quakers' meeting-house. CANT.

AWAKE. Acquainted with, knowing the business. Stow the

 books, the culls are awake; hide the cards, the fellows
 know what we intended to do.

BABES IN THE WOOD. Criminals in the stocks, or pillory.

BABBLE. Confused, unintelligible talk, such as was used at

 the building the tower of Babel.

BACK BITER. One who slanders another behind his back,

 i.e. in his absence. His bosom friends are become his back
 biters, said of a lousy man.

BACKED. Dead. He wishes to have the senior, or old

 square-toes, backed; he longs to have his father on six
 men's shoulders; that is, carrying to the grave.

BACK UP. His back is up, i.e. he is offended or angry; an

 expression or idea taken from a cat; that animal, when
 angry, always raising its back. An allusion also sometimes
 used to jeer a crooked man; as, So, Sir, I see somebody
 has offended you, for your back is up.

BACON. He has saved his bacon; he has escaped. He has a

 good voice to beg bacon; a saying in ridicule of a bad voice.

BACON-FACED. Full-faced.

BACON FED. Fat, greasy.

BACK GAMMON PLAYER. A sodomite.

BACK DOOR (USHER, or GENTLEMAN OF THE). The same.

BAD BARGAIN. One of his majesty's bad bargains; a

 worthless soldier, a malingeror. See MALINGEROR.

BADGE. A term used for one burned in the hand. He has got

 his badge, and piked; he was burned in the hand, and is
 at liberty. Cant.

BADGE-COVES. Parish Pensioners. Cant.

BADGERS. A crew of desperate villains who robbed near

 rivers, into which they threw the bodies of those they
 murdered. Cant.

BAG. He gave them the bag, i.e. left them.

BAG OF NAILS. He squints like a bag of nails; i. e.

 his eyes are directed as many ways as the points of a bag
 of nails. The old BAG OF NAILS at Pimlico; originally
 the BACCHANALS.

BAGGAGE. Heavy baggage; women and children. Also a

 familiar epithet for a woman; as, cunning baggage,
 wanton baggage, &c.

BAKERS DOZEN. Fourteen; that number of rolls being allowed

 to the purchasers of a dozen.

BAKER-KNEE'D. One whose knees knock together in

 walking, as if kneading dough.

BALDERDASH. Adulterated wine.

BALLOCKS. The testicles of a man or beast; also a vulgar

 nick name for a parson. His brains are in his ballocks,
 a cant saying to designate a fool.

BALUM RANCUM. A hop or dance, where the women are

 all prostitutes. N. B. The company dance in their
 birthday suits.

BALSAM. Money.

BAM. A jocular imposition, the same as a humbug. See

 HUMBUG.

TO BAM. To impose on any one by a falsity; also to

 jeer or make fun of any one.

TO BAMBOOZLE. To make a fool of any one, to humbug or

 impose on him.

BANAGHAN. He beats Banaghan; an Irish saying of one

 who tells wonderful stories. Perhaps Banaghan was a
 minstrel famous for dealing in the marvellous.

BANDBOX. Mine a-se on a bandbox; an answer to the

 offer of any thing inadequate to the purpose for which
 it is proffered, like offering a bandbox for a seat.

BANBURY STORY OF A COCK AND A BULL. A roundabout,

 nonsensical story.

BANDOG. A bailiff or his follower; also a very fierce

 mastiff: likewise, a bandbox. CANT.

BANG UP. (WHIP.) Quite the thing, hellish fine. Well

 done. Compleat. Dashing. In a handsome stile.
 A bang up cove; a dashing fellow who spends his money
 freely. To bang up prime: to bring your horses up in a
 dashing or fine style: as the swell's rattler and prads are
 bang up prime; the gentleman sports an elegant carriage
 and fine horses.

TO BANG. To beat.

BANGING. Great; a fine banging boy.

BANG STRAW. A nick name for a thresher, but applied

 to all the servants of a farmer.

BANKRUPT CART. A one-horse chaise, said to be so

 called by a Lord Chief Justice, from their being so
 frequently used on Sunday jaunts by extravagant
 shop-keepers and tradesmen.

BANKS'S HORSE. A horse famous for playing tricks, the

 property of one Banks. It is mentioned in Sir Walter
 Raleigh's Hist. of the World, p. 178; also by Sir
 Kenelm Digby and Ben Jonson.

BANTLING. A young child.

BANYAN DAY. A sea term for those days on which no

 meat is allowed to the sailors: the term is borrowed
 from the Banyans in the East Indies, a cast that eat
 nothing that had life.

BAPTIZED, OR CHRISTENED. Rum, brandy, or any other

 spirits, that have been lowered with water.

BARBER'S CHAIR. She is as common as a barber's chair, in

 which a whole parish sit to be trimmed; said of a prostitute.

BARBER'S SIGN. A standing pole and two wash balls.

BARGAIN. To sell a bargain; a species of wit, much in

 vogue about the latter end of the reign of Queen Anne,
 and frequently alluded to by Dean Swift, who says the
 maids of honour often amused themselves with it. It
 consisted in the seller naming his or her hinder parts, in
 answer to the question, What? which the buyer was
 artfully led to ask. As a specimen, take the following
 instance: A lady would come into a room full of company,
 apparently in a fright, crying out, It is white, and follows
 me! On any of the company asking, What? she sold
 him the bargain, by saying, Mine a-e.

BARGEES. (CAMBRIDGE.) Barge-men on the river.

BARKER. The shopman of a bow-wow shop, or dealer in

 second hand clothes, particularly about Monmouth-Street,
 who walks before his master's door, and deafens every
 passenger with his cries of--Clothes, coats, or gowns--what
 d'ye want, gemmen?--what d'ye buy? See BOW-WOW SHOP.

BARKSHIRE. A member or candidate for Barkshire, said of

 one troubled with a cough, vulgarly styled barking.

BARKING IRONS. Pistols, from their explosion resembling

 the bow-wow or barking of a dog. IRISH.

BARN. A parson's barn; never so full but there is still room,

 for more. Bit by a barn mouse, tipsey, probably from an
 allusion to barley.

BARNABY. An old dance to a quick movement. See Cotton,

 in his Virgil Travesti; where, speaking of Eolus he has
 these lines,
     Bounce cry the port-holes, out they fly,
     And make the world dance Barnaby.

BARNACLE. A good job, or snack easily got: also shellfish

 growing at the bottoms of ships; a bird of the goose
 kind; an instrument like a pair of pincers, to fix on the
 noses of vicious horses whilst shoeing; a nick name for
 spectacles, and also for the gratuity given to grooms by the
 buyers and sellers of horses.

BARREL FEVER. He died of the barrel fever; he killed

 himself by drinking.

BARROW MAN. A man under sentence of transportation;

 alluding to the convicts at Woolwich, who are principally
 employed in wheeling barrows full of brick or dirt.

BARTHOLOMEW BABY. A person dressed up in a tawdry

 manner, like the dolls or babies sold at Bartholomew fair.

BASKET. An exclamation frequently made use of in cock-pits,

 at cock-fightings, where persons refusing or unable
 to pay their losings, are adjudged by that respectable
 assembly to be put into a basket suspended over the pit, there
 to remain during that day's diversion: on the least demur
 to pay a bet, Basket is vociferated in terrorem. He grins
 like a basket of chips: a saying of one who is on the broad
 grin.

BASKET-MAKING. The good old trade of basket-making;

 copulation, or making feet for children's stockings.

BASTARD. The child of an unmarried woman.

BASTARDLY GULLION. A bastard's bastard.

TO BASTE. To beat. I'll give him his bastings, I'll beat

 him heartily.

BASTING. A beating.

BASTONADING. Beating any one with a stick; from baton,

 a stick, formerly spelt baston.

BAT. A low whore: so called from moving out like bats in

 the dusk of the evening.

BATCH. We had a pretty batch of it last night; we had a

 hearty dose of liquor. Batch originally means the whole
 quantity of bread baked at one time in an oven.

BATTNER. An ox: beef being apt to batten or fatten those

 that eat it. The cove has hushed the battner; i.e. has
 killed the ox.

BATCHELOR'S FARE. Bread and cheese and kisses.

BATCHELOR'S SON. A bastard.

BATTLE-ROYAL. A battle or bout at cudgels or fisty-cuffs,

 wherein more than two persons are engaged: perhaps from
 its resemblance, in that particular, to more serious
 engagements fought to settle royal disputes.

BAWBEE. A halfpenny. Scotch.

BAWBELS, or BAWBLES. Trinkets; a man's testicles.

BAWD. A female procuress.

BAWDY BASKET. The twenty-third rank of canters, who

 carry pins, tape, ballads, and obscene books to sell, but live
 mostly by stealing. Cant.

BAWDY-HOUSE BOTTLE. A very small bottle; short measure

 being among the many means used by the keepers of those
 houses, to gain what they call an honest livelihood: indeed
 this is one of the least reprehensible; the less they give a
 man of their infernal beverages for his money, the kinder
 they behave to him.

BAY FEVER. A term of ridicule applied to convicts, who

 sham illness, to avoid being sent to Botany Bay.

BAYARD OF TEN TOES. To ride bayard of ten toes, is to

 walk on foot. Bayard was a horse famous in old romances,

BEAK. A justice of-peace, or magistrate. Also a judge or

 chairman who presides in court. I clapp'd my peepers
 full of tears, and so the old beak set me free; I began to
 weep, and the judge set me free.

BEAN. A guinea. Half bean; half a guinea.

BEAR. One who contracts to deliver a certain quantity of

 sum of stock in the public funds, on a future day, and at
 stated price; or, in other words, sells what he has not got,
 like the huntsman in the fable, who sold the bear's skin
 before the bear was killed. As the bear sells the stock he
 is not possessed of, so the bull purchases what he has not
 money to pay for; but in case of any alteration in the price
 agreed on, either party pays or receives the difference.
 Exchange Alley.

BEAR-GARDEN JAW or DISCOURSE. Rude, vulgar language,

 such as was used at the bear-gardens.

BEAR LEADER. A travelling tutor.

BEARD SPLITTER. A man much given to wenching.

BEARINGS. I'll bring him to his bearings; I'll bring him to

 reason. Sea term.

BEAST. To drink like a beast, i.e. only when thirsty.

BEAST WITH TWO BACKS. A man and woman in the act of

 copulation. Shakespeare in Othello.

BEATER CASES. Boots. Cant.

BEAU-NASTY. A slovenly fop; one finely dressed, but dirty.

BEAU TRAP. A loose stone in a pavement, under which

 water lodges, and on being trod upon, squirts it up, to the
 great damage of white stockings; also a sharper neatly
 dressed, lying in wait for raw country squires, or ignorant
 fops.

BECALMED. A piece of sea wit, sported in hot weather. I

 am becalmed, the sail sticks to the mast; that is, my shirt
 sticks to my back. His prad is becalmed; his horse knocked up.

BECK. A beadle. See HERMANBECK.

BED. Put to bed with a mattock, and tucked up with a

 spade; said of one that is dead and buried. You will go up
 a ladder to bed, i.e. you will be hanged. In many country
 places, persons hanged are made to mount up a ladder,
 which is afterwards turned round or taken away, whence the
 term, "Turned off."

BEDFORDSHIRE. I am for Bedfordshire, i.e. for going to bed.

BEDIZENED. Dressed out, over-dressed, or awkwardly ornamented.

BED-MAKER. Women employed at Cambridge to attend

 on the Students, sweep his room, &c. They will put their
 hands to any thing, and are generally blest with a pretty
 family of daughters: who unmake the beds, as fast as they
 are made by their mothers.

BEEF. To cry beef; to give the alarm. They have cried beef

 on us. Cant.--To be in a man's beef; to wound him with
 a sword. To be in a woman's beef; to have carnal
 knowledge of her. Say you bought your beef of me, a jocular
 request from a butcher to a fat man. implying that he
 credits the butcher who serves him.

BEEF EATER. A yeoman of the guards, instituted by Henry

 VII. Their office was to stand near the bouffet, or
 cupboard, thence called Bouffetiers, since corrupted to Beef
 Eaters. Others suppose they obtained this name from the
 size of their persons, and the easiness of their duty, as
 having scarce more to do than to eat the king's beef.

BEETLE-BROWED. One having thick projecting eyebrows.

BEETLE-HEADED. Dull, stupid.

BEGGAR MAKER. A publican, or ale-house keeper.

BEGGAR'S BULLETS. Stones. The beggar's bullets began

 to fly, i.e. they began to throw stones.

BEILBY'S BALL. He will dance at Beilby's ball, where the

 sheriff pays the music; he will be hanged. Who Mr.
 Beilby was, or why that ceremony was so called, remains
 with the quadrature of the circle, the discovery of the
 philosopher's stone, and divers other desiderata yet
 undiscovered.

BELCH. All sorts of beer; that liquor being apt to cause

 eructation.

BELCHER. A red silk handkerchief, intermixed with yellow

 and a little black. The kiddey flashes his belcher; the
 young fellow wears a silk handkerchief round his neck.

BELL, BOOK, AND CANDLE. They cursed him with bell,

 book, and candle; an allusion to the popish form of
 excommunicating and anathematizing persons who had
 offended the church.

TO BEAR THE BELL. To excel or surpass all competitors, to

 be the principal in a body or society; an allusion to the
 fore horse or leader of a team, whose harness is commonly
 ornamented with a bell or bells. Some suppose it a term
 borrowed from an ancient tournament, where the victorious
 knights bore away the BELLE or FAIR LADY. Others derive
 it from a horse-race, or other rural contentions, where bells
 were frequently given as prizes.

BELLOWS. The lungs.

BELLOWER. The town crier.

BELLOWSER. Transportation for life: i.e. as long.

BELLY. His eye was bigger than his belly; a saying of a

 person at a table, who takes more on his plate than he
 can eat.

BELLYFULL. A hearty beating, sufficient to make a man

 yield or give out. A woman with child is also said to
 have got her belly full.

BELLY CHEAT. An apron.

BELLY PLEA. The plea of pregnancy, generally adduced by

 female felons capitally convicted, which they take care to
 provide for, previous to their trials; every gaol having, as
 the Beggar's Opera informs us, one or more child getters,
 who qualify the ladies for that expedient to procure a respite.

BELLY TIMBER. Food of all sorts.

BELL SWAGGER. A noisy bullying fellow.

BELLWETHER. The chief or leader of a mob; an idea

 taken from a flock of sheep, where the wether has a bell
 about his neck.

BENE. Good--BENAR. Better. Cant.

BENE BOWSE. Good beer, or other strong liquor. Cant.

BENE COVE. A good fellow. Cant.

BENE DARKMANS. Goodnight. Cant.

BENE FEARERS. Counterfeiters of bills. Cant.

BENE FEAKERS OF GYBES. Counterfeiters of passes. Cant.

BENESHIPLY. Worshipfully. Cant.

BEN. A fool. Cant.

BENISH. Foolish.

BENISON. The beggar's benison: May your ***** and

 purse never fail you.

BERMUDAS. A cant name for certain places in London,

 privileged against arrests, like the Mint in Southwark,
 Ben. Jonson. These privileges are abolished.

BESS, or BETTY. A small instrument used by house-breakers

 to force open doors. Bring bess and glym; bring the
 instrument to force the door, and the dark lantern. Small
 flasks, like those for Florence wine, are also called betties.

BESS. See BROWN BESS.

BEST. To the best in Christendom: i.e. the best **** in

 Christendom; a health formerly much in vogue.

BET. A wager.--TO BET. To lay a wager.

BETTY MARTIN. That's my eye, Betty Martin; an answer

 to any one that attempts to impose or humbug.

BETWATTLED. Surprised, confounded, out of one's senses;

 also bewrayed.

BEVER. An afternoon's luncheon; also a fine hat; beaver's

 fur making the best hats,

BEVERAGE. Garnish money, or money for drink, demanded

 of any one having a new suit of clothes.

BIBLE. A boatswain's great axe. Sea term.

BIBLE OATH. Supposed by the vulgar to be more binding

 than an oath taken on the Testament only, as being the
 bigger book, and generally containing both the Old and New
 Testament.

BIDDY, or CHICK-A-BIDDY. A chicken, and figuratively

 a young wench.

BIDET, commonly pronounced BIDDY. A kind of tub, contrived

 for ladies to wash themselves, for which purpose they
 bestride it like a French poney, or post-horse, called in
 French bidets.

BIENLY. Excellently. She wheedled so bienly; she coaxed

 or flattered so cleverly. French.

BILL AT SIGHT. To pay a bill at sight; to be ready at all

 times for the venereal act.

BILBOA. A sword. Bilboa in Spain was once famous for

 well-tempered blades: these are quoted by Falstaff, where
 he describes the manner in which he lay in the buck-basket.
 Bilboes, the stock; prison. Cant.

TO BILK. To cheat. Let us bilk the rattling cove; let us

 cheat the hackney coachman of his fare. Cant. Bilking a
 coachman, a box-keeper, and a poor whore, were formerly,
 among men of the town, thought gallant actions.

BILL OF SALE. A widow's weeds. See HOUSE TO LET.

BILLINGSGATE LANGUAGE. Foul language, or abuse. Billingsgate is

 the market where the fishwomen assemble to
 purchase fish; and where, in their dealings and disputes,
 they are somewhat apt to leave decency and good manners
 a little on the left hand.

BING. To go. Cant. Bing avast; get you gone. Binged

 avast in a darkmans; stole away in the night. Bing we to
 Rumeville: shall we go to London?

BINGO. Brandy or other spirituous liquor. Cant.

BINGO BOY. A dram drinker. Cant.

BINGO MORT. A female dram drinker. Cant.

BINNACLE WORD. A fine or affected word, which sailors

 jeeringly offer to chalk up on the binnacle.

BIRD AND BABY. The sign of the eagle and child.

BIRD-WITTED. Inconsiderate, thoughtless, easily imposed

 on.

BIRDS OF A FEATHER. Rogues of the same gang.

BIRTH-DAY SUIT. He was in his birth-day suit, that is,

 stark naked.

BISHOP. A mixture of wine and water, into which is put a

 roasted orange. Also one of the largest of Mrs. Philips's
 purses, used to contain the others.

BISHOPED, or TO BISHOP. A term used among horse-dealers, for

 burning the mark into a horse's tooth, after he has
 lost it by age; by bishoping, a horse is made to appear
 younger than he is. It is a common saying of milk that is
 burnt too, that the bishop has set his foot in it. Formerly,
 when a bishop passed through a village, all the inhabitants
 ran out of their houses to solicit his blessing, even leaving
 their milk, &c. on the fire, to take its chance: which, went
 burnt to, was said to be bishoped.

TO BISHOP the balls, a term used among printers, to water

 them.

BIT. Money. He grappled the cull's bit; he seized the

 man's money. A bit is also the smallest coin in Jamaica,
 equal to about sixpence sterling.

BITCH. A she dog, or doggess; the most offensive appellation

 that can be given to an English woman, even more
 provoking than that of whore, as may he gathered from the
 regular Billinsgate or St. Giles's answer--"I may be a
 whore, but can't be a bitch."

TO BITCH. To yield, or give up an attempt through fear.

 To stand bitch; to make tea, or do the honours of the tea-
 table, performing a female part: bitch there standing for
 woman, species for genius.

BITCH BOOBY. A country wench. Military term.

BITE. A cheat; also a woman's privities. The cull wapt

 the mort's bite; the fellow enjoyed the wench heartily.
 Cant.

TO BITE. To over-reach, or impose; also to steal.--Cant.

 --Biting was once esteemed a kind of wit, similar to the
 humbug. An instance of it is given in the Spectator: A
 man under sentence of death having sold his body to a surgeon
 rather below the market price, on receiving the money, cried, A
 bite! I am to be hanged in chains.--To bite
 the roger; to steal a portmanteau. To bite the wiper, to
 steal a handkerchief. To bite on the bridle; to be pinched
 or reduced to difficulties. Hark ye, friend, whether do
 they bite in the collar or the cod-piece? Water wit to
 anglers.

BITER. A wench whose **** is ready to bite her a-se; a

 lascivious, rampant wench.

BLAB. A tell-tale, or one incapable of keeping a secret

BLACK AND WHITE. In writing. I have it in black and

 white; I have written evidence.

BLACK ART. The art of picking a lock. Cant.

BLACK A-SE. A copper or kettle. The pot calls the kettle

 black a-se. Cant.

BLACK BOOK. He is down in the black book, i.e. has a

 stain in his character. A black book is keep in most regiments,
 wherein the names of all persons sentenced to punishment
 are recorded.

BLACK BOX. A lawyer. Cant.

BLACK EYE. We gave the bottle a black eye, i.e. drank it

 almost up. He cannot say black is the white of my eye;
 he cannot point out a blot in my character.

BLACK FLY. The greatest drawback on the farmer is the

 black fly, i.e. the parson who takes tithe of the harvest.

BLACK GUARD. A shabby, mean fellow; a term said to be

 derived from a number of dirty, tattered roguish boys, who
 attended at the Horse Guards, and Parade in St. James's
 Park, to black the boots and shoes of the soldiers, or to do
 any other dirty offices. These, from their constant attendance
 about the time of guard mounting, were nick-named
 the black-guards.

BLACK JACK. A nick name given to the Recorder by the

 Thieves.

BLACK JACK. A jug to drink out of, made of jacked leather.

BLACK JOKE. A popular tune to a song, having for the

 burden, "Her black joke and belly so white:" figuratively
 the black joke signifies the monosyllable. See MONOSYLLABLE.

BLACK INDIES. Newcastle upon Tyne, whose rich coal

 mines prove an Indies to the proprietors.

BLACKLEGS. A gambler or sharper on the turf or in the cockpit:

 so called, perhaps, from their appearing generally in
 boots; or else from game-cocks whose legs are always black.

BLACK MONDAY. The first Monday after the school-boys

 holidays, or breaking up, when they are to go to school,
 and produce or repeat the tasks set them.

BLACK PSALM. To sing the black psalm; to cry: a saying

 used to children.

BLACK SPICE RACKET. To rob chimney sweepers of

 their soot, bag and soot.

BLACK SPY. The Devil.

BLACK STRAP. Bene Carlo wine; also port. A task of

 labour imposed on soldiers at Gibraltar, as a punishment
 for small offences.

BLANK. To look blank; to appear disappointed or confounded.

BLANKET HORNPIPE. The amorous congress.

BLARNEY. He has licked the blarney stone; he deals in the

 wonderful, or tips us the traveller. The blarney stone is a
 triangular stone on the very top of an ancient castle of that
 name in the county of Cork in Ireland, extremely difficult
 of access; so that to have ascended to it, was considered
 as a proof of perseverance, courage, and agility, whereof
 many are supposed to claim the honour, who never atchieved
 the adventure: and to tip the blarney, is figuratively
 used telling a marvellous story, or falsity; and also
 sometimes to express flattery. Irish.

A BLASTED FELLOW or BRIMSTONE. An abandoned

 rogue or prostitute. Cant.

To BLAST. To curse.

BLATER. A calf. Cant.

BLEACHED MORT. A fair-complexioned wench.

BLEATERS. Those cheated by Jack in a box. CANT.--See

 JACK IN A BOX.

BLEATING CHEAT. A sheep. Cant.

BLEATING RIG. Sheep stealing. Cant.

BLEEDERS. Spurs. He clapped his bleeders to his prad;

 be put spurs to his horse.

BLEEDING CULLY. One who parts easily with his money,

 or bleeds freely.

BLEEDING NEW. A metaphor borrowed from fish, which

 will not bleed when stale.

BLESSING. A small quantity over and above the measure,

 usually given by hucksters dealing in peas, beans, and
 other vegetables.

BLIND. A feint, pretence, or shift.

BLIND CHEEKS. The breech. Buss blind cheeks; kiss

 mine a-se.

BLIND EXCUSE. A poor or insufficient excuse. A blind ale-house,

 lane, or alley; an obscure, or little known or frequented
 ale-house, lane, or alley.

BLIND HARPERS. Beggars counterfeiting blindness, playing

 on fiddles, &c.

BLINDMAN'S BUFF. A play used by children, where one

 being blinded by a handkerchief bound over his eyes,
 attempts to seize any one of the company, who all endeavour
 to avoid him; the person caught, must be blinded in
 his stead.

BLIND CUPID. The backside.

BLINDMAN'S HOLIDAY. Night, darkness.

BLOCK HOUSES. Prisons, houses of correction, &c.

BLOCKED AT BOTH ENDS. Finished. The game is blocked

 at both ends; the game is ended.

BLOOD. A riotous disorderly fellow.

BLOOD FOR BLOOD. A term used by tradesmen for bartering

 the different commodities in which they deal. Thus a
 hatter furnishing a hosier with a hat, and taking payment
 in stockings, is said to deal blood for blood.

BLOOD MONEY. The reward given by the legislature on the

 conviction of highwaymen, burglars, &c.

BLOODY BACK. A jeering appellation for a soldier, alluding

 to his scarlet coat.

BLOODY. A favourite word used by the thieves in swearing,

 as bloody eyes, bloody rascal.

BLOSS or BLOWEN. The pretended wife of a bully, or

 shoplifter. Cant.

TO BLOT THE SKRIP AND JAR IT. To stand engaged or

 bound for any one. Cant.

BLOW. He has bit the blow, i.e. he has stolen the goods.

 Cant.

BLOWEN. A mistress or whore of a gentleman of the

 scamp. The blowen kidded the swell into a snoozing
 ken, and shook him of his dummee and thimble; the
 girl inveigled the gentleman into a brothel and robbed him
 of his pocket book and watch.

BLOWER. A pipe. How the swell funks his blower and

 lushes red tape; what a smoke the gentleman makes
 with his pipe, and drinks brandy.

TO BLOW THE GROUNSILS. To lie with a woman on the

 floor. Cant.

TO BLOW THE GAB. To confess, or impeach a confederate.

 Cant.

BLOW-UP. A discovery, or the confusion occasioned by one.

A BLOWSE, or BLOWSABELLA. A woman whose hair is

 dishevelled, and hanging about her face; a slattern.

BLUBBER. The mouth.--I have stopped the cull's blubber;

 I have stopped the fellow's mouth, meant either by gagging
 or murdering him.

TO BLUBBER. To cry.

TO SPORT BLUBBER. Said of a large coarse woman, who

 exposes her bosom.

BLUBBER CHEEKS. Large flaccid cheeks, hanging like

 the fat or blubber of a whale.

BLUE, To look blue; to be confounded, terrified, or disappointed.

 Blue as a razor; perhaps, blue as azure.

BLUE BOAR. A venereal bubo.

BLUE DEVILS. Low spirits.

BLUE FLAG. He has hoisted the blue flag; he has commenced

 publican, or taken a public house, an allusion to
 the blue aprons worn by publicans. See ADMIRAL OF
 THE BLUE.

BLUE PIGEONS. Thieves who steal lead off houses and

 churches. Cant. To fly a blue pigeon; to steal lead
 off houses or churches.

BLUE PLUMB. A bullet.--Surfeited with a blue plumb;

 wounded with a bullet. A sortment of George R--'s
 blue plumbs; a volley of ball, shot from soldiers' firelocks.

BLUE SKIN. A person begotten on a black woman by a

 white man. One of the blue squadron; any one having
 a cross of the black breed, or, as it is termed, a lick of
 the tar brush.

BLUE TAPE, or SKY BLUE. Gin.

BLUE RUIN. Gin. Blue ribband; gin.

BLUFF. Fierce, surly. He looked as bluff as bull beef.

BLUFFER. An inn-keeper. Cant.

BLUNDERBUSS. A short gun, with a wide bore, for carrying

 slugs; also a stupid, blundering fellow.

BLUNT. Money. Cant.

TO BLUSTER. To talk big, to hector or bully.

BOARDING SCHOOL. Bridewell, Newgate, or any other

 prison, or house of correction.

BOB. A shoplifter's assistant, or one that receives and carries

 off stolen goods. All is bob; all is safe. Cant.

BOB. A shilling.

BOBBED. Cheated, tricked, disappointed.

BOBBISH. Smart, clever, spruce.

BOB STAY. A rope which holds the bowsprit to the stem or

 cutwater. Figuratively, the frenum of a man's yard.

BOB TAIL. A lewd woman, or one that plays with her tail;

 also an impotent man, or an eunuch. Tag, rag, and bobtail;
 a mob of all sorts of low people. To shift one's bob;
 to move off, or go away. To bear a bob; to join in chorus
 with any singers. Also a term used by the sellers of game,
 for a partridge.

BODY SNATCHERS. Bum bailiffs.

BODY OF DIVINITY BOUND IN BLACK CALF. A parson.

BOG LANDER. An Irishman; Ireland being famous for its

 large bogs, which furnish the chief fuel in many parts
 of that kingdom.

BOG TROTTER. The same.

BOG HOUSE. The necessary house. To go to bog; to go to

 stool.

BOG LATIN. Barbarous Latin. Irish.--See DOG LATIN,

 and APOTHECARIES LATIN.

BOGY. Ask bogy, i.e. ask mine a-se. Sea wit.

BOH. Said to be the name of a Danish general, who so terrified

 his opponent Foh, that he caused him to bewray
 himself. Whence, when we smell a stink, it is custom
 to exclaim, Foh! i.e. I smell general Foh. He cannot say
 Boh to a goose; i.e. he is a cowardly or sheepish fellow.
 There is a story related of the celebrated Ben Jonson, who
 always dressed very plain; that being introduced to the
 presence of a nobleman, the peer, struck by his homely
 appearance and awkward manner, exclaimed, as if in doubt,
 "you Ben Johnson! why you look as if you could not say
 Boh to a goose!" "Boh!" replied the wit.

BOLD. Bold as a miller's shirt, which every day takes a

 rogue by the collar.

BOLT. A blunt arrow.

BOLT UPRIGHT. As erect, or straight up, as an arrow

 set on its end.

TO BOLT. To run suddenly out of one's house, or hiding

 place, through fear; a term borrowed from a rabbit-warren,
 where the rabbits are made to bolt, by sending
 ferrets into their burrows: we set the house on fire, and
 made him bolt. To bolt, also means to swallow meat
 without chewing: the farmer's servants in Kent are
 famous for bolting large quantities of pickled pork.

BONES. Dice.

BONE BOX. The mouth. Shut your bone box; shut your

 mouth.

BONE PICKER. A footman.

BONED. Seized. apprehended, taken up by a constable. CANT.

BOLUS. A nick name for an apothecary.

BONESETTER. A hard-trotting horse.

BOOBY, or DOG BOOBY. An awkward lout, clodhopper, or

 country fellow. See CLODHOPPER and LOUT. A bitch
 booby; a country wench.

BOOBY HUTCH. A one-horse chaise, noddy, buggy, or

 leathern bottle.

BOOKS. Cards to play with. To plant the books; to place

 the cards in the pack in an unfair manner.

BOOK-KEEPER. One who never returns borrowed books.

 Out of one's books; out of one's fevor. Out of his books;
 out of debt.

BOOT CATCHER. The servant at an inn whose business

 it is to clean the boots of the guest.

BOOTS. The youngest officer in a regimental mess, whose

 duty it is to skink, that is, to stir the fire, snuff the
 candles, and ring the bell. See SKINK.--To ride in any one's
 old boots; to marry or keep his cast-off mistress.

BOOTY. To play booty; cheating play, where the player

 purposely avoids winning.

BO-PEEP. One who sometimes hides himself, and sometimes

 appears publicly abroad, is said to-play at bo-peep.
 Also one who lies perdue, or on the watch.

BORACHIO. A skin for holding wine, commonly a goat's;

 also a nick name for a drunkard.

BORDE. A shilling. A half borde; a sixpence.

BORDELLO. A bawdy house.

BORE. A tedious, troublesome man or woman, one who

 bores the ears of his hearers with an uninteresting tale;
 a term much in fashion about the years 1780 and 1781.

BORN UNDER A THREEPENNY HALFPENNY PLANET, NEVER TO BE WORTH A GROAT.

 Said of any person remarkably unsuccessful in his attempts or
 profession.

BOTCH. A nick name for a taylor.

BOTHERED or BOTH-EARED. Talked to at both ears by different

 persons at the same time, confounded, confused. IRISH
 PHRASE.

BOTHERAMS. A convivial society.

BOTTLE-HEADED. Void of wit.

BOTTOM. A polite term for the posteriors. Also, in the

 sporting sense, strength and spirits to support fatigue; as
 a bottomed horse. Among bruisers it is used to express
 a hardy fellow, who will bear a good beating.

BOTTOMLESS PIT. The monosyllable.

BOUGHS. Wide in the boughs; with large hips and posteriors.

BOUGHS. He is up in the boughs; he is in a passion.

TO BOUNCE. To brag or hector; also to tell an improbable

 story. To bully a man out of any thing. The kiddey
 bounced the swell of the blowen; the lad bullied the
 gentleman out of the girl.

BOUNCER. A large man or woman; also a great lie.

BOUNCING CHEAT. A bottle; from the explosion in

 drawing the cork. CANT.

BOUNG. A purse. CANT.

BOUNG NIPPER. A cut purse. CANT.--Formerly purses

 were worn at the girdle, from whence they were cut.

BOOSE, or BOUSE. Drink.

BOOSEY. Drunk.

BOWSING KEN. An ale-house or gin-shop.

BOWSPRIT. The nose, from its being the most projecting

 part of the human face, as the bowsprit is of a ship.

BOW-WOW. The childish name for a dog; also a jeering

 appellation for a man born at Boston in America.

BOW-WOW MUTTON. Dog's flesh.

BOW-WOW SHOP. A salesman's shop in Monmouth-street;

 so called because the servant barks, and the master bites.
 See BARKER.

BOWYER. One that draws a long bow, a dealer in the marvellous,

 a teller of improbable stories, a liar: perhaps from
 the wonderful shots frequently boasted of by archers.

TO BOX THE COMPASS. To say or repeat the mariner's

 compass, not only backwards or forwards, but also to
 be able to answer any and all questions respecting its
 divisions. SEA TERM.

TO BOX THE JESUIT, AND GET COCK ROACHES. A sea

 term for masturbation; a crime, it is said, much practised
 by the reverend fathers of that society.

BRACE. The Brace tavern; a room in the S.E. corner of the

 King's Bench, where, for the convenience of prisoners
 residing thereabouts, beer purchased at the tap-house was
 retailed at a halfpenny per pot advance. It was kept by
 two brothers of the name of Partridge, and thence called
 the Brace.

BRACKET-FACED. Ugly, hard-featured.

BRAGGET. Mead and ale sweetened with honey.

BRAGGADOCIA. vain-glorious fellow, a boaster.

BRAINS. If you had as much brains as guts, what a clever

 fellow you would be! a saying to a stupid fat fellow. To
 have some guts in his brains; to know something.

BRAN-FACED. Freckled. He was christened by a baker,

 he carries the bran in his face.

BRANDY-FACED. Red-faced, as if from drinking brandy.

BRANDY. Brandy is Latin for a goose; a memento to

 prevent the animal from rising in the stomach by a
 glass of the good creature.

BRAT. A child or infant.

BRAY. A vicar of Bray; one who frequently changes his

 principles, always siding with the strongest party: an
 allusion to a vicar of Bray, in Berkshire, commemorated
 in a well-known ballad for the pliability of his conscience.

BRAZEN-FACED. Bold-faced, shameless, impudent.

BREAD AND BUTTER FASHION. One slice upon the

 other. John and his maid were caught lying bread and
 butter fashion.--To quarrel with one's bread and butter;
 to act contrary to one's interest. To know on which
 side one's bread is buttered; to know one's interest, or
 what is best for one. It is no bread and butter of mine;
 I have no business with it; or rather, I won't intermeddle,
 because I shall get nothing by it.

BREAK-TEETH WORDS. Hard words, difficult to pronounce.

BREAKING SHINS. Borrowing money; perhaps from the

 figurative operation being, like the real one, extremely
 disagreeable to the patient.

BREAD. Employment. Out of bread; out of employment.

 In bad bread; in a disagreeable scrape, or situation.

BREAD BASKET. The stomach; a term used by boxers.

 I took him a punch in his bread basket; i.e. I gave him
 a blow in the stomach.

BREAST FLEET. He or she belongs to the breast fleet; i.e. is

 a Roman catholic; an appellation derived from their custom
 of beating their breasts in the confession of their sins.

BREECHED. Money in the pocket: the swell is well

 breeched, let's draw him; the gentleman has plenty of
 money in his pocket, let us rob him.

BREECHES. To wear the breeches; a woman who governs

 her husband is said to wear the breeches.

BREECHES BIBLE. An edition of the Bible printed in

 1598, wherein it is said that Adam and Eve sewed figleaves
 together, and made themselves breeches.

BREEZE. To raise a breeze; to kick up a dust or breed a

 disturbance.

BRIDGE. To make a bridge of any one's nose; to push the

 bottle past him, so as to deprive him of his turn of filling
 his glass; to pass one over. Also to play booty, or
 purposely to avoid winning.

BRIM. (Abbreviation of Brimstone.) An abandoned woman;

 perhaps originally only a passionate or irascible
 woman, compared to brimstone for its inflammability.

BRISKET BEATER. A Roman catholic. SEE BREAST

 FLEET, and CRAW THUMPER.

BRISTOL MILK. A Spanish wine called sherry, much

 drunk at that place, particularly in the morning.

BRISTOL MAN. The son of an Irish thief and a Welch

 whore.

BRITISH CHAMPAIGNE. Porter.

BROGANIER. One who has a strong Irish pronunciation or

 accent.

BROGUE. A particular kind of shoe without a heel,

 worn in Ireland, and figuratively used to signify the
 Irish accent.

BROTHER OF THE BLADE. A soldier

         BUSKIN. A player.
         BUNG. A brewer
         QUILL. An author.
         STRING. A fiddler.
         WHIP. A coachman.

BROTHER STARLING. One who lies with the same woman,

 that is, builds in the same nest.

BROUGHTONIAN. A boxer: a disciple of Broughton,

 who was a beef-eater, and once the best boxer of his day.

BROWN BESS. A soldier's firelock. To hug brown Bess; to

 carry a firelock, or serve as a private soldier.

BROWN GEORGE. An ammunition loaf, A wig without

 powder; similar to the undress wig worn by his majesty.

BROWN MADAM, or MISS BROWN. The monosyllable.

BROWN STUDY. Said of one absent, in a reverie, or

 thoughtful.

BRUISER. A boxer; one skilled in the ar of boxing also

 an inferior workman among chasers.

BREWES, or BROWES. The fat scum from the pot in

 which salted beef is boiled.

TO BRUSH. To run away. Let us buy a brush and lope;

 let us go away or off. To have a brush with a woman; to
 lie with her. To have a brush with a man; to fight with
 him. The cove cracked the peter and bought a brush;
 the fellow broke open the trunk, and then ran away.

BRUSHER. A bumper, a full glass. See BUMPER.

BUB. Strong beer.

BUBBER. A drinking bowl; also a great drinker; a

 thief that steals plate from public houses. CANT.

THE BUBBLE. The party cheated, perhaps from his

 being like an air bubble, filled with words, which are
 only wind, instead of real property.

TO BUBBLE. To cheat.

TO BAR THE BUBBLE. To except against the general

 rule, that he who lays the odds must always be adjudged
 the loser: this is restricted to betts laid for liquor.

BUBBLY JOCK. A turkey cock. SCOTCH.

BUBBLE AND SQUEAK. Beef and cabbage fried together.

 It is so called from its bubbling up and squeaking whilst
 over the fire.

BUBE. The venereal disease.

BUCK. A blind horse; also a gay debauchee.

TO RUN A BUCK. To poll a bad vote at an election.--IRISH

 TERM.

BUCK BAIL. Bail given by a sharper for one of the gang.

A BUCK OF THE FIRST HEAD. One who in debauchery

 surpasses the rest of his companions, a blood or choice
 spirit. There are in London divers lodges or societies of
 Bucks, formed in imitation of the Free Masons: one was
 held at the Rose, in Monkwell-street, about the year
 1705. The president is styled the Grand Buck. A buck
 sometimes signifies a cuckold.

BUCK'S FACE. A cuckold.

BUCK FITCH. A lecherous old fellow.

BUCKEEN. A bully. IRISH.

BUCKET. To kick the bucket; to die.

BUCKINGER'S BOOT. The monosyllable. Matthew

 Buckinger was born without hands and legs; notwithstanding
 which he drew coats of arms very neatly, and
 could write the Lord's Prayer within the compass of a
 shilling; he was married to a tall handsome woman,
 and traversed the country, shewing himself for money.

BUCKLES. Fetters.

BUDGE, or SNEAKING BUDGE. One that slips into houses

 in the dark, to steal cloaks or other clothes. Also
 lambs' fur formerly used for doctors' robes, whence they
 were called budge doctors. Standing budge; a thief's
 scout or spy.

TO BUDGE. To move, or quit one's station. Don't budge

 from hence; i.e. don't move from hence, stay here.

BUDGET. A wallet. To open the budget; a term used

 to signify the notification of the taxes required by the
 minister for the expences of the ensuing year; as To-morrow
 the minister will go to the house, and open the
 budget.

BUFE. A dog. Bufe's nob; a dog's head. CANT.

BUFE NABBER. A dog stealer. CANT.

BUFF. All in buff; stript to the skin, stark naked.

BUFF. To stand buff; to stand the brunt. To swear as a

 witness. He buffed it home; and I was served; he
 swore hard against me, and I was found guilty.

BUFFER. One that steals and kills horses and dogs for

 their skins; also an inn-keeper: in Ireland it signifies a
 boxer.

BUFFER. A man who takes an oath: generally applied to

 Jew bail.

BUFFLE-HEADED. Confused, stupid.

BUG. A nick name given by the Irish to Englishmen;

 bugs having, as it is said, been introduced into Ireland by
 the English.

TO BUG. A cant word among journeymen hatters, signifying

 the exchanging some of the dearest materials of
 which a hat is made for others of less value. Hats are
 composed of the furs and wool of divers animals among
 which is a small portion of beavers' fur. Bugging, is
 stealing the beaver, and substituting in lieu thereof an equal
 weight of some cheaper ingredient.--Bailiffs who take
 money to postpone or refrain the serving of a writ, are
 said to bug the writ.

BUG-HUNTER. An upholsterer.

BUGABOE. A scare-babe, or bully-beggar.

BUGAROCH. Comely, handsome. IRISH.

BUGGY. A one-horse chaise.

BUGGER. A blackguard, a rascal, a term of reproach. Mill

 the bloody bugger; beat the damned rascal.

BULK AND FILE. Two pickpockets; the bulk jostles the

 party to be robbed, and the file does the business.

BULKER. One who lodges all night on a bulk or projection

 before old-fashioned shop windows.

BULL. An Exchange Alley term for one who buys stock

 on speculation for time, i.e. agrees with the seller, called
 a Bear, to take a certain sum of stock at a future day, at a
 stated price: if at that day stock fetches more than the
 price agreed on, he receives the difference; if it falls or is
 cheaper, he either pays it, or becomes a lame duck, and
 waddles out of the Alley. See LAME DUCK and BEAR.

BULL. A blunder; from one Obadiah Bull, a blundering

 lawyer of London, who lived in the reign of Henery VII.
 by a bull is now always meant a blunder made by an Irishman.
 A bull was also the name of false hair formerly
 much worn by women. To look like bull beef, or as bluff
 as bull beef; to look fierce or surly. Town bull, a great
 whore-master.

BULL. A crown piece. A half bull; half a crown.

BULL BEGGAR, or BULLY BEGGAR. An imaginary

 being with which children are threatened by servants
 and nurses, like raw head and bloody bones.

BULL CALF. A great hulkey or clumsy fellow. See

 HULKEY.

BULL CHIN. A fat chubby child.

BULL DOGS. Pistols.

BULL HANKERS. Persons who over-drive bulls, or

 frequent bull baits.

BULL'S EYE. A crown-piece.

BULL'S FEATHER. A horn: he wears the bull's feather; he

 is a cuckold.

TO BULLOCK. To hector, bounce, or bully.

BULLY. A cowardly fellow, who gives himself airs of

 great bravery. A bully huff cap; a hector. See HECTOR.

BULLY BACK. A bully to a bawdy-house; one who is

 kept in pay, to oblige the frequenters of the house to submit
 to the impositions of the mother abbess, or bawd; and
 who also sometimes pretends to be the husband of one of
 the ladies, and under that pretence extorts money from
 greenhorns, or ignorant young men, whom he finds with her.
 See GREENHORN.

BULLY COCK. One who foments quarrels in order to rob

 the persons quarrelling.

BULLY RUFFIANS. Highwaymen who attack passengers

 with paths and imprecations.

BULLY TRAP. A brave man with a mild or effeminate

 appearance, by whom bullies are frequently taken in.

BUM. the breech, or backside.

TO BUM. To arrest a debtor. The gill bummed the

 swell for a thimble; the tradesman arrested the
 gentleman for a watch.

BUM TRAP. A sheriff's officer who arrests debtors.

 Ware hawke! the bum traps are fly to our panney; keep a
 good look out, the bailiffs know where our house is
 situated.

BUM BAILIFF. A sheriff's officer, who arrests debtors; so

 called perhaps from following his prey, and being at their
 bums, or, as the vulgar phrase is, hard at their a-ses.
 Blackstone says, it is a corruption of bound bailiff, from
 their being obliged to give bond for their good behaviour.

BUM BRUSHER. A schoolmaster.

BUM BOAT. A boat attending ships to retail greens,

 drams, &c. commonly rowed by a woman; a kind of
 floating chandler's shop,

BUM FODDER. Soft paper for the necessary house or

 torchecul.

BUMFIDDLE. The backside, the breech. See ARS MUSICA.

BUMBO. Brandy, water, and sugar; also the negro name for

 the private parts of a woman.

BUMKIN. A raw country fellow.

BUMMED. Arrested.

BUMPER. A full glass; in all likelihood from its convexity

 or bump at the top: some derive it from a full glass
 formerly drunk to the health of the pope--AU BON PERE.

BUMPING. A ceremony performed on boys perambulating

 the bounds of the parish on Whit-monday, when they
 have their posteriors bumped against the stones marking
 the boundaries, in order to fix them in their memory.

BUN. A common name for a rabbit, also for the monosyllable.

 To touch bun for luck; a practice observed among
 sailors going on a cruize.

BUNDLING. A man and woman sleeping in the same bed, he

 with his small clothes, and she with her petticoats on; an
 expedient practised in America on a scarcity of beds, where,
 on such an occasion, husbands and parents frequently
 permitted travellers to bundle with their wives and daughters.
 This custom is now abolished. See Duke of Rochefoucalt's
 Travels in America,

BUNG UPWARDS. Said of a person lying on his face.

BUNG YOUR EYE. Drink a dram; strictly speaking, to

 drink till one's eye is bunged up or closed.

BUNT. An apron.

BUNTER. A low dirty prostitute, half whore and half beggar.

BUNTLINGS. Petticoats. CANT.

BURN CRUST. A jocular name for a baker.

BURN THE KEN. Strollers living in an alehouse without paying

 their quarters, are said to burn the ken. CANT.

BURNING SHAME. A lighted candle stuck into the parts of a

 woman, certainly not intended by nature for a candlestick.

BURNER. A clap. The blowen tipped the swell a burner;

 the girl gave the gentleman a clap.

BURNER. He is no burner of navigable rivers; i.e. he is no

 conjuror, or man of extraordinary abilities; or rather,
 he is, but a simple fellow. See THAMES.

BURNT. Poxed or clapped. He was sent out a sacrifice, and

 came home a burnt offering; a saying of seamen who have
 caught the venereal disease abroad. He has burnt his
 fingers; he has suffered by meddling.

BURR. A hanger on, or dependant; an allusion to the field

 burrs, which are not easily got rid of. Also the Northumbrian
 pronunciation: the people of that country, but
 chiefly about Newcastle and Morpeth, are said to have a
 burr in their throats, particularly called the Newcastle
 burr.

BUSHEL BUBBY. A full breasted woman.

BUSK. A piece of whalebone or ivory, formerly worn by

 women, to stiffen the forepart of their stays: hence the
 toast--Both ends of the busk.

BUSS BEGGAR. An old superannuated fumbler, whom none

 but beggars will suffer to kiss them.

BUS-NAPPER. A constable. CANT.

BUS-NAPPER'S KENCHIN. A watchman. CANT.

BUSY. As busy is the devil in a high wind; as busy as a hen

 with one chick.

BUTCHER'S DOG. To be like a butcher's dog, i.e. lie by the

 beef without touching it; a simile often applicable to
 married men.

BUTCHER'S HORSE. That must have been a butcher's

 horse, by his carrying a calf so well; a vulgar joke on an
 awkward rider.

BUTT. A dependant, poor relation, or simpleton, on whom

 all kinds of practical jokes are played off; and who serves
 as a butt for all the shafts of wit and ridicule.

BUTTER BOX. A Dutchman, from the great quantity of

 butter eaten by the people of that country.

BUTTERED BUN. One lying with a woman that has just lain

 with another man, is said to have a buttered bun.

BUTTER AND EGGS TROT. A kind of short jogg trot, such

 as is used by women going to market, with butter and
 eggs.--he looks as if butter would not melt in her mouth,
 yet I warrant you cheese would not choak her; a saying
 of a demure looking woman, of suspected character. Don't
 make butter dear; a gird at the patient angler.

BUTTOCK. A whore. CANT.

BUTTOCK BROKER. A bawd, or match-maker. CANT.

BUTTOCK BALL. The amorous congress. CANT.

BUTTOCK AND FILE. A common whore and a pick-pocket.

 Cant.

BUTTOCK AND TWANG, or DOWN BUTTOCK AND SHAM

 FILE. A common whore, but no pickpocket.

BUTTOCK AND TONGUE. A scolding wife.

BUTTOCKING SHOP. A brothel.

BUTTON. A bad shilling, among coiners. His a-se makes

 buttons; he is ready to bewray himself through fear. CANT.

BUZMAN. A pickpocket. CANT.

BUZZARD. A simple fellow. A blind buzzard: a

 pur-blind man or woman.

BYE BLOW. A bastard.

CABBAGE. Cloth, stuff, or silkpurloined by laylors from

 their employers, which they deposit in a place called
 HELL, or their EYE: from the first, when taxed, with their
 knavery, they equivocally swear, that if they have taken
 any, they wish they may find it in HELL; or, alluding to the
 second, protest, that what they have over and above is
 not more than they could put in their EYE.--When the scrotum
 is relaxed or whiffled, it is said they will not cabbage.

CAB. A brothel. Mother: how many tails have you in

 your cab? how many girls have you in your bawdy house?

CACAFEOGO. A sh-te-fire, a furious braggadocio or bully

 huff.

CACKLE. To blab, or discover secrets. The cull is leaky,

 and cackles; the rogue tells all. CANT. See LEAKY.

CACKLER. A hen.

CACKLER'S KEN. A hen roost. CANT.

CACKLING CHEATS. Fowls. CANT.

CACKLING FARTS. Eggs. CANT.

CADDEE. A helper. An under-strapper.

CADGE. To beg. Cadge the swells; beg of the gentlemen.

CAFFAN. Cheese. CANT.

CAGG. To cagg; a military term used by the private soldiers,

 signifying a solemn vow or resolution not to get
 drunk for a certain time; or, as the term is, till their cagg
 is out: which vow is commonly observed with the strictest
 exactness. Ex. I have cagg'd myself for six months.
 Excuse me this time, and I will cagg myself for
 a year. This term is also used in the same sense among
 the common people of Scotland, where it is performed
 with divers ceremonies.

CAG. To be cagged. To be sulky or out of humour. The

 cove carries the cag; the man is vexed or sullen.

CAG MAGG. Bits and scraps of provisions. Bad meat.

CAGG MAGGS. Old Lincolnshire geese, which having been

 plucked ten or twelve years, are sent up to London to
 feast the cockneys.

CAKE, or CAKEY. A foolish fellow.

CALF-SKIN FIDDLE. A drum. To smack calf's skin; to

 kiss the book in taking an oath. It is held by the St.
 Giles's casuists, that by kissing one's thumb instead of
 smacking calf's skin, the guilt of taking a false oath is
 avoided.

CALVES. His calves are gone to grass; a saying of a man

 with slender legs without calves. Veal will be cheap,
 calves fall; said of a man whose calves fall away.

CALVES HEAD CLUB. A club instituted by the Independents

 and Presbyterians, to commemorate the decapitation
 of King Charles I. Their chief fare was calves heads; and
 they drank their wine and ale out of calves skulls.

CALIBOGUS. Rum and spruce beer, American beverage.

CALLE. A cloak or gown. CANT.

CAMBRIDGE FORTUNE. A wind-mill and a water-mill,

 used to signify a woman without any but personal endowments.

CAMBRIDGE OAK. A willow.

CAMBRADE. A chamber fellow; a Spanish military term.

 Soldiers were in that country divided into chambers, five
 men making a chamber, whence it was generally used to
 signify companion.

CAMESA. A shirt or shift. CANT. SPANISH.

CAMP CANDLESTICK. A bottle, or soldier's bayonet.

CAMPBELL'S ACADEMY. The hulks or lighters, on

 board of which felons are condemned to hard labour.
 Mr. Campbell was the first director of them. See
 ACADEMY and FLOATING ACADEMY.

CANARY BIRD. A jail bird, a person used to be kept in

 a cage; also, in the canting sense, guineas.

CANDLESTICKS. Bad, small, or untunable bells. Hark!

 how the candlesticks rattle.

CANDY. Drunk. IRISH.

CANE. To lay Cane upon Abel; to beat any one with a

 cane or stick.

CANK. Dumb.

CANNISTER. The head. To mill his cannister; to break

 his head.

CANNIKIN. A small can: also, in the canting sense,

 the plague.

CANT. An hypocrite, a double-tongue palavering fellow.

 See PALAVER.

CANT. To cant; to toss or throw: as, Cant a slug into

 your bread room; drink a dram. SEA WIT.

CANTICLE. A parish clerk.

CANTING. Preaching with a whining, affected tone, perhaps

 a corruption of chaunting; some derive it from Andrew
 Cant, a famous Scotch preacher, who used that whining
 manner of expression. Also a kind of gibberish used by
 thieves and gypsies, called likewise pedlar's French, the
 slang, &c. &c.

CANTERS, or THE CANTING CREW. Thieves, beggars, and

 gypsies, or any others using the canting lingo. See LINGO.

CANTERBURY STORY. A long roundabout tale.

TO CAP. To take one's oath. I will cap downright; I will

 swear home. CANT.

TO CAP. To take off one's hat or cap. To cap the quadrangle;

 a lesson of humility, or rather servility, taught
 undergraduates at the university, where they are obliged to
 cross the area of the college cap in hand, in reverence to
 the fellows who sometimes walk there. The same ceremony
 is observed on coming on the quarter deck of ships of
 war, although no officer should be on it.

TO CAP. To support another's assertion or tale. To assist

 a man in cheating. The file kidded the joskin with sham
 books, and his pall capped; the deep one cheated the
 countryman with false cards, and his confederate assisted
 in the fraud.

CAP ACQUAINTANCE. Persons slightly acquainted, or only

 so far as mutually to salute with the hat on meeting. A
 woman who endeavours to attract the notice of any particular
 man, is said to set her cap at him.

CAPER MERCHANT. A dancing master, or hop mercbant;

 marchand des capriolles. FRENCH TERM.--To cut papers; to
 leap or jump in dancing. See HOP MERCHANT.

CAPPING VERSES. Repeating Latin Verses in turn, beginning

 with the letter with which the last speaker left off.

CAPON. A castrated cock, also an eunuch.

CAPRICORNIFIED. Cuckolded, hornified.

CAPSIZE. To overturn or reverse. He took his broth till

 he capsized; he drank till he fell out of his chair. SEA
 TERM.

CAPTAIN. Led captain; an humble dependant in a great

 family, who for a precarious subsistence, and distant hopes
 of preferment, suffers every kind of indignity, and is the
 butt of every species of joke or ill-humour. The small
 provision made for officers of the army and navy in time of
 peace, obliges many in both services to occupy this wretched
 station. The idea of the appellation is taken from a led horse,
 many of which for magnificence appear in the retinues
 of great personages on solemn occasions, such as processions,
 &c.

CAPTAIN COPPERTHORNE'S CREW. All officers; a saying

 of a company where everyone strives to rule.

CAPTAIN LIEUTENANT. Meat between veal and beef, the

 flesh of an old calf; a military simile, drawn from the
 officer of that denomination, who has only the pay of a
 lieutenant, with the rank of captain; and so is not entirely
 one or the other, but between both.

CAPTAIN PODD. A celebrated master of a puppet-shew, in

 Ben Johnson's time, whose name became a common one
 to signify any of that fraternity.

CAPTAIN QUEERNABS. A shabby ill-dressed fellow.

CAPTAIN SHARP. A cheating bully, or one in a set of

 gamblers, whose office is to bully any pigeon, who, suspecting
 roguery, refuses to pay what he has lost. CANT.

CAPTAIN TOM. The leader of a mob; also the mob itself.

CARAVAN. A large sum of money; also, a person cheated

 of such sum. CANT.

CARBUNCLE FACE. A red face, full of pimples.

CARDINAL. A cloak in fashion about the year 1760.

To CAROUSE. To drink freely or deep: from the German

 word expressing ALL OUT.

CARRIERS. A set of rogues who are employed to look out

 and watch upon the roads, at inns, &c. in order to carry
 information to their respective gangs, of a booty in
 prospect.

CARRIERS. Pigeons which carry expresses.

CARRION HUNTER. An undertaker; called also a cold

 cook, and death hunter. See COLD COOK and DEATH
 HUNTER.

CARROTS. Red hair.

CARROTTY-PATED. Ginger-hackled, red-haired. See

 GINGER-HACKLED.

CARRY WITCHET. A sort of conundrum, puzzlewit, or

 riddle.

CART. To put the cart before the horse; to mention the

 last part of a story first. To be flogged at the cart's a-se or
 tail; persons guilty of petty larceny are frequently
 sentenced to be tied to the tail of a cart, and whipped by the
 common executioner, for a certain distance: the degree
 of severity in the execution is left to the discretion of the
 executioner, who, it is said, has cats of nine tails of all
 prices.

CARTING. The punishment formerly inflicted on bawds,

 who were placed in a tumbrel or cart, and led through
 a town, that their persons might be known.

CARVEL'S RING. The private parts of a woman. Ham

 Carvel, a jealous old doctor, being in bed with his wife,
 dreamed that the Devil gave him a ring, which, so long as
 he had it on his finger, would prevent his being made a
 cuckold: waking he found he had got his finger the Lord
 knows where. See Rabelais, and Prior's versification of
 the story.

TO CASCADE. To vomit.

CASE. A house; perhaps from the Italian CASA. In the canting

 lingo it meant store or ware house, as well as a dwelling
 house. Tout that case; mark or observe that house.
 It is all bob, now let's dub the gig of the case; now the
 coast is clear, let us break open the door of the house.

CASE VROW. A prostitute attached to a particular bawdy

 house.

CASH, or CAFFAN. Cheese; CANT. See CAFFAN.

CASTER. A cloak. CANT.

CASTOR. A hat. To prig a castor; to steal a hat.

CASTING UP ONE'S ACCOUNTS. Vomiting.

CAT. A common prostitute. An old cat; a cross old woman.

CAT-HEADS. A Woman's breasts. SEA PHRASE.

TO CAT, or SHOOT THE CAT. To vomit from drunkenness.

CAT AND BAGPIPEAN SOCIETY. A society which met at

 their office in the great western road: in their summons,
 published in the daily papers, it was added, that the kittens
 might come with the old cats without being scratched.

CAT CALL. A kind of whistle, chiefly used at theatres, to

 interrupt the actors, and damn a new piece. It derives
 its name from one of its sounds, which greatly resembles
 the modulation of an intriguing boar cat.

CAT HARPING FASHION. Drinking cross-ways, and not, as

 usual, over the left thumb. SEA TERM.

CAT IN PAN. To turn cat in pan, to change sides or

 parties; supposed originally to have been to turn CATE or CAKE
 in pan.

CAT'S FOOT. To live under the cat's foot; to be under the

 dominion of a wife hen-pecked. To live like dog and cat;
 spoken of married persons who live unhappily together.
 As many lives as a cat; cats, according to vulgar
 naturalists, have nine lives, that is one less than a woman.
 No more chance than a cat in hell without claws; said of
 one who enters into a dispute or quarrel with one greatly
 above his match.

CAT LAP. Tea, called also scandal broth. See SCANDAL

 BROTH.

CAT MATCH. When a rook or cully is engaged amongst

 bad bowlers.

CAT OF NINE TAILS. A scourge composed of nine strings

 of whip-cord, each string having nine knots.

CAT'S PAW. To be made a cat's paw of; to be made a tool

 or instrument to accomplish the purpose of another: an
 allusion to the story of a monkey, who made use of a cat's
 paw to scratch a roasted chesnut out of the fire.

CAT'S SLEEP. Counterfeit sleep: cats often counterfeiting

 sleep, to decoy their prey near them, and then suddenly
 spring on them.

CAT STICKS. Thin legs, compared to sticks with which

 boys play at cat. See TRAPSTICKS.

CAT WHIPPING, or WHIPPING THE CAT. A trick often

 practised on ignorant country fellows, vain of their strength,
 by laying a wager with them that they may be pulled
 through a pond by a cat. The bet being made, a rope is
 fixed round the waist of the party to be catted, and the
 end thrown across the pond, to which the cat is also
 fastened by a packthread, and three or four sturdy fellows
 are appointed to lead and whip the cat; these on a signal
 given, seize the end of the cord, and pretending to whip
 the cat, haul the astonished booby through the water.
 --To whip the cat, is also a term among tailors for working
 jobs at private houses, as practised in the country.

CATAMARAN. An old scraggy woman; from a kind of float

 made of spars and yards lashed together, for saving
 ship-wrecked persons.

CATCH CLUB. A member of the patch club; a bum bailiff.

CATCH FART. A footboy; so called from such servants

 commonly following close behind their master or mistress.

CATCH PENNY. Any temporary contrivance to raise a

 contribution on the public.

CATCH POLE. A bum bailiff, or sheriff's officer.

CATCHING HARVEST. A dangerous time for a robbery,

 when many persons are on the road, on account of a
 horse-race, fair, or some other public meeting.

CATER COUSINS. Good friends. He and I are not cater

 cousins, i.e. we are not even cousins in the fourth degree,
 or four times removed; that is, we have not the least
 friendly connexion.

CATERPILLAR. A nick name for a soldier. In the year

 1745, a soldier quartered at a house near Derby, was desired
 by his landlord to call upon him, whenever he came
 that way; for, added he, soldiers are the pillars of the
 nation. The rebellion being finished, it happened the same
 regiment was quartered in Derbyshire, when the soldier
 resolved to accept of his landlord's invitation, and
 accordingly obtained leave to go to him: but, on his arrival,
 he was greatly surprised to find a very cold reception;
 whereupon expostulating with his landlord, he reminded him of
 his invitation, and the circumstance of his having said,
 soldiers were the pillars of the nation. If I did, answered the
 host, I meant CATERpiliars.

CATERWAULING. Going out in the night in search of

 intrigues, like a cat in the gutters.

CATHEDRAL. Old-fashioned. An old cathedral-bedstead,

 chair, &c.

CATTLE. Sad cattle: whores or gypsies. Black cattle,

 bugs. CANT.

CAVAULTING SCHOOL. A Bawdy-house.

CAUDGE-PAWED. Left-handed.

CAULIFLOWER. A large white wig, such as is commonly

 worn by the dignified clergy, and was formerly by physicians.
 Also the private parts of a woman; the reason for
 which appellation is given in the following story: A
 woman, who was giving evidence in a cause wherein it was
 necessary to express those parts, made use of the term
 cauliflower; for which the judge on the bench, a peevish
 old fellow, reproved her, saying she might as well call it
 artichoke. Not so, my lord, replied she; for an artichoke
 has a bottom, but a **** and a cauliflower have none.

CAUTIONS. The four cautions: I. Beware of a woman

 before.--II. Beware of a horse behind.--III. Beware of a cart
 side-ways.--IV. Beware of a priest every way.

CAW-HANDED, or CAW-PAWED. Awkward, not dextrous,

 ready, or nimble.

CAXON. An old weather-beaten wig.

CENT PER CENT. An usurer.

CHAFED. Well beaten; from CHAUFFE, warmed.

CHALKERS. Men of wit, in Ireland, who in the night amuse

 themselves with cutting inoffensive passengers across the
 face with a knife. They are somewhat like those facetious
 gentlemen some time ago known in England by the title
 of Sweaters and Mohocks.

CHALKING. The amusement above described.

CHAP. A fellow; An odd chap; A strange fellow.

CHAPERON. The cicisbeo, or gentleman usher to a lady;

 from the French.

CHAPT. Dry or thirsty.

CHARACTERED, or LETTERED. Burnt in the hand. They

 have palmed the character upon him; they have burned
 him in the hand, CANT.--See LETTERED.

CHARM. A picklock. CANT.

CHARREN. The smoke of Charren.--His eyes water from

 the smoke of Charren; a man of that place coming out
 of his house weeping, because his wife had beat him, told
 his neighbours the smoke had made his eyes water.

CHATTER BOX. One whose tongue runs twelve score to the

 dozen, a chattering man or woman.

CHATTER BROTH. Tea. See CAT LAP and SCANDAL BROTH.

CHATTS. Lice: perhaps an abbreviation of chattels, lice

 being the chief live stock of chattels of beggars, gypsies,
 and the rest of the canting crew. CANT.--Also, according
 to the canting academy, the gallows.

CHATES. The gallows. CANT.

CHAUNTER CULLS. Grub-street writers, who compose

 songs, carrols, &c. for ballad-singers. CANT.

CHAUNT. A song.

TO CHAUNT. To sing. To publish an account in the newspapers.

 The kiddey was chaunted for a toby; his examination
 concerning a highway robbery was published in
 the papers.

CHAW BACON. A countryman. A stupid fellow.

CHEAPSIDE. He came at it by way of Cheapside; he gave

 little or nothing for it, he bought it cheap.

CHEATS. Sham sleeves to put over a dirty shift or shirt.

 See SHAMS.

CHEEK BY JOWL. Side by side, hand to fist.

CHEEKS. Ask cheeks near cunnyborough; the repartee of a

 St. Gilse's fair one, who bids you ask her backside, anglice
 her a-se. A like answer is current in France: any one
 asking the road or distance to Macon, a city near Lyons,
 would be answered by a French lady of easy virtue,
 'Mettez votre nez dans mon cul, & vous serrez dans les
 Fauxbourgs.'

CHEESE-TOASTER. A sword.

CHEESE IT; Be silent, be quiet, don't do it. Cheese it, the

 coves are fly; be silent, the people understand our discourse.

CHEESER. A strong smelling fart.

CHELSEA. A village near London, famous for the military

 hospital. To get Chelsea; to obtain the benefit of that
 hospital. Dead Chelsea, by G-d! an exclamation uttered by
 a grenadier at Fontenoy, on having his leg carried away by
 a cannon-ball.

CHEST OF TOOLS. A shoe-black's brush and wig, &c. Irish.

CHERRY-COLOURED CAT. A black cat, there being black

 cherries as well as red.

CHERUBIMS. Peevish children, becausecherubimsand seraphims

 continually do cry.

CHESHIRE CAT. He grins like a Cheshire cat; said of anyone

 who shews his teeth and gums in laughing.

CHICK-A-BIDDY. A chicken, so called to and by little children.

CHICKEN-BREASTED. Said of a woman with scarce any breasts.

CHICKEN BUTCHER. A poulterer.

CHICKEN-HAMMED. Persons whose legs and thighs are bent

 or archward outwards.

CHICKEN-HEARTED. Fearful, cowardly.

CHICKEN NABOB. One returned from the East Indies with but

 a moderate fortune of fifty or sixty thousand pounds, a
 diminutive nabob: a term borrowed from the chicken turtle.

CHILD. To eat a child; to partake of a treat given to the

 parish officers, in part of commutation for a bastard child
 the common price was formerly ten pounds and a greasy
 chiu. See GREASY CHIN.

CHIMNEY CHOPS. An abusive appellation for a negro.

CHINK. Money.

CHIP. A child. A chip of the old block; a child who either

 in person or sentiments resembles its father or mother.

CHIP. A brother chip; a person of the same trade or calling.

CHIPS, A nick name for a carpenter.

CHIMPING MERRY. Exhilarated with liquor. Chirping glass,

 a cheerful glass, that makes the company chirp like birds
 in spring.

CHIT. An infant or baby.

CHITTERLINS. The bowels. There is a rumpus among my

 bowels, i.e. I have the colic. The frill of a shirt.

CHITTY-FACED. Baby-faced; said of one who has a childish

 look.

CHIVE, or CHIFF. A knife, file: or saw. To chive the

 darbies; to file off the irons or fetters. To chive the bouhgs
 of the frows; to cut off women's pockets.

CHIVEY. I gave him a good chivey; I gave him, a hearty Scolding.

CHIVING LAY. Cutting the braces of coaches behind, on

 which the coachman quitting the box, an accomplice robs
 the boot; also, formerly, cutting the back of the coach to
 steal the fine large wigs then worn.

CHOAK. Choak away, the churchyard's near; a jocular saying

 to a person taken with a violent fit of coughing, or who
 has swallowed any thing, as it is called the wrong way;
 Choak, chicken, more are hatching: a like consolation.

CHOAK PEAR. Figuratively, an unanswerable objection: also

 a machine formerly used in Holland by robbers; it was of
 iron, shaped like a pear; this they forced into the mouths
 of persons from whom they intended to extort money; and
 on turning a key, certain interior springs thrust forth a
 number of points, in all directions, which so enlarged it,
 that it could not be taken out of the mouth: and the iron,
 being case-hardened, could not be filed: the only methods
 of getting rid of it, were either by cutting the mouth, or
 advertizing a reward for the key, These pears were also
 called pears of agony.

CHOAKING PYE, or COLD PYE, A punishment inflicted

 on any person sleeping in company: it consists in wrapping
 up cotton in a case or tube of paper, setting it on
 fire, and directing the smoke up the nostrils of the sleeper.
 See HOWELL'S COTGRAVE.

CHOCOLATE. To give chocolate without sugar; to reprove.

 MILITARY TERM.

CHOICE SPIRIT. A thoughtless, laughing, singing, drunken fellow.

CHOP. A blow. Boxing term.

TO CHOP AND CHANGE. To exchange backwards and forwards.

 To chop, in the canting sense, means making
 dispatch, or hurrying over any business: ex. The AUTEM
 BAWLER will soon quit the HUMS, for he CHOPS UP the WHINERS;
 the parson will soon quit the pulpit, for he hurries over
 the prayers. See AUTEM BAWLER, HUMS, and WHINERS,

CHOP CHURCHES. Simoniacal dealers in livings, or other

 ecclesiastical preferments.

CHOPPING, LUSTY. A chopping boy or girl; a lusty

 child.

CHOPS. The mouth. I gave him a wherrit, or a souse,

 across the chops; I gave him a blow over the mouth,
 See WHERRIT.

CHOP-STICK. A fork.

CHOUDER. A sea-dish, composed of fresh fish, salt pork,

 herbs, and sea-biscuits, laid in different layers, and stewed
 together.

TO CHOUSE. To cheat or trick: he choused me out of it.

 Chouse is also the term for a game like chuck-farthing.

CHRIST-CROSS ROW. The alphabet in a horn-book: called

 Christ-cross Row, from having, as an Irishman observed,
 Christ's cross PREFIXED before and AFTER the twenty-four
 letters.

CHRISTENING. Erasing the name of the true maker from

 a stolen watch, and engraving a fictitious one in its place.

CHRISTIAN PONEY. A chairman.

CHRISTIAN. A tradesman who has faith, i.e. will give credit.

CHRISTMAS COMPLIMENTS. A cough, kibed heels, and a snotty nose.

CHUB. He is a young chub, or a mere chub; i.e. a foolish

 fellow, easily imposed on: an illusion to a fish of that
 name, easily taken.

CHUBBY. Round-faced, plump.

CHUCK. My chuck; a term of endearment.

CHUCK FARTHING. A parish clerk.

CHUCKLE-HEADED. Stupid, thick-headed.

CHUFFY. Round-faced, chubby.

CHUM. A chamber-fellow, particularly at the universities

 and in prison.

CHUMMAGE. Money paid by the richer sort of prisoners

 in the Fleet and King's Bench, to the poorer, for their
 share of a room. When prisons are very full, which is
 too often the case, particularly on the eve of an insolvent
 act, two or three persons are obliged to sleep in a room. A
 prisoner who can pay for being alone, chuses two poor
 chums, who for a stipulated price, called chummage,
 give up their share of the room, and sleep on the stairs,
 or, as the term is, ruff it.

CHUNK. Among printers, a journeyman who refuses to

 work for legal wages; the same as the flint among taylors.
 See FLINT.

CHURCH WARDEN. A Sussex name fora shag, or cormorant, probably

 from its voracity.

CHURCH WORK. Said of any work that advances slowly.

CHURCHYARD COUGH. A cough that is likely to terminate

 in death.

CHURK. The udder.

CHURL. Originally, a labourer or husbandman: figuratively

 a rude, surly, boorish fellow. To put a churl upon a gentleman;
 to drink malt liquor immediately after having drunk wine.

CINDER GARBLER. A servant maid, from her business of

 sifting the ashes from the cinders. CUSTOM-HOUSE WIT.

CIRCUMBENDIBUS. A roundabout way, or story. He

 took such a circumbendibus; he took such a circuit.

CIT. A citizen of London.

CITY COLLEGE. Newgate.

CIVILITY MONEY. A reward claimed by bailiffs for executing

 their office with civility.

CIVIL RECEPTION. A house of civil reception; a bawdy-house,

 or nanny-house. See NANNY-HOUSE.

CLACK. A tongue, chiefly applied to women; a simile drawn

 from the clack of a water-mill.

CLACK-LOFT. A pulpit, so called by orator Henley.

CLAMMED. Starved.

CLAN. A family's tribe or brotherhood; a word much used

 in Scotland. The head of the clan; the chief: an allusion
 to a story of a Scotchman, who, when a very large
 louse crept down his arm, put him back again, saying he
 was the head of the clan, and that, if injured, all the rest
 would resent it.

CLANK. A silver tankard. CANT.

CLANK NAPPER. A silver tankard stealer. See RUM BUBBER.

CLANKER. A great lie.

CLAP. A venereal taint. He went out by Had'em, and came

 round by Clapham home; i.e. he went out a wenching,
 and got a clap.

CLAP ON THE SHOULDER. An arrest for debt; whence a

 bum bailiff is called a shoulder-clapper.

CLAPPER. The tongue of a bell, and figuratively of a man

 or woman.

CLAPPER CLAW. To scold, to abuse, or claw off with the

 tongue.

CLAPPERDOGEON. A beggar born. CANT.

CLARET. French red wine; figuratively, blood. I tapped

 his claret; I broke his head, and made the blood run.
 Claret-faced; red-faced.

CLAWED OFF. Severely beaten or whipped; also smartly

 poxed or clapped.

CLEAR. Very drunk. The cull is clear, let's bite him; the

 fellow is very drunk, let's cheat him. CANT.

CLEAVER. One that will cleave; used of a forward or

 wanton woman.

CLEAN. Expert; clever. Amongst the knuckling coves he

 is reckoned very clean; he is considered very expert as
 a pickpocket.

CLERKED. Soothed, funned, imposed on. The cull will

 not be clerked; i.e. the fellow will not be imposed on by
 fair words.

CLEYMES. Artificial sores, made by beggars to excite

 charity.

CLICK. A blow. A click in the muns; a blow or knock

 in the face. CANT.

TO CLICK. To snatch. To click a nab; to snatch a hat.

 CANT.

CLICKER. A salesman's servant; also, one who proportions

 out the different shares of the booty among thieves.

CLICKET. Copulation of foxes; and thence used, in a

 canting sense, for that of men and women: as, The cull
 and the mort are at clicket in the dyke; the man and
 woman are copulating in the ditch.

CLIMB. To climb the three trees with a ladder; to ascend

 the gallows.

CLINCH. A pun or quibble. To clinch, or to clinch the

 nail; to confirm an improbable story by another: as, A
 man swore he drove a tenpenny nail through the moon;
 a bystander said it was true, for he was on the other side
 and clinched it.

CLINK. A place in the Borough of Southwark, formerly

 privileged from arrests; and inhabited by lawless vagabonds
 of every denomination, called, from the place of
 their residence, clinkers. Also a gaol, from the clinking
 of the prisoners' chains or fetters: he is gone to clink.

CLINKERS. A kind of small Dutch bricks; also irons worn

 by prisoners; a crafty fellow.

TO CLIP. To hug or embrace: to clip and cling. To clip

 the coin; to diminish the current coin. To clip the king's
 English; to be unable to speak plain through drunkenness.

CLOAK TWITCHERS. Rogues who lurk about the entrances

 into dark alleys, and bye-lanes, to snatch cloaks from the
 shoulders of passengers.

CLOD HOPPER. A country farmer, or ploughman.

CLOD PATE. A dull, heavy booby.

CLOD POLE. The same.

CLOSE. As close as God's curse to a whore's a-se: close as

 shirt and shitten a-se.

CLOSE-FISTED. Covetous or stingy.

CLOSH. A general name given by the mobility to Dutch

 seamen, being a corruption of CLAUS, the abbreviation of
 Nicholas, a name very common among the men of that
 nation.

CLOTH MARKET. He is just come from the cloth market,

 i.e. from between the sheets, he is just risen from bed.

CLOUD. Tobacco. Under a cloud; in adversity.

CLOVEN, CLEAVE, or CLEFT. A term used for a woman

 who passes for a maid, but is not one.

CLOVEN FOOT. To spy the cloven foot in any business; to

 discover some roguery or something bad in it: a saying
 that alludes to a piece of vulgar superstition, which is,
 that, let the Devil transform himself into what shape he
 will, he cannot hide his cloven foot

TO CHUCK. To shew a propensity for a man. The mors

 chucks; the wench wants to be doing.

CLOUT. A blow. I'll give you a clout on your jolly nob;

 I'll give you a blow on your head. It also means a
 handkerchief. CANT. Any pocket handkerchief except
 a silk one.

CLOUTED SHOON. Shoes tipped with iron.

CLOUTING LAY. Picking pockets of handkerchiefs.

CLOVER. To be, or live, in clover; to live luxuriously.

 Clover is the most desirable food for cattle.

CLOWES. Rogues.

CLOY. To steal. To cloy the clout; to steal the handkerchief.

 To cloy the lour; to steal money. CANT.

CLOVES. Thieves, robbers, &c.

CLUB. A meeting or association, where each man is to spend

 an equal and stated sum, called his club.

CLUB LAW. Argumentum bacculinum, in which an oaken

 stick is a better plea than an act of parliament.

CLUMP. A lump. Clumpish; lumpish, stupid.

CLUNCH. An awkward clownish fellow.

TO CLUTCH THE FIST. To clench or shut the hand. Clutch

 fisted; covetous, stingy. See CLOSE-FISTED.

CLUTCHES. Hands, gripe, power.

CLUTTER. A stir, noise, or racket: what a confounded

 clutter here is!

CLY. Money; also a pocket. He has filed the cly; he

 has picked a pocket. CANT.

CLY THE JERK: To be whipped. CANT.

CLYSTER PIPE. A nick name for an apothecary.

COACH WHEEL. A half crown piece is a fore coach wheel,

 and a crown piece a hind coach wheel; the fore wheels of
 a coach being less than the hind ones.

TO COAX. To fondle, or wheedle. To coax a pair of stockings;

 to pull down the part soiled into the shoes, so as to
 give a dirty pair of stockings the appearance of clean ones.
 Coaxing is also used, instead of darning, to hide the holes
 about the ancles.

COB. A Spanish dollar.

COB, or COBBING. A punishment used by the seamen for

 petty offences, or irregularities, among themselves: it
 consists in bastonadoing the offender on the posteriors with
 a cobbing stick, or pipe staff; the number usually inflicted
 is a dozen. At the first stroke the executioner repeats
 the word WATCH, on which all persons present are to take
 off their hats, on pain of like punishment: the last stroke
 is always given as hard as possible, and is called THE PURSE.
 Ashore, among soldiers, where this punishment is sometimes
 adopted, WATCH and THE PURSE are not included in the
 number, but given over and above, or, in the vulgar phrase,
 free gratis for nothing. This piece of discipline is also
 inflicted in Ireland, by the school-boys, on persons coming
 into the school without taking off their hats; it is there
 called school butter.

COBBLE. A kind of boat.

TO COBBLE. To mend, or patch; likewise to do a thing in

 a bungling manner.

COBBLE COLTER. A turkey.

COBBLER. A mender of shoes, an improver of the understandings of

 his customers; a translator.

COBBLERS PUNCH. Treacle, vinegar, gin, and water.

COCK, or CHIEF COCK OF THE WALK. The leading man

 in any society or body; the best boxer in a village or
 district.

COCK ALE. A provocative drink.

COCK ALLEY or COCK LANE. The private parts of a woman.

COCK AND A BULL STORY. A roundabout story, without

 head or tail, i.e. beginning or ending.

COCK OF THE COMPANY. A weak man, who from the desire of being the

 head of the company associates with low
 people, and pays all the reckoning.

COCK-A-WHOOP. Elevated, in high-spirits, transported with joy.

COCK BAWD. A male keeper of a bawdy-house.

COCK HOIST. A cross buttock.

COCKISH. Wanton, forward. A cockish wench; a forward

 coming girl.

COCKLES. To cry cockles; to be hanged: perhaps from the

 noise made whilst strangling. CANT.--This will rejoice
 the cockles of one's heart; a saying in praise of wine, ale,
 or spirituous liquors.

COCK PIMP. The supposed husband of a bawd.

COCK ROBIN. A soft, easy fellow.

COCK-SURE. Certain: a metaphor borrowed front the cock

 of a firelock, as being much more certain to fire than the
 match.

COCK YOUR EYE. Shut one eye: thus translated into apothecaries

 Latin.--Gallus tuus ego.

COCKER. One fond of the diversion of cock-fighting.

COCKNEY: A nick name given to the citizens of London,

 or persons born within the sound of Bow bell, derived
 from the following story: A citizen of London, being in
 the country, and hearing a horse neigh, exclaimed,
 Lord! how that horse laughs! A by-stander telling him
 that noise was called NEIGHING, the next morning, when
 the cock crowed, the citizen to shew he had not forgot
 what was told him, cried out, Do you hear how the COCK
 NEIGHS? The king of the cockneys is mentioned among
 the regulations for the sports and shows formerly held in
 the Middle Temple on Childermas Day, where he had
 his officers, a marshal, constable, butler, &c. See DUGDALE'S
 ORIGINES JURIDICIALES, p. 247.--Ray says, the interpretation of
 the word Cockney, is, a young person coaxed or conquered, made
 wanton; or a nestle cock, delicately bred and brought up, so
 as, when arrived a man's estate, to be unable to bear the least
 hardship. Whatever may be the origin of this appellation, we
 learn from the following verses, attributed to Hugh Bigot, Earl
 of Norfolk, that it was in use. in the time of king Henry II.
 Was I in my castle at Bungay,
 Fast by the river Waveney,
 I would not care for the king of Cockney;
 i.e. the king of London.

COCKSHUT TIME. The evening, when fowls go to roost.

COD. A cod of money: a good sum of money.

CODDERS. Persons employed by the gardeners to gather

 peas.

CODGER. An old codger: an old fellow.

COD PIECE. The fore flap of a man's breeches. Do they

 bite, master? where, in the cod piece or collar?--a jocular
 attack on a patient angler by watermen, &c.

CODS. The scrotum. Also a nick name for a curate: a rude

 fellow meeting a curate, mistook him for the rector, and
 accosted him with the vulgar appellation of Bol--ks the
 rector, No, Sir, answered he; only Cods the curate, at
 your service.

COD'S HEAD. A stupid fellow.

COFFEE HOUSE. A necessary house. To make a coffee-house

 of a woman's ****; to go in and out and spend
 nothing.

COG. The money, or whatsoever the sweeteners drop to

 draw in a bubble.

COG. A tooth. A queer cog; a rotten tooth. How the

 cull flashes his queer cogs; how the fool shews his rotten
 teeth.

TO COG. To cheat with dice; also to coax or wheedle, To

 cog a die; to conceal or secure a die. To cog a dinner;
 to wheedle one out of a dinner.

COGUE. A dram of any spirituous liquor.

COKER. A lie.

COKES. The fool in the play of Bartholomew Fair: perhaps

 a contraction of the word COXCOMB.

COLCANNON. Potatoes and cabbage pounded together in a

 mortar, and then stewed with butter: an Irish dish.

COLD. You will catch cold at that; a vulgar threat or

 advice to desist from an attempt. He caught cold by
 lying in bed barefoot; a saying of any one extremely tender
 or careful of himself.

COLD BURNING. A punishment inflicted by private soldiers

 on their comrades for trifling offences, or breach of their
 mess laws; it is administered in the following manner:
 The prisoner is set against the wall, with the arm which is
 to be burned tied as high above his head as possible. The
 executioner then ascends a stool, and having a bottle of
 cold water, pours it slowly down the sleeve of the delinquent,
 patting him, and leading the water gently down his
 body, till it runs out at his breeches knees: this is repeated
 to the other arm, if he is sentenced to be burned in both.

COLD COOK. An undertaker of funerals, or carrion hunter.

 See CARRION HUNTER.

COLD IRON. A sword, or any other weapon for cutting or

 stabbing. I gave him two inches of cold iron into his beef.

COLD MEAT. A dead wife is the beat cold meat in a man's

 house.

COLD PIG. To give cold pig is a punishment inflicted on

 sluggards who lie too long in bed: it consists in pulling off
 all the bed clothes from them, and throwing cold water
 upon them.

COLD PUDDING. This is said to settle one's love.

COLE. Money. Post the cole: pay down the money.

COLIANDER, or CORIANDER SEEDS. Money.

COLLAR DAY. Execution day.

COLLEGE. Newgate or any other prison. New College:

 the Royal Exchange. King's College: the King's Bench
 prison. He has been educated at the steel, and took his
 last degree at college; he has received his education at
 the house of correction, and was hanged at Newgate.

COLLEGE COVE. The College cove has numbered him, and if he

 is knocked down he'll be twisted; the turnkey of Newgate
 has told the judge how many times the prisoner has been
 tried before and therefore if he is found guilty, he certainly
 will be hanged. It is said to be the custom of the Old Bailey
 for one of the turnkeys of Newgate to give information to
 the judge how many times an old offender has been tried,
 by holding up as many fingers as the number of times the
 prisoner has been before arraigned at that bar.

COLLEGIATES. Prisoners of the one, and shopkeepers of

 the other of those places.

COLLECTOR. A highwayman.

TO COLLOGUE. To wheedle or coax.

COOK RUFFIAN, who roasted the devil in his feathers. A

 bad cook.

COOL CRAPE. A shroud.

COOLER. A woman.

COOLER. The backside. Kiss my cooler. Kiss my a-se.

 It is principally used to signify a woman's posteriors.

COOL LADY. A female follower of the camp, who sells

 brandy.

COOL NANTS. Brandy.

COOL TANKARD. Wine and water, with lemon, sugar, and

 burrage.

COLQUARRON. A man's neck. His colquarron is just about

 to be twisted; he is just going to be hanged. CANT.

COLT. One who lets horses to highwaymen; also a boy newly

 initiated into roguery; a grand or petty juryman on his
 first assize. CANT.

COLTAGE. A fine or beverage paid by colts on their first

 entering into their offices.

COLT BOWL. Laid short of the jack by a colt bowler, i.e.

 a person raw or unexperienced in the art of bowling.

COLT'S TOOTH. An old fellow who marries or keeps a young

 girl, is said to have a colt's tooth in his head.

COLT VEAL. Coarse red veal, more like the flesh of a colt

 than that of a calf.

COMB. To comb one's head; to clapperclaw, or scold any

 one: a woman who lectures her husband, is said to comb
 his head. She combed his head with a joint stool; she
 threw a stool at him.

COME. To come; to lend. Has he come it; has he lent it?

 To come over any one; to cheat or over reach him.
 Coming wench; a forward wench, also a breeding woman.

COMING! SO IS CHRISTMAS. Said of a person who has long

 been called, and at length answers, Coming!

COMFORTABLE IMPORTANCE. A wife.

COMMISSION. A shirt. CANT.

COMMODE. A woman's head dress.

COMMODITY. A woman's commodity; the private parts of

 a modest woman, and the public parts of a prostitute.

COMMONS. The house of commons; the necessary house.

COMPANY. To see company; to enter into a course of prostitution.

COMPLIMENT. See CHRISTMAS.

COMUS'S COURT. A social meeting formerly held at the

 Half Moon tavern Cheapside.

CONFECT. Counterfeited.

CONGER. To conger; the agreement of a set or knot of

 booksellers of London, that whosoever of them shall buy
 a good copy, the rest shall take off such a particular number,
 in quires, at a stated price; also booksellers joining to
 buy either a considerable or dangerous copy.

CONGO. Will you lap your congo with me? will you drink

 tea with me?

CONNY WABBLE. Eggs and brandy beat up together. IRISH.

CONSCIENCE KEEPER. A superior, who by his influence

 makes his dependants act as he pleases.

CONTENT. The cull's content; the man is past complaining:

 a saying of a person murdered for resisting the robbers. CANT.

CONTENT. A thick liquor, in imitation of chocolate, made

 of milk and gingerbread.

CONTRA DANCE. A dance where the dancers of the different

 sexes stand opposite each other, instead of side by side, as
 in the minuet, rigadoon, louvre, &c. and now corruptly called a
 country dance.

CONUNDRUMS. Enigmatical conceits.

CONVENIENT. A mistress. CANT.

CONVENIENCY. A necessary. A leathern conveniency, a coach.

COOPED UP. Imprisoned, confined like a fowl in a coop.

COQUET. A jilt.

CORINTH. A bawdy-house. CANT.

CORINTHIANS: Frequenters of brothels. Also an impudent,

 brazen-faced fellow, perhaps from the Corinthian
 brass.

CORK-BRAINED. Light-headed, foolish.

CORNED. Drunk.

CORNISH HUG. A particular lock in wrestling, peculiar to

 the people of that county.

CORNY-FACED. A very red pimpled face.

CORPORAL. To mount a corporal and four; to be guilty

 of onanism: the thumb is the corporal, the four fingers
 the privates.

CORPORATION. A large belly. He has a glorious corporation;

 he has a very prominent belly.

CORPORATION. The magistrates, &c. of a corporate

 town. Corpus sine ratione. Freemen of a corporation's
 work; neither strong nor handsome.

COSSET. A foundling. Cosset colt or lamb; a colt or

 lamb brought up by hand.

COSTARD. The head. I'll smite your costard; I'll give

 you a knock on the head.

COSTARD MONGER. A dealer in fruit, particularly apples.

COT, or QUOT. A man who meddles with women's household

 business, particularly in the kitchen. The punishment
 commonly inflicted on a quot, is pinning a greasy
 dishclout to the skirts of his coat.

COVE. A man, a fellow, a rogue. The cove was bit; the

 rogue was outwitted. The cove has bit the cole; the
 rogue has got the money. CANT.

COVENT, or CONVENT GARDEN, vulgarly called COMMON

 GARDEN. Anciently, the garden belonging to a
 dissolved monastery; now famous for being the chief
 market in London for fruit, flowers, and herbs. The
 theatres are situated near it. In its environs are
 many brothels, and not long ago, the lodgings of the
 second order of ladies of easy virtue were either there, or
 in the purlieus of Drury Lane.

COVENT GARDEN ABBESS. A bawd.

COVENT GARDEN AGUE. The venereal disease. He broke

 his shins against Covent Garden rails; he caught the
 venereal disorder.

COVENT GARDEN NUN. A prostitute.

COVENTRY. To send one to Coventry; a punishment inflicted

 by officers of the army on such of their brethren
 as are testy, or have been guilty of improper behaviour,
 not worthy the cognizance of a court martial. The person
 sent to Coventry is considered as absent; no one must
 speak to or answer any question he asks, except relative
 to duty, under penalty of being also sent to the same place.
 On a proper submission, the penitent is recalled, and
 welcomed by the mess, as just returned from a journey to
 Coventry.

COVEY. A collection of whores. What a fine covey here

 is, if the Devil would but throw his net!

TO COUCH A HOGSHEAD. To lie down to sleep. CANT.

COUNTERFEIT CRANK. A general cheat, assuming all sorts

 of characters; one conterfeiting the falling sickness.

COUNTRY HARRY. A waggoner. CANT.

COUNTRY PUT. An ignorant country fellow.

COUNTY WORK. Said of any work that advances slowly.

COURT CARD. A gay fluttering coxcomb.

COURT HOLY WATER, COURT PROMISES. Fair speeches and promises,

 without performance.

COURT OF ASSISTANTS. A court often applied to by young

 women who marry old men.

COW. To sleep like a cow, with a **** at one's a-se; said

 of a married man; married men being supposed to sleep
 with their backs towards their wives, according to the
 following proclamation:
     All you that in your beds do lie,
     Turn to your wives, and occupy:
     And when that you have done your best,
     Turn a-se to a-se, and take your rest.

COW JUICE. Milk.

COW'S BABY. A calf.

COW'S COURANT. Gallop and sh---e.

COW-HANDED. Awkward.

COW-HEARTED. Fearful.

COW ITCH. The product of a sort of bean, which excites an

 insufferable itching, used chiefly for playing tricks.

COW'S SPOUSE. A bull.

COW'S THUMB. Done to a cow's thumb; done exactly.

COXCOMB. Anciently, a fool. Fools, in great families,

 wore a cap with bells, on the top of which was a piece of
 red cloth, in the shape of a cock's comb. At present,
 coxcomb signifies a fop, or vain self-conceited fellow.

CRAB. To catch a crab; to fall backwards by missing one's

 stroke in rowing.

CRAB LANTHORN. A peevish fellow.

CRAB LOUSE. A species of louse peculiar to the human body;

 the male is denominated a cock, the female a hen.

CRAB SHELLS. Shoes. IRISH.

CRABS. A losing throw to the main at hazard.

CRABBED. Sour, ill-tempered, difficult.

CRACK. A whore.

TO CRACK. To boast or brag; also to break. I cracked his

 napper; I broke his head.

THE CRACK, or ALL THE CRACK. The fashionable theme,

 the go. The Crack Lay, of late is used, in the cant
 language, to signify the art and mystery of house-breaking.

CRACKER. Crust, sea biscuit, or ammunition loaf; also the

 backside. Farting crackers; breeches.

CRACKISH. Whorish.

CRACKING TOOLS. Implements of house-breaking, such as

 a crow, a center bit, false keys, &c.

CRACKMANS. Hedges. The cull thought to have loped by

 breaking through the crackmans, but we fetched him back
 by a nope on the costard, which stopped his jaw; the man
 thought to have escaped by breaking through the hedge,
 but we brought him back by a great blow on the head,
 which laid him speechless.

CRACKSMAN. A house-breaker. The kiddy is a clever

 cracksman; the young fellow is a very expert house-breaker.

CRAG. The neck.

CRAMP RINGS. Bolts, shackles, or fetters. CANT.

CRAMP WORDS. Sentence of death passed on a criminal by

 a judge. He has just undergone the cramp word; sentence
 has just been passed on him. CANT.

CRANK. Gin and water; also, brisk, pert.

CRANK. The falling sickness. CANT.

TO CRASH. To kill. Crash that cull; kill that fellow. CANT.

CRASHING CHEATS. Teeth.

CRAW THUMPERS. Roman catholics, so called from their

 beating their breasts in the confession of their sins. See
 BRISKET BEATER, and BREAST FLEET.

CREAM-POT LOVE. Such as young fellows pretend to

 dairymaids, to get cream and other good things from them.

TO CREEME. To slip or slide any thing into the hands of

 another. CANT.

CREEPERS. Gentlemen's companions, lice.

CREW. A knot or gang; also a boat or ship's company. The

 canting crew are thus divided into twenty-three orders,
 which see under the different words:
 MEN.
 1 Rufflers
 2 Upright Men
 3 Hookers or Anglers
 4 Rogues
 5 Wild Rogues
 6 Priggers of Prancers
 7 Palliardes
 8 Fraters
 9 Jarkmen, or Patricoes
 10 Fresh Water Mariners, or Whip Jackets
 11 Drummerers
 12 Drunken Tinkers
 13 Swadders, or Pedlars
 14 Abrams.
 WOMEN.
 1 Demanders for Glimmer or Fire
 2 Bawdy Baskets
 3 Morts
 4 Autem Morts
 5 Walking Morts
 6 Doxies
 7 Delles
 8 Kinching Morts
 9 Kinching Coes

CRIB. A house. To crack a crib: to break open a house.

TO CRIB. To purloin, or appropriate to one's own use,

 part of any thing intrusted to one's care.

TO FIGHT A CRIB. To make a sham fight. BEAR GARDEN

 TERM.

CRIBBAGE-FACED. Marked with the small pox, the pits

 bearing a kind of resemblance to the holes in a
 cribbage-board.

CRIBBEYS, or CRIBBY ISLANDS. Blind alleys, courts, or

 bye-ways; perhaps from the houses built there being cribbed
 out of the common way or passage; and islands, from
 the similarity of sound to the Caribbee Islands.

CRIM. CON. MONEY. Damages directed by a jury to be

 paid by a convicted adulterer to the injured husband, for
 criminal conversation with his wife.

CRIMP. A broker or factor, as a coal crimp, who disposes

 of the cargoes of the Newcastle coal ships; also persons
 employed to trapan or kidnap recruits for the East Indian
 and African companies. To crimp, or play crimp; to
 play foul or booty: also a cruel manner of cutting up fish
 alive, practised by the London fishmongers, in order to
 make it eat firm; cod, and other crimped fish, being a
 favourite dish among voluptuaries and epicures.

CRINKUM CRANKUM. A woman's commodity. See SPECTATOR.

CRINKUMS. The foul or venereal disease.

CRIPPLE. Sixpence; that piece being commonly much bent

 and distorted.

CRISPIN. A shoemaker: from a romance, wherein a prince

 of that name is said to have exercised the art and mystery
 of a shoemaker, thence called the gentle craft: or rather
 from the saints Crispinus and Crispianus, who according
 to the legend, were brethren born at Rome, from whence
 they travelled to Soissons in France, about the year 303,
 to propagate the Christian religion; but, because they
 would not be chargeable to others for their maintenance,
 they exercised the trade of shoemakers: the governor of
 the town discovering them to be Christians, ordered them
 to be beheaded, about the year 303; from which time they
 have been the tutelar saints of the shoemakers.

CRISPIN'S HOLIDAY. Every Monday throughout the year,

 but most particularly the 25th of October, being the
 anniversary of Crispinus and Crispianus.

CRISPIN'S LANCE. An awl.

CROAKER. One who is always foretelling some accident

 or misfortune: an allusion to the croaking of a raven,
 supposed ominous.

CROAKUMSHIRE. Northumberland, from the particular

 croaking the pronunciation of the people of that
 county, especially about Newcastle and Morpeth, where
 they are said to be born with a burr in their throats, which
 prevents their pronouncing the letter r.

CROAKERS. Forestallers, called also Kidders and Tranters.

CROCODILE'S TEARS. The tears of a hypocrite. Crocodiles

 are fabulously reported to shed tears over their prey before
 they devour it.

CROCUS, or CROCUS METALLORUM. A nick name for a

 surgeon of the army and navy.

CROKER. A groat, or four pence.

CRONE. An old ewe whose teeth are worn out; figuratively,

 a toothless old beldam.

CRONY. An intimate companion, a comrade; also a confederate

 in a robbery.

CROOK. Sixpence.

CROOK BACK. Sixpence; for the reason of this name, see

 CRIPPLE.

CROOK YOUR ELBOW. To crook one's elbow, and wish it

 may never come straight, if the fact then affirmed is not
 true--according to the casuists of Bow-street and St.
 Giles's, adds great weight and efficacy to an oath.

CROOK SHANKS. A nickname for a man with bandy legs.

 He buys his boots in Crooked Lane, and his stockings
 in Bandy-legged Walk; his legs grew in the night, therefore
 could not see to grow straight; jeering sayings of men
 with crooked legs.

CROP. A nick name for a presbyterian: from their cropping

 their hair, which they trimmed close to a bowl-dish,
 placed as a guide on their heads; whence they were likewise
 called roundheads. See ROUNDHEADS.

CROP. To be knocked down for a crop; to be condemned

 to be hanged. Cropped, hanged.

CROPPING DRUMS. Drummers of the foot guards, or Chelsea

 hospital, who find out weddings, and beat a point of
 war to serenade the new married couple, and thereby
 obtain money.

CROPPEN. The tail. The croppen of the rotan; the tail

 of the cart. Croppen ken: the necessary-house. CANT.

CROPSICK. Sickness in the stomach, arising from drunkenness.

CROSS. To come home by weeping cross; to repent at the

 conclusion.

CROSS DISHONEST. A cross cove; any person who lives by

 stealing or in a dishonest manner.

CROSS BITE. One who combines with a sharper to draw in

 a friend; also, to counteract or disappoint. CANT.--This
 is peculiarly used to signify entrapping a man so as to obtain
 CRIM. COM. money, in which the wife, real or supposed,
 conspires with the husband.

CROSS BUTTOCK. A particular lock or fall in the Broughtonian

 art, which, as Mr. Fielding observes, conveyed more
 pleasant sensations to the spectators than the patient.

CROSS PATCH. A peevish boy or girl, or rather an unsocial

 ill-tempered man or woman.

TO CROW. To brag, boast, or triumph. To crow over any

 one; to keep him in subjection: an image drawn from a
 cock, who crows over a vanquished enemy. To pluck a
 crow; to reprove any one for a fault committed, to settle a
 dispute. To strut like a crow in a gutter; to walk proudly,
 or with an air of consequence.

CROWD. A fiddle: probably from CROOTH, the Welch name

 for that instrument.

CROWDERO. A fiddler.

CROWDY. Oatmeal and water, or milk; a mess much eaten

 in the north.

CROW FAIR. A visitation of the clergy. See REVIEW OF

 THE BLACK CUIRASSIERS.

CROWN OFFICE. The head. I fired into her keel upwards;

 my eyes and limbs Jack, the crown office was full; I s--k-d
 a woman with her a-e upwards, she was so drunk, that her
 head lay on the ground.

CRUISERS. Beggars, or highway spies, who traverse the

 road, to give intelligence of a booty; also rogues ready to
 snap up any booty that may offer, like privateers or pirates
 on a cruise.

CRUMMY. Fat, fleshy. A fine crummy dame; a fat woman.

 He has picked up his crumbs finely of late; he has
 grown very fat, or rich, of late.

CRUMP. One who helps solicitors to affidavit men, or false

 witnesses.--'I wish you had, Mrs. Crump;' a Gloucestershire
 saying, in answer to a wish for any thing; implying,
 you must not expect any assistance from the speaker. It
 is said to have originated from the following incident:
 One Mrs. Crump, the wife of a substantial farmer, dining
 with the old Lady Coventry, who was extremely deaf, said
 to one of the footmen, waiting at table, 'I wish I had a
 draught of small beer,' her modesty not permitting her to
 desire so fine a gentleman to bring it: the fellow, conscious
 that his mistress could not hear either the request or
 answer, replied, without moving, 'I wish you had, Mrs.
 Crump.' These wishes being again repeated by both parties,
 Mrs. Crump got up from the table to fetch it herself;
 and being asked by my lady where she was going, related
 what had passed. The story being told abroad, the expression
 became proverbial.

CRUMP-BACKED. Hump-backed.

CRUSTY BEAU. One that uses paint and cosmetics, to obtain

 a fine complexion.

CRUSTY FELLOW. A surly fellow.

CUB. An unlicked cub; an unformed, ill-educated young

 man, a young nobleman or gentleman on his travels: an
 allusion to the story of the bear, said to bring its cub into
 form by licking. Also, a new gamester.

CUCKOLD. The husband of an incontinent wife: cuckolds,

 however, are Christians, as we learn by the following story:
 An old woman hearing a man call his dog Cuckold, reproved
 him sharply, saying, 'Sirrah, are not you ashamed
 to call a dog by a Christian's name ?' To cuckold the
 parson; to bed with one's wife before she has been churched.

CUCUMBERS. Taylors, who are jocularly said to subsist,

 during the summer, chiefly on cucumbers.

CUFF. An old cuff; an old man. To cuff Jonas; said of one

 who is knock-kneed, or who beats his sides to keep himself
 warm in frosty weather; called also Beating the
 booby.

CUFFIN. A man.

CULL. A man, honest or otherwise. A bob cull; a good-

 natured, quiet fellow. CANT.

CULLABILITY. A disposition liable to be cheated, an

 unsuspecting nature, open to imposition.

CULLY. A fog or fool: also, a dupe to women: from the

 Italian word coglione, a blockhead.

CULP. A kick or blow: from the words mea culpa, being

 that part of the popish liturgy at which the people beat their
 breasts; or, as the vulgar term is, thump their craws.

CUNDUM. The dried gut of a sheep, worn by men in the

 act of coition, to prevent venereal infection; said to have
 been invented by one colonel Cundum. These machines
 were long prepared and sold by a matron of the name of
 Philips, at the Green Canister, in Half-moon-street, in the
 Strand. That good lady having acquired a fortune, retired
 from business; but learning that the town was not well
 served by her successors, she, out of a patriotic zeal for the
 public welfare, returned to her occupation; of which she
 gave notice by divers hand-bills, in circulation in the year
 1776. Also a false scabbard over a sword, and the oil-skin
 case for holding the colours of a regiment.

CUNNINGHAM. A punning appellation for a simple fellow.

CUNNING MAN. A cheat, who pretends by his skill in

 astrology to assist persons in recovering stolen goods: and
 also to tell them their fortunes, and when, how often,
 and to whom they shall be married; likewise answers all
 lawful questions, both by sea and land. This profession
 is frequently occupied by ladies.

CUNNING SHAVER. A sharp fellow, one that trims close,

 i.e. cheats ingeniously.

CUNNY-THUMBED. To double one's fist with the thumb inwards,

 like a woman.

C**T. The chonnos of the Greek, and the cunnus of the Latin

 dictionaries; a nasty name for a nasty thing: un con Miege.

CUP OF THE CREATURE. A cup of good liquor.

CUP-SHOT. Drunk.

CUPBOARD LOVE. Pretended love to the cook, or any other

 person, for the sake of a meal. My guts cry cupboard;
 i.e. I am hungry

CUPID, BLIND CUPID. A jeering name for an ugly blind

 man: Cupid, the god of love, being frequently painted
 blind. See BLIND CUPID.

CUR. A cut or curtailed dog. According to the forest laws,

 a man who had no right to the privilege of the chase, was
 obliged to cut or law his dog: among other modes of
 disabling him from disturbing the game, one was by depriving
 him of his tail: a dog so cut was called a cut or
 curtailed dog, and by contraction a cur. A cur is figuratively
 used to signify a surly fellow.

CURBING LAW. The act of hooking goods out of windows:

 the curber is the thief, the curb the hook. CANT.

CURE A-SE. A dyachilon plaister, applied to the parts galled

 by riding.

CURLE. Clippings of money, which curls up in the operation. CANT.

CURMUDGEON. A covetous old fellow, derived, according

 to some, from the French term coeur mechant.

CURRY. To curry favour; to obtain the favour of a person

 be coaxing or servility. To curry any one's hide; to beat
 him.

CURSE OF SCOTLAND. The nine of diamonds; diamonds, it

 is said, imply royalty, being ornaments to the imperial
 crown; and every ninth king of Scotland has been observed
 for many ages, to be a tyrant and a curse to that country.
 Others say it is from its similarity to the arms of Argyle;
 the Duke of Argyle having been very instrumental in
 bringing about the union, which, by some Scotch patriots,
 has been considered as detrimental to their country.

CURSE OF GOD. A cockade.

CURSITORS. Broken petty-fogging attornies, or Newgate

 solicitors. CANT.

CURTAILS. Thieves who cut off pieces of stuff hanging out

 of shop windows, the tails of women's gowns, &c.; also,
 thieves wearing short jackets.

CURTAIN LECTURE. A woman who scolds her husband

 when in bed, is said to read him a curtain lecture.

CURTEZAN. A prostitute.

CUSHION. He has deserved the cushion; a saying of one

 whose wife is brought to bed of a boy: implying, that
 having done his business effectually, he may now indulge or
 repose himself.

CUSHION THUMPER, or DUSTER. A parson; many of whom

 in the fury of their eloquence, heartily belabour their
cushions.

CUSTARD CAP. The cap worn by the sword-bearer of the

 city of London, made hollow at the top like a custard.

CUSTOM-HOUSE GOODS. The stock in trade of a prostitute,

 because fairly entered.

CUT. Drunk. A little cut over the head; slightly

 intoxicated. To cut; to leave a person or company. To cut
 up well; to die rich.

TO CUT. (Cambridge.) To renounce acquaintance with any

 one is to CUT him. There are several species of the CUT.
 Such as the cut direct, the cut indirect, the cut sublime,
 the cut infernal, &c. The cut direct, is to start across the
 street, at the approach of the obnoxious person in order to
 avoid him. The cut indirect, is to look another way, and
 pass without appearing to observe him. The cut sublime,
 is to admire the top of King's College Chapel, or the beauty
 of the passing clouds, till he is out of sight. The cut
 infernal, is to analyze the arrangement of your shoe-strings,
 for the same purpose.

TO CUT BENE. To speak gently. To cut bene whiddes;

 to give good words. To cut queer whiddes; to give foul
 language. To cut a bosh, or a flash; to make a figure.
 CANT.

TO CUTTY-EYE. To look out of the corners of one's eyes,

 to leer, to look askance. The cull cutty-eyed at us; the
 fellow looked suspicious at us.

DAB. An adept; a dab at any feat or exercise. Dab,

 quoth Dawkins, when he hit his wife on the a-se with a
 pound of butter.

DACE. Two pence. Tip me a dace; lend me two pence.

 CANT.

DADDLES. Hands. Tip us your daddle; give me your hand.

 CANT.

DADDY. Father. Old daddy; a familiar address to an old

 man. To beat daddy mammy; the first rudiments of
 drum beating, being the elements of the roll.

DAGGERS. They are at daggers drawing; i.e. at enmity,

 ready to fight.

DAIRY. A woman's breasts, particularly one that gives

 suck. She sported her dairy; she pulled out her breast.

DAISY CUTTER. A jockey term for a horse that does not

 lift up his legs sufficiently, or goes too near the ground,
 and is therefore apt to stumble.

DAISY KICKERS. Ostlers at great inns.

DAM. A small Indian coin, mentioned in the Gentoo code

 of laws: hence etymologists may, if they please, derive
 the common expression, I do not care a dam, i.e. I do
 not care half a farthing for it.

DAMBER. A rascal. See DIMBER.

DAMME BOY. A roaring, mad, blustering fellow, a scourer

 of the streets, or kicker up of a breeze.

DAMNED SOUL. A clerk in a counting house, whose sole

 business it is to clear or swear off merchandise at the
 custom-house; and who, it is said, guards against the crime
 of perjury, by taking a previous oath, never to swear truly
 on those occasions.

DAMPER. A luncheon, or snap before dinner: so called

 from its damping, or allaying, the appetite; eating and
 drinking, being, as the proverb wisely observes, apt to take
 away the appetite.

DANCE UPON NOTHING. To be hanged.

DANCERS. Stairs.

DANDY. That's the dandy; i.e. the ton, the clever thing;

 an expression of similar import to "That's the barber."
 See BARBER.

DANDY GREY RUSSET. A dirty brown. His coat's dandy

 grey russet, the colour of the Devil's nutting bag.

DANDY PRAT. An insignificant or trifling fellow.

To DANGLE. To follow a woman without asking the question.

 Also, to be hanged: I shall see you dangle in the
 sheriff's picture frame; I shall see you hanging on the
 gallows.

DANGLER. One who follows women in general, without

 any particular attachment

DAPPER FELLOW. A smart, well-made, little man.

DARBIES. Fetters. CANT.

DARBY. Ready money. CANT.

DARK CULLY. A married man that keeps a mistress, whom

 he visits only at night, for fear of discovery.

DARKEE. A dark lanthorn used by housebreakers. Stow

 the darkee, and bolt, the cove of the crib is fly; hide the
 dark lanthorn, and run away, the master of the house
 knows that we are here.

DARKMANS. The night. CANT.

DARKMAN'S BUDGE. One that slides into a house in the

 dark of the evening, and hides himself, in order to let some
 of the gang in at night to rob it.

DART. A straight-armed blow in boxing.

DASH. A tavern drawer. To cut a dash: to make a figure.

DAVID JONES. The devil, the spirit of the sea: called

 Necken in the north countries, such as Norway, Denmark,
 and Sweden.

DAVID JONES'S LOCKER. The sea.

DAVID'S SOW. As drunk as David's sow; a common

 saying, which took its rise from the following circumstance:
 One David Lloyd, a Welchman, who kept an alehouse at
 Hereford, had a living sow with six legs, which was greatly
 resorted to by the curious; he had also a wife much
 addicted to drunkenness, for which he used sometimes
 to give her due correction. One day David's wife having
 taken a cup too much, and being fearful of the
 consequences, turned out the sow, and lay down to sleep herself
 sober in the stye. A company coming in to see the sow,
 David ushered them into the stye, exclaiming, there is a
 sow for you! did any of you ever see such another? all
 the while supposing the sow had really been there; to
 which some of the company, seeing the state the woman
 was in, replied, it was the drunkenest sow they had ever
 beheld; whence the woman was ever after called David's
 sow.

DAVY. I'll take my davy of it; vulgar abbreviation of affidavit.

TO DAWB. To bribe. The cull was scragged because he

 could not dawb; the rogue was hanged because he could
 not bribe. All bedawbed with lace; all over lace.

DAY LIGHTS. Eyes. To darken his day lights, or sow up

 his sees; to close up a man's eyes in boxing.

DEAD CARGO. A term used by thieves, when they are

 disappointed in the value of their booty.

DEAD HORSE. To work for the dead horse; to work for

 wages already paid.

DEAD-LOUSE. Vulgar pronunciation of the Dedalus ship of

 war.

DEAD MEN. A cant word among journeymen bakers, for

 loaves falsely charged to their masters' customers; also
 empty bottles.

DEADLY NEVERGREEN, that bears fruit all the year round.

 The gallows, or three-legged mare. See THREE-LEGGEB
 MARE.

DEAR JOYS. Irishmen: from their frequently making use

 of that expression.

DEATH HUNTER. An undertaker, one who furnishes the

 necessary articles for funerals. See CARRION HUNTER.

DEATH'S HEAD UPON A MOP-STICK. A poor miserable,

 emaciated fellow; one quite an otomy. See OTOMY.--
 He looked as pleasant as the pains of death.

DEEP-ONE. A thorough-paced rogue, a sly designing

 fellow: in opposition to a shallow or foolish one.

DEFT FELLOW. A neat little man.

DEGEN, or DAGEN. A sword. Nim the degen; steal the

 sword. Dagen is Dutch for a sword. CANT.

DELLS. Young buxom wenches, ripe and prone to venery,

 but who have not lost their virginity, which the UPRIGHT
 MAN claims by virtue of his prerogative; after which they
 become free for any of the fraternity. Also a common
 strumpet. CANT.

DEMURE. As demure as an old whore at a christening.

DEMY-REP. An abbreviation of demy-reputation; a woman

 of doubtful character.

DERBY. To come down with the derbies; to pay the money.

DERRICK. The name of the finisher of the law, or hangman

 about the year 1608.--'For he rides his circuit with
 the Devil, and Derrick must be his host, and Tiburne
 the inne at which he will lighte.' Vide Bellman of
 London, in  art. PRIGGIN LAW.--'At the gallows,
 where I leave them, as to the haven at which they must
 all cast anchor, if Derrick's cables do but hold.' Ibid.

DEVIL. A printer's errand-boy. Also a small thread in

 the king's ropes and cables, whereby they may be
 distinguished from all others. The Devil himself; a small
 streak of blue thread in the king's sails. The Devil may
 dance in his pocket; i.e. he has no money: the cross on
 our ancient coins being jocularly supposed to prevent him
 from visiting that place, for fear, as it is said, of breaking
 his shins against it. To hold a candle to the Devil; to
 be civil to any one out of fear: in allusion to the story of
 the old woman, who set a wax taper before the image of
 St. Michael, and another before the Devil, whom that
 saint is commonly represented as trampling under his feet:
 being reproved for paying such honour to Satan, she answered,
 as it was uncertain which place she should go
 to, heaven or hell, she chose to secure a friend in both
 places. That will be when the Devil is blind, and he has
 not got sore eyes yet; said of any thing unlikely to happen.
 It rains whilst the sun shines, the Devil is beating
 his wife with a shoulder of mutton: this phenomenon is
 also said to denote that cuckolds are going to heaven; on
 being informed of this, a loving wife cried out with great
 vehemence, 'Run, husband, run!'
 The Devil was sick, the Devil a monk would be;
 The Devil was well, the Devil a monk was he.
 a proverb signifying that we are apt to forget promises
 made in time of distress. To pull the Devil by the tail,
 to be reduced to one's shifts. The Devil go with you and
 sixpence, and then you will have both money and company.

DEVIL. The gizzard of a turkey or fowl, scored, peppered,

 salted and broiled: it derives its appellation from being hot
 in the mouth.

DEVIL'S BOOKS. Cards.

DEVIL CATCHER, or DEVIL DRIVER. A parson. See

 SNUB DEVIL.

DEVIL'S DAUGHTER. It is said of one who has a termagant

 for his wife, that he has married the Devil's daughter, and
 lives with the old folks.

DEVIL'S DAUGHTER'S PORTION:

 Deal, Dover, and Harwich,
 The Devil gave with his daughter in marriage;
 And, by a codicil to his will,
 He added Helvoet and the Brill;
 a saying occasioned by the shameful impositions practised
 by the inhabitants of those places, on sailors and travellers.

DEVIL DRAWER. A miserable painter.

DEVIL'S DUNG. Assafoetida.

DEVIL'S GUTS. A surveyor's chain: so called by farmers,

 who do not like their land should be measured by their
 landlords.

DEVILISH. Very: an epithet which in the English vulgar

 language is made to agree with every quality or thing;
 as, devilish bad, devilish good; devilish sick, devilish well;
 devilish sweet, devilish sour; devilish hot, devilish cold,
 &c. &c.

DEUSEA VILLE. The country. Cant.

DEUSEA VILLE STAMPERS. Country carriers. Cant.

DEW BEATERS. Feet. Cant.

DEWS WINS, or DEUX WINS. Two-pence. Cant.

DEWITTED. Torn to pieces by a mob, as that great statesman

 John de Wit was in Holland, anno 1672.

DIAL PLATE. The face. To alter his dial plate; to

 disfigure his face.

DICE. The names of false dice:

 A bale of bard cinque deuces
 A bale of flat cinque deuces
 A bale of flat sice aces
 A bale of bard cater traes
 A bale of flat cater traes
 A bale of fulhams
 A bale of light graniers
 A bale of langrets contrary to the ventage
 A bale of gordes, with as many highmen as lowmen,
  for passage
 A bale of demies
 A bale of long dice for even and odd
 A bale of bristles
 A bale of direct contraries.

DICK. That happened in the reign of queen Dick, i. e.

 never: said of any absurd old story. I am as queer as
 Dick's hatband; that is, out of spirits, or don't know what
 ails me.

DICKY. A woman's under-petticoat. It's all Dicky with

 him; i.e. it's all over with him.

DICKED IN THE NOB. Silly. Crazed.

DICKEY. A sham shirt.

DICKEY. An ass. Roll your dickey; drive your ass. Also

 a seat for servants to sit behind a carriage, when their
 master drives.

TO DIDDLE. To cheat. To defraud. The cull diddled

 me out of my dearee; the fellow robbed me of my sweetheart.
 See Jeremy Diddler In Raising The Wind.

DIDDEYS. A woman's breasts or bubbies.

DIDDLE. Gin.

DIGGERS. Spurs. Cant.

DILBERRIES. Small pieces of excrement adhering to the

 hairs near the fundament.

DILBERRY MAKER. The fundament.

DILDO. [From the Italian DILETTO, q. d. a woman's delight;

 or from our word DALLY, q. d. a thing to play withal.]
 Penis-succedaneus, called in Lombardy Passo Tempo. Bailey.

DILIGENT. Double diligent, like the Devil's apothecary;

 said of one affectedly diligent.

DILLY. (An abbreviation of the word DILIGENCE.) A public

 voiture or stage, commonly a post chaise, carrying
 three persons; the name is taken from the public stage
 vehicles in France and Flanders. The dillies first began
 to run in England about the year 1779.

DIMBER. Pretty. A dimber cove; a pretty fellow. Dimber

 mort; a pretty wench. CANT.

DIMBER DAMBER. A top man, or prince, among the canting

 crew: also the chief rogue of the gang, or the completest
 cheat. CANT.

DING. To knock down. To ding it in one's ears; to

 reproach or tell one something one is not desirous of hearing.
 Also to throw away or hide: thus a highwayman who
 throws away or hides any thing with which he robbed, to
 prevent being known or detected, is, in the canting lingo,
 styled a Dinger.

DING BOY. A rogue, a hector, a bully, or sharper. CANT.

DING DONG. Helter skelter, in a hasty disorderly manner.

DINGEY CHRISTIAN. A mulatto; or any one who has, as the

 West-Indian term is, a lick of the tar-brush, that is, some
 negro blood in him.

DINING ROOM POST. A mode of stealing in houses that

 let lodgings, by rogues pretending to be postmen, who
 send up sham letters to the lodgers, and, whilst waiting
 in the entry for the postage, go into the first room they see
 open, and rob it.

DIP. To dip for a wig. Formerly, in Middle Row, Holborn,

 wigs of different sorts were, it is said, put into a
 close-stool box, into which, for three-pence, any one
 might dip, or thrust in his hand, and take out the first
 wig he laid hold of; if he was dissatisfied with his prize,
 he might, on paying three halfpence, return it and dip
 again.

THE DIP. A cook's shop, under Furnival's Inn, where many

 attornies clerks, and other inferior limbs of the law, take
 out the wrinkles from their bellies. DIP is also a punning
 name for a tallow-chandler.

DIPPERS. Anabaptists.

DIPT. Pawned or mortgaged.

DIRTY PUZZLE. A nasty slut.

DISGUISED. Drunk.

DISGRUNTLED. Offended, disobliged.

DISHED UP. He is completely dished up; he is totally ruined.

 To throw a thing in one's dish; to reproach or twit one with
 any particular matter.

DISHCLOUT. A dirty, greasy woman. He has made a napkin

 of his dishclout; a saying of one who has married his
 cook maid. To pin a dishclout to a man's tail; a punishment
 often threatened by the female servants in a kitchen,
 to a man who pries too minutely into the secrets of that
 place.

DISMAL DITTY. The psalm sung by the felons at the gallows,

 just before they are turned off.

DISPATCHES. A mittimus, or justice of the peace's warrant,

 for the commitment of a rogue.

DITTO. A suit of ditto; coat, waistcoat, and breeches, all

 of one colour.

DISPATCHERS. Loaded or false dice.

DISTRACTED DIVISION. Husband and wife fighting.

DIVE. To dive; to pick a pocket. To dive for a dinner;

 to go down into a cellar to dinner. A dive, is a thief who
 stands ready to receive goods thrown out to him by a little
 boy put in at a window. Cant.

DIVER. A pickpocket; also one who lives in a cellar.

DIVIDE. To divide the house with one's wife; to give her

 the outside, and to keep all the inside to one's self, i.e. to
 turn her into the street.

DO. To do any one; to rob and cheat him. I have done

 him; I have robbed him. Also to overcome in a boxing
 match: witness those laconic lines written on the field of
 battle, by Humphreys to his patron.--'Sir, I have done
 the Jew.'

TO DO OVER. Carries the same meaning, but is not so briefly

 expressed: the former having received the polish of the
 present times.

DOASH. A cloak. Cant.

DOBIN RIG. Stealing ribbands from haberdashers early in

 the morning or late at night; generally practised by women
 in the disguise of maid servants.

TO DOCK. To lie with a woman. The cull docked the dell

 all the darkmans; the fellow laid with the wench all night.
 Docked smack smooth; one who has suffered an amputation
 of his penis from a venereal complaint. He must
 go into dock; a sea phrase, signifying that the person spoken
 of must undergo a salivation. Docking is also a punishment
 inflicted by sailors on the prostitutes who have
 infected them with the venereal disease; it consists in cutting
 off all their clothes, petticoats, shift and all, close to
 their stays, and then turning them into the street.

DOCTOR. Milk and water, with a little rum, and some nutmeg;

 also the name of a composition used by distillers,
 to make spirits appear stronger than they really are, or,
 in their phrase, better proof.

DOCTORS. Loaded dice, that will run but two or three

 chances. They put the doctors upon him; they cheated
 him with loaded dice.

DODSEY. A woman: perhaps a corruption of Doxey. CANT.

DOG BUFFERS. Dog stealers, who kill those dogs not

 advertised for, sell their skins, and feed the remaining dogs
 with their flesh.

DOG IN A DOUBLET. A daring, resolute fellow. In

 Germany and Flanders the boldest dogs used to hunt the boar,
 having a kind of buff doublet buttoned on their bodies,
 Rubens has represented several so equipped, so has Sneyders.

DOG. An old dog at it; expert or accustomed to any thing.

 Dog in a manger; one who would prevent another from
 enjoying what he himself does not want: an allusion to
 the well-known fable. The dogs have not dined; a
 common saying to any one whose shirt hangs out behind. To
 dog, or dodge; to follow at a distance. To blush like a
 blue dog, i.e. not at all. To walk the black dog on any
 one; a punishment inflicted in the night on a fresh prisoner,
 by his comrades, in case of his refusal to pay the usual
 footing or garnish.

DOG LATIN. Barbarous Latin, such as was formerly used

 by the lawyers in their pleadings.

DOG'S PORTION. A lick and a smell. He comes in for only

 a dog's portion; a saying of one who is a distant admirer
 or dangler after women. See DANGLER.

DOG'S RIG. To copulate till you are tired, and then turn

 tail to it.

DOG'S SOUP. Rain water.

DOG VANE. A cockade. SEA TERM.

DOGGED. Surly.

DOGGESS, DOG'S WIFE or LADY, PUPPY'S MAMMA.

 Jocular ways of calling a woman a bitch.

DOLL. Bartholomew doll; a tawdry, over-drest woman,

 like one of the children's dolls at Bartholomew fair. To
 mill doll; to beat hemp at Bridewell, or any other house
 of correction.

DOLLY. A Yorkshire dolly; a contrivance for washing, by

 means of a kind of wheel fixed in a tub, which being turned
 about, agitates and cleanses the linen put into it, with
 soap and water.

DOMINE DO LITTLE. An impotent old fellow.

DOMINEER. To reprove or command in an insolent or

 haughty manner. Don't think as how you shall domineer
 here.

DOMMERER. A beggar pretending that his tongue has been

 cutout by the Algerines, or cruel and blood-thirsty Turks,
 or else that he yas born deaf and dumb. Cant.

DONE, or DONE OVER. Robbed: also, convicted or hanged.

 Cant.--See DO.

DONE UP. Ruined by gaming and extravagances. Modern

 Term.

DONKEY, DONKEY DICK. A he, or jack ass: called donkey,

 perhaps, from the Spanish or don-like gravity of
 that animal, intitled also the king of Spain's trumpeter.

DOODLE. A silly fellow, or noodle: see NOODLE. Also a

 child's penis. Doodle doo, or Cock a doodle doo; a
 childish appellation for a cock, in imitation of its note
 when crowing.

DOODLE SACK. A bagpipe. Dutch.--Also the private parts

 of a woman.

DOPEY. A beggar's trull.

DOT AND GO ONE. To waddle: generally applied to persons

 who have one leg shorter than the other, and who, as the
 sea phrase is, go upon an uneven keel. Also a jeering
 appellation for an inferior writing-master, or teacher of
 arithmetic.

DOUBLE. To tip any one the double; to run away in his or

 her debt.

DOUBLE JUGG. A man's backside. Cotton's Virgil.

DOVE-TAIL. A species of regular answer, which fits into

 the subject, like the contrivance whence it takes its name:
 Ex. Who owns this? The dovetail is, Not you by your
 asking.

DOUGLAS. Roby Douglas, with one eye and a stinking

 breath; the breech. Sea wit.

DOWDY. A coarse, vulgar-looking woman.

DOWN HILLS. Dice that run low.

DOWN. Aware of a thing. Knowing it. There is NO DOWN.

 A cant phrase used by house-breakers to signify that the
 persons belonging to any house are not on their guard,
 or that they are fast asleep, and have not heard any noise
 to alarm them.

TO DOWSE. To take down: as, Dowse the pendant. Dowse

 your dog vane; take the cockade out of your hat. Dowse
 the glim; put out the candle.

DOWSE ON THE CHOPS. A blow in the face.

DOWSER. Vulgar pronunciation of DOUCEUR.

DOXIES. She beggars, wenches, whores.

DRAB. A nasty, sluttish whore.

DRAG. To go on the drag; to follow a cart or waggon, in

 order to rob it. CANT.

DRAG LAY. Waiting in the streets to rob carts or waggons.

DRAGGLETAIL or DAGGLETAIL. One whose garments are

 bespattered with dag or dew: generally applied to the
 female sex, to signify a slattern.

DRAGOONING IT. A man who occupies two branches of

 one profession, is said to dragoon it; because, like the
 soldier of that denomination, he serves in a double capacity.
 Such is a physician who furnishes the medicines, and
 compounds his own prescriptions.

DRAIN. Gin: so called from the diuretic qualities imputed

 to that liquor.

DRAM. A glass or small measure of any spirituous liquors,

 which, being originally sold by apothecaries, were estimated
 by drams, ounces, &c. Dog's dram; to spit in
 his mouth, and clap his back.

DRAM-A-TICK. A dram served upon credit.

DRAPER. An ale draper; an alehouse keeper.

DRAUGHT, or BILL, ON THE PUMP AT ALDGATE. A bad

 or false bill of exchange. See ALDGATE.

DRAW LATCHES. Robbers of houses whose doors are

 only fastened with latches. CANT.

TO DRAW. To take any thing from a pocket. To draw a

 swell of a clout. To pick a gentleman's pocket of a
 handkerchief. To draw the long bow; to tell lies.

DRAWERS. Stockings. CANT.

DRAWING THE KING'S PICTURE. Coining. CANT.

TO DRESS. To beat. I'll dress his hide neatly; I'll beat him

 soundly.

DRIBBLE. A method of pouring out, as it were, the dice

 from the box, gently, by which an old practitioner is
 enabled to cog one of them with his fore-finger.

DRIPPER. A gleet.

DROMEDARY. A heavy, bungling thief or rogue. A purple

 dromedary; a bungler in the art and mystery of thieving.
 CANT.

DROMMERARS. See DOMMERER.

DROP. The new drop; a contrivance for executing felons at

 Newgate, by means of a platform, which drops from
 under them: this is also called the last drop. See LEAF.
 See MORNING DROP.

DROP A COG. To let fall, with design, a piece of gold or

 silver, in order to draw in and cheat the person who sees
 it picked up; the piece so dropped is called a dropt cog.

DROP IN THE EYE. Almost drunk.

DROPPING MEMBER. A man's yard with a gonorrhoea.

DROP COVES. Persons who practice the fraud of dropping

 a ring or other article, and picking it up before the
 person intended to be defrauded, they pretend that the
 thing is very valuable to induce their gull to lend them
 money, or to purchase the article. See FAWNY RIG,
 and MONEY DROPPERS.

TO DROP DOWN. To be dispirited. This expression is

 used by thieves to signify that their companion did not
 die game, as the kiddy dropped down when he went to
 be twisted; the young fellow was very low spirited when
 he walked out to be hanged.

TO DRUB. To beat any one with a stick, or rope's end:

 perhaps a contraction of DRY RUB. It is also used to signify
 a good beating with any instrument.

DRUMMER. A jockey term for a horse that throws about

 his fore legs irregularly: the idea is taken from a kettle
 drummer, who in beating makes many flourishes with
 his drumsticks.

DRUNK. Drunk as a wheel-barrow. Drunk as David's

 sow. See DAVID'S SOW.

DRURY LANE AGUE. The venereal disorder.

DRURY LANE VESTAL. A woman of the town, or prostitute;

 Drury-lane and its environs were formerly the residence
 of many of those ladies.

DRY BOB. A smart repartee: also copulation without

 emission; in law Latin, siccus robertulus.

DRY BOOTS. A sly humorous fellow.

DUB. A picklock, or master-key. CANT.

DUB LAY. Robbing houses by picking the locks.

DUB THE JIGGER. Open the door. CANT.

DUB O' TH' HICK. A lick on the head.

DUBBER. A picker of locks. CANT.

DUCE. Two-pence.

DUCK. A lame duck; an Exchange-alley phrase for a

 stock-jobber, who either cannot or will not pay his losses,
 or, differences, in which case he is said to WADDLE OUT OF
 THE ALLEY, as he cannot appear there again till his debts
 are settled and paid; should he attempt it, he would be
 hustled out by the fraternity.

DUCKS AND DRAKES. To make ducks and drakes: a

 school-boy's amusement, practised with pieces of tile,
 oyster-shells, or flattish stones, which being skimmed
 along the surface of a pond, or still river, rebound many
 times. To make ducks and drakes of one's money; to
 throw it idly away.

DUCK F-CK-R. The man who has the care of the poultry

 on board a ship of war.

DUCK LEGS. Short legs.

DUDDERS, or WHISPERING DUDDERS. Cheats who travel

 the country, pretending to sell smuggled goods: they
 accost their intended dupes in a whisper. The goods
 they have for sale are old shop-keepers, or damaged;
 purchased by them of large manufactories. See DUFFER.

DUDDERING RAKE. A thundering rake, a buck of the

 first head, one extremely lewd.

DUDGEON. Anger.

DUDS. Clothes.

DUFFERS. Cheats who ply in different parts of the town,

 particularly about Water-lane, opposite St. Clement's
 church, in the Strand, and pretend to deal in smuggled
 goods, stopping all country people, or such as they think
 they can impose on; which they frequently do, by selling
 them Spital-fields goods at double their current price.

DUGS. A woman's breasts,

DUKE, or RUM DUKE. A queer unaccountable fellow.

DUKE OF LIMBS. A tall, awkward, ill-made fellow.

DUKE HUMPHREY. To dine with Duke Humphrey; to

 fast. In old St. Paul's church was an aisle called Duke
 Humphrey's walk (from a tomb vulgarly called his, but
 in reality belonging to John of Gaunt), and persons who
 walked there, while others were at dinner, were said to
 dine with Duke Humphrey.

DULL SWIFT. A stupid, sluggish fellow, one long going on

 an errand.

DUMB ARM. A lame arm.

DUMB-FOUNDED. Silenced, also soundly beaten.

DUMB GLUTTON. A woman's privities.

DUMB WATCH. A venereal bubo in the groin.

DUMMEE. A pocket book. A dummee hunter. A pick-pocket,

 who lurks about to steal pocket books out of
 gentlemen's pockets. Frisk the dummee of the screens; take
 all the bank notes out of the pocket book, ding the dummee,
 and bolt, they sing out beef. Throw away the pocket
 book, and run off, as they call out "stop thief."

DUMPLIN. A short thick man or woman. Norfolk dumplin;

 a jeering appellation of a Norfolk man, dumplins being
 a favourite kind of food in that county.

DUMPS. Down in the dumps; low-spirited, melancholy:

 jocularly said to be derived from Dumpos, a king of Egypt,
 who died of melancholy. Dumps are also small pieces of
 lead, cast by schoolboys in the shape of money.

DUN. An importunate creditor. Dunny, in the provincial

 dialect of several counties, signifies DEAF; to dun, then,
 perhaps may mean to deafen with importunate demands:
 some derive it from the word DONNEZ, which signifies GIVE.
 But the true original meaning of the word, owes its birth
 to one Joe Dun, a famous bailiff of the town of Lincoln, so
 extremely active, and so dexterous in his business, that it
 became a proverb, when a man refused to pay, Why do not
 you DUN him? that is, Why do not you set Dun to attest
 him? Hence it became a cant word, and is now as old as
 since the days of Henry VII. Dun was also the general
 name for the hangman, before that of Jack Ketch.
     And presently a halter got,
     Made of the best strong hempen teer,
     And ere a cat could lick her ear,
     Had tied it up with as much art,
     As DUN himself could do for's heart.
     Cotton's Virgil Trav. book iv.

DUNAKER. A stealer of cows and calves.

DUNEGAN. A privy. A water closet.

DUNGHILL. A coward: a cockpit phrase, all but gamecocks

 being styled dunghills. To die dunghill; to repent, or shew
 any signs of contrition at the gallows. Moving dunghill;
 a dirty, filthy man or woman. Dung, an abbreviation of
 dunghill, also means a journeyman taylor who submits to
 the law for regulating journeymen taylors' wages, therefore
 deemed by the flints a coward. See FLINTS.

DUNNOCK. A cow. CUNT.

TO DUP. To open a door: a contraction of DO OPE or OPEN.

 See DUB.

DURHAM MAN. Knocker kneed, he grinds mustard with

 his knees: Durham is famous for its mustard.

DUST. Money. Down with your dust; deposit the money.

 To raise or kick up a dust; to make a disturbance or riot:
 see BREEZE. Dust it away; drink about.

DUSTMAN. A dead man: your father is a dustman.

DUTCH COMFORT. Thank God it is no worse.

DUTCH CONCERT. Where every one plays or signs a

 different tune.

DUTCH FEAST. Where the entertainer gets drunk before

 his guest.

DUTCH RECKONING, or ALLE-MAL. A verbal or lump

 account, without particulars, as brought at spungiug or
 bawdy houses.

DUTCHESS. A woman enjoyed with her pattens on, or by a

 man-in boots, is said to be made a dutchess.

DIE HARD, or GAME. To die hard, is to shew no signs of

 fear or contrition at the gallows; not to whiddle or squeak.
 This advice is frequently given to felons going to suffer the
 law, by their old comrades, anxious for the honour of the
 gang.

EARNEST. A deposit in part of payment, to bind a bargain.

EARTH BATH. A Grave.

EASY. Make the cull easy or quiet; gag or kill him. As

 easy as pissing the bed.

EASY VIRTUE. A lady of easy virtue: an impure or prostitute.

EAT. To eat like a beggar man, and wag his under jaw; a

 jocular reproach to a proud man. To eat one's words; to
 retract what one has said.

TO EDGE. To excite, stimulate, or provoke; or as it is

 vulgarly called, to egg a man on. Fall back, fall edge; i.e.
 let what will happen. Some derive to egg on, from the
 Latin word, AGE, AGE.

EIGHT EYES. I will knock out two of your eight eyes; a

 common Billingsgate threat from one fish nymph to
 another: every woman, according to the naturalists of that
 society, having eight eyes; viz. two seeing eyes, two
 bub-eyes, a bell-eye, two pope's eyes, and a ***-eye. He has
 fallen down and trod upon his eye; said of one who has a
 black eye.

ELBOW GREASE. Labour. Elbow grease will make an oak

 table shine.

ELBOW ROOM. Sufficient space to act in. Out at elbows;

 said of an estate that is mortgaged.

ELBOW SHAKER. A gamester, one who rattles Saint Hugh's

 bones, i.e. the dice.

ELLENBOROUGH LODGE. The King's Bench Prison. Lord

 Ellenborough's teeth; the chevaux de frize round the top
 of the wall of that prison.

ELF. A fairy or hobgoblin, a little man or woman.

EMPEROR. Drunk as an emperor, i.e. ten times as drunk as

 a lord.

ENGLISH BURGUNDY. Porter.

ENSIGN BEARER. A drunken man, who looks red in the

 face, or hoists his colours in his drink.

EQUIPT. Rich; also, having new clothes. Well equipt;

 full of money, or well dressed. The cull equipped  me
 with a brace of meggs; the gentleman furnished me with.
 a couple of guineas.

ESSEX LION. A calf; Essex being famous for calves, and

 chiefly supplying the London markets.

ESSEX STILE. A ditch; a great part of Essex is low marshy

 ground, in which there are more ditches than Stiles.

ETERNITY Box. A coffin.

EVES. Hen roosts.

EVE'S CUSTOM-HOUSE, where Adam made his first entry.

 The monosyllable.

EVES DROPPER. One that lurks about to rob hen-roosts;

 also a listener at doors and windows, to hear private
 conversation.

EVIL. A halter. Cant, Also a wife.

EWE. A white ewe; a beautiful woman. An old ewe, drest

 lamb fashion; an old woman, drest like a young girl.

EXECUTION DAY. Washing day.

EXPENDED. Killed: alluding to the gunner's accounts,

 wherein the articles consumed are charged under the title
 of expended. Sea phrase.

EYE. It's all my eye and Betty Martin. It's all nonsense, all

 mere stuff.

EYE-SORE. A disagreeable object. It will be an eye-sore as

 long as she lives, said by a limn whose wife was cut for a
 fistula in ano.

FACE-MAKING. Begetting children. To face it out; to

 persist in a falsity. No face but his own: a saying of one
 who has no money in his pocket or no court cards in his
 hand.

FACER. A bumper, a glass filled so full as to leave no room

 for the lip. Also a violent blow on the face.

FADGE. It won't fadge; it won't do. A farthing.

TO FAG. To beat. Fag the bloss; beat the wench; Cant.

 A fag also means a boy of an inferior form or class, who
 acts as a servant to one of a superior, who is said to fag him,
 he is my fag; whence, perhaps, fagged out, for jaded or tired.
 To stand a good fag; not to be soon tired.

FAGGER. A little boy put in at a window to rob the house.

FAGGOT. A man hired at a muster to appear as a soldier.

 To faggot in the canting sense, means to bind: an allusion
 to the faggots made up by the woodmen, which are
 all bound. Faggot the culls; bind the men.

FAITHFUL. One of the faithful; a taylor who gives long

 credit. His faith has made him unwhole; i.e. trusting
 too much, broke him.

FAIR. A set of subterraneous rooms in the Fleet Prison.

FAKEMENT. A counterfeit signature. A forgery. Tell

 the macers to mind their fakements; desire the swindlers
 to be careful not to forge another person's signature.

FALLALLS. Ornaments, chiefly women's, such as ribands,

 necklaces, &c.

FALLEN AWAY FROM A HORSE LOAD TO A CART LOAD.

 A saying on one grown fat.

FAMILY MAN. A thief or receiver of stolen goods.

FAM LAY. Going into a goldsmith's shop, under pretence

 of buying a wedding ring, and palming one or two, by
 daubing the hand with some viscous matter.

FAMS, or FAMBLES. Hands. Famble cheats; rings or

 gloves. CANT.

TO FAMGRASP. To shake bands: figuratively, to agree

 or make up a difference. Famgrasp the cove; shake hands
 with the fellow. CANT.

FAMILY OF LOVE. Lewd women; also, a religious sect.

FANCY MAN. A man kept by a lady for secret services.

TO FAN. To beat any one. I fanned him sweetly; I beat

 him heartily.

FANTASTICALLY DRESSED, with more rags than ribands.

FART. He has let a brewer's fart, grains and all; said of

 one who has bewrayed his breeches.
     Piss and fart.
     Sound at heart.
     Mingere cum bumbis,
     Res saluberrima est lumbis.
 I dare not trust my a-se with a fart: said by a person troubled
 with a looseness.

FART CATCHER. A valet or footman from his walking

 behind his master or mistress.

FARTING CRACKERS. Breeches.

FARTLEBERRIES. Excrement hanging about the anus.

FASTNER. A warrant.

FASTNESSES. Bogs.

FAT. The last landed, inned, or stowed, of any sort of

 merchandise: so called by the water-side porters, carmen, &c.
 All the fat is in the fire; that is, it is all over with us: a
 saying used in case of any miscarriage or disappointment
 in an undertaking; an allusion to overturning the
 frying pan into the fire. Fat, among printers, means void
 spaces.

AS FAT AS A HEN IN THE FOREHEAD. A saying of a meagre person.

FAT CULL. A rich fellow.

FAT HEADED. Stupid.

FAULKNER. A tumbler, juggler, or shewer of tricks; perhaps

 because they lure the people, as a faulconer does his
 hawks. CANT.

FAYTORS, or FATORS. Fortune tellers.

FAWNEY RIG. A common fraud, thus practised: A fellow

 drops a brass ring, double gilt, which he picks up before
 the party meant to be cheated, and to whom he disposes
 of it for less than its supposed, and ten times more than
 its real, value. See MONEY DROPPER.

FAWNEY. A ring.

FEAGUE. To feague a horse; to put ginger up a horse's

 fundament, and formerly, as it is said, a live eel, to make
 him lively and carry his tail well; it is said, a forfeit is
 incurred by any horse-dealer's servant, who shall shew a
 horse without first feaguing him. Feague is used,
 figuratively, for encouraging or spiriting one up.

FEAK. The fundament.

To FEATHER ONE'S NEST. To enrich one's self.

FEATHER-BED LANE. A rough or stony lane.

FEE, FAW, FUM. Nonsensical words, supposed in childish

 story-books to be spoken by giants. I am not to be frighted
 by fee, faw, fum; I am not to be scared by nonsense.

FEEDER. A spoon. To nab the feeder; to steal a spoon.

FEET. To make feet for children's stockings; to beget

 children. An officer of feet; a jocular title for an officer
 of infantry.

FEINT. A sham attack on one part, when a real one is meant

 at another.

FELLOW COMMONER. An empty bottle: so called at the

 university of Cambridge, where fellow commoners are
 not in general considered as over full of learning. At
 Oxford an empty bottle is called a gentleman commoner
 for the same reason. They pay at Cambridge 250 l. a year
 for the privilege of wearing a gold or silver tassel to their
 caps. The younger branches of the nobility have the
 privilege of wearing a hat, and from thence are denominated HAT
 FELLOW COMMONERS.

FEN. A bawd, or common prostitute. CANT.

TO FENCE. To pawn or sell to a receiver of stolen goods.

 The kiddey fenced his thimble for three quids; the young
 fellow pawned his watch for three guineas. To fence
 invariably means to pawn or sell goods to a receiver.

FENCING KEN. The magazine, or warehouse, where

 stolen goods are secreted.

FERME. A hole. CANT.

FERMERDY BEGGARS. All those who have not the sham

 sores or clymes.

FERRARA. Andrea Ferrara; the name of a famous sword-

 cutler: most of the Highland broad-swords are marked
 with his name; whence an Andrea Ferrara has become
 the common name for the glaymore or Highland broad-
 sword. See GLAYMORE.

FERRET. A tradesman who sells goods to youug unthrift

 heirs, at excessive rates, and then continually duns them
 for the debt. To ferret; to search out or expel any one
 from his hiding-place, as a ferret drives out rabbits; also
 to cheat. Ferret-eyed; red-eyed: ferrets have red eyes.

FETCH. A trick, wheedle, or invention to deceive.

FEUTERER. A dog-keeper: from the French vautrier, or

 vaultrier, one that leads a lime hound for the chase.

TO FIB. To beat. Fib the cove's quarron in the rumpad

 for the lour in his bung; beat the fellow in the highway
 for the money in his purse. CANT.--A fib is also a tiny lie.

FICE, or FOYSE. A small windy escape backwards, more

 obvious to the nose than ears; frequently by old ladies
 charged on their lap-dogs. See FIZZLE.

FID OF TOBACCO. A quid, from the small pieces of tow

 with which the vent or touch hole of a cannon is stopped.
 SEA TERM.

FIDDLE FADDLE. Trifling discourse, nonsense. A mere

 fiddle faddle fellow; a trifier.

FIDDLESTICK'S END. Nothing; the end of the ancient

 fiddlesticks ending in a point; hence metaphorically used
 to express a thing terminating in nothing.

FIDGETS. He has got the fidgets; said of one that cannot

 sit long in a place.

FIDLAM BEN. General thieves; called also St. Peter's sons,

 having every finger a fish-hook. CANT.

FIDDLERS MONEY. All sixpences: sixpence being the

 usual sum paid by each couple, for music at country
 wakes and hops. Fiddler's fare; meat, drink, and money.
 Fiddler's pay; thanks and wine.

FIELD LANE DUCK. A baked sheep's head.

FIERI FACIAS. A red-faced man is said to have been served

 with a writ of fieri facias.

FIGDEAN. To kill.

FIGGER. A little boy put in at a window to hand out

 goods to the diver. See DIVER.

FIGGING LAW. The art of picking pockets. CANT.

FIGURE DANCER. One who alters figures on bank notes,

 converting tens to hundreds.

FILCH, or FILEL. A beggar's staff, with an iron hook at

 the end, to pluck clothes from an hedge, or any thing out
 of a casement. Filcher; the same as angler. Filching
 cove; a man thief. Filching mort; a woman thief.

FILE, FILE CLOY, or BUNGNIPPER. A pick pocket. To

 file; to rob or cheat. The file, or bungnipper, goes
 generally in company with two assistants, the adam tiler, and
 another called the bulk or bulker, Whose business it is to
 jostle the person they intend to rob, and push him against
 the wall, while the file picks his pocket, and gives'the booty
 to the adam tiler, who scours off with it.  CANT.

FIN. An arm. A one finned fellow; a man who has lost

 an arm. SEA PHRASE.

FINE. Fine as five pence. Fine as a cow-t--d stuck with

 primroses.

FINE. A man imprisoned for any offence. A fine of eighty-

 four months; a transportation for seven years.

FINGER IN EYE. To put finger in eye; to weep: commonly

 applied to women. The more you cry the less
 you'll p-ss; a consolatory speech used by sailors to their
 doxies. It is as great a pity to see a woman cry, as to
 see a goose walk barefoot; another of the same kind.

FINGER POST. A parson: so called, because he points out

 a way to others which he never goes himself. Like the
 finger post, he points out a way he has never been, and
 probably will never go, i.e. the way to heaven.

FINISH. The finish; a small coffee-house in Coven Garden,

 market, opposite Russel-street, open very early in the
 morning, and therefore resorted to by debauchees shut out
 of every other house: it is also called Carpenter's coffee-
 house.

FIRING A GUN. Introducing a story by head and shoulders.

 A man wanting to tell a particular story, said to the
 company, Hark! did you not hear a gun?--but now we are
 talking of a gun, I will tell you the story of one.

TO FIRE A SLUG. To drink a dram.

FIRE PRIGGERS. Villains who rob at fires under pretence

 of assisting in removing the goods.

FIRE SHIP. A wench who has the venereal disease.

FIRE SHOVEL. He or she when young, was fed with a fire

 shovel; a saying of persons with wide mouths.

FISH. A seaman. A scaly fish; a rough, blunt tar. To

 have other fish to fry; to have other matters to mind,
 something else to do.

FIT. Suitable. It won't fit; It will not suit or do.

FIVE SHILLINGS. The sign of five shillings, i.e. the crown.

 Fifteen shillings; the sign of the three crowns.

FIZZLE. An escape backward,

FLABAGASTED. Confounded.

FLABBY. Relaxed, flaccid, not firm or solid.

FLAG. A groat. CANT.--The flag of defiance, or bloody flag

 is out; signifying the man is drunk, and alluding to the
 redness of his face. SEA PHRASE.

FLAM. A lie, or sham story: also a single stroke on a drum.

 To flam; to hum, to amuse, to deceive. Flim flams; idle
 stories.

FLAP DRAGON. A clap, or pox.

To FLARE. To blaze, shine or glare.

FLASH. Knowing. Understanding another's meaning. The

 swell was flash, so I could not draw his fogle. The
 gentleman saw  what I was about, and therefore I could not
 pick his pocket of his silk handkerchief. To patter flash,
 to speak the slang language. See PATTER.

FLASH PANNEYS. Houses to which thieves and prostitutes

 resort.
 Next for his favourite MOT (Girl) the KIDDEY (Youth) looks
    about,
 And if she's in a FLASH PANNEY (Brothel) he swears he'll have
    her out;
 So he FENCES (Pawns) all his TOGS (Cloathes) to buy her DUDS,
    (Wearing Apparel) and then
 He FRISKS (Robs) his master's LOB (Till) to take her from the
    bawdy KEN (House).
         FLASH SONG.

FLASH. A periwig. Rum flash; a fine long wig. Queer

 flash; a miserable weather-beaten caxon.

To FLASH. To shew ostentatiously. To flash one's ivory;

 to laugh and shew one's teeth. Don't flash your ivory, but
 shut your potatoe trap, and keep your guts warm; the
 Devil loves hot tripes.

To FLASH THE HASH. To vomit. CANT.

FLASH KEN. A house that harbours thieves.

FLASH LINGO. The canting or slang language.

FLASH MAN. A bully to a bawdy house. A whore's bully.

FLAT. A bubble, gull, or silly fellow.

FLAT COCK. A female.

FLAWD. Drunk.

FLAYBOTTOMIST. A bum-brusher, or schoolmaster.

To FLAY, or FLEA, THE FOX. To vomit.

FLEA BITE. A trifling injury. To send any one away with

 a flea in his ear; to give any one a hearty scolding.

To FLEECE. To rob, cheat, or plunder.

FLEMISH ACCOUNT. A losing, or bad account.

FLESH BROKER. A match-maker, a bawd.

FLICKER. A drinking glass. CANT.

FLICKERING. Grinning or laughing in a man's face.

FLICKING. Cutting. Flick me some panam and caffan;

 cut me some bread and cheese. Flick the peter; cut off
 the cloak-bag, or portmanteau.

To FLING. To trick or cheat. He flung me fairly out of it:

 he cheated me out of it.

FLINTS. Journeymen taylors, who on a late occasion refused

 to work for the wages settled by law. Those who submitted,
 were by the mutineers styled dungs, i.e. dunghills.

FLIP. Small beer, brandy, and sugar: this mixture, with

 the addition of a lemon, was by sailors, formerly called Sir
 Cloudsly, in memory of Sir Cloudsly Shovel, who used
 frequently to regale himself with it.

FLOATING ACADEMY. See CAMPBELL'S ACADEMY.

FLOATING HELL. The hulks.

TO FLOG. To whip.

FLOGGER. A horsewhip. CANT.

FLOGGING CULLY. A debilitated lecher, commonly an old

 one.

FLOGGING COVE. The beadle, or whipper, in Bridewell.

FLOGGING STAKE. The whipping-post.

TO FLOOR. To knock down. Floor the pig; knock down

 the officer.

FLOURISH. To take a flourish; to enjoy a woman in a hasty

 manner, to take a flyer. See FLYER.

TO FLOUT. To jeer, to ridicule.

FLUMMERY. Oatmeal and water boiled to a jelly; also

 compliments, neither of which are over-nourishing.

FLUSH IN THE POCKET. Full of money. The cull is

 flush in the fob. The fellow is full of money.

FLUSTERED. Drunk.

FLUTE. The recorder of a corporation; a recorder was an

 antient musical instrument.

TO FLUX. To cheat, cozen, or over-reach; also to salivate.

 To flux a wig; to put it up in curl, and bake it.

FLY. Knowing. Acquainted with another's meaning or

 proceeding. The rattling cove is fly; the coachman
 knows what we are about.

FLY. A waggon. CANT.

FLY-BY-NIGHT. You old fly-by-night; an ancient term of

 reproach to an old woman, signifying that she was a witch,
 and alluding to the nocturnal excursions attributed to
 witches, who were supposed to fly abroad to their
 meetings, mounted on brooms.

FLY SLICERS. Life-guard men, from their sitting on

 horseback, under an arch, where they are frequently observed
 to drive away flies with their swords.

FLYER. To take a flyer; to enjoy a woman with her

 clothes on, or without going to bed.

FLYERS. Shoes.

FLY-FLAPPED. Whipt in the stocks, or at the cart's tail.

FLYING CAMPS. Beggars plying in a body at funerals.

FLYING GIGGERS. Turnpike gates.

FLYING HOUSE. A lock in wrestling, by which he who

 uses it throws his adversary over his head.

FLYING PASTY. Sirreverence wrapped in paper and

 thrown over a neighbour's wall.

FLYING PORTERS. Cheats who obtain money by pretending

 to persons who have been lately robbed, that they
 may come from a place or party where, and from whom,
 they may receive information respecting the goods stolen
 from them, and demand payment as porters.

FLYING STATIONERS. Ballad-singers and hawkers of penny

 histories.

FLYMSEY. A bank note.

FOB. A cheat, trick, or contrivance, I will not be fobbed off

 so; I will not be thus deceived with false pretences. The
 fob is also a small breeches pocket for holding a watch.

FOG. Smoke. CANT.

FOGEY. Old Fogey. A nickname for an invalid soldier:

 derived from the French word fougeux, fierce or fiery.

FOGLE. A silk handkerchief,

FOGRAM. An old fogram; a fusty old fellow.

FOGUS. Tobacco. Tip me a gage of fogus; give me a

 pipe of tobacco. CANT.

FOOL. A fool at the end of a stick; a fool at one end, and

 a maggot at the other; gibes on an angler.

FOOL FINDER. A bailiff.

FOOLISH. An expression among impures, signifying the

 cully who pays, in opposition to a flash man. Is he
 foolish or flash?

FOOT PADS, or LOW PADS. Rogues who rob on foot.

FOOT WABBLER. A contemptuous appellation for a foot

 soldier, commonly used by the cavalry.

FOOTMAN'S MAWND. An artificial sore made with unslaked

 lime, soap, and the rust of old iron, on the back
 of a beggar's hand, as if hurt by the bite or kick of a horse.

FOOTY DESPICABLE. A footy fellow, a despicable fellow;

 from the French foutue.

FOREFOOT, or PAW. Give us your fore foot; give us your hand.

FOREMAN OF THE JURY. One who engrosses all the talk

 to himself, or speaks for the rest of the company.

FORK. A pickpocket. Let us fork him; let us pick his

 pocket.--'The newest and most dexterous way, which is,
 to thrust the fingers strait, stiff, open, and very quick,
 into the pocket, and so closing them, hook what can
 be held between them.' N.B. This was taken from a
 book written many years ago: doubtless the art of picking
 pockets, like all others, must have been much improved
 since that time.

FORLORN HOPE. A gamester's last stake.

FORTUNE HUNTERS. Indigent men, seeking to enrich

 themselves by marrying a woman of fortune.

FORTUNE TELLER, or CUNNING MAN. A judge, who tells

 every prisoner his fortune, lot or doom. To go before the
 fortune teller, lambskin men, or conjuror; to be tried at
 an assize. See LAMBSKIN MEN.

FOUL. To foul a plate with a man, to take a dinner with him.

FOUL-MOUTHED. Abusive.

FOUNDLING. A child dropped in the streets, and found, and

 educated at the parish expence.

FOUSIL. The name of a public house, where the

 Eccentrics assemble in May's Buildings, St. Martin's Lane.

Fox. A sharp, cunning fellow. Also an old term for a

 sword, probably a rusty one, or else from its being dyed red
 with blood; some say this name alluded to certain swords
 of remarkable good temper, or metal, marked with the
 figure of a fox, probably the sign, or rebus, of the maker.

FOX'S PAW. The vulgar pronunciation of the French

 words faux pas. He made a confounded fox's paw.

FOXED. Intoxicated.

FOXEY. Rank. Stinking.

FOXING A BOOT. Mending the foot by capping it.

FOYST. A pickpocket, cheat, or rogue. See WOTTON'S GANG.

TO FOYST. To pick a pocket.

FOYSTED IN. Words or passages surreptitiously interpolated

 or inserted into a book or writing.

FRATERS. Vagabonds who beg with sham patents, or briefs,

 for hospitals, fires, inundations, &c.

FREE. Free of fumblers hall; a saying of one who cannot

 get his wife with child.

FREE AND EASY JOHNS. A society which meet at the Hole

 in the Wall, Fleet-street, to tipple porter, and sing bawdry.

FREE BOOTERS. Lawless robbers and plunderers: originally

 soldiers who served without pay, for the privilege of
 plundering the enemy.

FREEHOLDER. He whose wife accompanies him to the alehouse.

FREEMAN'S QUAY. Free of expence. To lush at Freeman's

 Quay; to drink at another's cost.

FREEZE. A thin, small, hard cider, much used by vintners

 and coopers in parting their wines, to lower the price of
 them, and to advance their gain. A freezing vintner; a
 vintner who balderdashes his wine.

FRENCH CREAM. Brandy; so called by the old tabbies

 and dowagers when drank in their tea.

FRENCH DISEASE. The venereal disease, said to have been

 imported from France. French gout; the same. He suffered
 by a blow over the snout with a French faggot-stick;
 i.e. he lost his nose by the pox.

FRENCH LEAVE. To take French leave; to go off without

 taking leave of the company: a saying frequently applied
 to persons who have run away from their creditors.

FRENCHIFIED. Infected with the venereal disease. The

 mort is Frenchified: the wench is infected.

FRESH MILK. Cambridge new comers to the university.

FRESHMAN. One just entered a member of the university.

FRIBBLE. An effeminate fop; a name borrowed from a

 celebrated character of that kind, in the farce of Miss in her
 Teens, written by Mr. Garrick.

FRIDAY-FACE. A dismal countenance. Before, and even

 long after the Reformation, Friday was a day of abstinence,
 or jour maigre. Immediately after the restoration of king
 Charles II. a proclamation was issued, prohibiting all
 publicans from dressing any suppers on a Friday.

TO FRIG. Figuratively used for trifling.

FRIG PIG. A trifling, fiddle-faddle fellow.

FRIGATE. A well-rigged frigate; a well-dressed wench.

FRISK. To dance the Paddington frisk; to be hanged.

TO FRISK. Used by thieves to signify searching a person whom they have robbed. Blast his eyes! frisk him.

FROE, or VROE, A woman, wife, or mistress. Brush to your

 froe, or bloss, and wheedle for crop; run to your mistress,
 and sooth and coax her out of some money. DUTCH.

FROGLANDER. A Dutchman.

FROSTY FACE. One pitted with the small pox.

FROG'S WINE. Gin.

FRUITFUL VINE. A woman's private parts, i.e. that has

 FLOWERS every month, and bears fruit in nine months.

FRUMMAGEMMED. Choaked, strangled, suffocated, or

 hanged. CANT.

FUBSEY. Plump. A fubsey wench; a plump, healthy

 wench.

FUDDLE. Drunk. This is rum fuddle; this is excellent

 tipple, or drink. Fuddle; drunk. Fuddle cap; a drunkard.

FUDGE. Nonsense.

FULHAMS. Loaded dice are called high and lowmen, or

 high and low fulhams, by Ben Jonson and other writers of
 his time; either because they were made at Fulham, or from
 that place being the resort of sharpers.

FULL OF EMPTINESS. Jocular term for empty.

FULL MARCH. The Scotch greys are in full march by the

 crown office; the lice are crawling down his head.

FUMBLER. An old or impotent man. To fumble, also

 means to go awkwardly about any work, or manual
 operation.

FUN. A cheat, or trick. Do you think to fun me out of

 it? Do you think to cheat me?--Also the breech, perhaps
 from being the abbreviation of fundament. I'll kick your
 fun. CANT.

TO FUNK. To use an unfair motion of the hand in plumping

 at taw. SCHOOLBOY'S TERM.

FUNK. To smoke; figuratively, to smoke or stink through

 fear. I was in a cursed funk. To funk the cobler; a
 schoolboy's trick, performed with assafoettida and cotton,

which

 are stuffed into a pipe: the cotton being lighted, and the
 bowl of the pipe covered with a coarse handkerchief, the
 smoke is blown out at the small end, through the crannies
 of a cobler's stall.

FURMEN. Aldermen.

FURMITY, or FROMENTY. Wheat boiled up to a jelly. To

 simper like a furmity kettle: to smile, or look merry about
 the gills.

FUSS. A confusion, a hurry, an unnecessary to do about

 trifles.

FUSSOCK. A lazy fat woman. An old fussock; a frowsy

 old woman.

FUSTIAN. Bombast language. Red fustian; port wine.

FUSTY LUGGS. A beastly, sluttish woman.

TO FUZZ. To shuffle cards minutely: also, to change the

 pack.

GAB, or GOB. The mouth. Gift of the gab; a facility of speech, nimble tongued eloquence. To blow the gab; to confess, or peach.

GAB, or GOB, STRING. A bridle.

GABBY. A foolish fellow.

GAD-SO. An exclamation said to be derived from the Italian word cazzo.

GAFF. A fair. The drop coves maced the joskins at the

 gaff; the ring-droppers cheated the countryman at the fair.

TO GAFF. To game by tossing up halfpence.

GAG. An instrument used chiefly by housebreakers and

 thieves, for propping open the mouth of a person robbed,
 thereby to prevent his calling out for assistance.

GAGE. A quart pot, or a pint; also a pipe. CANT.

GAGE, or FOGUS. A pipe of tobacco.

GAGGERS. High and Low. Cheats, who by sham

 pretences, and wonderful stories of their sufferings, impose on
 the credulity of well meaning people. See RUM GAGGER.

GALIMAUFREY. A hodgepodge made up of the remnants

 and scraps of the larder.

GALL. His gall is not yet broken; a saying used in prisons

 of a man just brought in, who appears dejected.

GALLEY. Building the galley; a game formerly used at

 sea, in order to put a trick upon a landsman, or fresh-
 water sailor. It being agreed to play at that game, one
 sailor personates the builder, and another the merchant or
 contractor: the builder first begins by laying the keel,
 which consists of a number of men laid all along on their
 backs, one after another, that is, head to foot; he next
 puts in the ribs or knees, by making a number of men sit
 feet to feet, at right angles to, and on each side of, the
 keel: he now fixing on the person intended to be the object
 of the joke, observes he is a fierce-looking fellow,
 and fit for the lion; he accordingly places him at the head,
 his arms being held or locked in by the two persons next
 to him, representing the ribs. After several other
 dispositions, the builder delivers over the galley to the
 contractor as complete: but he, among other faults and
 objections, observes the lion is not gilt, on which the builder
 or one of his assistants, runs to the head, and dipping a
 mop in the excrement, thrusts it into the face of the lion.

GALLEY FOIST. A city barge, used formerly on the lord

 mayor's day, when he was sworn in at Westminster.

GALLIED. Hurried, vexed, over-fatigued, perhaps like a

 galley slave.

GALLIGASKINS. Breeches.

GALLIPOT. A nick namefor an apothecary,

GALLORE, or GOLORE. Plenty.

GALLOPER. A blood horse. A hunter. The toby gill clapped his

 bleeders to his galloper and tipped the straps the
 double. The highwayman spurred his horse and got
 away from the officers.

GALLOWS BIRD. A grief, or pickpocket; also one that

 associates with them.

GAMES. Thin, ill-shapped legs: a corruption of the French

 word jambes. Fancy gambs; sore or swelled legs.

GAMBADOES. Leathern cases of stiff leather, used in

 Devonshire instead of boots; they are fastened to the saddle,
 and admit the leg, shoe and all: the .name was at first
 jocularly given.

GAMBLER. A sharper, of tricking, gamester.

GAME. Any mode of robbing. The toby is now a queer

 game; to rob on the highway is now a bad mode of
 acting. This observation is frequently made by thieves;
 the roads being now so well guarded by the horse patrole;
 and gentlemen travel with little cash in their pockets.

GAME. Bubbles or pigeons drawn in to be cheated. Also,

 at bawdy-houses, lewd women. Mother have you any
 game; mother, have you any girls? To die game; to
 suffer at the gallows without shewing any signs of fear or
 repentance. Game pullet; a young whore, or forward
 girl in the way of becoming one.

GAMON. To humbug. To deceive, To tell lies. What

 rum gamon the old file pitched to the flat; how finely the
 knowing old fellow humbugged the fool.

GAMON AND PATTER. Common place talk of any

 profession; as the gamon and patter of a horse-dealer, sailor,
 &c.

GAN. The mouth or lips. Cant.

GANDER MONTH. That month in which a man's wife-lies

 in: wherefore, during that time, husbands plead a sort of
 indulgence in matters of gallantry.

GANG. A company of men, a body of sailors, a knot of

 thieves, pickpockets, &c. A gang of sheep trotters; the
 four feet of a sheep.

GAOLER'S COACH. A hurdle: traitors being usually

 conveyed from the gaol, to the place of execution, on a
 hurdle or sledge.

GAP STOPPER. A whoremaster.

GAPESEED. Sights; any thing to feed the eye. I am come

 abroad for a little gapeseed.

GARNISH. An entrance fee demanded by the old prisoners

 of one just committed to gaol.

GARRET, or UPPER STORY. The head. His garret, or

 upper story, is empty, or unfurnished; i.e. he has no
 brains, he is a fool.

GARRET ELECTION. A ludicrous ceremony, practised every

 new parliament: it consists of a mock election of two
 members to represent the borough of Garret (a few
 straggling cottages near Wandsworth in Surry); the
 qualification of a voter is, having enjoyed a woman in the open
 air within that district: the candidates are commonly fellows
 of low humour, who dress themselves up in a ridiculous
 manner. As this brings a prodigious concourse of
 people to Wandsworth, the publicans of that place jointly
 contribute to the expence, which is sometimes considerable.

GAWKEY. A tall, thin, awkward young man or woman.

GAYING INSTRUMENT. The penis.

GAZEBO. An elevated observatory or summer-house.

GEE. It won't gee; it won't hit or do, it does not suit or

 fit.

GELDING. An eunuch.

GELT. Money, GERMAN.--Also, castrated.

GENTLE CRAFT. The art of shoeniaking. One of the gentle

 craft: a shoemaker: so called because once practised
 by St. Crispin.

GENTLEMAN COMMONER. An empty bottle; an university

 joke, gentlemen commoners not being deemed over full
 of learning.

GENTLEMAN'S COMPANION. A louse.

GENTLEMAN'S MASTER. A highway robber, because he

 makes a gentleman obey his commands, i.e. stand and deliver.

GENTLEMAN OF THREE INS. In debt, in gaol, and in danger

 of remaining there for life: or, in gaol, indicted, and
 in danger of being hanged in chains.

GENTLEMAN OF THREE OUTS. That is, without money,

 without wit, and without manners: some add another
 out, i.e. without credit.

GENTRY COVE. A gentleman. CANT.

GENTRY COVE KEN. A gentleman's house. CANT.

GENTRY MORT. A gentlewoman.

GEORGE. Yellow George; a guinea. Brown George: an

 ammunition loaf.

GERMAN DUCK. Haifa sheep's head boiled with onions.

GET. One of his get; one of his offspring, or begetting.

GIB CAT. A northern name for a he cat, there commonly

 called Gilbert. As melancholy as a gib cat; as melancholy
 as a he cat who has been caterwauling, whence they
 always return scratched, hungry, and out of spirits.
 Aristotle says, Omne animal post coitum est triste; to which an
 anonymous author has given the following exception,
 preter gallum gallinaceum, et sucerdotem gratis fornicantem.

GIBBERISH. The cant language of thieves and gypsies,

 called Pedlars' French, and St. Giles's Greek: see ST.
 GILES'S GREEK. Also the mystic language of Geber,
 used by chymists. Gibberish likewise means a sort of
 disguised language, formed by inserting any consonant
 between each syllable of an English word; in which case it
 is called the gibberish of the letter inserted: if F, it is the
 F gibberish; if G, the G gibberish; as in the sentence
 How do you do? Howg dog youg dog.

GIBBE. A horse that shrinks from the collar and will not

 draw.

GIBLETS. To join giblets; said of a man and woman who

 cohabit as husband and wife, without being married;
 also to copulate.

GIBSON, or SIR JOHN GIBBON, A two-legged stool, used to

 support the body of a coach whilst finishing.

GIFTS. Small white specks under the finger nails, said to

 portend gifts or presents. A stingy man is said to be
 as full of gifts as a brazen horse of his farts.

GIFT OF THE GAB. A facility of speech.

GIGG. A nose. Snitchel his gigg; fillip his nose. Grunter's

 gigg; a hog's snout. Gigg is also a high one-horse
 chaise, and a woman's privities. To gigg a Smithfield
 hank; to hamstring an over-drove ox, vulgarly called a
 mad bullock.

GIGGER. A latch, or door. Dub the gigger; open the

 door. Gigger dubber; the turnkey of a jaol.

To GIGGLE. To suppress a laugh. Gigglers; wanton women.

GILES'S or ST. GILES'S BREED. Fat, ragged, and saucy;

 Newton and Dyot streets, the grand head-quarters-of most
 of the thieves and pickpockets about London, are in St. Giles's
 Giles's parish. St. Giles's Greek; the cant language,
 called also Slang, Pedlars' French, and Flash.

GILFLURT. A proud minks, a vain capricious woman,

GILL. The abbreviation of Gillian, figuratively used for

 woman. Every jack has his gill; i.e. every jack has his
 gillian, or female mate.

GILLS. The cheeks. To look rosy about the gills; to have

 a fresh complexion. To look merry about the gills: to
 appear cheerful.

GILLY GAUPUS. A Scotch term for a tall awkward

 fellow.

GILT, or RUM DUBBER. A thief who picks locks, so called

 from the gilt or picklock key: many of them are so
 expert, that, from the lock of a church door to that of
 the smallest cabinet, they will find means to open it;
 these go into reputable public houses, where, pretending
 business, they contrive to get into private rooms, up
 stairs, where they open any bureaus or trunks they happen
 to find there.

GIMBLET-EYED. Squinting, either in man or woman.

GIMCRACK, or JIMCRACK. A spruce wench; a gimcrack

 also means a person who has a turn for mechanical
 contrivances.

GIN SPINNER. A distiller.

GINGAMBOBS. Toys, bawbles; also a man's privities. See

 THINGAMBOBS.

GINGER-PATED, or GINGER-HACKLED. Red haired: a

 term borrowed from the cockpit, where red cocks are
 called gingers,

GINGERBREAD. A cake made of treacle, flour, and grated

 ginger; also money. He has the gingerbread; he is
 rich.

GINGERBREAD WORK. Gilding and carving: these terms

 are particularly applied by seamen on board Newcastle
 colliers, to the decorations of the sterns and quarters of
 West-Indiamen, which they have the greatest joy in defacing.

GINGERLY. Softly, gently, tenderly. To go gingerly to

 work: to attempt a thing gently, or cautiously.

GINNY. An instrument to lift up a great, in order to steal

 what is in the window. CANT.

GIP from gups a WOLF. A servant at college.

GIRDS. Quips, taunts, severe or biting reflections.

GIZZARD. To grumble in the gizzard; to be secretly

 displeased.

GLASS EYES. A nick name for one wearing spectacles.

GLAYMORE. A Highland broad-sword; from the Erse

GLAY, or GLAIVE, a sword; and MORE, great.

GLAZE. A window.

GLAZIER. One who breaks windows and shew-glasses, to

 steal goods exposed for sale. Glaziers; eyes. CANT.--
 Is your father a glazier; a question asked of a lad or young
 man, who stands between the speaker and the candle, or
 fire. If it is answered in the negative, the rejoinder is--
 I wish he was, that he might make a window through
 your body, to enable us to see the fire or light.

GLIB. Smooth, slippery. Glib tongued; talkative.

GLIM. A candle, or dark lantern, used in housebreaking;

 also fire. To glim; to burn in the hand. CANT.

GLIMFENDERS. Andirons. CANT.

GLIMFLASHY. Angry, or in a passion. CANT.

GLIM JACK. A link-boy. CANT.

GLIMMER. Fire. CANT.

GLIMMERERS. Persons begging with sham licences,

 pretending losses by fire.

GLIMMS. Eyes.

GLIMSTICK. A candlestick. CANT.

GLOBE. Pewter. CANT.

GLOVES. To give any one a pair of gloves; to make them

 a present or bribe. To win a pair of gloves; to kiss a man
 whilst he sleeps: for this a pair of gloves is due to any lady
 who will thus earn them.

GLUEPOT. A parson: from joining men and women together

 in matrimony.

GLUM. Sullen.

GLUTTON. A term used by bruisers to signify a man who

 will bear a great deal of beating.

GNARLER. A little dog that by his barking alarms the

 family when any person is breaking into the house.

GO, THE. The dash. The mode. He is quite the go, he

 is quite varment, he is prime, he is bang up, are
 synonimous expressions.

GLYBE. A writing. CANT.

GO BETWEEN. A pimp or bawd.

GO BY THE GROUND. A little short person, man or woman.

GO SHOP. The Queen's Head in Duke's court, Bow street,

 Covent Garden; frequented by the under players: where
 gin and water was sold in three-halfpenny bowls, called
 Goes; the gin was called Arrack. The go, the fashion;
 as, large hats are all the go.

GOADS. Those who wheedle in chapmen for horse-dealers.

GOAT. A lascivious person. Goats jigg; making the beast

 with two backs, copulation.

GOB. The mouth; also a bit or morsel: whence gobbets.

 Gift of the gob; wide-mouthed, or one who speaks fluently,
 or sings well.

GOB STRING. A bridle.

GOBBLER. A turkey cock.

GODFATHER. He who pays the reckoning, or answers for

 the rest of thecompany: as, Will you stand godfather, and
 we will take care of the brat; i.e. repay you another
 time. Jurymen are also called godfathers, because they
 name the crime the prisoner before them has been guilty
 of, whether felony, petit larceny, &c.

GOG. All-a-gog; impatient, anxious, or desirous of a thing.

GOG AND MAGOG. Two giants, whose effigies stand on

 each side of the clock in Guildhall, London; of whom
 there is a tradition, that, when they hear the clock strike
 one, on the first of April, they will walk down from their
 places.

GOGGLES. Eyes: see OGLES. Goggle eyes; large prominent eyes. To

 goggle; to stare.

GOING UPON THE DUB. Going out to break open, or pick

 the locks of, houses.

GOLD DROPPERS. Sharpers who drop a piece of gold,

 which they pick up in the presence of some unexperienced
 person, for whom the trap is laid, this they pretend to
 have found, and, as he saw them pick it up, they invite
 him to a public house to partake of it: when there, two
 or three of their comrades drop in, as if by accident, and
 propose cards, or some other game, when they seldom fail
 of stripping their prey.

GOLD FINDER. One whose employment is to empty necessary

 houses; called also a tom-turd-man, and night-man:
 the latter, from that business being always performed in
 the night.

GOLDFINCH. One who has commonly a purse full of gold.

 Goldfinches; guineas.

GOLGOTHA OR THE PLACE OF SCULLS. Part of the Theatre

 at Oxford, where the heads of houses sit; those
 gentlemen being by the wits of the university called sculls.

GOLLUMPUS. A large, clumsy fellow.

GOLOSHES, i.e. Goliah's shoes. Large leathern clogs, worn

 by invalids over their ordinary shoes.

GOOD MAN. A word of various imports, according to the

 place where it is spoken: in the city it means a rich man;
 at Hockley in the Hole, or St. Giles's, an expert boxer;
 at a bagnio in Covent Garden, a vigorous fornicator; at
 an alehouse or tavern, one who loves his pot or bottle;
 and sometimes, though but rarely, a virtuous man

GOOD WOMAN. A nondescript, represented on a famous

 sign in St. Giles's, in the form of a common woman. but
 without a head.

GOODYER'S PIG. Like Goodyer's pig; never well but when

 in mischief.

GOOSE. A taylor's goose; a smoothing iron used to press

 down the seams, for which purpose it must be heated:
 hence it is a jocular saying, that a taylor, be he ever so
 poor, is always sure to have a goose at his fire. He cannot
 say boh to a goose; a saying of a bashful or sheepish
 fellow.

GOOSE RIDING. A goose, whose neck is greased, being suspended

 by the legs to a cord tied to two trees or high posts,
 a number of men on horseback, riding full speed, attempt
 to pull off the head: which if they effect, the goose is
 their prize. This has been practised in Derbyshire within
 the memory of persons now living.

GOOSEBERRY. He played up old gooseberry among them;

 said of a person who. by force or threats, suddenly puts an
 end to a riot or disturbance.

GOOSEBERRY-EYED. One with dull grey eyes, like boiled

 gooseberries.

GOOSEBERRY WIG. A large frizzled wig: perhaps from a

 supposed likeness to a gooseberry bush.

GOOSECAP. A silly fellow or woman.

GORGER. A gentleman. A well dressed man. Mung

 kiddey. Mung the gorger; beg child beg, of the gentleman.

GOSPEL SHOP. A church.

GOREE. Money, chiefly gold: perhaps from the traffic

 carried on at that place, which is chiefly for gold dust.
 CANT.

GORMAGON. A monster with six eyes, three mouths, four

 arms, eight legs, live on one side and three on the other,
 three arses, two tarses, and a *** upon its back; a man on
 horseback, with a woman behind him.

GOTCH-GUTTED. Pot bellied: a gotch in Norfolk signifying

 a pitcher, or large round jug.

TO GOUGE. To squeeze out a man's eye with the thumb:

 a cruel practice used by the Bostonians in America.

To GRABBLE. To seize. To grabble the bit; to seize any

 one's money. CANT.


GRAFTED. Cuckolded, i.e. having horns grafted on his

 head.

To GRAB. To seize a man. The pigs grabbed the kiddey

 for a crack: the officers, seized the youth for a burglary.

GRANNAM. Corn.

GRANNUM'S GOLD. Hoarded money: supposed to have

 belonged to the grandmother of the possessor.

GRANNY. An abbreviation of grandmother; also the name

 of an idiot, famous for licking, her eye, who died Nov. 14,
 1719. Go teach your granny to suck eggs; said to such
 as would instruct any one in a matter he knows better than
 themselves.

GRAPPLE THE RAILS. A cant name used in Ireland for

 whiskey.

GRAPPLING IRONS. Handcuffs.

GRAVE DIGGER. Like a grave digger; up to the a-se in

 business, and don't know which way to turn.

GRAVY-EYED. Blear-eyed, one whose eyes have a running

 humour.

TO GREASE. To bribe. To grease a man in the fist; to

 bribe him. To grease a fat sow in the a-se; to give to a
 rich man. Greasy chin; a treat given to parish officers in
 part of commutation for a bastard: called also, Eating a
 child.

GREAT INTIMATE. As great as shirt and shitten a-se.

GREAT JOSEPH. A surtout. CANT.

GREEDY GUTS. A covetous or voracious person.

GREEK. St. Giles's Greek; the slang lingo, cant, or gibberish.

GREEN. Doctor Green; i.e. grass: a physician, or rather

 medicine, found very successful in curing most disorders
 to which horses are liable. My horse is not well, I shall
 send him to Doctor Green.

GREEN. Young, inexperienced, unacquainted; ignorant. How

 green the cull was not to stag how the old file planted the
 books. How ignorant the booby was not to perceive
 how the old sharper placed the cards in such a manner
 as to insure the game.

GREEN BAG. An attorney: those gentlemen carry their

 clients' deeds in a green bag; and, it is said, when they
 have no deeds to carry, frequently fill them with an old
 pair of breeches, or any other trumpery, to give themselves
 the appearance of business.

GREEN GOWN. To give a girl a green gown; to tumble her

 on the grass.

GREEN SICKNESS. The disease of maids occasioned by celibacy.

GREENHEAD. An inexperienced young man.

GREENHORN. A novice on the town, an undebauched young

 fellow, just initiated into the society of bucks and bloods.

GREENWICH BARBERS. Retailers of sand from the pits at

 and about Greenwich, in Kent: perhaps they are styled
 barbers, from their constant shaving the sandbanks.

GREENWICH GOOSE. A pensioner of Greenwich Hospital.

GREGORIAN TREE. The gallows: so named from Gregory

 Brandon, a famous finisher of the law; to whom Sir William
 Segar, garter king of arms (being imposed on by
 Brooke, a herald), granted a coat of arms.

GREY BEARD. Earthen jugs formerly used in public house

 for drawing ale: they had the figure of a man with a large
 beard stamped on them; whence probably they took
 the name: see BEN JONSON'S PLAYS, BARTHOLOMEW FAIR,
 &c. &c. Dutch earthen jugs, used for smuggling gin on
 the coasts of Essex and Suffolk, are at this time called
 grey beards.

GREY MARE. The grey mare is the better horse; said of

 a woman who governs her husband.

GREY PARSON. A farmer who rents the tithes of the rector

 or vicar.

GRIG. A farthing. A merry grig; a fellow as merry as a

 grig: an allusion to the apparent liveliness of a grig, or
 young eel.

GRIM. Old Mr. Grim; death.

GRIMALKIN. A cat: mawkin signifies a hare in Scotland.

GRIN. To grin in a glass case; to be anatomized for murder:

 the skeletons of many criminals are preserved in glass
 cases, at Surgeons' hall.

GRINAGOG, THE CAT'S UNCLE. A foolish grinning fellow,

 one who grins without reason.

GRINDERS. Teeth. Gooseberry grinder; the breech. Ask

 bogey, the gooseberry grinder; ask mine a-se.

TO GRIND. To have carnal knowledge of a woman.

GROATS. To save his groats; to come off handsomely: at

 the universities, nine groats are deposited in the hands of an
 academic officer, by every person standing for a degree;
 which if the depositor obtains with honour, the groats are
 returned to him.

GROG. Rum and water. Grog was first introduced into the

 navy about the year 1740, by Admiral Vernon, to prevent
 the sailors intoxicating themselves with their allowance of
 rum, or spirits. Groggy, or groggified; drunk.

GROG-BLOSSOM. A carbuncle, or pimple in the face, caused

 by drinking.

GROGGED. A grogged horse; a foundered horse.

GROGHAM. A horse. CANT.

GROPERS. Blind men; also midwives.

GROUND SWEAT. A grave.

GROUND SQUIRREL. A hog, or pig. SEA TERM.

GRUB. Victuals. To grub; to dine.

GRUB STREET. A street near Moorfields, formerly the supposed

 habitation of many persons who wrote for the booksellers:
 hence a Grub-street writer means a hackney author,
 who manufactures booss for the booksellers.

GRUB STREET NEWS. Lying intelligence.

TO GRUBSHITE. To make foul or dirty.

GRUMBLE. To grumble in the gizzard; to murmur or repine.

 He grumbled like a bear with a sore head.

GRUMBLETONIAN. A discontented person; one who is always

 railing at the times or ministry.

GRUNTER. A hog; to grunt; to groan, or complain of sickness.

GRUNTER'S GIG. A smoaked hog's face.

GRUNTING PECK. Pork, bacon, or any kind of hog's flesh.

GRUTS. Tea.

GUDGEON. One easily imposed on. To gudgeon; to swallow

 the bait, or fall into a trap: from the fish of that name,
 which is easily taken.

GULL. A simple credulous fellow, easily cheated.

GULLED. Deceived, cheated, imposed on.

GULLGROPERS. Usurers who lend money to the gamesters.

GUM. Abusive language. Come, let us have no more of

 your gum.

GUMMY. Clumsy: particularly applied to the ancles of

 men or women, and the legs of horses.

GUMPTION, or RUM GUMPTION. Docility, comprehension,

 capacity.

GUN. He is in the gun; he is drunk: perhaps from an allusion

 to a vessel called a gun, used for ale in the universities.

GUNDIGUTS. A fat, pursy fellow.

GUNNER'S DAUGHTER. To kiss the gunner's daughter; to

 be tied to a gun and flogged on the posteriors; a mode of
 punishing boys on board a ship of war.

GUNPOWDER. An old Woman. CANT.

GUTS. My great guts are ready to eat my little ones; my

 guts begin to think my throat's cut; my guts curse my
 teeth: all expressions signifying the party is extremely
 hungry.

GUTS AND GARBAGE. A very fat man or woman. More

 guts than brains; a silly fellow. He has plenty of guts, but
 no bowels: said of a hard, merciless, unfeeling person.

GUTFOUNDERED. Exceeding hungry.

GUT SCRAPER, or TORMENTOR of CATGUT. A fiddler.

GUTTER LANE. The throat, the swallow, the red lane.

 See RED LANE.

GUTTING A QUART POT. Taking out the lining of it: i. e.

 drinking it off. Gutting an oyster; eating it. Gutting a
 house; clearing it of its furniture. See POULTERER.

GUY. A dark lanthorn: an allusion to Guy Faux, the principal

 actor in the gunpowder plot. Stow the guy: conceal the
 lanthorn.

GUZZLE. Liquor. To guzzle; to drink greedily.

GUZZLE GUTS. One greedy of liquor.

GYBE, or JYBE. Any writing or pass with a seal.

GYBING. Jeering or ridiculing.

GYLES, or GILES. Hopping Giles; a nick name for a lame

 person: St. Giles was the tutelar saint of cripples.

GYP. A college runner or errand-boy at Cambridge, called

 at Oxford a scout. See SCOUT.

GYPSIES. A set of vagrants, who, to the great disgrace of

 our police, are suffered to wander about the country.
 They pretend that they derive their origin from the
 ancient Egyptians, who were famous for their knowledge
 in astronomy and other sciences; and, under the pretence
 of fortune-telling, find means to rob or defraud the ignorant
 and superstitious. To colour their impostures, they
 artificially discolour their faces, and speak a kind of
 gibberish peculiar to themselves. They rove up and down the
 country in large companies, to the great terror of the
 farmers, from whose geese, turkeys, and fowls, they take very
 considerable contributions.
 When a fresh recruit is admitted into the fraternity, he is to
  take the following oath, administered by the principal
  maunder, after going through the annexed forms:
 First, a new name is given him by which he is ever after to
  be called; then standing up in the middle of the assembly,
  and directing his face to the dimber damber, or principal
  man of the gang, he repeats the following oath, which is
  dictated to him by some experienced member of the fraternity:
 I, Crank Cuffin, do swear to be a true brother, and that I will
  in all things obey the commands of the great tawney
  prince, and keep his counsel and not divulge the secrets of
  my brethren.
 I will never leave nor forsake the company, but observe and
  keep all the times of appointment, either by day or by
  night, in every place whatever.
 I will not teach any one to cant, nor will I disclose any of
  our mysteries to them.
 I will take my prince's part against all that shall oppose him,
  or any of us, according to the utmost of my ability; nor
  will I suffer him, or any one belongiug to us, to be abused
  by any strange abrams, rufflers, hookers, pailliards,
  swaddlers, Irish toyles, swigmen, whip jacks, jarkmen,
  bawdy baskets, dommerars, clapper dogeons, patricoes,
  or curtals; but will defend him, or them, as much as I
  can, against all other outliers whatever. I will not conceal
  aught I win out of libkins or from the ruffmans, but
  will preserve it for the use of the company. Lastly, I
  will cleave to my doxy wap stiffly, and will bring her
  duds, marjery praters, goblers, grunting cheats, or tibs
  of the buttery, or any thing else I can come at, as
  winnings for her weppings.
 The canters have, it seems, a tradition, that from the three
  first articles of this oath, the first founders of a certain
  boastful, worshipful fraternity (who pretend to derive their
  origin from the earliest times) borrowed both the hint and
  form of their establishment; and that their pretended
  derivation from the first Adam is a forgery, it being only
  from the first Adam Tiler: see ADAM TILER. At the
  admission of a new brother, a general stock is raised for
  booze, or drink, to make themselves merry on the occasion.
  As for peckage or eatables, they can procure without
  money; for while some are sent to break the ruffmans,
  or woods and bushes, for firing, others are detached to
  filch geese, chickens, hens, ducks (or mallards), and pigs.
  Their morts are their butchers, who presently make
  bloody work with what living things are brought them; and
  having made holes in the ground under some remote hedge
  in an obscure place, they make a fire and boil or broil their
  food; and when it is enough, fall to work tooth and nail:
  and having eaten more like beasts than men, they drink
  more like swine than human creatures, entertaining one
  another all the time with songs in the canting dialect.
 As they live, so they lie, together promiscuously, and know
  not how to claim a property either in their goods or children:
  and this general interest ties them more firmly together
  than if all their rags were twisted into ropes, to bind
  them indissolubly from a separation; which detestable
  union is farther consolidated by the above oath.
 They stroll up and down all summer-time in droves, and
  Dexterously pick pockets, while they are telling of fortunes;
  and the money, rings, silver thirribles, &c. which they
  get, are instantly conveyed from one hand to another,
  till the remotest person of the gang (who is not suspected
  because they come not near the person robbed) gets possession
  of it; so that, in the strictest search, it is impossible to
  recover it; while the wretches with imprecations,
  oaths, and protestations, disclaim the thievery.
 That by which they are said to get the most money, is,
  when young gentlewomen of good families and reputation
  have happened to be with child before marriage, a round
  sum is often bestowed among the gypsies, for some one
  mort to take the child; and as that is never heard of
  more by the true mother and family, so the disgrace is
  kept concealed from the world; and, if the child lives, it
  never knows its parents.

HABERDASHER OF PRONOUNS. A schoolmaster, or

 usher.

HACKNEY WRITER. One who writes for attornies or

 booksellers.

HACKUM. Captain Hackum; a bravo, a slasher.

HAD'EM. He has been at Had'em, and came home by Clapham;

 said of one who has caught the venereal disease.

HAIR SPLITTER. A man's yard.

HALBERT. A weapon carried by a serjeant of foot. To get

 a halbert; to be appointed a serjeant. To be brought to
 the halberts; to be flogged a la militaire: soldiers of the
 infantry, when flogged, being commonly tied to three halberts,
 set up in a triangle, with a fourth fastened across
 them. He carries the halbert in his face; a saying of one
 promoted from a serjeant to a commission officer.

HALF A HOG. Sixpence.

HALF SEAS OVER. Almost drunk.

HAMLET. A high constable. Cant.

HAMS, or HAMCASES Breeches.

HAND. A sailor. We lost a hand; we lost a sailor. Bear a

 hand; make haste. Hand to fist; opposite: the same as
 tete-a-tete, or cheek by joul.

HAND AND POCKET SHOP. An eating house, where ready

 money is paid for what is called for.

HAND BASKET PORTION. A woman whose husband receives

 frequent presents from her father, or family, is
 said to have a hand-basket portion.

HANDLE. To know how to handle one's fists; to be skilful

 in the art of boxing. The cove flashes a rare handle to
 his physog; the fellow has a large nose.

HANDSOME. He is a handsome-bodied man in the face; a

 jeering commendation of an ugly fellow. Handsome is that
 handsome does: a proverb frequently cited by ugly women.

HANDSOME REWARD. This, in advertisements, means a

 horse-whipping.

To HANG AN ARSE. To hang back, to hesitate.

HANG GALLOWS LOOK. A thievish, or villainous appearance.

HANG IN CHAINS. A vile, desperate fellow. Persons

 guilty of murder, or other atrocious crimes, are frequently,
 after execution, hanged on a gibbet, to which
 they are fastened by iron bandages; the gibbet is commonly
 placed on or near the place where the crime was committed.

HANG IT UP. Score it up: speaking of a reckoning.

HANG OUT. The traps scavey where we hang out; the officers

 know where we live.

HANGER ON. A dependant.

HANGMAN'S WAGES. Thirteen pence halfpenny; which,

 according to the vulgar tradition, was thus allotted: one
 shilling for the executioner, and three halfpence for the rope,
 --N. B. This refers to former times; the hangmen of the
 present day having, like other artificers, raised their prices.
 The true state of this matter is, that a Scottish mark was
 the fee allowed for an execution, and the value of that
 piece was settled by a proclamation of James I. at thirteen
 pence halfpenny.

HANK. He has a hank on him; i.e. an ascendancy over

 him, or a hold upon him. A Smithfield hank; an ox,
 rendered furious by overdriving and barbarous treatment.
 See BULL HANK.

HANKER. To hanker after any thing; to have a longing

 after or for it.

HANS IN KELDER. Jack in the cellar, i.e. the child in the

 womb: a health frequently drank to breeding women or
 their husbands.

HARD. Stale beer, nearly sour, is said to be hard. Hard

 also means severe: as, hard fate, a hard master.

HARD AT HIS A-SE. Close after him.

HARE. He has swallowed a hare; he is drunk; more probably

 a HAIR, which requires washing down,

HARK-YE-ING. Whispering on one side to borrow money.

HARMAN. A constable. CANT.

HARMAN BECK. A beadle. CANT.

HARMANS. The stocks. CANT.

HARP. To harp upon; to dwell upon a subject. Have

 among you, my blind harpers; an expression used in throwing
 or shooting at random among the crowd. Harp is also
 the Irish expression for woman, or tail, used in tossing
 up in Ireland: from Hibernia, being represented with a
 harp on the reverse of the copper coins of that country;
 for which it is, in hoisting the copper, i.e. tossing up,
 sometimes likewise called music.

HARRIDAN. A hagged old woman; a miserable, scraggy,

 worn-out harlot, fit to take her bawd's degree: derived
 from the French word HARIDELLE, a worn-out jade of a horse
 or mare.

HARRY. A country fellow. CANT.--Old Harry; the Devil.

HARUM SCARUM. He was running harum scarum; said of

 any one running or walking hastily, and in a hurry, after
 they know not what.

HASH. To flash the hash; to vomit. CANT.

HASTY. Precipitate, passionate. He is none of the Hastings

 sort; a saying of a slow, loitering fellow: an allusion to the
 Hastings pea, which is the first in season.

HASTY PUDDING. Oatmeal and milk boiled to a moderate

 thickness, and eaten with sugar and butter. Figuratively,
 a wet, muddy road: as, The way through Wandsworth is
 quite a hasty pudding. To eat hot hasty pudding for a
 laced hat, or some other prize, is a common feat at wakes
 and fairs.

HAT. Old hat; a woman's privities: because frequently

 felt.

HATCHES. Under the hatches; in trouble, distress, or debt.

HATCHET FACE. A long thin face.

HAVIL. A sheep. CANT.

HAVY CAVY. Wavering, doubtful, shilly shally.

HAWK. Ware hawk; the word to look sharp, a bye-word

 when a bailiff passes. Hawk also signifies a sharper, in
 opposition to pigeon. See PIGEON. See WARE HAWK.

HAWKERS. Licensed itinerant retailers of different commodities,

 called also pedlars; likewise the sellers of news-papers.
 Hawking; an effort to spit up the thick phlegm, called
 OYSTERS: whence it is wit upon record, to ask the person
 so doing whether he has a licence; a punning allusion to the
 Act of hawkers and pedlars.

To HAZEL GILD. To beat any one with a hazel stick.

HEAD CULLY OF THE PASS, or PASSAGE BANK. The top

 tilter of that gang throughout the whole army, who
 demands and receives contribution from all the pass banks in
 the camp.

HEAD RAILS. Teeth. SEA PHRASE.

HEARING CHEATS. Ears. CANT.

HEART'S EASE. Gin.

HEARTY CHOAK. He will have a hearty choak and caper

 sauce for breakfast; i.e. he will be hanged.

HEATHEN PHILOSOPHER. One whose breech may be seen

 through his pocket-hole: this saying arose from the old
 philosophers, many of whom depised the vanity of dress to
 such a point, as often to fall into the opposite extreme.

TO HEAVE. To rob. To heave a case; to rob a house.

 To heave a bough; to rob a booth. CANT.

HEAVER. The breast. CANT.

HEAVERS. Thieves who make it their business to steal

 tradesmen's shop-books. CANT.

HECTOR. bully, a swaggering coward. To hector; to

 bully, probably from such persons affecting the valour of
 Hector, the Trojan hero.

HEDGE. To make a hedge; to secure a bet, or wager, laid

 on one side, by taking the odds on the other, so that, let
 what will happen, a certain gain is secured, or hedged in,
 by the person who takes this precaution; who is then said
 to be on velvet.

HEDGE ALEHOUSE. A small obscure alehouse.

HEDGE CREEPER. A robber of hedges.

HEDGE PRIEST. An illiterate unbeneficed curate, a patrico.

HEDGE WHORE. An itinerant harlot, who bilks the bagnios

 and bawdy-houses, by disposing of her favours on the
 wayside, under a hedge; a low beggarly prostitute.

HEELS. To he laid by the heels; to be confined, or put in

 prison. Out at heels; worn, or diminished: his estate or
 affairs are out at heels. To turn up his heels; to turn up
 the knave of trumps at the game of all-fours.

HEEL TAP. A peg in the heel of a shoe, taken out when it

 is finished. A person leaving any liquor in his glass, is
 frequently called upon by the toast-master to take off his
 heel-tap.

HELL. A taylor's repository for his stolen goods, called

 cabbage: see CABBAGE. Little hell; a small dark covered
 passage, leading from London-wall to Bell-alley.

HELL-BORN BABE. A lewd graceless youth, one naturally

 of a wicked disposition.

HELL CAT. A termagant, a vixen, a furious scolding woman.

 See TERMAGANT and VIXEN.

HELL HOUND. A wicked abandoned fellow.

HELL FIRE DICK. The Cambridge driver of the Telegraph.

 The favorite companion of the University fashionables,
 and the only tutor to whose precepts they attend.

HELTER SKELTER. To run helter skelter, hand over head,

 in defiance of order.

HEMP. Young hemp; an appellation for a graceless boy.

HEMPEN FEVER. A man who was hanged is said to have

 died of a hempen fever; and, in Dorsetshire, to have been
 stabbed with a Bridport dagger; Bridport being a place
 famous for manufacturing hemp into cords.

HEMPEN WIDOW. One whose husband was hanged.

HEN-HEARTED. Cowardly.

HEN HOUSE. A house where the woman rules; called also

 a SHE HOUSE, and HEN FRIGATE: the latter a sea phrase,
 originally applied to a ship, the captain of which had his
 wife on board, supposed to command him.

HENPECKED. A husband governed by his wife, is said to

 be henpecked.

HEN. A woman. A cock and hen club; a club composed

 of men and women.

HERE AND THEREIAN. One who has no settled place of

 residence.

HERRING. The devil a barrel the better herring; all equally

 bad.

HERRING GUTTED. Thin, as a shotten hering.

HERRING POND. The sea. To cross the herring pond at

 the king's expence; to be transported.

HERTFORDSHIRE KINDNESS. Drinking twice to the same

 person.

HICK. A country hick; an ignorant clown. CANT.

HICKENBOTHOM. Mr. Hickenbothom; a ludicrous name

 for an unknown person, similar to that of Mr. Thingambob.
 Hickenbothom, i.e. a corruption of the German
 word ickenbaum, i.e. oak tree.

HICKEY. Tipsey; quasi, hickupping.

HIDE AND SEEK. A childish game. He plays at hide and

 seek; a saying of one who is in fear of being arrested for
 debt, or apprehended for some crime, and therefore does
 not chuse to appear in public, but secretly skulks up and
 down. See SKULK.

HIDEBOUND. Stingy, hard of delivery; a poet poor in invention,

 is said to have a hidebound muse.

HIGGLEDY PIGGLEDY. Confusedly mixed.

HIGH EATING. To eat skylarks in a garret.

HIGH FLYERS. Tories, Jacobites.

HIGH JINKS. A gambler at dice, who, having a strong

 head, drinks to intoxicate his adversary, or pigeon.

HIGH LIVING. To lodge in a garret, or cockloft

HIGH PAD. A highwayman. CANT.

HIGH ROPES. To be on the high ropes; to be in a passion.

HIGH SHOON, or CLOUTED SHOON. A country clown.

HIGH WATER. It is high water, with him; he is full of

 money.

HIGHGATE. Sworn at Highgate--a ridiculous custom formerly

 prevailed at the public-houses in Highgate, to administer
 a ludicrous oath to all travellers of the middling
 rank who stopped there. The party was sworn on a pair
 of horns, fastened on a stick: the substance of the oath
 was, never to kiss the maid when he could kiss the mistress,
 never to drink small beer when he could get strong, with
 many other injunctions of the like kind; to all which was
 added the saving cause of "unless you like it best." The
 person administering the oath was always to be called
 father by the juror; and he, in return, was to style him
 son, under the penalty of a bottle.

HIKE. To hike off; to run away. CANT.

HIND LEG. To kick out a hind leg; to make a rustic bow.

HINNEY, MY HONEY. A north country hinney, particularly

 a Northumbrian: in that county, hinney is the general
 term of endearment.

HISTORY OF THE FOUR KINGS, or CHILD'S BEST GUIDE TO

 THE GALLOWS. A pack of cards. He studies the history
 of the four kings assiduously; he plays much at cards.

HOAXING. Bantering, ridiculing. Hoaxing a quiz; joking

 an odd fellow. UNIVERSITY WIT.

HOB, or HOBBINOL, a clown.

HOB OR NOB. Will you hob or nob with me? a question

 formerly in fashion at polite tables, signifying a request or
 challenge to drink a glass of wine with the proposer: if the
 party challenged answered Nob, they were to chuse whether
 white or red. This foolish custom is said to have
 originated in the days of good queen Bess, thus: when
 great chimnies were in fashion, there was at each corner
 of the hearth, or grate, a small elevated projection, called
 the hob; and behind it a seat. In winter time the beer
 was placed on the hob to warm: and the cold beer was
 set on a small table, said to have been called the nob; so
 that the question, Will you have hob or nob? seems only
 to have meant, Will you have warm or cold beer? i.e.
 beer from the hob, or beer from the nob.

HOBBERDEHOY. Half a man and half a boy, a lad between

 both.

HOBBLED. Impeded, interrupted, puzzled. To hobble;

 to walk lamely.

HOBBLEDYGEE. A pace between a walk and a run, a dog-trot.

HOBBY. Sir Posthumous's hobby; one nice or whimsical

 in his clothes.

HOBBY HORSE. A man's favourite amusement, or study,

 is called his hobby horse. It also means a particular kind
 of small Irish horse: and also a wooden one, such as is
 given to children.

HOBBY HORSICAL. A man who is a great keeper or rider

 of hobby horses; one that is apt to be strongly attached
 to his systems of amusement.

HOBNAIL. A country clodhopper: from the shoes of country

 farmers and ploughmen being commonly stuck full of
 hob-nails, and even often clouted, or tipped with iron.
 The Devil ran over his face with hobnails in his shoes;
 said of one pitted With the small pox.

HOBSON'S CHOICE. That or none; from old Hobson, a

 famous carrier of Cambridge, who used to let horses to the
 students; but never permitted them to chuse, always
 allotting each man the horse he thought properest for his
 manner of riding and treatment.

HOCKS. vulgar appellation for the feet. You have left

 the marks of your dirty hocks on my clean stairs; a frequent
 complaint from a mop squeezer to a footman.

HOCKEY. Drunk with strong stale beer, called old hock.

 See HICKEY.

HOCKING, or HOUGHING. A piece of cruelty practised by

 the butchers of Dublin, on soldiers, by cutting the tendon
 of Achilles; this has been by law made felony.

HOCUS POCUS. Nonsensical words used by jugglers, previous

 to their deceptions, as a kind of charm, or incantation. A
 celebrated writer supposes it to be a ludicrous corruption
 of the words hoc est corpus, used by the popish priests m
 consecrating the host. Also Hell Hocus is used to express
 drunkenness: as, he is quite hocus; he is quite drunk.

HOD. Brother Hod; a familiar name for a bricklayer's

 labourer: from the hod which is used for carrying bricks and
 mortar.

HODDY DODDY, ALL A-SE AND NO BODY. A short clumsy

 person, either male or female.

HODGE. An abbreviation of Roger: a general name for a

 country booby.

HODGE PODGE. An irregular mixture of numerous things.

HODMANDODS. Snails in their shells.

HOG. A shilling. To drive one's hogs; to snore: the noise

 made by some persons in snoring, being not much unlike
 the notes of that animal. He has brought his hogs to a
 fine market; a saying of any one who has been remarkably
 successful in his affairs, and is spoken ironically to signify
 the contrary. A hog in armour; an awkward or mean
 looking man or woman, finely dressed, is said to look like
 a hog in armour. To hog a horse's mane; to cut it short,
 so that the ends of the hair stick up like hog's bristles.
 Jonian hogs; an appellation given to the members of St.
 John's College, Cambridge.

HOG GRUBBER. A mean stingy fellow.

HOGGISH. Rude, unmannerly, filthy.

HOGO. Corruption of haut goust, high taste, or flavour;

 commonly said of flesh somewhat tainted. It has a
 confounded hogo; it stinks confoundedly.

HOIST. To go upon the hoist; to get into windows

 accidentally left open: this is done by the assistance of a
 confederate, called the hoist, who leans his head against the
 wall, making his back a kind of step or ascent.

HOISTING. A ludicrous ceremony formerly performed on

 every soldier, the first time he appeared in the field after
 being married; it was thus managed: As soon as the
 regiment, or company, had grounded their arms to rest a
 while, three or four men of the same company to which
 the bridegroom belonged, seized upon him, and putting a
 couple of bayonets out of the two corners of his hat, to
 represent horns, it was placed on his head, the back part
 foremost. He was then hoisted on the shoulders of two
 strong fellows, and carried round the arms, a drum and fife
 beating and playing the pioneers call, named Round Heads
 and Cuckolds, but on this occasion styled the Cuckold's
 March; in passing the colours, he was to take off his hat:
 this, in some regiments, was practised by the officers on
 their brethren, Hoisting, among pickpockets, is, setting
 a man on his head, that his money, watch, &c. may fall
 out of his pockets; these they pick up, and hold to be
 no robbery. See REVERSED.

HOITY-TOITY. A hoity-toity wench; a giddy, thoughtless,

 romping girl.

HOLBORN HILL. To ride backwards up Holborn hill; to

 go to the gallows: the way to Tyburn, the place of
 execution for criminals condemned in London, was up that
 hill. Criminals going to suffer, always ride backwards,
 as some conceive to increase the ignominy, but more
 probably to prevent them being shocked with a distant view
 of the gallows; as, in amputations, surgeons conceal the
 instruments with which they are going to operate. The
 last execution at Tyburn, and consequently of this
 procession, was in the year 1784, since which the criminals
 have been executed near Newgate

HOLIDAY. A holiday bowler; a bad bowler. Blind man's

 holiday; darkness, night. A holiday is any part of a
 ship's bottom, left uncovered in paying it. SEA TERM. It
 is all holiday; See ALL HOLIDAY.

HOLY FATHER. A butcher's boy of St. Patrick's Market,

 Dublin, or other Irish blackguard; among whom
 the exclamation, or oath, by the Holy Father (meaning
 the Pope), is common.

HOLY LAMB. A thorough-paced villain. IRISH.

HOLY WATER. He loves him as the Devil loves holy water,

 i.e. hates him mortally. Holy water, according to the
 Roman Catholics, having the virtue to chase away the Devil
 and his imps.

HOLLOW. It was quiet a hollow thing; i.e. a certainty, or

 decided business.

HONEST MAN. A term frequently used by superiors to inferiors.

 As honest a man as any in the cards when all the
 kings are out; i.e. a knave. I dare not call thee rogue for
 fear of the law, said a quaker to an attorney; but I wil
 give thee five pounds, if thou canst find any creditable
 person who wilt say thou art an honest man.

HONEST WOMAN. To marry a woman with whom one has

 cohabitated as a mistress, is termed, making an honest
 woman of her.

HONEY MOON. The first month after marriage. A poor

 honey; a harmless, foolish, goodnatured fellow. It is all
 honey or a t--d with them; said of persons who are
 either in the extremity of friendship or enmity, either
 kissing or fighting.

HOOD-WINKED. Blindfolded by a handkerchief, or other

 ligature, bound over the eyes.

HOOF. To beat the hoof; to travel on foot. He hoofed it

 or beat the hoof, every step of the way from Chester to
 London.

HOOK AND SNIVEY, WITH NIX THE BUFFER. This rig

 consists in feeding a man and a dog for nothing, and is
 carried on thus: Three men, one of who pretends to be
 sick and unable to eat, go to a public house: the two well
 men make a bargain with the landlord for their dinner,
 and when he is out of sight, feed their pretended sick
 companion and dog gratis.

HOOKEE WALKER. An expression signifying that the story

 is not true, or that the thing will not occour.

HOOKED. Over-reached, tricked, caught: a simile taken

 from fishing. **** hooks; fingers.

HOOKERS. See ANGLERS.

HOOP. To run the hoop; an ancient marine custom. Four

 or more boys having their left hands tied fast to an iron
 hoop, and each of them a rope, called a nettle, in their
 right, being naked to the waist, wait the signal to begin:
 this being made by a stroke with a cat of nine tails, given
 by the boatswain to one of the boys, he strikes the boy before
 him, and every one does the same: at first the blows are
 but gently administered; but each irritated by the strokes
 from the boy behind him, at length lays it on in earnest.
 This was anciently practised when a ship was wind-bound.

TO HOOP. To beat. I'll well hoop his or her barrel, I'll

 beat him or her soundly.

TO HOP THE TWIG. To run away. CANT.

HOP MERCHANT. A dancing master. See CAPER MERCHANT.

HOP-O-MY-THUMB. A diminutive person, man or woman.

 She was such a-hop-o-my thumb, that a pigeon, sitting
 on her shoulder, might pick a pea out of her a-se.

HOPKINS. Mr. Hopkins; a ludicrous address to a lame or

 limping man, being a pun on the word hop.

HOPPING GILES. A jeering appellation given to any person

 who limps, or is lame; St. Giles was the patron of
 cripples, lepers, &c. Churches dedicated to that saint
 commonly stand out of town, many of them having been
 chapels to hospitals. See GYLES.

HOPPER-ARSED. Having large projecting buttocks: from

 their resemblance to a small basket, called a hopper or
 hoppet, worn by husbandmen for containing seed corn,
 when they sow the land.

HORNS. To draw in one's horns; to retract an assertion

 through fear: metaphor borrowed from a snail, who on the
 apprehension of danger, draws in his horns, and retires to
 his shell.

HORN COLIC. A temporary priapism.

HORN FAIR. An annual fair held at Charlton, in Kent, on St.

 Luke's day, the 18th of October. It consists of a riotous
 mob, who after a printed summons dispersed through the
 adjacent towns, meet at Cuckold's Point, near Deptford,
 and march from thence in procession, through that town
 and Greenwich, to Charlton, with horns of different kinds
 upon their heads; and at the fair there are sold rams
 horns, and every sort of toy made of horn; even the gingerbread
 figures have horns, The vulgar tradition gives the
 following history of the origin of this fair; King John,
 or some other of our ancient kings, being at the palace of
 Eltham, in this neighbourhood, and having been out a
 hunting one day, rambled from his company to this place,
 then a mean hamlet; when entering a cottage to inquire
 his way, he was struck with the beauty of the mistress,
 whom he found alone; and having prevailed over her
 modesty, the husband returning suddenly, surprised them
 together; and threatening to kill them both, the king was
 obliged to discover himself, and to compound for his safety
 by a purse of gold, and a grant of the land from this
 place to Cuckold's Point, besides making the husband
 master of the hamlet. It is added that, in memory of this
 grant, and the occasion of it, this fair was established, for
 the sale of horns, and all sorts of goods made with that
 material. A sermon is preached at Charlton church on
 the fair day.

HORN MAD. A person extremely jealous of his wife, is

 said to be horn mad. Also a cuckold, who does not cut
 or breed his horns easily.

HORN WORK. Cuckold-making.

HORNIFIED. Cuckolded.

HORSE BUSS. A kiss with a loud smack; also a bite.

HORSE COSER. A dealer in horses: vulgarly and corruptly

 pronounced HORSE COURSER. The verb TO COSE was used by
 the Scots, in the sense of bartering or exchanging.

HORSE GODMOTHER. A large masculine woman, a

 gentlemanlike kind of a lady.

HORSE LADDER. A piece of Wiltshire wit, which consists

 in sending some raw lad, or simpleton, to a neighbouring
 farm house, to borrow a horse ladder, in order to get up
 the horses, to finish a hay-mow.

HORSE'S MEAL. A meal without drinking.

HOSTELER, i.e. oat stealer. Hosteler was originally the

 name for an inn-keeper; inns being in old English styled
 hostels, from the French signifying the same.

HOT POT. Ale and brandy made hot.

HOT STOMACH. He has so hot a stomach, that he burns

 all the clothes off his back; said of one who pawns his
 clothes to purchase liquor.

HOUSE, or TENEMENT, TO LET. A widow's weeds; also

 an atchievement marking the death of a husband, set up
 on the outside of a mansion: both supposed to indicate
 that the dolorous widow wants a male comforter.

HOYDON. A romping girl.

HUBBLE-BUBBLE. Confusion. A hubble-bubble fellow;

 a man of confused ideas, or one thick of speech, whose
 words sound like water bubbling out of a bottle. Also an
 instrument used for smoaking through water in the East
 Indies, called likewise a caloon, and hooker.

HUBBLE DE SHUFF. Confusedly. To fire hubble de shuff,

 to fire quick and irregularly. OLD MILITARY TERM.

HUBBUB. A noise, riot, or disturbance.

HUCKLE MY BUFF. Beer, egg, and brandy, made hot.

HUCKSTERS. Itinerant retailers of provisions. He is in

 hucksters hands; he is in a bad way.

TO HUE. To lash. The cove was hued in the naskin;

 the rogue was soundly lashed in bridewell. CANT.

TO HUFF. To reprove, or scold at any one; also to bluster,

 bounce, ding, or swagger. A captain huff; a noted bully.
 To stand the huff; to be answerable for the reckoning in
 a public house.

HUG. To hug brown bess; to carry a firelock, or serve as a

 private soldier. He hugs it as the Devil hugs a witch:
 said of one who holds any thing as if he was afraid of losing
 it.

HUGGER MUGGER. By stealth, privately, without making

 an appearance. They spent their money in a hugger
 mugger way.

HUGOTONTHEONBIQUIFFINARIANS. A society existing in

 1748.

HULKY, or HULKING. A great hulky fellow; an over-grown

 clumsy lout, or fellow.

HULVER-HEADED. Having a hard impenetrable head; hulver,

 in the Norfolk dialect, signifying holly, a hard and
 solid wood.

TO HUM, or HUMBUG. To deceive, or impose on one by

 some story or device. A humbug; a jocular imposition,
 or deception. To hum and haw; to hesitate in speech,
 also to delay, or be with difficulty brought to consent to
 any matter or business,

HUMS. Persons at church. There is a great number of hums

 in the autem; there is a great congregation in the church.

HUM BOX. A pulpit.

HUM CAP. Very old and strong beer, called also stingo.

 See STINGO.

HUM DRUM. A hum drum fellow; a dull tedious narrator,

 a bore; also a set of gentlemen, who (Bailey says) used to
 meet near the Charter House, or at the King's Head in St.
 John's-street, who had more of pleasantry, and less of mystery,
 than the free masons.

HUM DURGEON. An imaginary illness. He has got the

 humdurgeon, the thickest part of his thigh is nearest his a-se;
 i.e. nothing ails him except low spirits.

HUMBUGS. The brethren of the venerable society of humbugs

 was held at brother Hallam's, in Goodman's Fields.

HUMMER. A great lye, a rapper. See RAPPER.

HUMMING LIQUOR. Double ale, stout pharaoh. See PHARAOH.

HUMMUMS. A bagnio, or bathing house.

HUM TRUM. A musical instrument made of a mopstick, a

 bladder, and some packthread, thence also called a bladder
 and string, and hurdy gurdy; it is played on like a violin,
 which is sometimes ludicrously called a humstrum; sometimes,
 instead of a bladder, a tin canister is used.

HUMP. To hump; once a fashionable word for copulation.

HUMPTY DUMPTY. A little humpty dumpty man or woman;

 a short clumsy person of either sex: also ale boiled
 with brandy.

TO HUNCH. To jostle, or thrust.

HUNCH-BACKED. Hump-backed.

HUNG BEEF. A dried bull's pizzle. How the dubber

 served the cull with hung beef; how the turnkey beat the
 fellow with a bull's pizzle.

HUNKS. A covetous miserable fellow, a miser; also the

 name of a famous bear mentioned by Ben Jonson.

HUNT'S DOG. He is like Hunt's dog, will neither go to

 church nor stay at home. One Hunt, a labouring man at
 a small town in Shropshire, kept a mastiff, who on being
 shut up on Sundays, whilst his master went to church,
 howled so terribly as to disturb the whole village; wherefore
 his master resolved to take him to church with him:
 but when he came to the church door, the dog having perhaps
 formerly been whipped out by the sexton, refused to
 enter; whereupon Hunt exclaimed loudly against his dog's
 obstinacy, who would neither go to church nor stay at
 home. This shortly became a bye-word for discontented
 and whimsical persons.

HUNTING. Drawing in unwary persons to play or game.

 CANT.

HUNTING THE SQUIRREL. An amusement practised by

 postboys and stage-coachmen, which consists in following
 a one-horse chaise, anddriving it before them, passing close
 to it, so as to brush the wheel, and by other means terrifying
 any woman or person that may be in it. A man whose
 turn comes for him to drink, before he has emptied his former
 glass, is said to be hunted.

HUNTSUP. The reveillier of huntsmen, sounded on the

 French horn, or other instrument.

HURDY GURDY. A kind of fiddle, originally made perhaps

 out of a gourd. See HUMSTRUM.

HURLY BURLY. A rout, riot, bustle or confusion.

HUSH. Hush the cull; murder the fellow.

HUSH MONEY. Money given to hush up or conceal a robbery, theft,

 or any other offence, or to take off the evidence
 from appearing against a criminal.

HUSKYLOUR. A guinea, or job. Cant.

HUSSY. An abbreviation of housewife, but now always

 used as a term of reproach; as, How now, hussy? or She
 is a light hussy.

HUZZA. Said to have been originally the cry of the huzzars

 or Hungarian light horse; but now the national shout of
 the English, both civil and military, in the sea phrase
 termed a cheer; to give three cheers being to huzza thrice.

HYP, or HIP. A mode of calling to one passing by. Hip,

 Michael, your head's on fire; a piece of vulgar wit to a
 red haired man.

HYP. The hypochondriac: low spirits. He is hypped; he

 has got the blue devils, &c.

JABBER. To talk thick and fast, as great praters usually

 do, to chatter like a magpye; also to speak a foreign
 language. He jabbered to rne in his damned outlandish
 parlez vous, but I could not understand him; he chattered
 to me in French, or some other foreign language, but
 I could not understand him.

JACK. A farthing, a small bowl serving as the mark for

 bowlers. An instrument for pulling off boots.

JACK ADAMS. A fool. Jack Adams's parish; Clerkenwell.

JACK AT A PINCH, A poor hackney parson.

JACK IN A BOX, A sharper, or cheat. A child in the mother's

 womb.

JACK IN AN OFFICE, An insolent fellow in authority.

JACK KETCH. The hangman; vide DERRICK and KETCH.

JACK NASTY FACE. A sea term, signifying a common

 sailor.

JACK OF LEGS. A tall long-legged man; also a giant, said

 to be buried in Weston church, near Baldock, in Hertfordshire,
 where there are two stones fourteen feet distant,
 said to be the head and feet stones of his grave. This
 giant, says Salmon, as fame goes, lived in a wood here, and
 was a great robber, but a generous one; for he plundered
 the rich to feed the poor: he frequently took bread for
 this purpose from the Baldock bakers, who catching him
 at an advantage, put out his eyes, and afterwards hanged
 him upon a knoll in Baldock field. At his death he made
 one request, which was, that he might have his bow and
 arrow put into his hand, and on shooting it off, where the
 arrow fell, they would bury him; which being granted,
 the arrow fell in Weston churchyard. Above seventy
 years ago, a very large thigh bone was taken out of the
 church chest, where it had lain many years for a show,
 and was sold by the clerk to Sir John Tradescant, who,
 it is said, put it among the rarities of Oxford.

JACK PUDDING. The merry andrew, zany, or jester to a

 mountebank.

JACK ROBINSON. Before one could say Jack Robinson; a

 saying to express a very short time, originating from a
 very volatile gentleman of that appellation, who would call
 on his neighbours, and be gone before his name could
 be announced.

JACK SPRAT. A dwarf, or diminutive fellow.

JACK TAR. A sailor.

JACK WEIGHT. A fat man.

JACK WHORE. A large masculine overgrown wench.

JACKANAPES. An ape; a pert, ugly, little fellow.

JACKED. Spavined. A jacked horse.

JACKMEN. See JARKMEN.

JACKEY. Gin.

JACOB. A soft fellow. A fool.

JACOB. A ladder: perhaps from Jacob's dream. CANT. Also

 the common name for a jay, jays being usually taught to
 say, Poor Jacob! a cup of sack for Jacob.

JACOBITES. Sham or collar shirts. Also partizans for the

 Stuart family: from the name of the abdicated king, i.e.
 James or Jacobus. It is said by the whigs, that God
 changed Jacob's name to Israel, lest the descendants of
 that patriarch should be called Jacobites.

JADE. A term of reproach to women.

JAGUE. A ditch: perhaps from jakes.

JAIL BIRDS. Prisoners.

JAKES. A house of office, a cacatorium.

JAMMED. Hanged. CANT.

JANIZARIES. The mob, sometimes so called; also bailiffs,

 their setters, and followers.

JAPANNED. Ordained. To be japanned; to enter into holy

 orders, to become a clergyman, to put on the black cloth:
 from the colour of the japan ware, which is black.

JARK. A seal.

JARKMEN. Those, who fabricate counterfeit passes, licences,

 and certificates for beggars.

JARVIS. A hackney coachman.

JASON'S FLEECE. A citizen cheated of his gold.

JAW. Speech, discourse. Give us none of your jaw; let us

 have none of your discourse. A jaw-me-dead; a talkative
 fellow. Jaw work; a cry used in fairs by the sellers of
 nuts.

JAZEY. A bob wig.

IDEA POT. The knowledge box, the head. See KNOWLEDGE

 BOX.

JEFFY. It will be done in a jeffy; it will be done in a short

 space of time, in an instant.

JEHU. To drive jehu-like; to drive furiously: from a king

 of Israel of that name, who was a famous charioteer, and
 mentioned as such in the Bible.

JEM. A gold ring. CANT.

JEMMY FELLOW. A smart spruce fellow.

JEMMY. A crow. This instrument is much used by housebreakers. Sometimes called Jemmy Rook.

JENNY. An instrument for lifting up the grate or top of a

 show-glass, in order to rob it. CANT.

JERRYCUMMUMBLE. To shake, towzle, or tumble about.

JERRY SNEAK. A henpecked husband: from a celebrated

 character in one of Mr. Foote's plays, representing a man
 governed by his wife.

JESSAMY. A smart jemmy fellow, a fopling.

JESIUT. See TO BOX THE JESUIT.

JESUITICAL. Sly, evasive, equivocal. A jesuitical answer;

 an equivocal answer.

JET. A lawyer. Autem jet; a parson.

JEW. An over-reaching dealer, or hard, sharp fellow; an

 extortioner: the brokers formerly behind St. Clement's
 church in the Strand were called Jews by their brethren
 the taylors.

JEW. A tradesman who has no faith, i.e. will not give credit.

JEW BAIL. Insufficient bail: commonly Jews, who for a

 sum of money will bail any action whatsoever, and justify,
 that is, swear to their sufficiency; but, when called on, are
 not to be found.

JEW'S EYE. That's worth a Jew's eye; a pleasant or agreeable

 sight: a saying taken from Shakespeare.

JIBBER THE KIBBER. A method of deceiving seamen, by

 fixing a candle and lanthorn round the neck of a horse,
 one of whose fore feet is tied up; this at night has the
 appearance of a ship's light. Ships bearing towards it, run
 on shore, and being wrecked, are plundered by the inhabitants.
 This diabolical device is, it is said, practised by the
 inhabitants of our western coasts.

JIG. A trick. A pleasant jig; a witty arch trick. Also a

 lock or door. The feather-bed jig; copulation.

JIGGER. A whipping-post. CANT.

JILT. A tricking woman, who encourages the addresses of

 a man whom she means to deceive and abandon.

JILTED. Rejected by a woman who has encouraged one's

 advances.

JINGLE BOXES. Leathern jacks tipped with silver, and

 hung with bells, formerly in use among fuddle caps.
 CANT.

JINGLE BRAINS. A wild, thoughtless, rattling fellow.

JINGLERS. Horse cosers, frequenting country fairs.

IMPOST TAKERS. Usurers who attend the gaming-tables,

 and lend money at great premiums.

IMPUDENT STEALING. Cutting out the backs of coaches,

 and robbing the seats.

IMPURE. A modern term for a lady of easy virtue.

INCHING. Encroaching.

INDIES. Black Indies; Newcastle.

INDIA WIPE. A silk handkerchief.

INDORSER. A sodomite. To indorse with a cudgel; to drub

 or beat a man over the back with a stick, to lay CANE upon
 Abel.

INEXPRESSIBLES. Breeches.

INKLE WEAVERS. Supposed to be a very brotherly set of

 people; 'as great as two inkle weavers' being a proverbial
 saying.

INLAID. Well inlaid; in easy circumstances, rich or well

 to pass.

INNOCENTS. One of the innocents; a weak or simple person,

 man or woman.

INSIDE AND OUTSIDE. The inside of a **** and the outside

 of a gaol.

JOB. A guinea.

JOB'S COMFORT. Reproof instead of consolation.

JOB'S COMFORTER. One who brings news of some

 additional misfortune.

JOB'S DOCK. He is laid up in Job's dock; i.e. in a salivation.

 The apartments for the foul or venereal patients in St.
 Bartholomew's hospital, are called Job's ward.

JOBATION. A reproof.

JOBBERNOLE. The head.

TO JOB. To reprove or reprehend. CAMBRIDGE TERM.

JOB. Any robbery. To do a job; to commit some kind of

 robbery.

JOCK, or CROWDY-HEADED JOCK. A jeering appellation for

 a north country seaman, particularly a collier; Jock being
 a common name, and crowdy the chief food, of the lower
 order of the people in Northumberland.

TO JOCK, or JOCKUM CLOY. To enjoy a woman.

JOCKUM GAGE. A chamber-pot, jordan, looking-glass, or

 member-mug. CANT.

JOGG-TROT. To keep on a jogg-trot; to get on with a slow

 but regular pace.

JOHNNY BUM. A he or jack ass: so called by a lady that

 affected to be extremely polite and modest, who would
 not say Jack because it was vulgar, nor ass because it
 was indecent.

JOINT. To hit a joint in carving, the operator must think

 of a cuckold. To put one's nose out of joint; to rival one
 in the favour of a patron or mistress.

JOLLY, or JOLLY NOB. The head. I'll lump your jolly

 nob for you; I'll give you a knock on the head.

JOLLY DOG. A merry facetious fellow; a BON VIVANT, who

 never flinches from his glass, nor cries to go home to
 bed.

JOLTER HEAD. A large head; metaphorically a stupid fellow.

JORDAIN. A great blow, or staff. I'll tip him a jordain if

 I transnear; i.e. I'll give him a blow with my staff, if I
 come near him. CANT.

JORDAN. A chamber-pot.

JORUM. A jugg, or large pitcher.

JOSEPH. A woman's great coat. Also, a sheepish bashful

 young fellow: an allusion to Joseph who fled from Potiphar's
 wife. You are Josephus rex; you are jo-king, i. e.
 joking.

JOSKIN. A countryman. The dropcove maced the Joskin

 of twenty quid; The ring dropper cheated the
 countryman of twenty guineas.

JOWL. The cheek. Cheek by jowl; close together, or cheek

 to cheek. My eyes how the cull sucked the blowen's
 jowl; he kissed the wench handsomely.

IRISH APRICOTS. Potatoes. It is a common joke against

 the Irish vessels, to say they are loaded with fruit and
 timber, that is, potatoes and broomsticks. Irish assurance;
 a bold forward behaviour: as being dipt in the river Styx
 was formerly supposed to render persons invulnerable,
 so it is said that a dipping in the river Shannon totally
 annihilates bashfulness; whence arises the saying of an
 impudent Irishman, that he has been dipt in the Shannon.

IRISH BEAUTY. A woman with two black eyes.

IRISH EVIDENCE. A false witness.

IRISH LEGS. Thick legs, jocularly styled the Irish arms.

 It is said of the Irish women, that they have a dispensation
 from the pope to wear the thick end of their legs downwards.

IRISH TOYLES. Thieves who carry about pins, laces, and

 other pedlars wares, and under the pretence of offering
 their goods to sale, rob houses, or pilfer any thing they
 can lay hold of.

IRON. Money in general. To polish the king's iron with

 one's eyebrows; to look out of grated or prison windows,
 or, as the Irishman expresses them, the iron glass
 windows. Iron doublet; a prison. See STONE DOUBLET.

IRONMONGER'S SHOP. To keep an ironmonger's shop by

 the side of a common, where the sheriff sets one up; to be
 hanged in chains. Iron-bound; laced. An iron-bound
 hat; a silver-laced hat.

ISLAND. He drank out of the bottle till he saw the island;

 the island is the rising bottom of a wine bottle, which
 appears like an island in the centre, before the bottle is
 quite empty.

IVORIES. Teeth. How the swell flashed his ivories; how

 the gentleman shewed his teeth.

ITCHLAND, or SCRATCHLAND. Scotland.

JUG. See DOUBLE JUG.

JUGGLER'S BOX. The engine for burning culprits in the

 hand. CANT.

JUKRUM. A licence.

JUMBLEGUT LANE. A rough road or lane.

JUMP. The jump, or dining-room jump; a species of robbery

 effected by ascending a ladder placed by a sham lamp-
 lighter, against the house intended to be robbed. It is so
 called, because, should the lamp-lighter be put to flight,
 the thief who ascended the ladder has no means of escaping
 but that of jumping down.

JUMPERS. Persons who rob houses by getting in at the windows.

 Also a set of Methodists established in South
 Wales.

JUNIPER LECTURE. A round scolding bout.

JURY LEG. A wooden leg: allusion to a jury mast, which

 is a temporary substitute for a mast carried away by a
 storm, or any other accident. SEA PHRASE.

JURY MAST. A JOURNIERE mast; i.e. a mast for the day or

 occasion.

JUST-ASS. A punning appellation for a justice.

IVY BUSH. Like an owl in an ivy bush; a simile for a

 meagre or weasel-faced man, with a large wig, or very
 bushy hair.

KATE. A picklock. 'Tis a rum kate; it is a clever picklock.

 CANT.

KEEL BULLIES. Men employed to load and unload the coal

 vessels.

KEELHAULING. A punishment in use among the Dutch

 seamen, in which, for certain offences, the delinquent is
 drawn once, or oftener, under the ship's keel: ludicrously
 defined, undergoing a great hard-ship.

TO KEEP. To inhabit. Lord, where do you keep? i.e.

 where are your rooms? ACADEMICAL PHRASE. Mother, your
 tit won't keep; your daughter will not preserve her virginity.

TO KEEP IT UP. To prolong a debauch. We kept it up

 finely last night; metaphor drawn from the game of shuttle-
 cock.

KEEPING CULLY. One who keeps a mistress, as he supposes,

 for his own use, but really for that of the public.

KEFFEL. A horse. WELSH.

KELTER. Condition, order. Out of kelter; out of order.

KELTER. Money.

KEMP'S MORRIS. William Kemp, said to have been the original

 Dogberry in Much ado about Nothing, danced a morris
 from London to Norwich in nine days: of which he
 printed the account, A. D. 1600, intitled, Kemp's Nine
 Days Wonder, &c.

KEMP'S SHOES. Would I had Kemp's shoes to throw after

 you. BEN JONSON. Perhaps Kemp was a man remarkable
 for his good luck or fortune; throwing an old shoe, or shoes,
 after any one going on an important business, being by the
 vulgar deemed lucky.

KEN. A house. A bob ken, or a bowman ken; a well-furnished

 house, also a house that harbours thieves. Biting
 the ken; robbing the house. CANT.

KEN MILLER, or KEN CRACKER. A housebreaker. CANT.

KENT-STREET EJECTMENT. To take away the street door:

 a method practised by the landlords in Kent-street, Southwark,
 when their tenants are above a fortnight's rent in
 arrear.

KERRY SECURITY. Bond, pledge, oath, and keep the

 money.

KETCH. Jack Ketch; a general name for the finishers of the

 law, or hangmen, ever since the year 1682, when the office
 was filled by a famous practitioner of that name, of whom
 his wife said, that any bungler might put a man to death,
 but only her husband knew how to make a gentleman die
 sweetly. This officer is mentioned in Butler's Ghost, page
 54, published about the year 1682, in the following lines:
     Till Ketch observing he was chous'd,
     And in his profits much abus'd.
     In open hall the tribute dunn'd,
     To do his office, or refund.
 Mr. Ketch had not long been elevated to his office, for the
 name of his predecessor Dun occurs in the former part of
 this poem, page 29:
     For you yourself to act squire Dun,
     Such ignominy ne'er saw the sun.
 The addition of 'squire,' with which Mr. Dun is here
 dignified, is a mark that he had beheaded some state criminal
 for high treason; an operation which, according to custom
 for time out of mind, has always entitled the operator to
 that distinction. The predecessor of Dun was Gregory
 Brandon, from whom the gallows was called the Gregorian
 tree, by which name it is mentioned in the prologue to
 Mercurius Pragmaticus, tragi-comedy acted at Paris, &c.
 1641:
     This trembles under the black rod, and he
     Doth fear his fate from the Gregorian tree.
 Gregory Brandon succeeded Derrick. See DERRICK.

KETTLEDRUMS. Cupid's kettle drums; a woman's breasts,

 called by sailors chest and bedding.

KETTLE OF FISH. When a person has perplexed his affairs

 in general, or any particular business, he is said to have
 made a fine kettle of fish of it.

KICKS. Breeches. A high kick; the top of the fashion. It

 is all the kick; it is the present mode. Tip us your kicks,
 we'll have them as well as your lour; pull off your breeches,
 for we must have them as well as your money. A kick;
 sixpence. Two and a kick; half-a-crown. A kick in the
 guts; a dram of gin, or any other spirituous liquor. A
 kick up; a disturbance, also a hop or dance. An odd kick
 in one's gallop; a strange whim or peculiarity.

To KICK THE BUCKET. To die. He kicked the bucket

 one day: he died one day. To kick the clouds before the
 hotel door; i.e. to be hanged.

KICKERAPOO. Dead. NEGRO WORD.

KICKSEYS. Breeches.

KICKSHAWS. French dishes: corruption of quelque chose.

KID. A little dapper fellow. A child. The blowen has

 napped the kid. The girl is with child.

TO KID. To coax or wheedle. To inveigle. To amuse a

 man or divert his attention while another robs him. The
 sneaksman kidded the cove of the ken, while his pall
 frisked the panney; the thief amused the master of the house,
 while his companion robbed the house.

KID LAY. Rogues who make it their business to defraud

 young apprentices, or errand-boys, of goods committed to
 their charge, by prevailing on them to execute some trifling
 message, pretending to take care of their parcels till they
 come back; these are, in cant terms, said to be on the
 kid lay.

KIDDER. A forestaller: see CROCKER. Kidders are also

 persons employed by the gardeners to gather peas.

KIDDEYS. Young thieves.

KIDDY NIPPERS. Taylors out of work, who cut off the

 waistcoat pockets of their brethren, when cross-legged on
 their board, thereby grabbling their bit. CANT.

KIDNAPPER. Originally one who stole or decoyed children

 or apprentices from their parents or masters, to send
 them to the colonies; called also spiriting: but now used
 for all recruiting crimps for the king's troops, or those of
 the East India company, and agents for indenting servants
 for the plantations, &c.

KIDNEY. Disposition, principles, humour. Of a strange

 kidney; of an odd or unaccountable humour. A man of
 a different kidney; a man of different principles.

KILKENNY. An old frize coat.

KILL CARE CLUB. The members of this club, styled also

 the Sons of Sound Sense and Satisfaction, met at their
 fortress, the Castle-tavern, in Paternoster-row.

KILL DEVIL. New still-burnt rum.

KILL PRIEST. Port wine.

To KIMBAW. To trick, cheat or cozen; also to beat or to

 bully. Let's kimbaw the cull; let's bully the fellow.
 To set one's arms a-kimbaw, vulgarly pronounced a-kimbo,
 is to rest one's hands on the hips, keeping the elbows
 square, and sticking out from the body; an insolent
 bullying attitude. CANT.

KINCHIN. A little child. Kinchin coes; orphan beggar

 boys, educated in thieving. Kinchin morts; young girls
 under the like circumstances and training. Kinchin
 morts, or coes in slates; beggars' children carried at their
 mother's backs in sheets. Kinchin cove; a little man. CANT.

KING'S PLATE. Fetters.

KING'S WOOD LION. An Ass. Kingswood is famous for

 the great number of asses kept by the colliers who inhabit
 that place.

KING'S BAD BARGAIN. One of the king's bad bargains; a

 malingeror, or soldier who shirks his duty.

KING'S HEAD INN, or CHEQUER INN, IN NEWGATE

 STREET. The prison of Newgate.

KING JOHN'S MEN. He is one of king John's men, eight

 score to the hundred: a saying of a little undersized man.

KING OF THE GYPSIES. The captain, chief, or ringleader

 of the gang of misrule: in the cant language called also the
 upright man.

KING'S PICTURES. Coin, money.

KINGDOM COME. He is gone to kingdom come, he is dead.

KIP. The skin of a large calf, in the language of the

 Excise-office.

KISS MINE A-SE. An offer, as Fielding observes, very

 frequently made, but never, as he could learn, literally
 accepted. A kiss mine a-se fellow; a sycophant.

KISSING CRUST. That part where the loaves have touched

 the oven.

KIT. A dancing-master, so called from his kit or cittern, a

 small fiddle, which dancing-masters always carry about
 with them, to play to their scholars. The kit is likewise
 the whole of a soldier's necessaries, the contents of his
 knapsack: and is used also to express the whole of different
 commodities: as, Here, take the whole kit; i.e. take
 all.

KIT-CAT CLUB. A society of gentlemen, eminent for wit

 and learning, who in the reign of queen Anne and George
 I. met at a house kept by one Christopher Cat. The
 portraits of most of the members of this society were painted
 by Sir Godfrey Kneller, of one size; thence still called the
 kit-cat size.

KITCHEN PHYSIC. Food, good meat roasted or boiled. A

 little kitchen physic will set him up; he has more need of
 a cook than a doctor.

KITTLE PITCHERING. A jocular method of hobbling or

 bothering a troublesome teller of long stories: this is done
 by contradicting some very immaterial circumstance at
 the beginning of the narration, the objections to which
 being settled, others are immediately started to some new
 particular of like consequence; thus impeding, or rather
 not suffering him to enter into, the main story. Kittle
 pitchering is often practised in confederacy, one relieving
 the other, by which the design is rendered less obvious.

KITTYS. Effects, furniture; stock in trade. To seize one's

 kittys; to take his sticks.

KNACK SHOP. A toy-shop, a nick-nack-atory.

KNAPPERS POLL. A sheep's head. CANT.

KNAVE IN GRAIN. A knave of the first rate: a phrase

 borrowed from the dyehouse, where certain colours are said to
 be in grain, to denote their superiority, as being dyed with
 cochineal, called grain. Knave in grain is likewise a pun
 applied to a cornfactor or miller.

KNIGHT OF THE BLADE. A bully.

KNIGHT OF THE POST. A false evidence, one that is ready

 to swear any thing for hire.

KNIGHT OF THE RAINBOW. A footman: from the variety

 of colours in the liveries and trimming of gentlemen of
 that cloth.

KNIGHT OF THE ROAD. A highwayman.

KNIGHT OF THE SHEERS. A taylor.

KNIGHT OF THE THIMBLE, or NEEDLE. A taylor or stay-maker.

KNIGHT OF THE WHIP. A coachman.

KNIGHT OF THE TRENCHER. A great eater.

KNIGHT AND BARROW PIG, more hog than gentleman. A

 saying of any low pretender to precedency.

KNOB. The head. See NOB.

KNOCK. To knock a woman; to have carnal knowledge of

 her. To knock off; to conclude: phrase borrowed from
 the blacksmith. To knock under; to submit.

KNOCK ME DOWN. Strong ale or beer, stingo.

KNOT. A crew, gang, or fraternity. He has tied a knot

 with his tongue, that he cannot untie with his teeth: i.e.
 he is married.

KNOWING ONES. Sportsmen on the turf, who from

 experience and an acquaintance with the jockies, are supposed
 to be in the secret, that is, to know the true merits or
 powers of each horse; notwithstanding which it often happens
 that the knowing ones are taken in.

KNOWLEDGE BOX. The head.

KNUCKLES. Pickpockets who attend the avenues to public

 places to steal pocket-books, watches, &c. a superior kind
 of pickpockets. To knuckle to, to submit.

TO KNUCKLE ONE'S WIPE. To steal his handkerchief.

KNUCKLE-DABS, or KNUCKLE-CONFOUNDERS. Ruffles.

KONOBLIN RIG. Stealing large pieces of coal from coalsheds.

LACED MUTTON. A prostitute.

LACING. Beating. I'll lace your jacket handsomely.

LADDER. To go up the ladder to rest; to be hanged.

LADY. A crooked or hump-backed woman.

LADY OF EASY VIRTUE. A woman of the town, an impure,

 a prostitute.

LADYBIRDS. Light or lewd women.

LADY DACRE'S WINE. Gin.

LAG. A man transported. The cove was lagged for a drag.

 The man was transported for stealing something out of a
 waggon.

LAG FEVER. A term of ridicule applied to men who being

 under sentence of transportation, pretend illness, to avoid
 being sent from gaol to the hulks.

TO LAG. To drop behind, to keep back. Lag last; the

 last of a company.

LAGE. Water. CANT.

LAGE OF DUDS. A buck of linen.

LAID ON THE SHELF, or LAID UP IN LAVENDER. Pawned.

To LAMB, or LAMBASTE. To beat. Lamb pye; a beating:

 from lambo.

LAMB'S WOOL. Apples roasted and put into strong ale.

LAMBSKIN MEN. The judges: from their robes lined and

 bordered with ermine.

LAMP. An eye. The cove has a queer lamp. The man

 has a blind or squinting eye.

LAND. How lies the land? How stands the reckoning?

 Who has any land in Appleby? a question asked the man
 at whose door the glass stands long, or who does not
 ciculate it in due time.

LAND LOPERS, or LAND LUBBERS. Vagabonds lurking

 about the country who subsist by pilfering.

LAND PIRATES. Highwaymen.

LANK SLEEVE. The empty sleeve of a one armed man.

 A fellow with a lank sleeve; a man who has lost an arm.

LANSPRISADO. One who has only two-pence in his pocket.

 Also a lance, or deputy corporal; that is, one doing the
 duty without the pay of a corporal. Formerly a lancier, or
 horseman, who being dismounted by the death of his
 horse, served in the foot, by the title of lansprisado, or
 lancepesato, a broken lance.

LANTHORN-JAWED. Thin-visaged: from their cheeksbeing almost

 transparent. Or else, lenten jawed; i.e. having
 the jaws of one emaciated by a too rigid observation of
 Lent. Dark lanthorn; a servant or agent at court, who
 receives a bribe for his principal or master.

LAP. Butter-milk or whey. CANT.

LARK. A boat.

LARK. A piece of merriment. People playing together jocosely.

LARRY DUGAN'S EYE WATER. Blacking: Larry Dugan

 was a famous shoe-black at Dublin.

LATCH. Let in.

LATHY. Thin, slender. A lathy wench; a girl almost as

 slender as a lath.

LATITAT. A nick-name for an attorney; from the name of

 a writ.

LAVENDER. Laid up in lavender; pawned.

LAUGH. To laugh on the wrong side of the mouth; to cry.

 I'll make him laugh on the wrong (or t'other) side of his
 mouth.

LAUNCH. The delivery, or labour, of a pregnant woman;

 a crying out or groaning.

LAW. To give law to a hare; a sporting term, signifying to

 give the animal a chance of escaping, by not setting on
 the dogs till the hare is at some distance; it is also more
 figuratively used for giving any one a chance of succeeding
 in a scheme or project.

LAWFUL BLANKET. A wife.

LAY. Enterprize, pursuit, or attempt: to be sick of the

 lay. It also means a hazard or chance: he stands a queer
 lay; i.e. he is in danger. CANT.

LAYSTALL. A dunghill about London, on which the soil

 brought from necessary houses is emptied; or, in more
 technical terms, where the old gold collected at weddings
 by the Tom t--d man, is stored.

LAZY. As lazy as Ludman's dog, who leaned against the

 wall to bark. As lazy as the tinker, who laid down his
 budget to f--t.

LAZY MAN'S LOAD. Lazy people frequently take up more

 than they can safely carry, to save the trouble of coming
 a second time.

LAZYBONES. An instrument like a pair of tongs, for old or

 very fat people to take any thing from the ground without
 stooping.

LEAF. To go off with the fall of the leaf; to be hanged:

 criminals in Dublin being turned off from the outside of
 the prison by the falling of a board, propped up, and moving
 on a hinge, like the leaf of a table. IRISH TERM.

TO LEAK. To make water.

LEAKY. Apt to blab; one who cannot keep a secret is said

 to be leaky.

LEAPING OVER THE SWORD. An ancient ceremonial said to

 constitute a military marriage. A sword being laid down
 on the ground, the parties to be married joined hands,
 when the corporal or serjeant of the, company repeated
 these words:
     Leap rogue, and jump whore,
     And then you are married for evermore.
 Whereupon the happy couple jumped hand in hand over
 the sword, the drum beating a ruffle; and the parties were
 ever after considered as man and wife.

LEAST IN SIGHT. To play least in sight; to hide, keep

 out of the way, or make one's self scarce.

LEATHER. To lose leather; to be galled with riding on

 horseback, or, as the Scotch express it, to be saddle sick.
 To leather also meant to beat, perhaps originally with a
 strap: I'll leather you to your heart's content. Leather-
 headed; stupid. Leathern conveniency; term used by
 quakers for a stage-coach.

LEERY. On one's guard. See PEERY.

LEFT-HANDED WIFE. A concubine; an allusion to an

 ancient German custom, according to which, when a man
 married his concubine, or a woman greatly his inferior,
 he gave her his left hand.

LEG. To make a leg; to bow. To give leg-bail and land

 security; to run away. To fight at the leg; to take
 unfair advantages: it being held unfair by back-sword
 players to strike at the leg. To break a leg; a woman who has
 had a bastard, is said to have broken a leg.

LEGGERS. Sham leggers; cheats who pretend to sell smuggled

 goods, but in reality only deal in old shop-keepers or
 damaged goods.

LENTEN FARE. Spare diet.

LETCH. A whim of the amorous kind, out of the common

 way.

LEVITE. A priest or parson.

TO LIB. To lie together. CANT.

LIBBEGE. A bed. CANT.

LIBBEN. A private dwelling-house. CANT.

LIBKEN. A house to lie in. CANT.

TO LICK. To beat; also to wash, or to paint slightly over.

 I'll give you a good lick o' the chops; I'll give you a good
 stroke or blow on the face. Jack tumbled into a cow
 t--d, and nastied his best clothes, for which his father stept
 up, and licked him neatly.--I'll lick you! the dovetail to
 which is, If you lick me all over, you won't miss--.

LICKSPITTLE. A parasite, or talebearer.

LIFT. To give one a lift; to assist. A good hand at a

 dead lift; a good hand upon an emergency. To lift
 one's hand to one's head; to drink to excess, or to drink
 drams. To lift or raise one's elbow; the same.

LIFT. See SHOPLIFTER, &c.

LIFTER. A crutch.

LIG. A bed. See LIB.

LIGHT BOB. A soldier of the light infantry company.

LIGHT-FINGERED. Thievish, apt to pilfer.

LIGHT-HEELED. Swift in running. A light-heeled wench;

 one who is apt, by the flying up of her heels, to fall flat on
 her back, a willing wench.

LIGHT HOUSE. A man with a red fiery nose.

LIGHT TROOPS. Lice; the light troops are in full march;

 the lice are crawling about.

LTGHTMANS. The day. CANT.

LIGHTNING. Gin. A flash of lightning; a glass of gin.

LIKENESS. A phrase used by thieves when the officers

 or turnkeys are examining their countenance. As the
 traps are taking our likeness; the officers are attentively
 observing us.

LILIPUTIAN. A diminutive man or woman: from Gulliver's

 Travels, written by Dean Swift, where an imaginary
 kingdom of dwarfs of that name is described.

LILY WHITE. A chimney-sweeper.

LILY SHALLOW. (WHIP SLANG) A white driving hat.

LIMBS. Duke of limbs; a tall awkward fellow.

LIMB OF THE LAW. An inferior or pettyfogging attorney.

LIMBO. A prison, confinement.

To LINE. A term for the act of coition between dog and

 bitch.

LINE OF THE OLD AUTHOR. A dram of brandy.

LINE. To get a man into a line, i.e. to divert his attention

 by a ridiculous or absurd story. To humbug.

LINGO. Language. An outlandish lingo; a foreign tongue.

 The parlezvous lingo; the French language.

LINEN ARMOURERS. Taylors.

LION. To tip the lion; to squeeze the nose of the party

 tipped, flat to his face with the thumb. To shew the
 lions and tombs; to point out the particular curiosities of
 any place, to act the ciceroni: an allusion to Westminster
 Abbey, and the Tower, where the tombs and lions are
 shewn. A lion is also a name given by the gownsmen of
 Oxford to an inhabitant or visitor. It is a standing joke
 among the city wits to send boys and country folks, on
 the first of April, to the Tower-ditch, to see the lions
 washed.

LIQUOR. To liquor one's boots; to drink before a journey:

 among Roman Catholics, to administer the extreme unction.

LITTLE BARBARY. Wapping.

LITTLE BREECHES. A familiar appellation used to a little

 boy.

LITTLE CLERGYMAN. A young chimney-sweeper.

LITTLE EASE. A small dark cell in Guildhall, London,

 where disorderly apprentices are confined by the city
 chamberlain: it is called Little Ease from its being so low
 that a lad cannot stand upright in it.

LITTLE SNAKESMAN. A little boy who gets into a house

 through the sink-hole, and then opens the door for his
 accomplices: he is so called, from writhing and twisting
 like a snake, in order to work himself through the narrow
 passage.

LIVE LUMBER. A term used by sailors, to signify all landsmen

 on board their ships.

LIVE STOCK. Lice or fleas.

LOAF. To be in bad loaf, to be in a disagreeable situation,

 or in trouble.

LOB. A till in a tradesman's shop. To frisk a lob; to rob

 a till. See FLASH PANNEY.

LOB. Going on the lob; going into a shop to get change

 for gold, and secreting some of the change.

LOB'S POUND. A prison. Dr. Grey, in his notes on Hudibras,

 explains it to allude to one Doctor Lob, a dissenting
 preacher, who used to hold forth when conventicles were
 prohibited, and had made himself a retreat by means of a
 trap door at the bottom of his pulpit. Once being pursued
 by the officers of justice, they followed him through
 divers subterraneous passages, till they got into a dark
 cell, from whence they could not find their way out, but
 calling to some of their companions, swore they had got
 into Lob's Pound.

LOBCOCK. A large relaxed penis: also a dull inanimate

 fellow.

LOBKIN. A house to lie in: also a lodging.

LOBLOLLEY BOY. A nick name for the surgeon's servant

 on board a man of war, sometimes for the surgeon himself:
 from the water gruel prescribed to the sick, which is
 called loblolley.

LOBONIAN SOCIETY. A society which met at Lob Hall, at

 the King and Queen, Norton Falgate, by order of Lob the
 great.

LOBSCOUSE. A dish much eaten at sea, composed of salt

 beef, biscuit and onions, well peppered, and stewed
 together.

LOBSTER. A nick name for a soldier, from the colour of his

 clothes. To boil one's lobster, for a churchman to
 become a soldier: lobsters, which are of a bluish black,
 being made red by boiling. I will not make a lobster
 kettle of my ****, a reply frequently made by the nymphs
 of the Point at Portsmouth, when requested by a soldier
 to grant him a favour.

LOCK. A scheme, a mode. I must fight that lock; I must

 try that scheme.

LOCK. Character. He stood a queer lock; he bore but an

 indifferent character. A lock is also a buyer of stolen
 goods, as well as the receptacle for them.

LOCK HOSPITAL. An hospital for venereal patients.

LOCK UP HOUSE. A spunging house; a public house kept

 by sheriff's officers, to which they convey the persons they
 have arrested, where they practise every species of
 imposition and extortion with impunity. Also houses kept
 by agents or crimps, who enlist, or rather trepan, men to
 serve the East India or African company as soldiers.

LOCKERAM-JAWED. Thin-faced, or lanthorn-jawed. See

 LANTHORN JAWED.

LOCKSMITH'S DAUGHTER. A key.

LOGGERHEAD. A blockhead, or stupid fellow. We three

 loggerheads be: a sentence frequently written under two
 heads, and the reader by repeating it makes himself the
 third. A loggerhead is also a double-headed, or bar shot
 of iron. To go to loggerheads; to fall to fighting.

LOLL. Mother's loll; a favourite child, the mother's darling,

LOLL TONGUE. He has been playing a game at loll tongue;

 he has been salivated.

LOLLIPOPS. Sweet lozenges purchased by children.

TO LOLLOP. To lean with one's elbows on a table.

LOLLPOOP. A lazy, idle drone.

LOMBARD FEVER. Sick of the lombard fever; i.e. of the

 idles.

LONG ONE. A hare; a term used by poachers.

LONG. Great. A long price; a great price.

LONG GALLERY. Throwing, or rather trundling, the dice

 the whole length of the board.

LONG MEG. A jeering name for a very tall woman: from

 one famous in story, called Long Meg of Westminster.

LONG SHANKS. A long-legged person.

LONG STOMACH. A voracious appetite.

LONG TONGUED. Loquacious, not able to keep a secret.

 He is as long-tongued as Granny: Granny was an idiot
 who could lick her own eye. See GRANNY.

LONG-WINDED. A long-winded parson; one who preached

 long, tedious sermons. A long-winded paymaster; one
 who takes long credit.

LOO. For the good of the loo; for the benefit of the company

 or community.

LOOBY. An awkward, ignorant fellow.

LOOKING AS IF ONE COULD NOT HELP IT. Looking like a

 simpleton, or as if one could not say boh! to a goose.

LOOKING-GLASS. A chamber pot, jordan, or member mug.

LOON, or LOUT. A country bumkin, or clown.

LOONSLATE. Thirteen pence halfpenny.

LOOPHOLE. An opening, or means of escape. To find a

 loophole in an act of parliament; i.e. a method of
 evading it,

LOP-SIDED. Uneven, having one side larger or heavier than

 the other: boys' paper kites are often said to be lop-sided.

TO LOPE. To leap, to run away. He loped down the dancers;

 he ran down stairs.

LORD. A crooked or hump-backed man. These unhappy

 people afford great scope for vulgar raillery; such as, 'Did
 you come straight from home? if so, you have got confoundedly
 bent by the way.' 'Don't abuse the gemman,'
 adds a by-stander, 'he has been grossly insulted already;
 don't you see his back's up?' Or someone asks him if the
 show is behind; 'because I see,' adds he, 'you have the
 drum at your back.' Another piece of vulgar wit is let
 loose on a deformed person: If met by a party of soldiers
 on their march, one of them observes that that gentleman
 is on his march too, for he has got his knapsack at his back.
 It is said in the British Apollo, that the title of lord was
 first given to deformed persons in the reign of Richard III.
 from several persons labouring under that misfortune being
 created peers by him; but it is more probably derived
 from the Greek word [GREEK: lordos], crooked.

LOUSE. A gentleman's companion. He will never louse a

 grey head of his own; he will never live to be old.

LOVE BEGOTTEN CHILD. A bastard.

LOUNGE. A loitering place, or gossiping shop.

LOUSE BAG. A black bag worn to the hair or wig.

LOUSE HOUSE. The round house, cage, or any other place of confinement.

LOUSE LADDER. A stitch fallen in a stocking.

LOUSE LAND. Scotland.

LOUSE TRAP. A small toothed comb.

LOUT. A clumsy stupid fellow.

LOWING RIG. Stealing oxen or cows.

LOW PAD. A footpad.

LOW TIDE, or LOW WATER. When there is no money in

 a man's pocket.

LOWRE. Money. Cant.

LUBBER. An awkward fellow: a name given by sailors to

 landsmen.

LUCK, or GOOD LUCK. To tread in a surreverence, to be

 bewrayed: an allusion to the proverb, Sh-tt-n luck is good
 luck.

LUD'S BULWARK. Ludgate prison.

LUGS. Ears or wattles. See WATTLES.

LULLABY CHEAT. An infant. Cant.

LULLIES. Wet linen. Cant.

LULLY TRIGGERS. Thieves who steal wet linen. Cant.

LUMB. Too much.

LUMBER. Live lumber; soldiers or passengers on board a

 ship are so called by the sailors.

LUMBER TROOP. A club or society of citizens of London.

LUMBER HOUSE. A house appropriated by thieves for the

 reception of their stolen property.

To LUMP. To beat; also to include a number of articles

 under one head.

To LUMP THE LIGHTER. To be transported.

LUMPERS. Persons who contract to unload ships; also

 thieves who lurk about wharfs to pilfer goods from ships,
 lighters, &c.

LUMPING. Great. A lumping penny worth; a great quantity

 for the money, a bargain. He has'got a lumping penny-worth;
 frequently said of a man who marries a fat woman.

LUN. Harlequin.

LURCH. To be left in the lurch; to be abandoned by one's

 confederates or party, to be left in a scrape.

LURCHED. Those who lose a game of whist, without scoring five,

 are said to be lurched.

LURCHER. A lurcher of the law; a bum bailiff, or his setter.

LURRIES. Money, watches, rings, or other moveablcs.

LUSH. Strong beer.

TO LUSH. To drink.

LUSHEY. Drunk. The rolling kiddeys hud a spree, and got

 bloody lushey; the dashing lads went on a party of pleasure,
 and got very drunk.

LYE. Chamber lye; urine.

MACCARONI. An Italian paste made of flour and eggs.

 Also a fop: which name arose from a club, called the
 Maccaroni Club, instituted by some of the most dressy
 travelled gentlemen about town, who led the fashions; whence
 a man foppishly dressed, was supposed a member of that
 club, and by contraction styled a Maccaroni.

MACE COVE. A swindler, a sharper, a cheat. On the

 mace; to live by swindling.

MACHINES. Mrs. Phillips's ware. See CUNDUM.

MACKEREL. A bawd: from the French maquerel. Mackerel-

 backed; long-backed.

MAD TOM, or TOM OF BEDLAM, otherwise an Abram

 Man. A rogue that counterfeits madness. CANT.

MADAM. A kept madam; a kept mistress.

MADAM RAN. A whore. CANT.

MADE. Stolen. CANT.

MADGE. The private parts of a woman.

MADGE CULLS. Sodomites. CANT.

MAGG. A halfpenny.

MAGGOT BOILER. A tallow-chandler.

MAGGOTTY. Whimsical, capricious.

MAGNUM BONUM. A bottle containing two quarts of wine.

 See SCOTCH PINT.

MAHOMETAN GRUEL. Coffee: because formerly used

 chiefly by the Turks.

MAIDEN SESSIONS. A sessions where none of the prisoners

 are capitally convicted.

MAKE. A halfpenny. CANT.

MAKE WEIGHT. A small candle: a term applied to a little

 slender man.

MALINGEROR. A military term for one who, under pretence

 of sickness, evades his duty.

MALKIN, or MAULKIN. A general name for a cat; also a

 parcel of rags fastened to the end of a stick, to clean an
 oven; also a figure set up in a garden to scare the birds;
 likewise an awkward woman. The cove's so scaly, he'd
 spice a malkin of his jazey: the fellow is so mean, that he
 would rob a scare-crow of his old wig.

MALKINTRASH. One in a dismal garb.

MALMSEY NOSE. A red pimpled snout, rich in carbuncles

 and rubies.

MAN OF THE TOWN. A rake, a debauchee.

MAN OF THE TURF. A horse racer, or jockey.

MANOEUVRING THE APOSTLES. Robbing Peter to pay

 Paul, i.e. borrowing of one man to pay another.

MAN TRAP. A woman's commodity.

MAN OF THE WORLD. A knowing man.

MAN, (CAMBRIDGE.) Any undergraduate from fifteen to thirty.

 As a man of Emanuel--a young member of Emanuel.

MANUFACTURE. Liquors prepared from materials of English

 growth.

MARE'S NEST. He has found a mare's nest, and is laughing

 at the eggs; said of one who laughs without any
 apparent cause.

MARGERY PRATER. A hen. CANT.

MARINE OFFICER. An empty bottle: marine officers being

 held useless by the seamen. SEA WIT.

MARPLOT. A spoil sport.

MARRIAGE MUSIC. The squalling and crying of children.

MARRIED. Persons chained or handcuffed together, in order

 to be conveyed to gaol, or on board the lighters for
 transportation, are in the cant language said to be married
 together.

MARROWBONES. The knees. To bring any one down on

 his marrow bones; to make him beg pardon on his knees:
 some derive this from Mary's bones, i.e. the bones bent in
 honour of the Virgin Mary; but this seems rather far-
 fetched. Marrow bones and cleavers; principal instruments
 in the band of rough music: these are generally
 performed on by butchers, on marriages, elections, riding
 skimmington, and other public or joyous occasions.

MARTINET. A military term for a strict disciplinarian:

 from the name of a French general, famous for restoring
 military discipline to the French army. He first disciplined
 the French infantry, and regulated their method of
 encampment: he was killed at the siege of Doesbourg in the
 year 1672.

MASON'S MAUND. A sham sore above the elbow, to counterfeit

 a broken arm by a fall from a scaffold.

MASTER OF THE MINT. A gardener.

MASTER OF THE ROLLS. A baker.

MASTER OF THE WARDROBE. One who pawns his clothes

 to purchase liquor.

MATRIMONIAL PEACE-MAKER. The sugar-stick, or

 arbor vitae.

MAUDLIN DRUNK. Crying drunk: perhaps from Mary

 Magdalene, called Maudlin, who is always painted in
 tears.

MAULED. Extremely drunk, or soundly beaten.

MAUNDERING BROTH. Scolding.

MAUNDING. Asking or begging. CANT:

MAWKES. A vulgar slattern.

MAWLEY. A hand. Tip us your mawley; shake hands.

 with me. Fam the mawley; shake hands.

MAW-WALLOP. A filthy composition, sufficient to provoke

 vomiting.

MAX. Gin.

MAY BEES. May bees don't fly all the year long; an answer

 to any one who prefaces a proposition with, It may be.

MEALY-MOUTHED. Over-modest or backward in speech.

MEDLAR. A fruit, vulgarly called an open a-se; of which

 it is more truly than delicately said, that it is never ripe
 till it is as rotten as a t--d, and then it is not worth a
 f--t.

MELLOW. Almost drunk.

MELTING MOMENTS. A fat man and woman in the amorous congress.

TO MELT. To spend. Will you melt a borde? will you

 spend a shilling? The cull melted a couple of decusses
 upon us; the gentleman spent a couple of crowns upon us.
 CANT.

MEMBER MUG. A chamber pot.

MEN OF STRAW. Hired bail, so called from having straw

 stuck in their shoes to distinguish them.

MEN OF KENT. Men born east of the river Medway, who

 are said to have met the Conqueror in a body, each carrying
 a green bough in his hand, the whole appearing like
 a moving wood; and thereby obtaining a confirmation of
 their ancient privileges. The inhabitants of Kent are divided
 into Kentish men and men of Kent. Also a society held
 at the Fountain Tavern, Bartholomew Lane, A.D. 1743.

MERKIN. Counterfeit hair for women's privy parts. See

 BAILEY'S DICT.

MERRY ANDREW, or MR. MERRYMAN. The jack pudding,

 jester, or zany of a mountebank, usually dressed in a
 party-coloured coat.

MERRY A-SE CHRISTIAN. A whore.

MERRY-BEGOTTEN. A bastard.

MAN OF THE WORLD. A knowing man.

MESS JOHN. A Scotch presbyterian teacher or parson.

MESSMATE. One who eats at the same mess, companion or

 comrade.

METTLE. The semen. To fetch mettle; the act of self pollution.

 Mettle is also figuratively used for courage.

METTLESOME. Bold, courageous.

MICHAEL. Hip, Michael, your head's on fire. See HYP.

MIDSHIPMAN'S WATCH AND CHAIN. A sheep's heart and

 pluck.

MILCH COW. One who is easily tricked out of his property;

 a term used by gaolers, for prisoners who have money and
 bleed freely.

MILK AND WATER. Both ends of the busk.

TO MILK THE PIGEON. To endeavour at impossibilities.

MILLING COVE. A boxer. How the milling cove served

 the cull out; how the boxer beat the fellow.

MILL. A chisel.

To MILL. To rob; also to break, beat out, or kill. I'll

 mill your glaze; I'll beat out your eye. To mill a bleating
 cheat; to kill a sheep. To mill a ken; to rob a house.
 To mill doll; to beat hemp in bridewell. CANT.

MILL LAY. To force open the doors of houses in order to

 rob them.

MILLER. A murderer.

MINE A-SE ON A BANDBOX. An answer to the offer of any

 thing inadequate to the purpose for which it is wanted, just
 as a bandbox would be if used for a seat.

MINE UNCLE'S. A pawnbroker's shop; also a necessary

 house. Carried to my uncle's; pawned. New-married
 men are also said to go to their uncle's, when they leave
 their wives soon after the honey moon.

MINIKIN. A little man or woman: also the smallest sort

 of pin.

MINOR CLERGY. Young chimney sweepers.

MINT. Gold. A mint of money; common phrase for a

 large sum.

MISCHIEF. A man loaded with mischief, i.e. a man with

 his wife on his back.

MISH. A shirt, smock, or sheet. CANT.

MISH TOPPER. A coat, or petticoat.

MISS. A miss or kept mistress; a harlot.

MISS LAYCOCK. The monosyllable.

MITE. A nick name for a cheesemonger: from the small

 insect of that name found in cheese.

MIX METAL. A silversmith.

MOABITES. Bailiffs, or Philistines.

MOB; or MAB. A wench, or harlot.

MOBILITY. The mob: a sort of opposite to nobility.

MOHAIR. A man in the civil line, a townsman, or tradesman:

 a military term, from the mohair buttons worn by persons
 of those descriptions, or any others not in the army, the
 buttons of military men being always of metal: this is
 generally used as a term of contempt, meaning a bourgeois,
 tradesman, or mechanic.

MOIETY. Half, but vulgarly used to signify a share or portion:

 as, He will come in for a small moiety.

MOLL. A whore.

MOLL PEATLY'S GIG. A rogering bout.

MOLL THOMPSON'S MARK. M. T. i.e. empty: as, Take

 away this bottle, it has Moll Thompson's mark upon it.

MOLLY. A Miss Molly; an effeminate fellow, a sodomite.

MONDAY. Saint Monday. See SAINT.

MONEY. A girl's private parts, commonly applied to little

 children: as, Take care, Miss, or you will shew your
 money.

MONEY DROPPERS. Cheats who drop money, which they

 pretend to find just before some country lad; and by way
 of giving him a share of their good luck, entice him into a
 public house, where they and their confederates cheat or
 rob him of what money he has about him.

MONGREL. A hanger on among cheats, a spunger; also a

 child whose father and mother are of different countries.

MONKS AND FRIARS. Terms used by printers: monks are

 sheets where the letters are blotted, or printed too black;
 friars, those letters where the ink has failed touching the
 type, which are therefore white or faint.

MONKEY. To suck the monkey; to suck or draw wine, or

 any other liquor, privately out of a cask, by means of a
 straw, or small tube.  Monkey's allowance; more kicks
 than halfpence. Who put that monkey on horseback without
 tying his legs? vulgar wit on a bad horseman.

MONOSYLLABLE. A woman's commodity.

MOONCURSER. A link-boy: link-boys are said to curse the

 moon, because it renders their assistance unnecessary;
 these gentry frequently, under colour of lighting passengers
 over kennels, or through dark passages, assist in robbing
 them. Cant.

MOON-EYED HEN. A squinting wench.

MOON MEN. Gypsies.

MOON RAKERS. Wiltshire men: because it is said that

 some men of that county,  seeing the reflection of the
 moon in a pond, endeavoured to pull it out with a rake.

MOONSHINE. A matter or mouthful of moonshine; a trifle,

 nothing. The white brandy smuggled on the coasts of
 Kent and Sussex, and the gin in the north of Yorkshire,
 are also called moonshine.

MOP. A kind of annual fair in the west of England, where

 farmers usually hire their servants.

To MOP UP. To drink up. To empty a glass or pot.

MOPED. Stupid, melancholy for want of society.

MOPSEY. A dowdy, or homely woman.

MOPSQUEEZER. A maid servant, particularly a housemaid.

MOPUSSES. Money.

MORGLAG. A brown bill, or kind of halbert, formerly

 carried by watchmen; corruption of MORE, great or broad,
 and GLAVE, blade.

MORNING DROP. The gallows. He napped the king's pardon

 and escaped the morning drop; he was pardoned, and
 was not hanged.

MORRIS. Come, morris off; dance off, or get you gone.

 allusion to morris, i.e. MORISCO, or Moorish dancing.

MORT. A woman or wench; also a yeoman's daughter. To

 be taken all-a mort; to be confounded, surprised, or motionless
 through fear.

MOSES. To stand Moses: a man is said to stand Moses

 when he has another man's bastard child fathered upon
 him, and he is obliged by the parish to maintain it.

MOSS. A cant term for lead, because both are found on the

 tops of buildings.

MOSSY FACE. The mother of all saints.

MOT. A girl, or wench. See MORT.

MOTHER, or THE MOTHER. A bawd. Mother abbess:

 the same. Mother midnight; a midwife. Mother in
 law's bit; a small piece, mothers in law being supposed
 not apt to overload the stomachs of their husband's children.

MOTHER OF ALL SAINTS. The Monosyllable.

MOTHER OF ALL SOULS. The same. IRISH.

MOTHER OF ST. PATRICK. The same. IRISH.

MOTHER OF THE MAIDS. A bawd.

MOUCHETS. Small patches worn by ladies: from the French

 word mouches.

MOVEABLES. Rings, watches, or any toys of value.

MOUSE. To speak like a mouse in a cheese; i.e. faintly or

 indistinctly.

MOUSETRAP. The parson's mousetrap; the state of matrimony.

MOUTH. A noisy fellow. Mouth half cocked; one gaping

 and staring at every thing he sees. To make any one
 laugh on the wrong, or t'other side of his mouth; to make
 him cry or grieve.

MOUTH. A silly fellow. A dupe. To stand mouth; i.e.

 to be duped.

To MOW. A Scotch word for the act of copulation.

MOW HEATER. A drover: from their frequent sleeping on

 hay mows. CANT.

MOWER. A cow.

MUCK. Money; also dung.

MUCKWORM. A miser.

MUCKINDER. A child's handkerchief tied to the side.

MUD. A fool, or thick-sculled fellow; also, among printers

 the same as dung among journeymen taylors. See
 DUNG.

MUD LARK. A fellow who goes about by the water side

 picking up coals, nails, or other articles in the mud. Also
 a duck.

MUFF. The private parts of a woman. To the well wearing

 of your muff, mort; to the happy consummation of
 your marriage, girl; a health.

MUFFLING CHEAT. A napkin.

MUGGLETONIANS. The sect or disciples of Lodowick

 Muggleton.

MULLIGRUBS. Sick of the mulligrubs with eating chopped

 hay: low-spirited, having an imaginary sickness.

MUM. An interjection directing silence. Mum for that; I

 shall be silent as to that. As mute as Mumchance, who
 was hanged for saying nothing; a friendly reproach to any
 one who seems low-spirited and silent.

MUMCHANCE. An ancient game like hazard, played with

 dice: probably so named from the silence observed in playing
 at it.

MUM GLASS. The monument erected on Fish-street Hill,

 London, in memory of the great fire in 1666.

MUMBLE A SPARROW. A cruel sport practised at wakes

 and fairs, in the following manner: A cock sparrow
 whose wings are clipped, is put into the crown of a hat; a
 man having his arms tied behind him, attempts to bite off
 the sparrow's head, but is generally obliged to desist, by
 the many pecks and pinches he receives from the enraged
 bird.

MUMMER. The mouth.

MUMPERS. Originally beggars of the genteel kind, but

 since used for beggars in general.

MUMPERS HALL. An alehouse where beggars are harboured.

MUNDUNGUS. Bad or rank tobacco: from mondongo, a

 Spanish word signifying tripes, or the uncleaned entrails
 of a beast, full of filth.

MUNG. To beg.

MUNS. The face, or rather the mouth: from the German

 word MUND, the mouth. Toute his muns; look at his face.

MUNSTER PLUMS. Potatoes. IRISH.

MUNSTER HEIFER. An Irish woman. A woman with

 thick legs is said to be like a Munster heifer; i.e. beef to
 the heels.

MURDER. He looked like God's revenge against murder;

 he looked angrily.

MURPHIES. Potatoes.

MUSHROOM. A person or family suddenly raised to riches

 and eminence: an allusion to that fungus, which starts up
 in a night.

MUSIC. The watch-word among highwaymen, signifying

 the person is a friend, and must pass unmolested. Music
 is also an Irish term, in tossing up, to express the harp side,
 or reverse, of a farthing or halfpenny, opposed to the head.

MUTE. An undertaker's servant, who stands at the door of

 a person lying in state: so named from being supposed
 mute with grief.

MUTTON-HEADED. Stupid.

MUTTON MONGER. A man addicted to wenching.

MUTTON. In her mutton, i.e. having carnal knowledge of a

 woman.

MUZZLE. A beard.

MUZZLER. A violent blow on the mouth. The milling

 cove tipped the cull a muzzler; the boxer gave the fellow
 a blow on the mouth.

MYNT. See MINT.

MYRMIDONS. The constable's assistants, watchmen, &c.

NAB, or NAB CHEAT. A hat. Penthouse nab; a large

 hat.

To NAB. To seize, or catch unawares. To nab the teaze;

 to be privately whipped. To nab the stoop; to stand in
 the pillory. To nab the rust; a jockey term for a horse
 that becomes restive. To nab the snow: to steal linen
 left out to bleach or dry. CANT.

To NAB GIRDER, or NOB GIRDER. A bridle.

NACK. To have a nack; to be ready at any thing, to have

 a turn-for it.

NACKY. Ingenious.

NAILED. Secured, fixed. He offered me a decus, and I

 nailed him; he offered me a crown, and I struck or fixed
 him.

NANNY HOUSE. A brothel.

TO NAP. To cheat at dice by securing one chance. Also

 to catch the venereal disease. You've napt it; you are
 infected.

NAPPING. To take any one napping; i.e. to come upon

 him unexpectedly, to find him asleep: as, He caught him
 napping, as Morse caught his mare.

NAPPER. The head; also a cheat or thief.

NAPPER OF NAPS. A sheep stealer. CANT.

NAPPY ALE. Strong ale.

NASK, or NASKIN. A prison or bridewell. The new nask;

 Clerkenwell bridewell. Tothil-fields nask; the bridewell
 at Tothil-fields. CANT.

NATION. An abbreviation of damnation: a vulgar term used

 in Kent, Sussex, and the adjacent counties, for very.
 Nation good; very good. A nation long way; a very long
 way.

NATTY LADS. Young thieves or pickpockets. CANT.

NATURAL. A mistress, a child; also an idiot. A natural

 son or daughter; a love or merry-begotten child, a bastard.

NAVY OFFICE. The Fleet prison. Commander of the

 Fleet; the warden of the Fleet prison.

NAY WORD. A bye-word, proverb.

NAZAKENE FORETOP. The foretop of a wig made in imi-

 tation of Christ's head of hair, as represented by the

painters and sculptors.

NAZY. Drunken. Nazy cove or mort; a drunken rogue

 or harlot. Nazy nabs; drunken coxcombs.

NEB, or NIB. The bill of a bird, and the slit of a pen.

 Figuratively, the face and mouth of a woman; as, She holds
 up her neb: she holds up her mouth to be kissed.

NECK STAMPER. The boy who collects the pots belonging

 to an alehouse, sent out with beer to private houses.

NECK VERSE. Formerly the persons claiming the benefit

 of clergy were obliged to read a verse in a Latin
 manuscript psalter:  this saving them from the gallows, was
 termed their neck verse:  it was the first verse of the
 fiftyfirst psalm, Miserere mei,&c.

NECK WEED. Hemp.

NEEDLE POINT. A sharper.

NEGLIGEE. A woman's undressed gown, Vulgarly termed a

 neggledigee.

NEGROE. A black-a-moor: figuratively used for a slave.

 I'll be no man's negro; I will be no man's slave.

NEGROE'S HEADS. Brown leaves delivered to the ships in

 ordinary.

NESCIO. He sports a Nescio; he pretends not to understand

 any thing. After the senate house examination for
 degrees, the students proceed to the schools, to be
 questioned by the proctor. According to custom
 immemorial the answers MUST be Nescio. The following is
 a translated specimen:
   Ques. What is your name?--Ans. I do not know.
   Ques. What is the name of this university?--Ans. I do not
    know.
   Ques. Who was your father?-Ans. I do not know.
    This last is probably the only true answer of the three!

NETTLED. Teized, provoked, out of temper. He or she has

 pissed on a nettle; said of one who is peevish or out of
 temper.

NEW COLLEGE STUDENTS. Golden scholars, silver bachelors,

 and leaden masters.

NEW DROP. The scaffold used at Newgate for hanging

 of criminals; which dropping down, leaves them
 suspended. By this improvement, the use of that vulgar
 vehicle, a cart, is entirely left off.

NEW LIGHT. One of the new light; a methodist.

NEWGATE BIRD. A thief or sharper, frequently caged in

 Newgate.

NEWGATE SOLICITOR. A petty fogging and roguish attorney,

 who attends the gaols to assist villains in evading
justice.

NEWMAN'S LIFT. The gallows.

NEWMAN'S TEA GARDENS. Newgate.

NEWMAN'S HOTEL. Newgate.

To NICK. To win at dice, to hit the mark just in the nick

 of time, or at the critical moment.

NICK. Old nick; the Devil.

NICKNAME. A name given in ridicule or contempt: from

 the French nom de niqne. Niqne is a movement of the head
 to mark a contempt for any person or thing.

NICK NINNY. A simpleton.

NICKIN, NIKEY or NIZEY. A soft simple fellow; also a

 diminutive of Isaac.

NICKNACKS. Toys, baubles, or curiosities.

NlCKNACKATORY. A toyshop.

NICKUMPOOP, or NINCUMPOOP. A foolish fellow; also

 one who never saw his wife's ****.

NIFFYNAFFY FELLOW. A trifler.

NIG. The clippings of money. Nigging; clipping. Nigler,

 a clipper. Cant.

NIGGLING. Cutting awkwardly, trifling; also accompanying

 with a woman.

NIGHT MAGISTRATE. A constable.

NIGHTINGALE. A soldier who, as the term is, sings out

 at the halberts. It is a point of honour in some
 regiments,  among the grenadiers, never to cry out,
 become nightingales, whilst under the discipline of the
 cat of nine tails; to avoid which, they chew a bullet.

NIGHTMAN. One whose business it is to empty necessary

 houses in London, which is always done in the night; the
 operation is called a wedding. See WEDDING.

NIGMENOG. A very silly fellow.

TO NIM. To steal or pilfer: from the German nemen, to

 take. Nim a togeman; steal a cloak.

NIMGIMMER. A physician or surgeon, particularly those

 who cure the venereal disease.

NINE LIVES. Cats are said to have nine lives, and women

 ten cats lives.

NINNY, or NINNYHAMMER. A simpleton.

NIP. A cheat. Bung nipper; a cutpurse.

NIP CHEESE. A nick name for the purser of a ship: from

 those gentlemen being supposed sometimes to nip, or
 diminish, the allowance of the seamen, in that and every
 other article. It is also applied to stingy persons in
 general.

NIPPERKIN. A small measure.

NIPPS. The sheers used in clipping money.

NIT SQUEEGER, i.e. SQUEEZER. A hair-dresser.

NIX. Nothing.

NO CATCHY NO HAVY. If I am not caught, I cannot be hurt.

 Negro saying.

NOB. A king. A man of rank.

NOB. The head.

NOBTHATCHER. A peruke-maker.

NOCK. The breech; from NOCK, a notch.

NOCKY BOY. A dull simple fellow.

NOD. He is gone to the land of nod; he is asleep.

NODDLE. The head.

NODDY. A simpleton or fool. Also a kind of low cart,

 with a seat before it for the driver, used in and about
 Dublin, in the manner of a hackney coach: the fare is
 just half that of a coach, for the same distance; so
 that for sixpence one may have a set down, as it is
 called, of a mile and half,  and frequently a tumble
 down into the bargain: it is called a noddy from the
 nutation of its head. Knave noddy; the old-fashioned
 name for the knave of trumps.

NOISY DOG RACKET. Stealing brass knockers from doors.

NOKES. A ninny, or fool. John-a-Nokes and Tom-a-Stiles;

 two honest peaceable gentlemen, repeatedly set together
 by the ears by lawyers of different denominations: two
 fictitious names formerly used in law proceedings, but
 now very seldom, having for several years past been
 supplanted by two other honest peaceable gentlemen,
 namely, John Doe and Richard Roe.

NOLL. Old Noll; Oliver Cromwell.

NON-CON. A nonconformist, presbyterian, or any other

 dissenter.

NONE-SUCH. One that is unequalled: frequently applied

 ironically.

NONSENSE. Melting butter in a wig.

NOOZED. Married, hanged.

NOPE. A blow: as, I took him a nope on the costard.

NORFOLK CAPON. A red herring.

NORFOLK DUMPLING. A nick name, or term of jocular

 reproach to a Norfolk man; dumplings being a favourite
 food in that county.

NORTH ALLERTONS. Spurs; that place, like Rippon,

 being famous for making them.

NORTHUMBERLAND. Lord Northumberland's arms; a black

 eye: so called in the last century.

NORWAY NECKCLOTH. The pillory, usually made of Norway

 fir.

NOSE. As plain as the nose on your face; evidently to be

 seen. He is led by the nose; he is governed. To follow
 one's nose; to go strait forward. To put one's nose
 out of joint; to rival one in the favour of any person.
 To make a bridge of any one's nose; to pass by him in
 drinking. To nose a stink; to smell it. He cut off his
 nose to be revenged of his face; said of one who, to be
 revenged on his neighbour, has materially injured
 himself.

NOSE. A man who informs or turns king's evidence.

TO NOSE. To give evidence. To inform. His pall nosed and

 he was twisted for a crack; his confederate turned
 king's evidence, and he was hanged for burglary.

TO NOSE. To bully.

NOSE BAG. A bag fastened to the horse's head, in which

 the soldiers of the cavalry put the oats given to their
 horses: whence the saying, I see the hose bag in his
 face; i.e. he has been a private man, or rode private.

NOSE GENT. A nun.

NOSTRUM. A medicine prepared by particular persons

 only, a quack medicine.

NOTCH. The private parts of awoman.

NOTE. He changed his note; he told another sort of a

 story.

NOUS-BOX. The head.

NOZZLE. The nose of a man or woman.

NUB. The neck; also coition.

NUBBING. Hanging. Nubbing cheat: the gallows. Nubbing

 cove; the hangman. Nubbing ken; the sessions
 house.

NUG. An endearing word: as, My dear nug; my dear love.

NUGGING DRESS. An out-of-the-way old-fashioned dress,

 or rather a loose kind of dress, denoting a courtesan.

NUGGING-HOUSE. A brothel.

TO NULL. To beat: as, He nulled him heartily.

NUMBERS. To consult the book of numbers: a term used

 in the House of Commons, when, instead of answering or
 confuting a pressing argument, the minister calls for a
 division, i.e. puts the matter to the vote.

NUMBSCULL. A stupid fellow.

NUMMS. A sham collar, to be worn over a dirty shirt.

NUNNERY. A bawdy house.

TO NURSE. To cheat: as, they nursed him out of it. An

 estate in the hands of trustees, for the payment of
 bdebts, is said to be at nurse.

NUTS. It was nuts for them; i.e. it was very agreeable to

 them.

NUTS. Fond; pleased. She's nuts upon her cull; she's

 pleased with her cully. The cove's nutting the blowen;
 the man is trying to please the girl.

NUTCRACKERS. The pillory: as, The cull peeped through

 the nutcrackers.

NUTMEGS. Testicles.

NYP, or NIP. A half pint, a nip of ale: whence the

 nipperkin, a small vessel.

NYP SHOP. The Peacock in Gray's Inn Lane, where

 Burton ale is sold in nyps.

NYPPER. A cut-purse: so called by one Wotton, who in

 the year 1585 kept an academy for the education and
 perfection of pickpockets and cut-purses: his school was
 near Billingsgate, London. As in the dress of ancient
 times many people wore their purses at their girdles,
 cutting them was a branch of the light-fingered art,
 which is now lost, though the name remains. Maitland,
 from Stow, gives the following account of this Wotton:
 This man was a gentleman born, and sometime a merchant
 of good credit, but fallen by time into decay: he kept
 an alehouse near Smart's Key, near Billingsgate,
 afterwards for some misdemeanor put down. He reared up a
 new trade of life, and in the same house he procured all
 the cut-purses about the city, to repair to his house;
 there was a school-house set up to learn young boys to
 cut purses: two devices were hung up; one was a pocket,
 and another was a purse; the pocket had in it certain
 counters, and was hung about with hawks bells, and over
 the top did hang a little sacring bell. The purse had
 silver in it; and he that could take out a counter,
 without noise of any of the bells, was adjudged a
 judicial NYPPER: according to their terms of art, a
 FOYSTER was a pick-pocket; a NYPPER was a pick purse,
 or cut-purse.

O BE JOYFUL. I'll make you sing O be joyful on the

 other side of your mouth; a threat, implying the party
 threatened will be made to cry. To sing O be easy; to
 appear contented when one has cause to complain, and
 dare not.

OAF. A silly fellow.

OAFISH. Simple.

OAK. A rich maa, a man of good substance and credit.

 To sport oak; to shut the outward door of a student's
 room at college. An oaken towel; an oaken cudgel. To
 rub a man down with an oaken towel; to beat him.

OATS. He has sowed his wild oats; he is staid, or sober,

 having left off his wild tricks.

OATHS. The favourite oaths of the thieves of the present

 day are, "God strike me blind!" "I wish my bloody eyes
 may drop out if it is not true!" "So help me God!"
 "Bloody end to me!"

OAR. To put in one's oar; to intermeddle, or give an

 opinion unasked: as, To be sure, you must put in your
 oar!

OBSTROPULOUS. Vulgar misnomer of OBSTREPEROUS: as, I

 was going my rounds, and found this here gemman very
 obstropulous, whereof I comprehended him as an
 auspicious parson.

OCCUPY. To occupy a woman; to have carnal knowledge

 of her.

ODDFELLOWS. A convivial society; the introduction to

 the most noble grand, arrayed in royal robes, is well  worth
 seeing at the price of becoming a member.

ODDS PLUT AND HER NAILS. A Welch oath, frequently

 mentioned in a jocular manner by persons, it is hoped,
 ignorant of its meaning; which is, By God's blood, and
 the nails with which he was nailed to the cross.

ODD-COME-SHORTLYS. I'll do it one of these odd-come-shortly's;

 I will do it some time or another.

OFFICE. To give the office; to give information, or make

 signs to the officers to take a thief.

OGLES. Eyes. Rum ogles; fine eyes.

OIL OF BARLEY, or BARLEY BROTH. Strong beer.

OIL OF GLADNESS. I will anoint you with the oil of gladness;

 ironically spoken for, I will beat you.

OIL OF STIRRUP. A dose the cobler gives his wife whenever

 she is obstropulous.

OI POAAOI (Proofreaders Note: Greek Letters).

 (CAMBRIDGE.) The many; the multitude;
 who take degrees without being entitled for an honor.
 All that is REQUIRED, are three books of Euclid, and as far
 as Quadratic Equation's in Algebra. See PLUCKED.

OLD. Ugly. CANT.

OLD DOG AT IT. Expert, accustomed.

OLD HAND. Knowing or expert in any business.

OLD HARRY. A composition used by vintners to adulterate

 their wines; also the nick-name for the devil.

OLD DING. See OLD HAT.

OLD MR. GORY. A piece of gold.

OLD NICK. The Devil: from NEKEN, the evil spirit of the

 north.

OLD ONE. The Devil. Likewise an expression of quizzical

 familiarity, as "how d'ye do, OLD ONE?"

OLD PEGG. Poor Yorkshire cheese, made of skimmed

 milk.

OLD POGER. The Devil.

OLD STAGER. One accustomed to business, one who knows

 mankind.

OLD TOAST. A brisk old fellow. CANT.

OLD DOSS. Bridewell.

OLIVER'S SCULL. A chamber pot.

OLLI COMPOLLI. The name of one of the principal rogues

 of the canting crew. CANT.

OMNIUM GATHERUM. The whole together: jocular imitation

 of law Latin.

ONE IN TEN. A parson: an allusion to his tithes.

ONE OF US, or ONE OF MY COUSINS. A woman of the

 town, a harlot.

ONION. A seal. Onion hunters, a class of young thieves

 who are on the look out for gentlemen who wear their
 seals suspended on a ribbon, which they cut, and thus
 secure the seals or other trinkets suspended to the watch.

OPEN ARSE. A medlar. See MEDLAR.

OPTIME. The senior and junior optimes are the second

 and last classes of Cambridge honors conferred on taking
 a degree. That of wranglers is the first. The last
 junior optime is called the Wooden Spoon.

ORGAN. A pipe. Will you cock your organ? will you

 smoke your pipe?

ORTHODOXY AND HETERODOXY. Somebody explained these

 terms by saying, the first was a man who had a doxy of
 his own, the second a person who made use of the doxy
 of another man.

OSCHIVES. Bone-handled knives. CANT.

OSTLER. Oatstealer.

OTTOMY. The vulgar word for a skeleton.

OTTOMISED. To be ottomised; to be dissected. You'll be

 scragged, ottomised, and grin in a glass case: you'll be
 hanged, anatomised, and your skeleton kept in a glass
 case at Surgeons' Hall.

OVEN. A great mouth; the old woman would never have

 looked for her daughter in the oven, had she not been there
 herself.

OVERSEER. A man standing in the pillory, is, from his

 elevated situation, said to be made an overseer.

OUT AT HEELS, OR OUT AT ELBOWS. In declining circumstances.

OUTRUN THE CONSTABLE. A man who has lived above his

 means, or income, is said to have outrun the constable.

OUTS. A gentleman of three outs. See GENTLEMAN.

OWL. To catch the; a trick practised upon ignorant country

 boobies, who are decoyed into a barn under pretence
 of catching an owl, where, after divers preliminaries, the
 joke ends in their having a pail of water poured upon their
 heads.

OWL IN AN IVY BUSH. He looks like an owl in an ivy

 bush; frequently said of a person with a large frizzled wig,
 or a woman whose hair is dressed a-la-blowze.

OWLERS. Those who smuggle wool over to France.

OX HOUSE. He must go through the ox house to bed; a saying

 of an old fellow who marries a young girl.

OYES. Corruption of oyez, proclaimed by the crier of all

 courts of justice.

OYSTER. A gob of thick phlegm, spit by a consumptive

 man; in law Latin, UNUM VIRIDUM GOBBUM

P'S. To mind one's P's and Q's; to be attentive to the

 main chance.

P.P.C. An inscription on the visiting cards of our modern

 fine gentleman, signifying that they have called POUR
 PRENDRE CONGE, i.e. 'to take leave,' This has of late been
 ridiculed by cards inscribed D.I.O. i.e. 'Damme, I'm off.'

PACKET. A false report.

PACKTHREAD. To talk packthread; to use indecent language

 well wrapt up.

PAD. The highway, or a robber thereon; also a bed. Footpads;

 foot robbers. To go out upon the pad; to go out
 in order to commit a robbery.

PAD BORROWERS. Horse stealers.

TO PAD THE HOOF. See To BEAT THE HOOF.

PADDINGTON FAIR DAY. An execution day, Tyburn being

 in the parish or neighbourhood of Paddington. To dance
 the Paddington frisk; to be hanged.

PADDY. The general name for an Irishman: being the

 abbreviation of Patrick, the name of the tutelar saint of that
 island.

PAINTER. I'll cut your painter for you; I'll send you off;

 the painter being the ropfe that holds the boat fast to the
 ship. SEA TERM.

PAIR OF WINGS. Oars. CANT.

TO PALAVER. To flatter: originally an African word for a

 treaty, talk, or conference.

PALLIARDS. Those whose fathers were clapperdogens, or

 beggars born, and who themselves follow the same trade:
 the female sort beg with a number of children, borrowing
 them, if they have not a sufficient number of their own,
 and making them cry by pinching in order to excite
 charity; the males make artificial sores on different parts of
 their bodies, to move compassion.

PALL. A companion. One who generally accompanies

 another, or who commit robberies together.

PAM. The knave of clubs.

PANNAM. Bread.

PANNIER MAN. A servant belonging to the Temple and

 Gray's Inn, whose office is to announce the dinner. This
 in the Temple, is done by blowing a horn; and in Gray's
 Inn proclaiming the word Manger, Manger, Manger, in
 each of the three courts.

PANNY. A house. To do a panny: to rob a house. See

 the Sessions Papers. Probably, panny originally meant
 the butler's pantry, where the knives and forks, spoons,
 &c. are usually kept The pigs frisked my panney, and
 nailed my screws; the officers searched my house, and
 seized my picklock keys. CANT.

PANTER. A hart: that animal is, in the Psalms, said to

 pant after the fresh water-brooks. Also the human
 heart, which frequently pants in time of danger. CANT.

PANTILE SHOP. A presbyterian, or other dissenting meeting

 house, frequently covered with pantiles: called also
 a cock-pit.

PANTLER. A butler.

PAP. Bread sauce; also the food of infants. His mouth is

 full of pap; he is still a baby.

PAPER SCULL. A thin-scull'd foolish fellow.

PAPLER. Milk pottage.

PARELL. Whites of eggs, bay salt, milk, and pump water,

 beat together, and poured into a vessel of wine to prevent
 its fretting.

PARENTHESIS. To put a man's nose into a parenthesis: to

 pull it, the fingers and thumb answering the hooks or
 crochets. A wooden parenthesis; the pillory. An iron
 parenthesis; a prison.

PARINGS. The chippings of money. CANT.

PARISH BULL. A parson.

PARISH. His stockings are of two parishes; i.e. they are

 not fellows.

PARISH SOLDIER. A jeering name for a militiaman: from

 substitutes being frequently hired by the parish from
 which one of its inhabitants is drawn.

PARK PAILING. Teeth.

PARSON. A guide post, hand or finger post by the road

 side for directing travellers: compared to a parson,
 because, like him, it sets people in the right way. See
 GUIDE POST. He that would have luck in horse-flesh,
 must kiss a parson's wife.

PARSON'S JOURNEYMAN. A curate.

PARSON PALMER. A jocular name, or term of reproach,

 to one who stops the circulation of the glass by preaching
 over his liquor; as it is said was done by a parson of that
 name whose cellar was under his pulpit.

PARTIAL. Inclining more to one side than the other,

 crooked, all o' one hugh.

PASS BANK. The place for playing at passage, cut into

 the ground almost like a cock-pit. Also the stock or
 fund.

PASSAGE. A camp game with three dice: doublets, making

 up ten or more, to pass or win; any other chances
 lose.

PAT. Apposite, or to the purpose.

PATE. The head. Carroty-pated; red-haired.

PATRICO, or PATER-COVE. The fifteenth rank of the canting

 tribe; strolling priests that marry people under a
 hedge, without gospel or common prayer book: the
 couple standing on each side of a dead beast, are bid to live
 together till death them does part; so shaking hands, the
 wedding is ended. Also any minister or parson.

PATTERING. The maundering or pert replies of servants;

 also talk or palaver in order to amuse one intended to be
 cheated. Pattering of prayers; the confused sound of a
 number of persons praying together.

TO PATTER. To talk. To patter flash; to speak flash, or

 the language used by thieves. How the blowen lushes
 jackey, and patters flash; how the wench drinks gin, and
 talks flash.

PAVIOUR'S WORKSHOP. The street.

TO PAUM. To conceal in the hand. To paum a die: to

 hide a die in the palm of the hand. He paums; he cheats.
 Don't pretend to paum that upon me.

PAUNCH. The belly. Some think paunch was the original

 name of that facetious prince of puppets, now called
 Mr. Punch, as he is always represented with a very
 prominent belly: though the common opinion is, that both
 the name and character were taken from a celebrated Italian
 comedian, called Polichenello.

PAW. A hand or foot; look at his dirty paws. Fore paw;

 the hand. Hind paw; the foot. To paw; to touch or
 handle clumsily.

PAW PAW TRICKS. Naughty tricks: an expression used

 by nurses, &c. to children.

TO PAY. To smear over. To pay the bottom of a ship or

 boat; to smear it over with pitch: The devil to pay, and
 no pitch hot or ready. SEA TERM.--Also to beat: as, I will
 pay you as Paul paid the Ephesians, over the face and eyes,
 and all your d---d jaws. To pay away; to fight manfully,
 also to eat voraciously. To pay through the nose: to pay
 an extravagant price.

To PEACH. To impeach: called also to blow the gab, squeak,

 or turn stag.

PEAK. Any kind of lace.

PEAL. To ring a peal in a man's ears; to scold at him: his

 wife rang him such a peal!

PEAR MAKING. Taking bounties from several regiments

 and immediately deserting. The cove was fined in the
 steel for pear making; the fellow was imprisoned in the
 house of correction for taking bounties from different
 regiments.

PECCAVI. To cry peccavi; to acknowledge one's self in an

 error, to own a fault: from the Latin PECCAVI, I have sinned.

PECK. Victuals. Peck and booze; victuals and drink.

PECKISH. Hungry.

PECULIAR. A mistress.

PED. A basket. CANT.

PEDLAR'S FRENCH. The cant language. Pedlar's pony;

 a walking-stick.

To PEEL. To strip: allusion to the taking off the coat or

 rind of an orange or apple.

PEEPER. A spying glass; also a looking-glass. Track up

 the dancers, and pike with the peeper; whip up stairs,
 and run off with the looking-glass. CANT.

PEEPERS. Eyes. Single peeper, a one-eyed man.

PEEPING TOM. A nick name for a curious prying fellow;

 derived from an old legendary tale, told of a taylor of
 Coventry, who, when Godiva countess of Chester rode at
 noon quite naked through that town, in order to procure
 certain immunities for the inhabitants, (notwithstanding
 the rest of the people shut up their houses) shly peeped
 out of his window, for which he was miraculously struck
 blind. His figure, peeping out of a window, is still kept
 up in remembrance of the transaction.

PEEPY. Drowsy.

To PEER. To look about, to be circumspect.

PEERY. Inquisitive, suspicious. The cull's peery; that

 fellow suspects something. There's a peery, tis snitch
 we are observed, there's nothing to be done.

PEG. Old Peg; poor hard Suffolk or Yorkshire cheese. A

 peg is also a blow with a straightarm: a term used by the
 professors of gymnastic arts. A peg in the day-light,
 the victualling office, or the haltering-place; a blow in the
 eye, stomach, or under the ear.

PEG TRANTUM'S. Gone to Peg Trantum's; dead.

PEGO. The penis of man or beast.

PELL-MELL. Tumultuously, helter skelter, jumbled together.

PELT. A heat, chafe, or passion; as, What a pelt he was

 in! Pelt is also the skin of several beasts.

PENANCE BOARD. The pillory.

PENNY-WISE AND POUND FOOLISH. Saving in small matters,

 and extravagant in great.

PENNYWORTH. An equivalent. A good pennyworth;

 cheap bargain.

PENTHOUSE NAB. A broad brimmed hat.

PEPPERED. Infected with the venereal disease.

PEPPERY. Warm, passionate.

PERKIN. Water cyder.

PERRIWINKLE. A wig.

PERSUADERS. Spurs. The kiddey clapped his persuaders

 to his prad but the traps boned him; the highwayman
 spurred his horse hard, but the officers seized him.

PET. In a pet; in a passion or miff.

PETER. A portmanteau or cloke-bag. Biter of peters; one

 that makes it a trade to steal boxes and trunks from behind
 stage coaches or out of waggons. To rob Peter to
 pay Paul; to borrow of one man to pay another: styled
 also manoeuvring the apostles.

PETER GUNNER, will kill all the birds that died last summer.

 A piece of wit commonly thrown out at a person
 walking through a street or village near London, with a
 gun in his hand.

PETER LAY. The department of stealing portmanteaus,

 trunks, &c.

PETER LUG. Who is Peter Lug? who lets the glass stand

 at his door, or before him.

PETTICOAT HOLD. One who has an estate during his wife's

 life, called the apron-string hold.

PETTICOAT PENSIONER. One kept by a woman forsecret

 services.

PETTISH. Passionate.

PETTY FOGGER. A little dirty attorney, ready to undertake

 any litigious or bad cause: it is derived from the French
 words petit vogue, of small credit, or little reputation.

PHARAOH. Strong malt liquor.

PHILISTINES. Bailiffs, or officers of justice; also drunkards.

PHOENIX-MEN. Firemen belonging to an insurance office,

 which gave a badge charged with a phoenix: these men
 were called likewise firedrakes.

PHOS BOTTLE. A. bottle of phosphorus: used by housebreakers

 to light their lanthorns. Ding the phos; throw
 away the bottle of phosphorus.

PHRASE OF PAPER. Half a quarter of a sheet. See VESSEL, PHYSOG.

PHYSOG. The face. A vulgar abbreviation of physiognomy.

PHYZ. The face. Rum phyz; an odd face or countenance.

PICAROON. A pirate; also a sharper.

PICKANINY. A young child, an infant. NEGRO TERM.

PICKING. Pilfering, petty larceny.

PICKLE. An arch waggish fellow. In pickle, or in the

 pickling tub; in a salivation. There are rods in brine, or
 pickle, for him; a punishment awaits him, or is prepared
 for him. Pickle herring; the zany or merry andrew
 of a mountebank. See JACK PUDDING.

PICKT HATCH. To go to the manor of pickt hatch, a

 cant name for some part of the town noted for bawdy
 houses in Shakespeare's time, and used by him in that
 sense.

PICKTHANK. A tale-bearer or mischief maker.

PICTURE FRAME. The sheriff's picture frame; the gallows

 or pillory.

To PIDDLE. To make water: a childish expression; as,

 Mammy, I want to piddle. Piddling also means trifling,
 or doing any thing in a small degree: perhaps from peddling.

PIECE. A wench. A damned good or bad piece; a girl

 who is more or less active and skilful in the amorous congress.
 Hence the (CAMBRIDGE) toast, May we never have
 a PIECE (peace) that will injure the constitution. Piece
 likewise means at Cambridge a close or spot of ground
 adjacent to any of the colleges, as Clare-hall Piece, &c.
 The spot of ground before King's College formerly belonged
 to Clare-hall. While Clare Piece belonged to King's,
 the master of Clare-hall proposed a swop, which being
 refused by the provost of King's, he erected before their
 gates a temple of CLOACINA. It will be unnecessary to say
 that his arguments were soon acceded to.

PIG. A police officer. A China street pig; a Bow-street

 officer. Floor the pig and bolt; knock down the officer
 and run away.

PIG. Sixpence, a sow's baby. Pig-widgeon; a simpleton.

 To pig together; to lie or sleep together, two or more in
 a bed. Cold pig; a jocular punishment inflicted by the
 maid seryants, or other females of the house, on persons
 lying over long in bed: it consists in pulling off all the
 bed clothes, and leaving them to pig or lie in the cold. To
 buy a pig in a poke; to purchase any thing without seeing.
 Pig's eyes; small eyes. Pigsnyes; the same: a vulgar
 term of endearment to a woman. He can have boiled
 pig at home; a mark of being master of his own house:
 an allusion to a well known poem and story. Brandy is
 Latin for pig and goose; an apology for drinking a dram
 after either.

PIG-HEADED. Obstinate.

PIG RUNNING. A piece of game frequently practised at

 fairs, wakes, &c. A large pig, whose tail is cut short, and
 both soaped and greased, being turned out, is hunted by
 the young men and boys, and becomes the property of him
 who can catch and hold him by the tail, abpve the height
 of his head.

PIGEON. A weak silly fellow easily imposed on. To pigeon;

 to cheat. To milk the pigeon; to attempt impossibilities,
 to be put to shifts for want of money. To
 fly a blue pigeon; to steal lead off a church.

PIGEONS. Sharpers, who, during the drawing of the lottery,

 wait ready mounted near Guildhall, and, as soon as
 the first two or three numbers are drawn, which they receive
 from a confederate on a card, ride with them full
 speed to some distant insurance office, before fixed on,
 where there is another of the gang, commonly a decent
 looking woman, who takes care to be at the office before
 the hour of drawing: to her he secretly gives the number,
 which she insures for a considerable sum: thus biting
 the biter.

PIGEON'S MILK. Boys and novices are frequently sent on

 the first of April to buy pigeons milk.

To PIKE. To run away. Pike off; run away.

PILGRIM'S SALVE. A sirreverence, human excrement.

PILL, or PEELE GARLICK. Said originally to mean one

 whose skin or hair had fallen off from some disease, chiefly
 the venereal one; but now commonly used by persons
 speaking of themselves: as, there stood poor pill garlick:
 i.e. there stood I.

PILLALOO. The Irish cry or howl at funerals.

PIMP. A male procurer, or cock bawd; also a small faggot

 used about London for lighting fires, named from introducing
 the fire to the coals.

PIMP WHISKIN. A top trader in pimping.

PIMPLE. The head.

PIN. In or to a merry pin; almost drunk: an allusion to

 a sort of tankard, formerly used in the north, having silver
 pegs or pins set at equal distances from the top to the
 bottom: by the rules of good fellowship, every person
 drinking out of one of these tankards, was to swallow
 the quantity contained between two pins; if he drank
 more or less, he was to continue drinking till he ended at
 a pin: by this means persons unaccustomed to measure
 their draughts were obliged to drink the whole tankard.
 Hence when a person was a little elevated with liquor,
 he was said to have drunk to a merry pin.

PIN BASKET. The youngest child.

PIN MONEY. An allowance settled on a married woman

 for her pocket expences.

PINCH. At a pinch; on an exigency.

PINCH. To go into a tradesman's shop under the pretence

 of purchasing rings or other light articles, and while
 examining them to shift some up the sleeve of the coat.
 Also to ask for change for a guinea, and when the silver
 is received, to change some of the good shillings for bad
 ones; then suddenly pretending to recollect that you had
 sufficient silver to pay the bill, ask for the guinea again,
 and return the change, by which means several bad shillings
 are passed.

To PINCH ON THE PARSON'S SIDE. To defraud the parson

 of his tithe.

PINCHERS. Rogues who, in changing money, by dexterity

 of hand frequently secrete two or three shillings out of
 the change of a guinea. This species of roguery is called
 the pinch, or pinching lay.

To PINK. To stab or wound with a small sword: probably

 derived from the holes formerly cut in both men and women's
 clothes, called pinking. Pink of the fashion; the
 top of the mode. To pink and wink; frequently winking
 the eyes through a weakness in them.

PINKING-DINDEE. A sweater or mohawk. IRISH.

PINS. Legs. Queer pins; ill shapen legs.

PIPER. A broken winded horse.

PISCINARIANS. A club or brotherhood, A.D. 1743.

PISS. He will piss when he can't whistle; he will be hanged.

 He shall not piss my money against the wall; he shall not
 have my money to spend in liquor.
     He who once a good name gets,
     May piss a bed, and say he sweats.

PISS-BURNED. Discoloured: commonly applied to a discoloured

 grey wig.

PISS MAKER. A great drinker, one much given to liquor.

PISS POT HALL. A house at Clapton, near Hackney, built

 by a potter chiefly out of the profits of chamber pots, in the
 bottom of which the portrait of Dr. Sacheverel was depicted.

PISS PROPHET. A physician who judges of the diseases of

 his patients solely by the inspection of their urine.

PISS-PROUD. Having a false erection. That old fellow

 thought he had an erection, but his--was only piss-
 proud; said of any old fellow who marries a young wife.

PISSING DOWN ANY ONE'S BACK. Flattering him.

PISSING PINS AND NEEDLES. To have a gonorrhea.

PIT. A watch fob. He drew a rare thimble from the swell's

 pit. He took a handsome watch from the gentleman's
 fob.

PIT. To lay pit and boxes into one; an operation in midwifery

 or copulation, whereby the division between the
 anus and vagina is cut through, broken, and demolished:
 a simile borrowed from the playhouse, when, for the benefit
 of some favourite player, the pit and boxes are laid together.
 The pit is also the hole under the gallows, where
 poor rogues unable to pay the fees are buried.

PITT'S PICTURE. A window stopt up on the inside, to save

 the tax imposed in that gentleman's administration. PARTY WIT

PIT-A-PAT. The palpitation of the heart: as, my heart

 went pit-a-pat. Pintledy-pantledy; the same.

PITCH-KETTLED. Stuck fast, confounded.

PITCHER. The miraculous pitcher, that holds water with the mouth downwards: a woman's commodity. She has crack'd her pitcher or pipkin; she has lost her maidenhead.

PIZZY CLUB. A society held, A. D, 1744, at the sign of

 the Tower, on Tower Hill: president, Don Pizzaro.

PLAISTER OF WARM GUTS. One warm belly'dapped to another;

 a receipt frequently prescribed for different disorders.

PLANT. The place in the house of the fence where stolen

 goods are secreted. Any place where stolen goods are concealed.

To PLANT. To lay, place, or hide. Plant your wids and

 stow them; be careful what you say, or let slip. Also to
 bury, as, he was planted by the parson.

PLATE. Money, silver, prize. He is in for the plate; he

 has won the KEAT, i.e. is infected with the venereal disorder:
 a simile drawn from hofse-racing. When the plate
 fleet comes in; when money comes to hand.

PLATTER-FACED. Broad-faced.

PLAY. To play booty; to play with an intention to lose. To

 play the whole game; to cheat. To play least in sight;
 to hide, or keep out of the way. To play the devil; to be
 guilty of some great irregularity or mismanagement.

PLUCK. Courage. He wants pluck: he is a coward.

 Against the pluck; against the inclination. Pluck the
 Ribbon; ring the bell. To pluck a crow with one; to
 settle a dispute, to reprove one for some past transgression.
 To pluck a rose; an expression said to be used by women
 for going to the necessary house, which in the country usually
 stands in the garden. To pluck also signifies to deny a
 degree to a candidate at one of the universities, on account
 of insufficiency. The three first books of Euclid, and as
 far as Quadratic Equations in Algebra, will save a man
 from being plucked. These unfortunate fellows are designated by
 many opprobrious appellations, such as the twelve
 apostles, the legion of honor, wise men of the East, &c.

PLUG TAIL. A man's penis.

PLUMB. An hundred thousand pounds.

PLUMMY. It is all plummy; i.e. all is right, or as it ought

 to be.

PLUMP. Fat, full, fleshy. Plump in the pocket; full in

 the pocket. To plump; to strike, or shoot. I'll give
 you a plump in the bread basket, or the victualling office:
 I'll give you a blow in the stomach. Plump his peepers,
 or day-lights; give him a blow in the eyes. He pulled out
 his pops and plumped him; he drew out his pistols and
 shot him. A plumper; a single vote at an election. Plump
 also means directly, or exactly; as, it fell plump upon
 him: it fell directly upon him.

PLUMP CURRANT. I am not plump currant; I am out of

 sorts.

PLUMPERS. Contrivances said to be formerly worn by old

 maids, for filling out a pair of shrivelled cheeks.

PLYER. A crutch; also a trader.

POGY. Drunk.

POINT. To stretch a point; to exceed some usual limit, to

 take a great stride. Breeches were usually tied up with
 points, a kind of short laces, formerly given away by the
 churchwardens at Whitsuntide, under the denomination
 of tags: by taking a great stride these were stretched.

POISONED. Big with child: that wench is poisoned, see

 how her belly is swelled. Poison-pated: red-haired.

POKE. A blow with the fist: I'll lend you a poke. A poke

 likewise means a sack: whence, to buy a pig in a poke,
 i.e. to buy any thing without seeing or properly examining it.

POKER. A sword. Fore pokers; aces and kings at cards.

 To burn your poker; to catch the venereal disease.

POLE. He is like a rope-dancer's polo, lead at both ends;

 a saying of a stupid sluggish fellow.

POLISH. To polish the king's iron with one's eyebrows; to be

 in gaol, and look through the iron grated windows. To
 polish a bone; to eat a meal. Come and polish a bone
 with me; come and eat a dinner or supper with me.

POLL. The head, jolly nob, napper, or knowledge box;

 also a wig.

POLT. A blow. Lend him a polt in the muns; give him a

 knock in the face.

TO POMMEL. To beat: originally confined to beating with

 the hilt of a sword, the knob being, from its similarity to
 a small apple, called pomelle; in Spanish it is still called
 the apple of the sword. As the clenched fist likewise
 somewhat resembles an apple, perhaps that might occasion the
 term pommelling to be applied to fisty-cuffs.

POMP. To save one's pomp at whist, is to score five before

 the adversaries are up, or win the game: originally derived
 from pimp, which is Welsh for five; and should be, I
 have saved my pimp.

POMPAGINIS. Aqua pompaginis; pump water. See

 AQUA.

POMPKIN. A man or woman of Boston in America: from,

 the number of pompkins raised and eaten by the people
 of that country. Pompkinshire; Boston and its dependencies.

PONEY. Money. Post the poney; lay down the money.

PONTIUS PILATE. A pawnbroker. Pontius Pilate's guards,

 the first regiment of foot, or Royal Scots: so intitled from
 their supposed great antiquity. Pontius Pilate's counsellor;
 one who like him can say, Non invenio causam, I can find
 no cause. Also (Cambridge) a Mr. Shepherd of Trinity
 College; who disputing with a brother parson on the comparative
 rapidity with which they read the liturgy, offered
 to give him as far as Pontius Pilate in the Belief.

POPE. A figure burned annually every fifth of November,

 in memory of the gunpowder plot, which is said to have
 been carried on by the papists.

POPE'S NOSE. The rump of a turkey.

POPS. Pistols. Popshop: a pawnbroker's shop. To pop;

 to pawn: also to shoot. I popped my tatler; I pawned my
 watch. I popt the cull; I shot the man. His means are
 two pops and a galloper; that is, he is a highwayman.

POPLERS. Pottage. CANT.

PORK. To cry pork; to give intelligence to the undertaker

 of a funeral; metaphor borrowed from the raven, whose
 note sounds like the word pork. Ravens are said to smell
 carrion at a distance.

PORKER. A hog: also a Jew.

PORRIDGE. Keep your breath to cool your porridge; i. e.

 held your tongue.

PORRIDGE ISLAND. An alley leading from St. Martin's

 church-yard to Round-court, chiefly inhabited by cooks,
 who cut off ready-dressed meat of all sorts, and also sell
 soup.

POSEY, or POESY. A nosegay. I shall see you ride backwards

 up Holborn-hill, with a book in one hand, and a
 posey in t'other; i.e. I shall see you go to be hanged.
 Malefactors who piqued themselves on being properly
 equipped for that occasion, had always a nosegay to smell
 to, and a prayer book, although they could not read.

POSSE MOBILITATIS. The mob.

POST MASTER GENERAL. The prime minister, who has

 the patronage of all posts and places.

POST NOINTER. A house painter, who occasionally paints

 or anoints posts. Knight of the post; a false evidence,
 one ready to swear any thing for hire. From post to
 pillar; backwards and forwards.

POSTILION OF THE GOSPEL. A parson who hurries over the

 service.

POT. The pot calls the kettle black a-se; one rogue

 exclaims against another.

POT. On the pot; i.e. at stool.

POT CONVERTS. Proselytes to the Romish church, made

 by the distribution of victuals and money.

POT HUNTER. One who hunts more tor the sake of the

 prey than the sport. Pot valiant; courageous from drink.
 Potwallopers: persons entitled to vote in certain
 boroughs by having boiled a pot there.

POTATOE TRAP. The mouth. Shut your potatoe trap and

 give your tongue a holiday; i.e. be silent. IRISH WIT.

POTHOOKS AND HANGEKS. A scrawl, bad writing.

POT-WABBLERS. Persons entitled to vote for members of

 parliament in certain boroughs, from having boiled their
 pots therein. These boroughs are called pot-wabbling
 boroughs.

POULAIN. A bubo. FRENCH.

POULTERER. A person that guts letters; i.e. opens them

 and secretes the money. The kiddey was topped for the
 poultry rig; the young fellow was hanged for secreting
 a letter and taking out the contents.

POUND. To beat. How the milling cove pounded the cull

 for being nuts on his blowen; how the boxer beat the fellow
 for taking liberties with his mistress.

POUND. A prison. See LOB'S POUND. Pounded; imprisoned.

 Shut up in the parson's pound; married. POWDER

POWDER MONKEY. A boy on board a ship of war, whose

 business is to fetch powder from the magazine.

POWDERING TUB. The same as pickling tub. See

 PICKLING TUB.

PRAD LAY. Cutting bags from behind horses. CANT.

PRAD. A horse. The swell flashes a rum prad: the

 e gentleman sports a fine horse.

PRANCER. A horse. Prancer's nab.; a horse's head, used

 as a seal to a counterfeit pass. At the sign of the prancer's
 poll, i.e. the nag's head.

PRATE ROAST. A talkative boy.

PRATING CHEAT. The tongue.

PRATTS. Buttocks; also a tinder box. CANT.

PRATTLE BROTH. Tea. See CHATTER BROTH, SCANDAL

BROTH, &c.

PRATTLING BOX. The pulpit.

PRAY. She prays with her knees upwards; said of a woman

 much given to gallantry and intrigue. At her last prayers;
 saying of an old maid.

PREADAMITE QUACABITES. This great and laudable society

 (as they termed themselves) held their grand chapter
 at the Coal-hole.

P---K. The virile member.

PRICK-EARED. A prick-eared fellow; one whose ears are

 longer than his hair: an appellation frequently given to
 puritans, who considered long hair as the mark of the
 whore of Babylon.

PRICKLOUSE. A taylor.

PRIEST-CRAFT. The art of awing the laity, managing their

 consciences, and diving into their pockets.

PRIEST-LINKED. Married.

PRIEST-RIDDEN. Governed by a priest, or priests.

PRIG. A thief, a cheat: also a conceited coxcomical

 fellow.

PRIG NAPPER. A thief taker.

PRIGGERS. Thieves in general. Priggers of prancers;

 horse stealers. Priggers of cacklers: robbers of hen-
 roosts.

PRIGGING. Riding; also lying with a woman.

PRIGSTAR. A rival in love.

PRIME. Bang up. Quite the thing. Excellent. Well

 done. She's a prime piece; she is very skilful in the
 venereal act. Prime post. She's a prime article.

PRIMINAKY. I had like to be brought into a priminary;

 i.e. into trouble; from PREMUNIRE.

PRINCE PRIG. A king of the gypsies; also the head thief

 or receiver general.

PRINCES. When the majesty of the people was a favourite

 terra in the House of Commons, a celebrated wit, seeing
 chimney sweepers dancing on a May-day, styled them the
 young princes.

PRINCOD. A pincushion. SCOTCH--Also a round plump

 man or woman.

PRINCOX. A pert, lively, forward fellow.

PRINCUM PRANCUM. Mrs. Princum Prancum; a nice,

 precise, formal madam.

PRINKING. Dressing over nicely: prinked up as if he

 came out of a bandbox, or fit to sit upon a cupboard's
 head.

PRINT. All in print, quite neat or exact, set, screwed up.

 Quite in print; set in a formal manner.

PRISCIAN. To break Priscian's head; to write or speak

 false grammar. Priscian was a famous grammarian, who
 flourished at Constantinople in the year 525; and who
 was so devoted to his favourite study, that to speak false
 Latin in his company, was as disagreeable to him as to
 break his head.

PRITTLE PRATTLE. Insignificant talk: generally applied

 to women and children.

PROG. Provision. Rum prog; choice provision. To prog;

 to be on the hunt for provision: called in the military
 term to forage.

PROPS. Crutches.

PROPERTY. To make a property of any one; to make

 him a conveniency, tool, or cat's paw; to use him as one's
 own.

PROUD. Desirous of copulation. A proud bitch; a bitch

 at heat, or desirous of a dog.

PROVENDER. He from whom any money is taken on the

 highway: perhaps provider, or provider. CANT.

PROPHET. The prophet; the Cock at Temple Bar: so

 called, in 1788, by the bucks of the town of the inferior
 order.

PRUNELLA. Mr. Prunella; a parson: parson's gowns being

 frequently made of prunella.

To PRY. To examine minutely into a matter or business.

 A prying fellow; a man of impertinent curiosity, apt to
 peep and inquire into other men's secrets.

PUBLIC MAN. A bankrupt.

PUBLIC LEDGER. A prostitute: because, like that paper,

 she is open to all parties.

PUCKER. All in a pucker; in a dishabille. Also in a

 fright; as, she was in a terrible pucker.

PUCKER WATER. Water impregnated with alum, or other

 astringents, used by old experienced traders to
 counterfeit virginity.

PUDDINGS. The guts: I'll let out your puddings.

PUDDING-HEADED FELLOW. A stupid fellow, one whose

 brains are all in confusion.

PUDDING SLEEVES. A parson.

PUDDING TIME. In good time, or at the beginning of a

 meal: pudding formerly making the first dish. To give
 the crows a pudding; to die. You must eat some cold
 pudding, to settle your love.

PUFF, or PUFFER. One who bids at auctions, not with an

 intent to buy, but only to raise the price of the lot; for
 which purpose many are hired by the proprietor of the
 goods on sale.

PUFF GUTS. A fat man.

PUFFING. Bidding at an auction, as above; also praising

 any thing above its merits, from interested motives. The
 art of puffing is at present greatly practised, and essentially
 necessary in all trades, professions, and callings.
 To puff and blow; to be out of breath.

PUG. A Dutch pug; a kind of lap-dog, formerly much in

 vogue; also a general name for a monkey.

PUG CARPENTETER. An inferior carpenter, one employed

 only in small jobs.

PUG DRINK. Watered cyder.

PUGNOSED, or PUGIFIED. A person with a snub or turned

 up nose.

PULLY HAWLY. To have a game at pully hawly; to romp with women.

PULL. To be pulled; to be arrested by a police officer.

 To have a pull is to have an advantage; generally where
 a person has some superiority at a game of chance or
 skill.

PUMP. A thin shoe. To pump; to endeavour to draw a

 secret from any one without his perceiving it. Your
 pump is good, but your sucker is dry; said by one to a
 person who is attempting to pump him. Pumping was
 also a punishment for bailiffs who attempted to act in
 privileged places, such as the Mint, Temple, &c. It is also
 a piece of discipline administered to a pickpocket caught
 in the fact, when there is no pond at hand. To pump
 ship; to make water, and sometimes to vomit. SEA PHRASE.

PUMP WATER. He was christened in pump water; commonly

 said of a person that has a red face.

PUNCH. A liquor called by foreigners Contradiction, from

 its being composed of spirits to make it strong, water to
 make it weak, lemon juice to make it sour, and sugar to
 make it sweet. Punch is also the name of the prince of
 puppets, the chief wit and support of a puppet-show.
 To punch it, is a cant term for running away. Punchable;
 old passable money, anno 1695. A girl that is ripe for
 man is called a punchable wench. Cobler's Punch.
 Urine with a cinder in it.

PUNK. A whore; also a soldier's trull. See TRULL.

PUNY. Weak. A puny child; a weak little child. A

 puny stomach; a weak stomach. Puny, or puisne judge;
 the last made judge.

PUPIL MONGERS. Persons at the universities who make it

 their business to instruct and superintend a number of
 pupils.

PUPPY. An affected or conceited coxcomb.

PURBLIND. Dim-sighted.

PURL. Ale in which wormwood has been infused, or ale

 and bitters drunk warm.

PURL ROYAL. Canary wine; with a dash of tincture of

 wormwood.

PURSE PROUD. One that is vain of his riches.

PURSENETS. Goods taken up at thrice their value, by young

 spendthrifts, upon trust.

PURSER'S PUMP. A bassoon: from its likeness to a syphon,

 called a purser's pump.

PURSY, or PURSIVE. Short-breathed, or foggy, from being

 over fat.

PUSHING SCHOOL. A fencing school; also a brothel.

PUT. A country put; an ignorant awkward clown. To

 put upon any one; to attempt to impose on him, or to
 make him the but of the company.

PUZZLE-CAUSE. A lawyer who has a confused understanding.

PUZZLE-TEXT. An ignorant blundering parson.

QUACK. An ungraduated ignorant pretender to skill in

 physic, a vender of nostrums.

QUACK-SALVER. A mountebank: a seller of salves.

QUACKING CHEAT. A duck.

QUAG. Abbreviation of quagmire; marshy moorish around.

QUAIL-PIPE. A woman's tongue; also a device to take

 birds of that name by imitating their call. Quail pipe
 boots; boots resembling a quail pipe, from the number of
 plaits; they were much worn in the reign of Charles II.

QUAKERS. A religious sect so called from their agitations

 in preaching.

QUAKING CHEAT. A calf or sheep.

QUANDARY. To be in a quandary: to be puzzled. Also

 one so over-gorged, as to be doubtful which he should do
 first, sh--e or spew. Some derive the term quandary from
 the French phrase qu'en dirai je? what shall I say of it?
 others from an Italian word signifying a conjuror's circle.

QUARREL-PICKER. A glazier: from the small squares in

 casements, called CARREUX, vulgarly quarrels.

QUARROMES, or QUARRON. A body. CANT.

QUARTERED. Divided into four parts; to be hanged, drawn,

 and quartered, is the sentence on traitors and rebels.
 Persons receiving part of the salary of an office from the
 holder of it, by virtue of an agreement with the donor, are
 said to be quartered on him. Soldiers billetted on a publican
 are likewise said to be quartered on him.

TO QUASH. To suppress, annul or overthrow; vulgarly pronounced

 squash: they squashed the indictment.

QUEAN. A slut, or worthless woman, a strumpet.

QUEEN DICK. To the tune of the life and death of Queen

 Dick. That happened in the reign of Queen Dick; i.e.,
 never.

QUEEN STREET. A mart governed by his wife, is said to

 live in Queen street, or at the sign of the Queen's Head.

QUEER, or QUIRE. Base, roguish, bad, naught or worthless.

 How queerly the cull touts; how roguishly the fellow
looks. It also means odd, uncommon. CANT.

QUEER AS DICK'S HATBAND. Out of order, without knowing

 one's disease.

TO QUEER. To puzzle or confound. I have queered the

 old full bottom; i.e. I have puzzled the judge. To queer
 one's ogles among bruisers; to darken one's day lights.

QUEER WEDGES. Large buckles.

QUEER BAIL. Insolvent sharpers, who make a profession of

 bailing persons arrested: they are generally styled Jew bail,
 from that branch of business being chiefly carried on by
 the sons of Judah. The lowest sort of these, who borrow
 or hire clothes to appear in, are called Mounters, from
 their mounting particular dresses suitable to the occasion.
 CANT.

QUEER BIRDS. Rogues relieved from prison, and returned

 to their old trade.

QUEER BIT-MAKERS. Coiners. CANT.

QUEER BITCH. An odd, out-of-the-way fellow.

QUEER BLUFFER. The master of a public-house the resort

 of rogues and sharpers, a cut-throat inn or alehouse
 keeper.

QUEER BUNG. An empty purse.

QUEER CHECKERS. Among strolling players, door-keepers

 who defraud the company, by falsely checking the number
 of people in the house.

QUEER COLE FENCER. A putter off, or utterer, of bad

 money.

QUEER COLE MAKER. A maker of bad money.

QUEER COVE. A rogue. CANT.

QUEER CUFFIN. A justice of the peace; also a churl.

QUEER DEGEN. An ordinary sword, brass or iron hilted.

QUEER KEN. A prison. CANT.

QUEER KICKS. A bad pair of breeches.

QUEER MORT. A diseased strumpet. CANT.

QUEER NAB. A felt hat, or other bad hat.

QUEER PLUNGERS. Cheats who throw themselves into the

 water, in order that they may be taken up by their accomplices,
 who carry them to one of the houses appointed
 by the Humane Society for the recovery of drowned
 persons, where they are rewarded by the society with a
 guinea each; and the supposed drowned persons, pretending
 he was driven to that extremity by great necessity,
 also frequently sent away with a contribution in his
 pocket.

QUEER PRANCER. A bad, worn-out, foundered horse; also

 a cowardly or faint-hearted horse-stealer.

QUEER ROOSTER. An informer that pretends to be sleeping,

 and thereby overhears the conversation of thieves in
 night cellars.

QUEER STREET. Wrong. Improper. Contrary to one's

 wish. It is queer street, a cant phrase, to signify
 that it is wrong or different to our wish.

QUITAM. Aquitam horse; one that will both carry and

 draw. LAW WIT.

TO QUIBBLE. To make subtle distinctions; also to play

 upon words.

QUICK AND NIMBLE. More like a bear than a squirrel.

 Jeeringly said to any one moving sluggishly on a business
 or errand that requires dispatch.

QUID. The quantity of tobacco put into the mouth at one

 time. To quid tobacco; to chew tobacco. Quid est
 hoc? hoc est quid; a guinea. Half a quid; half a guinea.
 The swell tipped me fifty quid for the prad; the gentleman
 gave fifty pounds for the horse.

QUIDS. Cash, money. Can you tip me any quids? can

 you lend me some money?

QUIFFING. Rogering. See TO ROGER.

QUIDNUNC. A politician: from a character of that name

 in the farce of the Upholsterer.

QUILL DRIVER. A clerk, scribe, or hackney writer.

QUIM. The private parts of a woman: perhaps from the

 Spanish quemar, to burn. (CAMBRIDGE) A piece's furbelow.

QUINSEY. Choked by a hempen quinsey; hanged.

QUIPPS. Girds, taunts, jests.

QUIRE, or CHOIR BIRD. A complete rogue, one that has

 sung in different choirs or cages, i.e. gaols. CANT.

QUIRKS AND QUILLETS. Tricks and devices. Quirks in

 law; subtle distinctions and evasions.

QUIZ. A strange-looking fellow, an odd dog. OXFORD.

QUOD. Newgate, or any other prison. The dab's in quod;

 the poor rogue is in prison.

QUOTA. Snack, share, part, proportion, or dividend. Tip

 me my quota; give me part of the winnings, booty, or
 plunder. CANT.

RABBIT. A Welch rabbit; bread and cheese toasted, i.e.

 a Welch rare bit. Rabbits were also a sort of wooden
 canns to drink out of, now out of use.

RABBIT CATCHER. A midwife.

RABBIT SUCKERS. Young spendthrifts taking up goods on

 trust at great prices.

RACK RENT. Rent strained to the utmost value. To

 lie at rack and manger; to be in great disorder.

RACKABACK. A gormagon. See GORMAGON.

RAFFS. An appellation given by the gownsmen of the university

 of Oxford to the inhabitants of that place.

RAG. Bank notes. Money in general. The cove has no

 rag; the fellow has no money.

RAG. A farthing.

TO RAG. To abuse, and tear to rags the characters of the

 persons abused. She gave him a good ragging, or ragged
 him off heartily.

RAG CARRIER. An ensign.

RAG FAIR. An inspection of the linen and necessaries of a

 company of soldiers, commonly made by their officers on
 Mondays or Saturdays.

RAG WATER. Gin, or any other common dram: these

 liquors seldom failing to reduce those that drink them to
 rags.

RAGAMUFFIN. A ragged fellow, one all in tatters, a tatterdemallion.

RAILS. See HEAD RAILS. A dish of rails; a lecture, jobation,

 or scolding from a married woman to her husband.

RAINBOW. Knight of the rainbow; a footman: from being

 commonly clothed in garments of different colours. A
 meeting of gentlemen, styled of the most ancient order of
 the rainbow, was advertised to be held at the Foppington's
 Head, Moorfields.

RAINY DAY. To lay up something for a rainy day; to

 provide against a time of necessity or distress.

RAKE, RAKEHELL, or RAKESHAME. A lewd, debauched

 fellow.

RALPH SPOONER. A fool.

RAM CAT. A he cat.

RAMMISH. Rank. Rammish woman; a sturdy virago.

RAMMER. The arm. The busnapper's kenchin seized my

 rammer; i.e. the watchman laid hold of my arm. CANT.

TO RAMP. To snatch, or tear any thing forcibly from the

 person.

RAMSHACKLED. Out of repair. A ramshackled house;

 perhaps a corruption of RANSACKED, i.e. plundered.

RANDLE. A set of nonsensical verses, repeated in Ireland

 by schoolboys, and young people, who have been guilty
 of breaking wind backwards before any of their compa-
 nions; if they neglect this apology, they are liable to certain
 kicks, pinches, and fillips, which are accompanied with
 divers admonitory couplets.

RANDY. Obstreperous, unruly, rampant.

RANGLING. Intriguing with a variety of women.

RANK. Stinking, rammish, ill-flavoured; also strong, great.

 A rank knave; a rank coward: perhaps the latter may
 allude to an ill savour caused by fear.

RANK RIDER. A highwayman.

RANTALLION. One whose scrotum is so relaxed as to be

 longer than his penis, i.e. whose shot pouch is longer
 that the barrel of his piece.

RANTIPOLE. A rude romping boy or girl; also a gadabout

 dissipated woman. To ride rantipole; the same as riding
 St. George. See ST. GEORGE.

RANTUM SCANTUM. Playing at rantum scantum; making

 the beast with two backs.

To RAP To take a false oath; also to curse. He rapped

 out a volley; i.e. he swore a whole volley of oaths. To
 rap, means also to exchange or barter: a rap is likewise an
 Irish halfpenny. Rap on the knuckles; a reprimand.

RAPPAREES. Irish robbers, or outlaws, who in the time of

 Oliver Cromwell were armed with short weapons, called
 in Irish RAPIERS, used for ripping persons up.

RAPPER. A swinging great lie.

RAREE SHEW MEN. Poor Savoyards, who subsist by shewing

 the magic lantern and marmots about London.

RASCAL. A rogue or villain: a term borrowed from the

 chase; a rascal originally meaning a lean shabby deer, at
 the time of changing his horns, penis, &c. whence, in the
 vulgar acceptation, rascal is conceived to signify a man
 without genitals: the regular vulgar answer to this reproach,
 if uttered by a woman, is the offer of an ocular demonstration
 of the virility of the party so defamed. Some derive
 it from RASCAGLIONE, an Italian word signifying a man.
 without testicles, or an eunuch.

RAT. A drunken man or woman taken up by the watch,

 and confined in the, watch-house. CANT. To smell a rat;
 to suspect some intended trick, or unfair design.

RATS. Of these there are the following kinds: a black rat

 and a grey rat, a py-rat and a cu-rat.

RATTLE. A dice-box. To rattle; to talk without consideration,

 also to move off or go away. To rattle one off;
 to rate or scold him.

RATTLE-PATE. A volatile, unsteady, or whimsical man or

 woman.

RATTLE-TRAPS. A contemptuous name for any curious

 portable piece of machinery, or philosophical apparatus.

RATTLER. A coach. Rattle and prad; a coach and horses.

RATTLING COVE. A coachman. CANT.

RATTLING MUMPERS. Beggars who ply coaches. CANT.

RAWHEAD AND BLOODY BONES. A bull beggar, or scarechild,

 with which foolish nurses terrify crying brats.

READER. A pocket-book. CANT.

READER MERCHANTS. Pickpockets, chiefly young Jews,

 who ply about the Bank to steal the pocket-books of
 persons who have just received their dividends there.

READY. The ready rhino; money. CANT.

REBUS. A riddle or pun on a man's name, expressed in

 sculpture or painting, thus: a bolt or arrow, and a tun,
 for Bolton; death's head, and a ton, for Morton.

RECEIVER GENERAL. A prostitute.

RECKON. To reckon with one's host; to make an erroneous

 judgment in one's own favour. To cast-up one's reckoning
 or accounts; to vomit.

TO RECRUIT. To get a fresh supply of money.

RECRUITING SERVICE. Robbing on the highway.

RED FUSTIAN. Port wine.

RED LANE. The throat. Gone down the red lane; swallowed.

RED RIBBIN. Brandy.

RED LATTICE. A public house.

RED LETTER DAY. A saint's day or holiday, marked in

 the calendars with red letters. Red letter men; Roman
 Catholics: from their observation of the saint days
 marked in red letters.

RED RAG. The tongue. Shut your potatoe trap, and

 give your red rag a holiday; i.e. shut your mouth, and
 let your tongue rest. Too much of the red rag (too much
 tongue).

RED SAIL-YARD DOCKERS. Buyers of stores stolen out of

 the royal yards and docks.

RED SHANK. A Scotch Highlander.

REGULARS. Share of the booty. The coves cracked the

 swell's crib, fenced the swag, and each cracksman napped
 his regular; some fellows broke open a gentleman's house,
 and after selling the property which they had stolen,
 they divided the money between them.

RELIGIOUS HORSE. One much given to prayer, or apt to

 be down upon his knees.

RELIGIOUS PAINTER. One who does not break the commandment

 which prohibits the making of the likeness of
 any thing in heaven or earth, or in the waters under the
 earth.

THE RELISH. The sign of the Cheshire cheese.

RELISH. Carnal connection with a woman.

REMEDY CRITCH. A chamber pot, or member mug.

REMEMBER PARSON MELHAM. Drink about: a Norfolk

 phrase.

RENDEZVOUS. A place of meeting. The rendezvous of

 the beggars were, about the year 1638, according to the
 Bellman, St, Quinton's, the Three Crowns in the Vintry,
 St. Tybs, and at Knapsbury: there were four barns within
 a mile of London. In Middlesex were four other harbours,
 called Draw the Pudding out of the Fire, the Cross
 Keys in Craneford parish, St. Julian's in Isleworth parish,
 and the house of Pettie in Northall parish. In Kent, the
 King's Barn near Dartford, and Ketbrooke near Blackheath.

REP. A woman of reputation.

REPOSITORY. A lock-up or spunging-house, a gaol. Also

 livery stables where horses and carriages are sold by
 auction.

RESCOUNTERS. The time of settlement between the bulls

 and bears of Exchange-alley, when the losers must pay
 their differences, or become lame ducks, and waddle out
 of the Alley.

RESURRECTION MEN. Persons employed by the students

 in anatomy to steal dead bodies out of church-yards.

REVERENCE. An ancient custom, which obliges any person

 easing himself near the highway or foot-path, on the
 word REVERENCE being given him by a passenger, to take off
 his hat with his teeth, and without moving from his station
 to throw it over his head, by which it frequently falls
 into the excrement; this was considered as a punishment
 for the breach of delicacy, A person refusing to obey this
 law, might be pushed backwards. Hence, perhaps, the
 term, SIR-REVERENCE.

REVERSED. A man set by bullies on his head, that his

 money may fall out of his breeches, which they afterwards
 by accident pick up. See HOISTING.

REVIEW OF THE BLACK CUIRASSIERS. A visitation of the

 clergy. See CROW FAIR.

RHINO. Money. CANT.

RIB. A wife: an allusion to our common mother Eve,

 made out of Adam's rib. A crooked rib: a cross-grained
 wife.

RIBALDRY. Vulgar abusive language, such as was spoken

 by ribalds. Ribalds were originally mercenary soldiers
 who travelled about, serving any master far pay, but
 afterwards degenerated into a mere banditti.

RIBBIN. Money. The ribbin runs thick; i.e. there is

 plenty of money. CANT. Blue ribbin. Gin. The cull
 lushes the blue ribbin; the silly fellow drinks common
 gin.

To RIBROAST. To beat: I'll ribroast him to his heart's

 content.

RICH FACE, or NOSE. A red pimpled, face.

RICHAUD SNARY. A dictionary. A country lad, having

 been reproved for calling persons by their christian names,
 being sent by his master to borrow a dictionary, thought
 to shew his breeding by asking for a Richard Snary.

RIDER. A person who receives part of the salary of a place

 or appointment from the ostensible occupier, by virtue
 of an agreement with the donor, or great man appointing.
 The rider is said to be quartered upon the possessor, who
 often has one or more persons thus riding behind him. See
 QUARTERED.

RIDGE. A guinea. Ridge cully; a goldsmith. CANT.

RIDING ST. GEORGE. The woman uppermost in the amorous

 congress, that is, the dragon upon St. George. This
 is said to be the way to get a bishop.

RIDING SKIMMINGTON. A ludicrous cavalcade, in ridicule

 of a man beaten by his wife. It consists of a man riding
 behind a woman, with his face to the horse's tail, holding
 a distaff in his hand, at which he seems to work, the woman
 all the while beating him with a ladle; a smock displayed
 on a staff is carried before them as an emblematical standard,
 denoting female superiority: they are accompanied
 by what is called the ROUGH MUSIC, that is, frying-pans, bulls
 horns, marrow-bones and cleavers, &c. A procession of
 this kind is admirably described by Butler in his Hudibras.
 He rode private, i.e. was a private trooper.

RIFF RAFF. Low vulgar persons, mob, tag-rag and bob-tail.

RIG. Fun, game, diversion, or trick. To run one's rig

 upon any particular person; to make him a butt. l am
 up to your rig; I am a match for your tricks.

RIGGING. Clothing. I'll unrig the bloss; I'll strip the

 wench. Rum Rigging; fine clothes. The cull has rum
 rigging, let's ding him and mill him, and pike; the
 fellow has good clothes, let's knock him down, rob him,
 and scour off, i.e. run away.

RIGHT. All right! A favourite expression among thieves,

 to signify that all is as they wish, or proper for their
 purpose. All right, hand down the jemmy; every thing is
 in proper order, give me the crow.

RIGMAROLE. Roundabout, nonsensical. He told a long

 rigmarole story.

RING. Money procured by begging: beggars so called it

 from its ringing when thrown to them. Also a circle formed
 for boxers, wrestlers, and cudgel-players, by a man
 styled Vinegar; who, with his hat before his eyes, goes
 round the circle, striking at random with his whip to
 prevent the populace from crowding in.

TO RING A PEAL. To scold; chiefly applied to women.

 His wife rung him a fine peal!

RING THE CHANGES. When a person receives silver in

 change to shift some good shillings and put bad ones in
 their place. The person who gave the change is then
 requested to give good shillings for these bad ones.

RIP. A miserable rip; a poor, lean, worn-out horse. A

 shabby mean fellow.

RIPPONS. Spurs: Rippon is famous for a manufactory of

 spurs both for men and fighting cocks.

ROARATORIOS AND UPROARS. Oratorios and operas.

ROARING BOY. A noisy, riotous fellow.

ROARER. A broken-winded horse.

ROARING TRADE. A quick trade.

TO ROAST. To arrest. I'll roast the dab; I'll arrest the

 rascal.--Also to jeer, ridicule, or banter. He stood the
 roast; he was the butt.--Roast meat clothes; Sunday or
 holiday-clothes. To cry roast meat; to boast of one's
 situation. To rule the roast; to be master or paramount.

ROAST AND BOILED. A nick name for the Life Guards,

 who are mostly substantial house-keepers; and eat daily
 of roast and boiled.

ROBERT'S MEN. The third old rank of the canting crew,

 mighty thieves, like Robin Hood.

ROBY DOUGLASS, with one eye and a stinking breath. The

 breech.

ROCHESTER PORTION. Two torn smocks, and what nature gave.

ROCKED. He was rocked in a stone kitchen; a saying

 meant to convey the idea that the person spoken of is a
 fool, his brains having been disordered by the jumbling of
 his cradle.

ROGER. A portmanteau; also a man's yard. Cant.

ROGER, or TIB OF THE BUTTERY. A goose. Cant. Jolly

 Roger; a flag hoisted by pirates.

TO ROGER. To bull, or lie with a woman; from the name

 of Roger being frequently given to a bull.

ROGUES. The fourth order of canters. A rogue in grain;

 a great rogue, also a corn chandler. A rogue in spirit; a
 distiller or brandy merchant.

ROGUM POGUM, or DRAGRUM POGRAM. Goat's beard,

 eaten for asparagus; so called by the ladies who gather
 cresses, &c. who also deal in this plant.

ROMBOYLES. Watch and ward. Romboyled; sought after

 with a warrant.

ROME MORT. A queen.

ROMEVILLE. London. Cant.

ROMP. A forward wanton girl, a tomrig. Grey, in his

 notes to Shakespeare, derives it from arompo, an animal
 found in South Guinea, that is a man eater. See HOYDEN.

ROOK. A cheat: probably from the thievish disposition of

 the birds of that name. Also the cant name for a crow
 used in house-breaking. To rook; to cheat, particularly
 at play.

ROOM. She lets out her fore room and lies backwards:

 saying of a woman suspected of prostitution.

ROOST LAY. Stealing poultry.

ROPES. Upon the high ropes; elated, in high spirits,

 cock-a-hoop.

ROSE. Under the rose: privately or secretly. The rose

 was, it is said, sacred to Harpocrates, the God of silence,
 and therefore frequently placed in the ceilings of rooms
 destined for the receiving of guests; implying, that
 whatever was transacted there, should not be made public.

ROSY GILLS. One with a sanguine or fresh-coloured countenance.

ROTAN. A coach, cart, or other wheeled carriage.

ROT GUT. Small beer; called beer-a-bumble--will burst

 one's guts before it will make one tumble.

ROVERS. Pirates, vagabonds.

ROUGH. To lie rough; to lie all night in one's clothes:

 called also roughing it. Likewise to sleep on the bare
 deck of a ship, when the person is commonly advised to
 chuse the softest plank.

ROUGH MUSIC. Saucepans, frying-paps, poker and tongs,

 marrow-bones and cleavers, bulls horns, &c. beaten upon
 and sounded in ludicrous processions.

ROULEAU. A number of guineas, from twenty to fifty or

 more, wrapped up in paper, for the more ready circulation
 at gaming-tables: sometimes they are inclosed in ivory boxes,
 made to hold exactly 20, 50, or 100 guineas.

ROUND DEALING. Plain, honest dealing.

ROUNDHEADS. A term of reproach to the puritans and

 partizans of Oliver Cromwell, and the Rump Parliament,
 who it is said made use of a bowl as a guide to trim their
 hair.

ROUND ROBIN. A mode of signing remonstrances practised

 by sailors on board the king's ships, wherein their
 names are written in a circle, so that it cannot be
 discovered who first signed it, or was, in other words, the
 ringleader.

ROUND SUM. A considerable sum.

ROUND ABOUT. An instrument used in housebreaking.

 This instrument has not been long in use. It will cut a
 round piece about five inches in diameter out of a shutter
 or door.

ROUND MOUTH. The fundament. Brother round mouth,

 speaks; he has let a fart.

ROUT. A modern card meeting at a private house; also an

 order from the Secretary at War, directing the march
 and quartering of soldiers.

ROW. A disturbance; a term used by the students at

 Cambridge.

ROW. To row in the same boat; to be embarked in the

 same scheme.

ROWLAND. To give a Rowland for an Oliver; to give an

 equivalent. Rowland and Oliver were two knights famous
 in romance: the wonderful achievements of the
 one could only be equalled by those of the other.

ROYAL SCAMPS. Highwaymen who never rob any but

 rich persons, and that without ill treating them. See
 SCAMP.

ROYAL STAG SOCIETY. Was held every Monday evening,

 at seven o'clock, at the Three tuns, near the Hospital
 Gate, Newgate-street.

ROYSTER. A rude boisterous fellow; also a hound that

 opens on a false scent.

TO RUB. To run away. Don't rub us to the whit; don't

 send us to Newgate. CANT.--To rub up; to refresh: to
 rub up one's memory. A rub: an impediment. A rubber;
 the best two out of three. To win a rubber: to
 win two games out of three.

RUBY FACED. Red-faced.

RUFF. An ornament formerly worn by men and women

 round their necks. Wooden ruff; the pillory.

RUFFIAN. The devil. CANT.--May the ruffian nab the

 cuffin queer, and let the harmanbeck trine with his kinchins
 about his colquarren; may the Devil take the justice,
 and let the constable be hanged with his children about
 his neck. The ruffian cly thee; the Devil take thee.
 Ruffian cook ruffian, who scalded the Devil in his feathers;
 a saying of a bad cook. Ruffian sometimes also means,
 a justice.

RUFFLES. Handcuffs. CANT.

RUFFLERS. The first rank of canters; also notorious rogues

 pretending to be maimed soldiers or sailors.

RUFFMANS. The woods, hedges, or bushes. CANT.

RUG. It is all rug; it is all right and safe, the game is

 secure. CANT.

RUG. Asleep. The whole gill is safe at rug; the people

 of the house are fast asleep.

RUM. Fine, good, valuable.

RUM BECK. A justice of the peace. CANT.

RUM BITE. A clever cheat, a clean trick.

RUM BLEATING CHEAT. A fat wether sheep. CANT.

RUM BLOWEN. A handsome wench. CANT.

RUM BLUFFER. A jolly host. CANT.

RUM BOB. A young apprentice; also a sharp trick.

RUM BOOZE. Wine, or any other good liquor. Rum boozing

 welts; bunches of grapes. CANT.

RUM BUBBER. A dexterous fellow at stealing silver tankards

 from inns and taverns.

RUM BUGHER. A valuable dog. CANT.

RUM BUNG. A full purse. CANT.

RUM CHUB. Among butchers, a customer easily imposed

 on, as to the quality and price of meat. CANT.

RUM CHANT. A song.

RUM CLOUT. A fine silk, cambric, or holland handkerchief.

 CANT.

RUM COD. A good purse of gold. CANT.

RUM COLE. New money, or medals.

RUM COVE. A dexterous or clever rogue.

RUM CULL. A rich fool, easily cheated, particularly by

 his mistress.

RUM DEGEN. A handsome sword. CANT.

RUM DELL. See RUM DOXY.

RUM DIVER. A dextrous pickpocket. CANT.

RUM DOXY. A fine wench. CANT.

RUM DRAWERS. Silk, or other fine stockings. CANT.

RUM DROPPER. A vintner. CANT.

RUM DUBBER. An expert picklock.

RUM DUKE. A jolly handsome fellow; also an odd eccentric

 fellow; likewise the boldest and stoutest fellows lately
 among the Alsatians, Minters, Savoyards, and other
 inhabitants of privileged districts, sent to remove and guard
 the goods of such bankrupts as intended to take sanctuary
 in those places. CANT.

RUM FILE. See RUM DIVER.

RUM FUN. A sharp trick. CANT.

RUM GAGGERS. Cheats who tell wonderful stories of

 their sufferings at sea, or when taken by the Algerines,
 CANT.

RUM GHELT. See RUM COLE. CANT.

RUM GLYMMER. King or chief of the link-boys. CANT.

RUM KICKS. Breeches of gold or silver brocade, or richly

 laced with gold or silver. CANT.

RUM MAWND. One that counterfeits a fool. CANT

RUM MORT. A queen, or great lady. CANT.

RUM NAB. A good hat.

RUM NANTZ. Good French brandy. CANT.

RUM NED. A very rich silly fellow. CANT.

RUM PAD. The highway. CANT.

RUM PADDERS. Highwaymen well mounted and armed.

 CANT.

RUM PEEPERS. Fine looking-glasses. CANT.

RUM PRANCER. A fine horse. CANT.

RUM QUIDS. A great booty. CANT.

RUM RUFF PECK. Westphalia ham. CANT.

RUM SNITCH. A smart fillip on the nose.

RUM SQUEEZE. Much wine, or good liquor, given among

 fiddlers. CANT.

RUM TILTER. See RUM DEGEN.

RUM TOL. See RUM DEGEN.

RUM TOPPING. A rich commode, or woman's head-dress.

RUM VILLE. See ROMEVILLE.

RUM WIPER. See RUM CLOUT.

RUMBO. Rum, water, and sugar; also a prison.

RUMBOYLE. A ward or watch.

RUMBUMTIOUS. Obstreperous.

RUMFORD. To ride to Rumford to have one's backside new

 bottomed: i.e. to have a pair of new leather breeches.
 Rumford was formerly a famous place for leather breeches.
 A like saying is current in Norfolk and Suffolk, of Bungay,
 and for the same reason.--Rumford lion; a calf.
 See ESSEX LION.

RUMP. To rump any one; to turn the back to him: an

 evolution sometimes used at court. Rump and a dozen;
 a rump of beef and a dozen of claret; an Irish wager,
 called also buttock and trimmings. Rump and kidney
 men; fiddlers that play at feasts, fairs, weddings, &c.
  and live chiefly on the remnants.

RUMPUS. A riot, quarrel, or confusion.

RUN GOODS. A maidenhead, being a commodity never entered.

RUNNING HORSE, or NAG. A clap, or gleet.

RUNNING SMOBBLE. Snatching goods off a counter, and

 throwing them to an accomplice, who brushes off with
 them.

RUNNING STATIONERS. Hawker of newspapers, trials, and

 dying speeches.

RUNT. A short squat man or woman: from the small cattle

 called Welsh runts.

RUSHERS. Thieves who knock at the doors of great houses

 in London, in summer time, when the families are gone
 out of town, and on the door being opened by a woman,
 rush in and rob the house; also housebreakers who enter
 lone houses by force.

RUSSIAN COFFEE-HOUSE. The Brown Bear in Bow-street,

 Covent Garden, a house of call for thief-takers and runners
 of the Bow street justices.

RUSTY. Out of use, To nab the rust; to be refractory;

 properly applied to a restive horse, and figuratively
 to the human species. To ride rusty; to be sullen; called
 also to ride grub.

RUSTY GUTS. A blunt surly fellow: a jocular misnomer of

 RESTICUS.

RUTTING. Copulating. Rutting time; the season, when

 deer go to rut.

SACHEVEREL. The iron door, or blower, to the mouth

 of a stove: from a divine of that name, who made himself
 famous for blowing the coals of dissension in the latter
 end of the reign of queen Ann.

SACK. A pocket. To buy the sack: to get drunk. To

 dive into the sack; to pick a pocket. To break a bottle
 in an empty sack; a bubble bet, a sack with a bottle in
 it not being an empty sack.

SAD DOG. A wicked debauched fellow; one of the ancient

 family of the sad dogs. Swift translates it into Latin by
 the words TRISTIS CANIS.

SADDLE. To saddle the spit; to give a dinner or supper.

 To saddle one's nose; to wear spectacles. To saddle a
 place or pension; to oblige the holder to pay a certain
 portion of his income to some one nominated by the donor.
 Saddle sick: galled with riding, having lost leather.

SAINT. A piece of spoilt timber in a coach-maker's shop,

 like a saint, devoted to the flames.

SAINT GEOFFREY'S DAY. Never, there being no saint of

 that name: tomorrow-come-never, when two Sundays
 come together.

SAINT LUKE'S BIRD. An ox; that Evangelist being always

 represented with an ox.

SAINT MONDAY. A holiday most religiously observed by

 journeymen shoemakers, and other inferior mechanics. a
 profanation of that day, by working, is punishable by a
 line, particularly among the gentle craft. An Irishman
 observed, that this saint's anniversary happened every
 week.

SAL. An abbreviation of SALIVATION. In a high sal; in the

 pickling tub, or under a salivation.

SALESMAN'S DOG. A barker. Vide BARKER.

SALMON-GUNDY. Apples, onions, veal or chicken, and

 pickled herrings, minced fine, and eaten with oil and
 vinegar; some derive the name of this mess from the
 French words SELON MON GOUST, because the proportions of
 the different ingredients are regulated by the palate of the
 maker; others say it bears the name of the inventor, who
 was a rich Dutch merchant; but the general and most
 probable opinion is, that it was invented by the countess
 of Salmagondi, one of the ladies of Mary de Medicis, wife
 of King Henry IV. of France, and by her brought into
 France.

SALMON or SALAMON. The beggars'sacrament or oath.

SALT. Lecherous. A salt bitch: a bitch at heat, or proud

 bitch. Salt eel; a rope's end, used to correct boys, &c. at
 sea: you shall have a salt eel for supper.

SAMMY. Foolish. Silly.

SANDWICH. Ham, dried tongue, or some other salted meat,

 cut thin and put between two slices of bread and butter:
 said to be a favourite morsel with the Earl of Sandwich.

SANDY PATE. A red haired man or woman.

SANGAREE. Rack punch was formerly so called in bagnios.

SANK, SANKY, or CENTIPEE'S. A taylor employed by

 clothiers in making soldier's clothing.

SAPSCULL. A simple fellow. Sappy; foolish.

SATYR. A libidinous fellow: those imaginary things are

 by poets reported to be extremely salacious.

SAUCE BOX. A term of familiar raillery, signifying a bold

 or forward person.

SAVE-ALL. A kind of candlestick used by our frugal forefathers,

 to burn snuffs and ends of candles. Figuratively,
 boys running about gentlemen's houses in Ireland, who
 are fed on broken meats that would otherwise be wasted,
 also a miser.

SAUNTERER. An idle, lounging fellow; by some derived

 from SANS TERRE; applied to persons, who, having no lands
 or home, lingered and loitered about. Some derive it
 from persons devoted to the Holy Land, SAINT TERRE, who
 loitered about, as waiting for company.

SAW. An old saw; an ancient proverbial saying.

SAWNY or SANDY. A general nick-name for a Scotchman,

 as Paddy is for an Irishman, or Taffy for a Welchman;
 Sawny or Sandy being the familiar abbreviation or
 diminution of Alexander, a very favourite name among the
 Scottish nation.

SCAB. A worthless man or woman.

SCALD MISERABLES. A set of mock masons, who, A.D.

 1744, made a ludicrous procession in ridicule of the
 Free Masons.

SCALDER. A clap. The cull has napped a scalder; the

 fellow has got a clap.

SCALY. Mean. Sordid. How scaly the cove is; how

 mean the fellow is.

SCALY FISH. An honest, rough, blunt sailor.

SCAMP. A highwayman. Royal scamp: a highwayman

 who robs civilly. Royal foot scamp; a footpad who
 behaves in like manner.

TO SCAMPER. To run away hastily.

SCANDAL BROTH. Tea.

SCANDAL PROOF. One who has eaten shame and drank

 after it, or would blush at being ashamed.

SCAPEGALLOWS. One who deserves and has narrowly escaped

 the gallows, a slip-gibbet, one for whom the gallows
 is said to groan.

SCAPEGRACE. A wild dissolute fellow.

SCARCE. To make one's self scarce; to steal away.

SCARLET HORSE. A high red, hired or hack horse: a pun

 on the word HIRED.

SCAVEY. Sense, knowledge. "Massa, me no scavey;"

 master, I don't know (NEGRO LANGUAGE) perhaps from the
 French SCAVOIR.

SCHEME. A party of pleasure.

SCHISM MONGER. A dissenting teacher.

SCHISM SHOP. A dissenting meeting house.

A SCOLD'S CURE. A coffin. The blowen has napped the

 scold's cure; the bitch is in her coffin.

SCHOOL OF VENUS. A bawdy-house.

SCHOOL BUTTER. Cobbing, whipping.

SCONCE. The head, probably as being the fort and citadel

 of a man: from SCONCE, an old name for a fort, derived
 from a Dutch word of the same signification; To build a
 sconce: a military term for bilking one's quarters. To
 sconce or skonce; to impose a fine. ACADEMICAL PHRASE.

SCOT. A young bull.

SCOTCH GREYS. Lice. The headquarters of the Scotch

 greys: the head of a man full of large lice.

SCOTCH PINT. A bottle containing two quarts.

SCOTCH BAIT. A halt and a resting on a stick, as practised

 by pedlars.

SCOTCH CHOCOLATE. Brimstone and milk.

SCOTCH FIDDLE. The itch.

SCOTCH MIST. A sober soaking rain; a Scotch mist will

 wet an Englishman to the skin.

SCOTCH WARMING PAN. A wench; also a fart.

SCOUNDREL. A man void of every principle of honour.

SCOUR. To scour or score off; to run away: perhaps from

 SCORE; i.e. full speed, or as fast as legs would carry one.
 Also to wear: chiefly applied to irons, fetters, or
 handcuffs, because wearing scours them. He will scour the
 darbies; he will be in fetters. To scour the cramp ring;
 to wear bolts or fetters, from which, as well as from
 coffin hinges, rings supposed to prevent the cramp are
 made.

SCOURERS. Riotous bucks, who amuse themselves with

 breaking windows, beating the watch, and assaulting
 every person they meet: called scouring the streets.

SCOUT. A college errand-boy at Oxford, called a gyp at

 Cambridge. Also a watchman or a watch. CANT.

SCRAGGED. Hanged.

SCRAGGY. Lean, bony.

SCRAGG'EM FAIR. A public execution.

SCRAP. A villainous scheme or plan. He whiddles the

 whole scrap; he discovers the whole plan or scheme.

SCRAPE. To get into a scrape; to be involved in a

 disagreeable business.

SCRAPER. A fiddler; also one who scrapes plates for

 mezzotinto prints.

SCRAPING. A mode of expressing dislike to a person, or

 sermon, practised at Oxford by the students, in scraping
 their feet against the ground during the preachment;
 frequently done to testify their disapprobation of a proctor
 who has been, as they think, too rigorous.

SCRATCH. Old Scratch; the Devil: probably from the

 long and sharp claws with which he is frequently
 delineated.

SCRATCH LAND. Scotland.

SCRATCH PLATTER, or TAYLOR'S RAGOUT. Bread sopt in

 the oil and vinegar in which cucumbers have been sliced.

SCREEN. A bank note. Queer screens; forged bank notes.

 The cove was twisted for smashing queer screens; the
 fellow was hanged for uttering forged bank notes.

SCREW. A skeleton key used by housebreakers to open a

 lock. To stand on the screw signifies that a door is not
 bolted, but merely locked.

TO SCREW. To copulate. A female screw; a common

 prostitute. To screw one up; to exact upon one in a
 bargain or reckoning.

SCREW JAWS. A wry-mouthed man or woman.

SCRIP. A scrap or slip of paper. The cully freely blotted

 the scrip, and tipt me forty hogs; the man freely signed
 the bond, and gave me forty shillings.--Scrip is also a
 Change Alley phrase for the last loan or subscription.
 What does scrip go at for the next rescounters? what
 does scrip sell for delivered at the next day of settling?

SCROBY. To be tipt the scroby; to be whipt before the

 justices.

SCROPE. A farthing. CANT.

SCRUB. A low mean fellow, employed in all sorts of dirty

 work.

SCRUBBADO. The itch.

SCULL. A head of a house, or master of a college, at the

 universities.

SCULL, or SCULLER. A boat rowed by one man with a

 light kind of oar, called a scull; also a one-horse chaise
 or buggy.

SCULL THATCHER. A peruke-maker.

SCUM. The riff-raff, tag-rag, and bob-tail, or lowest order

 of people.

SCUT. The tail of a hare or rabbit; also that of a woman.

SCUTTLE. To scuttle off; to run away. To scuttle a

 ship; to make a hole in her bottom in order to sink her.

SEA CRAB. A sailor.

SEA LAWYER. A shark.

SEALER, or SQUEEZE WAX. One ready to give bond and

 judgment for goods or money.

SECRET. He has been let into the secret: he has been

 cheated at gaming or horse-racing. He or she is in the
 grand secret, i.e. dead.

SEEDY. Poor, pennyless, stiver-cramped, exhausted.

SEES. The eyes. See DAYLIGHTS.

SERVED. Found guilty. Convicted. Ordered to be

 punished or transported. To serve a cull out; to beat a
 man soundly.

SERAGLIO. A bawdy-house; the name of that part of the

 Great Turk's palace where the women are kept.

SEND. To drive or break in. Hand down the Jemmy and

 send it in; apply the crow to the door, and drive it in.

SET. A dead set: a concerted scheme to defraud a person

 by gaming.

SETTER. A bailiff's follower, who, like a setting dog

 follows and points the game for his master. Also
 sometimes an exciseman.

TO SETTLE. To knock down or stun any one. We settled

 the cull by a stroke on his nob; we stunned the fellow
 by a blow on the head.

SEVEN-SIDED ANIMAL. A one-eyed man or woman, each

 having a right side and a left side, a fore side and a back
 side, an outside, an inside, and a blind side.

SHABBAROON. An ill-dressed shabby fellow; also a mean-

 spirited person.

SHAFTSBURY. A gallon pot full of wine, with a cock.

To SHAG. To copulate. He is but bad shag; he is no able

 woman's man.

SHAG-BAG, or SHAKE-BAG. A poor sneaking fellow; a man

 of no spirit: a term borrowed from the cock-pit.

SHAKE. To shake one's elbow; to game with dice. To

 shake a cloth in the wind; to be hanged in chains.

SHAKE. To draw any thing from the pocket. He shook

 the swell of his fogle; he robbed the gentleman of his silk
 handkerchief.

SHALLOW PATE. A simple fellow.

SHALLOW. A WHIP hat, so called from the want of depth

 in the crown. LILLY SHALLOW, a WHITE Whip hat.

SHAM. A cheat, or trick. To cut a sham; to cheat or deceive.

 Shams; false sleeves to put on over a dirty shirt, or
 false sleeves with ruffles to put over a plain one. To sham
 Abram; to counterfeit sickness.

TO SHAMBLE. To walk awkwardly. Shamble-legged:

 one that walks wide, and shuffles about his feet.

SHANKER. A venereal wart.

SHANKS. Legs, or gams.

SHANKS NAGGY. To ride shanks naggy: to travel on foot.

 SCOTCH.

SHANNON. A river in Ireland: persons dipped in that river

 are perfectly and for ever cured of bashfulness.

SHAPES. To shew one's shapes; to be stript, or made peel,

 at the whipping-post.

SHAPPO, or SHAP. A hat: corruption of CHAPEAU. CANT.

SHARK. A sharper: perhaps from his preying upon any

 one he can lay hold of. Also a custom-house officer, or
 tide-waiter. Sharks; the first order of pickpockets. BOW-
 STREET TERM, A.D. 1785.

SHARP. Subtle, acute, quick-witted; also a sharper or

 cheat, in opposition to a flat, dupe, or gull. Sharp's the
 word and quick's the motion with him; said of any one
 very attentive to his own interest, and apt to take all
 advantages. Sharp set; hungry.

SHARPER. A cheat, one that lives by his wits. Sharpers

 tools; a fool and false dice.

SHAVER. A cunning shaver; a subtle fellow, one who

 trims close, an acute cheat. A young shaver; a boy.
 SEA TERM.

SHAVINGS. The clippings of money.

SHE HOUSE. A house where the wife rules, or, as the term

 is, wears the breeches.

SHE LION. A shilling.

SHE NAPPER. A woman thief-catcher; also a bawd or pimp.

SHEEP'S HEAD. Like a sheep's head, all jaw; saying of a

 talkative man or woman.

SHEEPISH. Bashful. A sheepish fellow; a bashful or

 shamefaced fellow. To cast a sheep's eye at any thing;
 to look wishfully at it.

SHEEPSKIN FIDDLER. A drummer.

SHELF. On the shelf, i.e. pawned.

SHERIFF'S JOURNEYMAN. The hangman.

SHERIFF'S BALL. An execution. To dance at the sheriff's

 ball, and loll out one's tongue at the company; to be
 hanged, or go to rest in a horse's night-cap, i.e. a halter.

SHERIFF'S BRACELETS. Handcuffs.

SHERIFF'S HOTEL. A prison.

SHERIFF'S PICTURE FRAME. The gallows.

TO SHERK. To evade or disappoint: to sherk one's duty.

TO SHERRY. To run away: sherry off.

SHIFTING. Shuffling. Tricking. Shifting cove; i.e. a

 person who lives by tricking.

SHIFTING BALLAST. A term used by sailors, to signify

 soldiers, passengers, or any landsmen on board.

SHILLALEY. An oaken sapling, or cudgel: from a wood

 of that name famous for its oaks. IRISH.

SHILLY-SHALLY. Irresolute. To stand shilly-shally; to

 hesitate, or stand in doubt.

SHINDY. A dance. SEA PHRASE.

SHINE. It shines like a shitten barn door.

SHIP SHAPE. Proper, as it ought to be. SEA PHRASE,

SH-T SACK. A dastardly fellow: also a non-conformist.

 This appellation is said to have originated from the
 following story:--After the restoration, the laws against
 the non-conformists were extremely severe. They
 sometimes met in very obscure places: and there is a tradition
 that one of their congregations were assembled in a barn,
 the rendezvous of beggars and other vagrants, where the
 preacher, for want of a ladder or tub, was suspended in
 a sack fixed to the beam. His discourse that day being
 on the last judgment, he particularly attempted to describe
 the terrors of the wicked at the sounding of the trumpet,
 on which a trumpeter to a puppet-show, who had taken
 refuge in that barn, and lay hid under the straw, sounded
 a charge. The congregation, struck with the utmost
 consternation, fled in an instant from the place, leaving
 their affrighted teacher to shift for himself. The effects
 of his terror are said to have appeared at the bottom of
 the sack, and to have occasioned that opprobrious appellation
 by which the non-conformists were vulgarly distinguished.

SH-T-NG THROUGH THE TEETH. Vomiting. Hark ye,

 friend, have you got a padlock on your a-se, that you sh-te
 through your teeth? Vulgar address to one vomiting.

SHOD ALL ROUND. A parson who attends a funeral is said

 to be shod all round, when he receives a hat-band, gloves,
 and scarf: many shoeings being only partial.

SHOEMAKER'S STOCKS. New, or strait shoes. I was in

 the shoemaker's stocks; i.e. had on a new pair of shoes
 that were too small for me.

TO SHOOLE. To go skulking about.

TO SHOOT THE CAT. To vomit from excess of liquor;

 called also catting.

SHOP. A prison. Shopped; confined, imprisoned.

SHOPLIFTER. One that steals whilst pretending to purchase

 goods in a shop.

SHORT-HEELED WENCH. A girl apt to fall on her back.

SHOT. To pay one's shot; to pay one's share of a reckoning.

 Shot betwixt wind and water; poxed or clapped.

SHOTTEN HERRING. A thin meagre fellow.

To SHOVE THE TUMBLER. To be whipped at the cart's

 tail.

SHOVE IN THE MOUTH. A dram.

SHOVEL. To be put to bed with a shovel; to be buried.

 He or she was fed with a fire-shovel; a saying of a person
 with a large mouth.

SHOULDER FEAST. A dinner given after a funeral, to

 those who have carried the corpse.

SHOULDER CLAPPER. A bailiff, or member of the catch

 club. Shoulder-clapped; arrested.

SHOULDER SHAM. A partner to a file. See FILE.

SHRED. A taylor.

SHRIMP. A little diminutive person.

TO SHUFFLE. To make use of false pretences, or unfair

 shifts. A shuffling fellow; a slippery shifting fellow.

SHY COCK. One who keeps within doors for fear of bailiffs.

SICE. Sixpence.

SICK AS A HORSE. Horses are said to be extremely sick

 at their stomachs, from being unable to relieve themselves
 by vomiting. Bracken, indeed, in his Farriery, gives an
 instance of that evacuation being procured, but by a
 means which he says would make the Devil vomit. Such
 as may have occasion to administer an emetic either to
 the animal or the fiend, may consult his book for the
 recipe.

SIDE POCKET. He has as much need of a wife as a dog of

 a side pocket; said of a weak old debilitated man. He
 wants it as much as a dog does a side pocket; a simile
 used for one who desires any thing by no means necessary.

SIDLEDYWRY. Crooked.

SIGN OF A HOUSE TO LET. A widow's weeds.

SIGN OF THE: FIVE SHILLINGS. The crown.

        TEN SHILLINGS. The two crowns.
        FIFTEEN SHILLINGS. The three crowns.

SILENCE. To silence a man; to knock him down, or stun

 him. Silence in the court, the cat is pissing; a gird upon
 any one requiring silence unnecessarily.

SILENT FLUTE. See PEGO, SUGAR STICK, &c.

SILK SNATCHERS. Thieves who snatch hoods or bonnets

 from persons walking in the streets.

SILVER LACED. Replete with lice. The cove's kickseys

 are silver laced: the fellow's breeches are covered with
 lice.

SIMEONITES, (at Cambridge,) the followers of the Rev.

 Charles Simeon, fellow of King's College, author of
 Skeletons of Sermons, and preacher at Trinity church; they
 are in fact rank methodists.

SIMKIN. A foolish fellow.

SIMON. Sixpence. Simple Simon: a natural, a silly fellow;

 Simon Suck-egg, sold his wife for an addle duck-egg.

TO SIMPER. To smile: to simper like a firmity kettle.

SIMPLETON. Abbreviation of simple Tony or Anthony, a

 foolish fellow.

SIMPLES. Physical herbs; also follies. He must go to

 Battersea, to be cut for the simples--Battersea is a place
 famous for its garden grounds, some of which were formerly
 appropriated to the growing of simples for apothecaries,
 who at a certain season used to go down to select their
 stock for the ensuing year, at which time the gardeners
 were said to cut their simples; whence it became
 a popular joke to advise young people to go to Battersea,
 at that time, to have their simples cut, or to be cut for
 the simples.

TO SING. To call out; the coves sing out beef; they call

 out stop thief.

TO SING SMALL. To be humbled, confounded, or abashed,

 to have little or nothing to say for one's-self.

SINGLE PEEPER. A person having but one eye.

SINGLETON. A very foolish fellow; also a particular kind

 of nails.

SINGLETON. A corkscrew, made by a famous cutler of

 that name, who lived in a place called Hell, in Dublin;
 his screws are remarkable for their excellent temper.

SIR JOHN. The old title for a country parson: as Sir John

 of Wrotham, mentioned by Shakespeare.

SIR JOHN BARLEYCORN. Strong beer.

SIR LOIN. The sur, or upper loin.

SIR REVERENCE. Human excrement, a t--d.

SIR TIMOTHY. One who, from a desire of being the head

 of the company, pays the reckoning, or, as the term is,
 stands squire. See SQUIRE.

SITTING BREECHES. One who stays late in company, is

 said to have his sitting breeches on, or that he will sit
 longer than a hen.

SIX AND EIGHT-PENCE. An attorney, whose fee on several

 occasions is fixed at that sum.

SIX AND TIPS. Whisky and small beer. IRISH.

SIXES AND SEVENS. Left at sixes and sevens: i.e. in

 confusion; commonly said of a room where the furniture,
 &c. is scattered about; or of a business left unsettled.

SIZE OF ALE. Half a pint. Size of bread and cheese; a

 certain quantity. Sizings: Cambridge term for the college
 allowance from the buttery, called at Oxford battles.

To SIZE. (CAMBRIDGE) To sup at one's own expence. If a

 MAN asks you to SUP, he treats you; if to SIZE, you pay
 for what you eat--liquors ONLY being provided by the
 inviter.

SIZAR (Cambridge). Formerly students who came to the

 University for purposes of study and emolument.
 But at present they are just as gay and dissipated as their
 fellow collegians. About fifty years ago they were on a
 footing with the servitors at Oxford, but by the exertions
 of the present Bishop of Llandaff, who was himself a
 sizar, they were absolved from all marks of inferiority
 or of degradation. The chief difference at present between
 them and the pensioners, consists in the less
 amount of their college fees. The saving thus made induces
 many extravagant fellows to become sizars, that
 they may have more money to lavish on their dogs,
 pieces, &c.

SKEW. A cup, or beggar's wooden dish.

SKEWVOW, or ALL ASKEW. Crooked, inclining to one side.

SKIN. In a bad skin; out of temper, in an ill humour.

 Thin-skinned: touchy, peevish.

SKIN. A purse. Frisk the skin of the stephen; empty

 the money out of the purse. Queer skin; an empty
 purse.

SKIN FLINT. An avaricious man or woman,

SKINK. To skink, is to wait on the company, ring the bell,

 stir the fire, and snuff the candles; the duty of the youngest
 officer in the military mess. See BOOTS.

SKINS. A tanner.

SKIP JACKS. Youngsters that ride horses on sale, horse-

 dealers boys. Also a plaything made for children with
 the breast bone of a goose.

SKIP KENNEL. A footman.

SKIPPER. A barn. CANT.--Also the captain of a Dutch

 vessel.

TO SKIT. To wheedle. CANT.

SKIT. A joke. A satirical hint.

SKRIP. See SCRIP.

SKULKER. A soldier who by feigned sickness, or other

 pretences, evades his duty; a sailor who keeps below in
 time of danger; in the civil line, one who keeps out of
 the way, when any work is to be done. To skulk; to
 hide one's self, to avoid labour or duty.

SKY BLUE. Gin.

SKY FARMERS. Cheats who pretend they were farmers

 in the isle of Sky, or some other remote place, and were
 ruined by a flood, hurricane, or some such public calamity:
 or else called sky farmers from their farms being IN
 NUBIBUS, 'in the clouds.'

SKY PARLOUR. The garret, or upper story.

SLABBERING BIB. A parson or lawyer's band.

SLAG. A slack-mettled fellow, one not ready to resent an

 affront.

SLAM. A trick; also a game at whist lost without scoring

 one. To slam to a door; to shut it with violence.

SLAMKIN. A female sloven, one whose clothes seem hung

 on with a pitch-fork, a careless trapes.

SLANG. A fetter. Double slanged; double ironed. Now

 double slanged into the cells for a crop he is knocked
 down; he is double ironed in the condemned cells, and
 ordered to be hanged.

SLANG. Cant language.

SLAP-BANG SHOP. A petty cook's shop, where there is

 no credit given, but what is had must be paid DOWN
 WITH THE READY SLAP-BANG, i.e. immediately. This is a
 common appellation for a night cellar frequented by
 thieves, and sometimes for a stage coach or caravan.

SLAPDASH. Immediately, instantly, suddenly.

SLASHER. A bullying, riotous fellow. IRISH.

SLAT. Half a crown. CANT.

SLATE. A sheet. CANT.

SLATER'S PAN. The gaol at Kingston in Jamaica: Slater

 is the deputy Provost-marshal.

SLATTERN. A woman sluttishly negligent in her dress.

SLEEPING PARTNER. A partner in a trade, or shop, who

 lends his name and money, for which he receives a share
 of the profit, without doing any part of the business.

SLEEPY. Much worn: the cloth of your coat must be extremely

 sleepy, for it has not had a nap this long time.

SLEEVELESS ERRAND. A fool's errand, in search of what

 it is impossible to find.

SLICE. To take a slice; to intrigue, particularly with a

 married woman, because a slice off a cut loaf is not missed.

SLIPGIBBET. See SCAPEGALLOWS.

SLIPPERY CHAP. One on whom there can be no dependance,

 a shuffling fellow.

SLIPSLOPS. Tea, water-gruel, or any innocent beverage

 taken medicinally.

SLIPSLOPPING. Misnaming and misapplying any hard

 word; from the character of Mrs. Slipslop, in Fielding's
 Joseph Andrews.

SLOP. Tea. How the blowens lush the slop. How the

 wenches drink tea!

SLOPS. Wearing apparel and bedding used by seamen.

SLOP SELLER. A dealer in those articles, who keeps a

 slop shop.

SLOUCH. A stooping gait, a negligent slovenly fellow.

 To slouch; to hang down one's head. A slouched hat:
 a hat whose brims are let down.

SLUBBER DE GULLION. A dirty nasty fellow.

SLUG. A piece of lead of any shape, to be fired from a

 blunderbuss. To fire a slug; to drink a dram.

SLUG-A-BED. A drone, one that cannot rise in the morning.

SLUICE YOUR GOB. Take a hearty drink.

SLUR. To slur, is a method of cheating at dice: also to

 cast a reflection on any one's character, to scandalize.

SLUSH. Greasy dish-water, or the skimmings of a pot

 where fat meat has been boiled.

SLUSH BUCKET. A foul feeder, one that eats much greasy food.

SLY BOOTS. A cunning fellow, under the mask of simplicity.

SMABBLED, or SNABBLED. Killed in battle.

TO SMACK. To kiss. I had a smack at her muns: I kissed

 her mouth. To smack calves skin; to kiss the book, i.e.
 to take an oath. The queer cuffin bid me smack calves
 skin, but I only bussed my thumb; the justice bid me
 kiss the book, but I only kissed my thumb.

SMACKSMOOTH. Level with the surface, every thing cut away.

SMACKING COVE. A coachman.

SMALL CLOTHES. Breeches: a gird at the affected delicacy

 of the present age; a suit being called coat, waistcoat,
 and articles, or small clothes.

SMART. Spruce, fine: as smart as a carrot new scraped.

SMART MONEY. Money allowed to soldiers or sailors for

 the loss of a limb, or other hurt received in the service.

SMASHER. A person who lives by passing base coin. The

 cove was fined in the steel for smashing; the fellow was
 ordered to be imprisoned in the house of correction for
 uttering base coin.

SMASH. Leg of mutton and smash: a leg of mutton and

 mashed turnips. SEA TERM.

TO SMASH. To break; also to kick down stairs. CANT.

 To smash. To pass counterfeit money.

SMEAR. A plasterer.

SMEAR GELT. A bribe. GERMAN.

SMELLER. A nose. Smellers: a cat's whiskers.

SMELLING CHEAT. An orchard, or garden; also a nosegay.

 CANT.

SMELTS. Half guineas. CANT.

SMICKET. A smock, or woman's shift.

SMIRK. A finical spruce fellow. To smirk; to smile, or

 look pleasantly.

SMITER. An arm. To smite one's tutor; to get money

 from him. ACADEMIC TERM.

SMITHFIELD BARGAIN. A bargain whereby the purchaser

 is taken in. This is likewise frequently used to express
 matches or marriages contracted solely on the score of
 interest, on one or both sides, where the fair sex are bought
 and sold like cattle in Smithfield.

SMOCK-FACED. Fair faced.

TO SMOKE. To observe, to suspect.

SMOKER. A tobacconist.

SMOKY. Curious, suspicious, inquisitive.

SMOUCH. Dried leaves of the ash tree, used by the smugglers

 for adulterating the black or bohea teas.

SMOUS. A German Jew.

SMUG. A nick name for a blacksmith; also neat and spruce.

SMUG LAY. Persons who pretend to be smugglers of lace

 and valuable articles; these men borrow money of
 publicans by depositing these goods in their hands; they
 shortly decamp, and the publican discovers too late that he has
 been duped; and on opening the pretended treasure, he
 finds trifling articles of no value.

SMUGGLING KEN. A bawdy-house.

TO SMUSH. To snatch, or seize suddenly.

SMUT. Bawdy. Smutty story; an indecent story.

SMUT. A copper. A grate. Old iron. The cove was lagged

 for a smut: the fellow was transported for stealing a
 copper.

SNACK. A share. To go snacks; to be partners.

TO SNABBLE. To rifle or plunder; also to kill.

SNAFFLER. A highwayman. Snaffler of prances; a horse

 stealer.

TO SNAFFLE. To steal. To snaffle any ones poll; to

 steal his wig.

SNAGGS. Large teeth; also snails.

SNAKESMAN. See LITTLE SNAKESMAN.

SNAP DRAGON. A Christmas gambol: raisins and almonds

 being put into a bowl of brandy, and the candles
 extinguished, the spirit is set on fire, and the company
 scramble for the raisins.

TO SNAP THE GLAZE. To break shop windows or show

 glasses.

SNAPPERS. Pistols.

SNAPT. Taken, caught.

SNATCH CLY. A thief who snatches women's pockets.

SNEAK. A pilferer. Morning sneak; one who pilfers early

 in the morning, before it is light. Evening sneak; an
 evening pilferer. Upright sneak: one who steals pewter
 pots from the alehouse boys employed to collect them.
 To go upon the sneak; to steal into houses whose doors
 are carelessly left open. CANT.

SNEAKER. A small bowl.

SNEAKING BUDGE. One that robs alone.

SNEAKSBY. A mean-spirited fellow, a sneaking cur.

SNEERING. Jeering, flickering, laughing in scorn.

SNICKER. A glandered horse.

TO SNICKER, or SNIGGER. To laugh privately, or in one's

 sleeve.

TO SNILCH. To eye, or look at any thing attentively: the

 cull snilches. CANT.

SNIP. A taylor.

SNITCH. To turn snitch, or snitcher; to turn informer.

TO SNITE. To wipe, or slap. Snite his snitch; wipe his

 nose, i.e. give him a good knock.

TO SNIVEL. To cry, to throw the snot or snivel about.

 Snivelling; crying. A snivelling fellow; one that whines
 or complains.

TO SNOACH. To speak through the nose, to snuffle.

SNOB. A nick name for a shoemaker.

TO SNOOZE, or SNOODGE. To sleep. To snooze with a

 mort;  to sleep with a wench. CANT.

SNOOZING KEN. A brothel. The swell was spiced in a

 snoozing ken of his screens; the gentleman was robbed of
 his bank notes in a brothel.

SNOW. Linen hung out to dry or bleach. Spice the snow;

 to steal the linen.

SNOUT. A hogshead. CANT.

SNOWBALL. A jeering appellation for a negro.

TO SNUB. To check, or rebuke.

SNUB DEVIL. A parson.

SNUB NOSE. A short nose turned up at the end.

SNUDGE. A thief who hides himself under a bed, in Order

 to rob the house.

SNUFF. To take snuff; to be offended.

TO SNUFFLE. To speak through the nose.

SNUFFLES. A cold in the head, attended with a running at

 the nose.

SNUG. All's snug; all's quiet.

TO SOAK. To drink. An old soaker; a drunkard, one that

 moistens his clay to make it stick together.

SOCKET MONEY. A whore's fee, or hire: also money paid

 for a treat, by a married man caught in an intrigue.

SOLDIER'S BOTTLE. A large one.

SOLDIER'S MAWND. A pretended soldier, begging with a

 counterfeit wound, which he pretends to have received at
 some famous siege or battle.

SOLDIER'S POMATUM. A piece of tallow candle.

SOLDIER. A red herring.

SOLFA. A parish clerk.

SOLO PLAYER. A miserable performer on any instrument,

 who always plays alone, because no one will stay in the
 room to hear him.

SOLOMON. The mass. CANT.

SON OF PRATTLEMENT. A lawyer.

SONG. He changed his song; he altered his account or

 evidence. It was bought for an old song, i.e. very cheap.
 His morning and his evening song do not agree; he tells a
 different story.

SOOTERKIN. A joke upon the Dutch women, supposing

 that, by their constant use of stoves, which they place
 under their petticoats, they breed a kind of small animal in
 their bodies, called a sooterkin, of the size of a mouse,
 which when mature slips out.

SOP. A bribe. A sop for Cerberus; a bribe for a porter,

 turnkey, or gaoler.

SOPH. (Cambridge) An undergraduate in his second year.

SORREL. A yellowish red. Sorrel pate; one having red

 hair.

SORROW SHALL BE HIS SOPS. He shall repent this. Sorrow

 go by me; a common expletive used by presbyterians
 in Ireland.

SORRY. Vile, mean, worthless. A sorry fellow, or hussy;

 a worthless man or woman.

SOT WEED. Tobacco.

SOUL CASE. The body. He made a hole in his soul

 case; he wounded him.

SOUL DOCTOR, or DRIVER. A parson.

SOUNDERS. A herd of swine.

SOUSE. Not a souse; not a penny. FRENCH.

SOW. A fat woman. He has got the wrong sow by the ear,

 he mistakes his man. Drunk as David's sow; see DAVID'S
 SOW.

SOW'S BABY. A sucking pig.

SOW CHILD. A female child.

SPADO. A sword. SPANISH.

SPANGLE. A seven shilling piece.

SPANK. (WHIP) To run neatly along, beteeen a trot and

 gallop. The tits spanked it to town; the horses went
 merrily along all the way to town.

SPANISH. The spanish; ready money.

SPANISH COIN. Fair words and compliments.

SPANISH FAGGOT. The sun.

SPANISH GOUT. The pox.

SPANISH PADLOCK. A kind of girdle contrived by jealous

 husbands of that nation, to secure the chastity of their
 wives.

SPANISH, or KING OF SPAIN'S TRUMPETER. An ass

 when braying.

SPANISH WORM. A nail: so called by carpenters when they

 meet with one in a board they are sawing.

SPANKS, or SPANKERS. Money; also blows with the open

 hand.

SPANKING. Large.

SPARK. A spruce, trim, or smart fellow. A man that is

 always thirsty, is said to have a spark in his throat.

SPARKISH. Fine, gay.

SPARKING BLOWS. Blows given by cocks before they close,

 or, as the term is, mouth it: used figuratively for words
 previous to a quarrel.

SPARROW. Mumbling a sparrow; a cruel sport frequently

 practised at wakes and fairs: for a small premium, a booby
 having his hands tied behind him, has the wing of a cock
 sparrow put into his mouth: with this hold, without any
 other assistance than the motion of his lips, he is to get the
 sparrow's head into his mouth: on attempting to do it, the
 bird defends itself surprisingly, frequently pecking the
 mumbler till his lips are covered with blood, and he is
 obliged to desist: to prevent the bird from getting away, he
 is fastened by a string to a button of the booby's coat.

SPARROW-MOUTHED. Wide-mouthed, like the mouth of a

 sparrow: it is said of such persons, that they do not hold
 their mouths by lease, but have it from year to year; i.e.
 from ear to ear. One whose mouth cannot be enlarged
 without removing their ears, and who when they yawn
 have their heads half off.

SPATCH COCK. [Abbreviation of DISPATCH COCK.] A hen just

 killed from the roost, or yard, and immediately skinned,
 split, and broiled: an Irish dish upon any sudden occasion.

TO SPEAK WITH. To rob. I spoke with the cull on the

 cherry-coloured prancer; I robbed the man on the black
 horse. CANT.

SPEAK. Any thing stolen. He has made a good speak; he

 has stolen something considerable.

SPECKED WHIPER. A coloured hankerchief. CANT.

SPICE. To rob. Spice the swell; rob the gentleman.

SPICE ISLANDS. A privy. Stink-hole bay or dilberry creek.

 The fundament.

SPIDER-SHANKED. Thin-legged.

TO SPIFLICATE. To confound, silence, or dumbfound.

SPILT. A small reward or gift.

SPILT. Thrown from a horse, or overturned in a carriage;

 pray, coachee, don't spill us.

SPINDLE SHANKS. Slender legs.

TO SPIRIT AWAY. To kidnap, or inveigle away.

SPIRITUAL FLESH BROKER. A parson.

SPIT. He is as like his father as if he was spit out of his

 mouth; said of a child much resembling his father.

SPIT. A sword.

SPIT FIRE. A violent, pettish, or passionate person.

SPLICED. Married: an allusion to joining two ropes ends by

 splicing. SEA TERM.

SPLIT CROW. The sign of the spread eagle, which being

 represented with two heads on one neck, gives it somewhat
 the appearance of being split.

SPLIT CAUSE. A lawyer.

SPLIT FIG. A grocer.

SPLIT IRON. The nick-name for a smith.

SPOONEY. (WHIP) Thin, haggard, like the shank of a spoon;

 also delicate, craving for something, longing for sweets.
 Avaricious. That tit is damned spooney. She's a spooney
 piece of goods. He's a spooney old fellow.

SPOIL PUDDING. A parson who preaches long sermons,

 keeping his congregation in church till the puddings are
 overdone.

TO SPORT. To exhibit: as, Jack Jehu sported a new gig

 yesterday: I shall sport a new suit next week. To sport
 or flash one's ivory; to shew one's teeth. To sport timber;
 to keep one's outside door shut; this term is used in the
 inns of court to signify denying one's self. N.B. The
 word SPORT was in great vogue ann. 1783 and 1784.

SPUNGE. A thirsty fellow, a great drinker. To spunge; to

 eat and drink at another's cost. Spunging-house: a bailiff's
 lock-up-house, or repository, to which persons arrested are
 taken, till they find bail, or have spent all their money: a
 house where every species of fraud and extortion is practised
 under the protection of the law.

SPUNK. Rotten touchwood, or a kind of fungus prepared

 for tinder; figuratively, spirit, courage.

SPOON HAND. The right hand.

TO SPOUT. To rehearse theatrically.

SPOUTING CLUB. A meeting of apprentices and mechanics

 to rehearse different characters in plays: thus forming
 recruits for the strolling companies.

SPOUTING. Theatrical declamation.

SPOUTED. Pawned.

SPREAD. Butter.

SPREAD EAGLE. A soldier tied to the halberts in order to

 be whipped; his attitude bearing some likeness to that
 figure, as painted on signs.

SPREE. A frolic. Fun. A drinking bout. A party of

 pleasure.

SPRING-ANKLE WAREHOUSE. Newgate, or any other gaol:

 IRISH.

SQUAB. A fat man or woman: from their likeness to a

 well-stuffed couch, called also a squab. A new-hatched
 chicken.

SQUARE. Honest, not roguish. A square cove, i.e. a

 man who does not steal, or get his living by dishonest
 means.

SQUARE TOES. An old man: square toed shoes were

 anciently worn in common, and long retained by old
 men.

SQUEAK. A narrow escape, a chance: he had a squeak for

 his life. To squeak; to confess, peach, or turn stag.
 They squeak beef upon us; they cry out thieves after
 us. CANT.

SQUEAKER. A bar-boy; also a bastard or any other child.

 To stifle the squeaker; to murder a bastard, or throw It
 into the necessary house.--Organ pipes are likewise called
 squeakers. The squeakers are meltable; the small
 pipes are silver. CANT.

SQUEEZE CRAB. A sour-looking, shrivelled, diminutive

 fellow.

SQUEEZE WAX. A good-natured foolish fellow, ready to

 become security for another, under hand and seal.

SQUELCH. A fall. Formerly a bailiff caught in a barrack-

 yard in Ireland, was liable by custom to have three tosses
 in a blanket, and a squelch; the squelch was given by letting
 go the corners of the blanket, and suffering him to
 fall to the ground. Squelch-gutted; fat, having a prominent
 belly.

SQUIB. A small satirical or political temporary jeu d'esprit,

 which, like the firework of that denomination, sparkles,
 bounces, stinks, and vanishes.

SQUINT-A-PIPES. A squinting man or woman; said to

 be born in the middle of the week, and looking both
 ways for Sunday; or born in a hackney coach, and looking
 out of both windows; fit for a cook, one eye in the
 pot, and the other up the chimney; looking nine ways at
 once.

SQUIRE OF ALSATIA. A weak profligate spendthrift, the

 squire of the company; one who pays the whole reckoning,
 or treats the company, called standing squire.

SQUIRISH. Foolish.

SQUIRREL. A prostitute: because she like that animal, covers

 her back with her tail. Meretrix corpore corpus alit.
 Menagiana, ii. 128.

SQUIRREL HUNTING. See HUNTING.

STAG. To turn stag; to impeach one's confederates: from

 a herd of deer, who are said to turn their horns against
 any of their number who is hunted.

TO STAG. To find, discover, or observe.

STAGGERING BOB, WITH HIS YELLOW PUMPS. A calf

 just dropped, and unable to stand, killed for veal in Scotland:
 the hoofs of a young calf are yellow.

STALL WHIMPER. A bastard. CANT.

STALLING. Making or ordaining. Stalling to the rogue;

 an ancient ceremony of instituting a candidate into the
 society of rogues, somewhat similar to the creation of a
 herald at arms. It is thus described by Harman: the upright
 man taking a gage of bowse, i.e. a pot of strong drink,
 pours it on the head of the rogue to be admitted; saying,
 --I, A.B. do stall thee B.C. to the rogue; and from henceforth
 it shall be lawful for thee to cant for thy living in all
 places.

STALLING KEN. A broker's shop, or that of a receiver of

 stolen goods.

STALLION. A man kept by an old lady for secret services.

STAM FLESH. To cant. CANT.

STAMMEL, or STRAMMEL. A coarse brawny wench.

STAMP. A particular manner of throwing the dice out of

 the box, by striking it with violence against the table.

STAMPS. Legs.

STAMPERS. Shoes.

STAND-STILL. He was run to a stand-still; i.e. till he could

 no longer move.

STAR GAZER. A horse who throws up his head; also a

 hedge whore.

TO STAR THE GLAZE. To break and rob a jeweller's show

 glass. CANT.

STARCHED. Stiff, prim, formal, affected.

STARING QUARTER. An ox cheek.

START, or THE OLD START. Newgate: he is gone to the

 start, or the old start. CANT.

STARTER. One who leaves a jolly company, a milksop; he

 is no starter, he will sit longer than a hen.

STARVE'EM, ROB'EM, AND CHEAT'EM. Stroud, Rochester,

 and Chatham; so called by soldiers and sailors, and not
 without good reason.

STAR LAG. Breaking shop-windows, and stealing some article

 thereout.

STASH. To stop. To finish. To end. The cove tipped

 the prosecutor fifty quid to stash the business; he gave
 the prosecutor fifty guineas to stop the prosecution.

STATE. To lie in state; to be in bed with three harlots.

STAY. A cuckold.

STAYTAPE. A taylor; from that article, and its coadjutor

 buckram, which make no small figure in the bills of those
 knights of the needle.

STEAMER. A pipe. A swell steamer; a long pipe, such

 as is used by gentlemen to smoke.

STEEL. The house of correction.

STEEL BAR. A needle. A steel bar flinger; a taylor, stay-

 maker, or any other person using a needle.

STEENKIRK. A muslin neckcloth carelessly put on, from

 the manner in which the French officers wore their cravats
 when they returned from the battle of Steenkirk.

STEEPLE HOUSE. A name given to the church by Dissenters.

STEPHEN. Money. Stephen's at home; i.e. has money.

STEPNEY. A decoction of raisins of the sun and lemons in

 conduit water, sweetened with sugar, and bottled up.

STEWED QUAKER. Burnt rum, with a piece of butter: an

 American remedy for a cold.

STICKS. Household furniture.

STICKS. Pops or pistols. Stow your sticks; hide your

 pistols. CANT. See POPS.

STICK FLAMS. A pair of gloves.

STIFF-RUMPED. Proud, stately.

STINGRUM. A niggard.

STINGO. Strong beer, or other liquor.

STIRRUP CUP. A parting cup or glass, drank on horseback

 by the person taking leave.

STITCH. A nick name for a taylor: also a term for lying

 with a woman.

STITCHBACK. Strong ale.

STIVER-CRAMPED. Needy, wanting money. A stiver is a

 Dutch coin, worth somewhat more than a penny sterling.

STOCK. A good stock; i.e. of impudence. Stock and

 block; the whole: he has lost stock and block.

STOCK DRAWERS. Stockings.

STOCK JOBBERS. Persons who gamble in Exchange Alley,

 by pretending to buy and sell the public funds, but in
 reality only betting that they will be at a certain price, at
 a particular time; possessing neither the stock pretended
 to be sold, nor money sufficient to make good the payments
 for which they contract: these gentlemen are known
 under the different appellations of bulls, bears, and lame
 ducks.

STOMACH WORM. The stomach worm gnaws; I am hungry.

STONE. Two stone under weight, or wanting; an eunuch.

 Stone doublet; a prison. Stone dead; dead as a stone.

STONE JUG. Newgate, or any other prison.

STONE TAVERN. Ditto.

STOOP-NAPPERS, or OVERSEERS OF THE NEW PAVEMENT.

 Persons set in the pillory. CANT.

STOOP. The pillory. The cull was served for macing and

 napp'd the stoop; he was convicted of swindling, and
 put in the pillory.

STOP HOLE ABBEY. The nick name of the chief rendzvous

 of the  canting crew of beggars, gypsies, cheats,
 thieves, &c. &c.

STOTER. A great blow. Tip him a stoter in the haltering

 place; give him a blow under the left ear.

STOUP. A vessel to hold liquor: a vessel containing a size

 or half a pint, is so called at Cambridge.

STOW. Stow you; be silent, or hold your peace. Stow

 your whidds and plant'em, for the cove of the ken can
 cant'em; you have said enough, the man of the house
 understands you.

STRAIT-LACED. Precise, over nice, puritanical.

STRAIT WAISTCOAT. A tight waistcoat, with long sleeves

 coming over the hand, having strings for binding them
 behind the back of the wearer: these waistcoats are used in
 madhouses for the management of lunatics when outrageous.

STRAMMEL. See STAMMEL.

STRANGER. A guinea.

STRANGLE GOOSE. A poulterer.

To STRAP. To work. The kiddy would not strap, so he

 went on the scamp: the lad would not work, and therefore
 robbed on the highway.

STRAPPER. A large man or woman.

STRAPPING. Lying with a woman. CANT.

STRAW. A good woman in the straw; a lying-in woman.

 His eyes draw straw; his eyes are almost shut, or he is
 almost asleep: one eye draws straw, and t'other serves the
 thatcher.

STRETCH. A yard. The cove was lagged for prigging a

 peter with several stretch of dobbin from a drag; the
 fellow was transported for stealing a trunk, containing
 several yards of ribband, from a waggon.

STRETCHING. Hanging. He'll stretch for it; he will be

 hanged for it. Also telling a great lie: he stretched stoutly.

STRIKE. Twenty shillings. CANT.

STRIP ME NAKED. Gin.

STROKE. To take a stroke: to take a bout with a woman.

STROLLERS. Itinerants of different kinds. Strolling morts;

 beggars or pedlars pretending to be widows.

STROMMEL. Straw. CANT.

STRONG MAN. To play the part of the strong man, i.e.

 to push the cart and horses too; to be whipt at the cart's
 tail.

STRUM. A perriwig. Rum strum: a fine large wig.

 (CAMBRIDGE) To do a piece. Foeminam subagitare. CANT.

To STRUM. To have carnal knowledge of a woman; also to

 play badly on the harpsichord; or any other stringed
 instrument. A strummer of wire, a player on any instrument
 strung with wire.

STRUMPET. A harlot.

STUB-FACED. Pitted with the smallpox: the devil ran

 over his face with horse stabs (horse nails) in his shoes.

STUBBLE IT. Hold your tongue. CANT.

STULING KEN. See STALLING KEN. CANT.

STUM. The flower of fermenting wine, used by vintners to

 adulterate their wines.

STUMPS. Legs. To stir one's stumps; to walk fast.

STURDY BEGGARS. The fifth and last of the most ancient

 order of canters, beggars that rather demand than ask
 CANT.

SUCCESSFULLY. Used by the vulgar for SUCCESSIVELY: as

 three or four landlords of this house have been ruined
 successfully by the number of soldiers quartered on them.
 IRISH.

SUCH A REASON PIST MY GOOSE, or MY GOOSE PIST. Said

 when any one offers an absurd reason.

SUCK. Strong liquor of any sort. To suck the monkey;

 see MONKEY. Sucky; drunk.

To SUCK. To pump. To draw from a man all be knows.

 The file sucked the noodle's brains: the deep one drew
 out of the fool all he knew.

SUCKING CHICKEN. A young chicken.

SUDS. In the suds; in trouble, in a disagreeable situation,

 or involved in some difficulty.

SUGAR STICK. The virile member.

SUGAR SOPS. Toasted bread soked in ale, sweetened with

 sugar, and grated nutmeg: it is eaten with cheese.

SULKY. A one-horse chaise or carriage, capable of holding

 but one person: called by the French a DESOBLIGEANT.

SUN. To have been in the sun; said of one that is drunk.

SUNBURNT. Clapped; also haying many male children.

SUNDAY MAN. One who goes abroad on that day only, for

 fear of arrests.

SUNNY BANK. A good fire in winter.

SUNSHINE. Prosperity.

SUPERNACOLUM. Good liquor, of which there is not even

 a drop left sufficient to wet one's nail.

SUPOUCH. A landlady of an inn, or hostess.

SURVEYOR OF THE HIGHWAYS. One reeling drunk.

SURVEYOR OF THE PAVEMENT. One standing in the pillory.

SUS PER COLL. Hanged: persons who have been hanged

 are thus entered into the jailor's books.

SUSPENCE. One in a deadly suspence; a man just turned

 off at the gallows.

SUTRER. A camp publican: also one that pilfers gloves,

 tobacco boxes, and such small moveables.

SWABBERS. The ace of hearts, knave of clubs, ace and

 duce of trumps, at whist: also the lubberly seamen, put
 to swab, and clean the ship.

SWAD, or SWADKIN. A soldier. CANT.

To SWADDLE. To beat with a stick.

SWADDLERS. The tenth order of the canting tribe, who not

 only rob, but beat, and often murder passenges. CANT.
 Swaddlers is also the Irish name for methodist.

SWAG. A shop. Any quantity of goods. As, plant the swag;

 conceal the goods. Rum swag; a shop full of rich goods.
 CANT.

SWAGGER. To bully, brag, or boast, also to strut.

SWANNERY. He keeps a swannery; i.e. all his geese are

 swans.

SWEATING. A mode of diminishing the gold coin, practiced

 chiefly by the Jews, who corrode it with aqua regia. Sweating
 was also a diversion practised by the bloods of the last
 century, who styled themselves Mohocks: these gentlemen
 lay in wait to surprise some person late in the night, when
 surrouding him, they with their swords pricked him in
 the posteriors, which obliged him to be constantly turning
 round; this they continued till they thought him sufficiently
 sweated.

SWEET. Easy to be imposed on, or taken in; also expert,

 dexterous clever. Sweet's your hand; said of one dexterous
 at stealing.

SWEET HEART. A term applicable to either the masculine

 or feminine gender, signifying a girl's lover, or a man's
 mistress: derived from a sweet cake in the shape of a
 heart.

SWEETNESS. Guinea droppers, cheats, sharpers. To sweeten

 to decoy, or draw in. To be sweet upon; to coax, wheedle,
 court, or allure. He seemed sweet upon that wench; he seemed to
 court that girl.

SWELL. A gentleman. A well-dressed map. The flashman

 bounced the swell of all his blunt; the girl's bully frightened
 the gentleman out of all his money.

SWELLED HEAD. A disorder to which horses are extremely

 liable, particularly those of the subalterns of the army.
 This disorder is generally occasioned by remaining too
 long in one livery-stable or inn, and often arises to that
 height that it prevents their coming out at the stable door.
 The most certain cure is the unguentum aureum--not
 applied to the horse, but to the palm of the master of the inn
 or stable. N. B. Neither this disorder, nor its remedy,
 is mentioned by either Bracken, Bartlet, or any of the
 modern writers on farriery.

SWIG. A hearty draught of liquor.

SWIGMEN. Thieves who travel the country under colour of

 buying old shoes, old clothes, &c. or selling brooms, mops,
 &c. CANT.

TO SWILL. To drink greedily.

SWILL TUB. A drunkard, a sot.

SWIMMER. A counterfeit old coin.

SWIMMER. A ship. I shall have a swimmer; a cant phrase

 used by thieves to signify that they will be sent on board
 the tender.

TO SWING. To be hanged. He will swing for it; he will

 be hanged for it.

SWING TAIL. A hog.

TO SWINGE. To beat stoutly.

SWINGING. A great swinging fellow; a great stout fellow.

 A swinging lie; a lusty lie.

SWINDLER. One who obtains goods on credit by false pretences,

 and sells them for ready money at any price, in order
 to make up a purse. This name is derived from the German
 word SCHWINDLIN, to totter, to be ready to fall; these
 arts being generally practised by persons on the totter, or
 just ready to break. The term SWINDLER has since been
 used to signify cheats of every kind.

SWIPES. Purser's swipes; small beer: so termed on board

 the king's ships, where it is furnished by the purser.

SWISH TAIL. A pheasant; so called by the persons who

 sell game for the poachers.

TO SWIVE. To copulate.

SWIVEL-EYED. Squinting.

SWIZZLE. Drink, or any brisk or windy liquor. In North

 America, a mixture of spruce beer, rum, and sugar, was so
 called. The 17th regiment had a society called the Swizzle
 Club, at Ticonderoga, A. D. 1760.

SWORD RACKET. To enlist in different regiments, and on

 receiving the bounty to desert immediately.

SWOP. An exchange.

SYEBUCK. Sixpence.

SYNTAX. A schoolmaster.

TABBY. An old maid; either from Tabitha, a formal

 antiquated name; or else from a tabby cat, old maids being
 often compared to cats. To drive Tab; to go out on a
 party of pleasure with a wife and family.

TACE. Silence, hold your tongue. TACE is Latin for a

 candle; a jocular admonition to be silent on any subject.

TACKLE. A mistress; also good clothes. The cull has

 tipt his tackle rum gigging; the fellow has given his
 mistress good clothes. A man's tackle: the genitals.

TAFFY, i.e. Davy. A general name for a Welchman, St.

 David being the tutelar saint of Wales. Taffy's day; the
 first of March, St. David's day.

TAG-RAG AND BOBTAIL. An expression meaning an assemblage

 of low people, the mobility of all sorts. To tag
 after one like a tantony pig: to follow one wherever one
 goes, just as St. Anthony is followed by his pig.

TAIL. A prostitute. Also, a sword.

TAKEN IN. Imposed on, cheated.

TALE TELLERS. Persons said to have been formerly hired

 to tell wonderful stories of giants and fairies, to lull their
 hearers to sleep. Talesman; the author of a story or
 report: I'll tell you my tale, and my talesman. Tale bearers;
 mischief makers, incendiaries in families.

TALL BOY. A bottle, or two-quart pot.

TALLY MEN. Brokers that let out clothes to the women of

 the town. See RABBIT SUCKERS.

TALLYWAGS, or TARRYWAGS. A man's testicles.

TAME. To run tame about a house; to live familiarly in a

 family with which one is upon a visit. Tame army; the
 city trained bands.

TANDEM. A two-wheeled chaise, buggy, or noddy, drawn

 by two horses, one before the other: that is, AT LENGTH.

TANGIER. A room in Newgate, where debtors were confined,

 hence called Tangerines.

TANNER. A sixpence. The kiddey tipped the rattling cove

 a tanner for luck; the lad gave the coachman sixpence for
 drink.

TANTADLIN TART. A sirreverence, human excrement.

TANTRUMS. Pet, or passion: madam was in her tantrums.

TANTWIVY. Away they went tantwivy; away they went

 full speed. Tantwivy was the sound of the hunting horn
 in full cry, or that of a post horn.

TAP. A gentle blow. A tap on the shoulder;-an-arrest.

 To tap a girl; to be the first seducer: in allusion to a beer
 barrel. To tap a guinea; to get it changed.

TAPPERS. Shoulder tappers: bailiffs.

TAPE. Red tape; brandy. Blue or white tape; gin.

TAPLASH. Thick and bad beer.

TAR. Don't lose a sheep for a halfpennyworth of tar: tar is

 used to mark sheep. A jack tar; a sailor.

TARADIDDLE. A fib, or falsity.

TARPAWLIN. A coarse cloth tarred over: also, figuratively,

 a sailor.

TARRING AND FEATHERING. A punishment lately infliced

 by the good people of Boston on any person convicted,
 or suspected, of loyalty: such delinquents being "stripped
 naked", were daubed all over wilh tar, and afterwards put
 into a hogshead of feathers.

TART. Sour, sharp, quick, pert.

TARTAR. To catch a Tartar; to attack one of superior

 strength or abilities. This saying originated from a story
 of an Irish-soldier in the Imperial service, who, in a battle
 against the Turks, called out to his comrade that he had
 caught a Tartar. 'Bring him along then,' said he. 'He
 won't come,' answered Paddy. 'Then come along yourself,'
 replied his comrade. 'Arrah,' cried he, 'but he
 won't let me.'--A Tartar is also an adept at any feat, or
 game: he is quite a Tartar at cricket, or billiards.

TAT. Tit for tat; an equivalent.

TATS. False dice.

TATLER. A watch. To flash a tatler: to wear a watch.

TAT MONGER. One that uses false dice.

TATTERDEMALION. A ragged fellow, whose clothes hang

 all in tatters.

TATTOO. A beat of the drum, of signal for soldiers to go

 to their quarters, and a direction to the sutlers to close the
 tap, anddtew nomore liquor for them; it is generally
 beat at nine in summer and eight in winter. The devil's
 tattoo; beating with one's foot against the ground, as done
 by persons in low spirits.

TAW. A schoolboy's game, played with small round balls

 made of stone dust, catted marbles. I'll be one upon your
 taw presently; a species of threat.

TAWDRY. Garish, gawdy, with lace or staring and discordant

 colours: a term said to be derived from the shrine
 and altar of St. Audrey (an Isle of Ely saintess), which
 for finery exceeded all others thereabouts, so as to
 become proverbial; whence any fine dressed man or woman
 said to be all St Audrey, and by contraction, all
 tawdry.

TAWED. Beaten,

TAYLE. See TAIL.

TAYLE DRAWERS. Thieves who snatch gentlemens swords

 from their sides. He drew the cull's tayle rumly; he
 snatched away the gentleman's sword cleverly.

TAYLOR. Nine taylors make a man; an ancient and

 common saying, originating from the effeminacy of their
 employment; or, as some have it, from nine taylors having
 been robbed by one man; according to others, from the
 speech of a woollendraper, meaning that the custom of
 nine, taylors would make or enrich one man--A London
 taylor, rated to furnish half a man to the Trained Bands,
 asking how that could possibly be done? was answered,
 By sending four, journeymen and and apprentice.--Puta
 taylor, a weaver, and a miller into a sack, shake them
 well, And the first that, puts out his head is certainly a
 thief.--A taylor is frequently styled pricklouse,
 assaults on those vermin with their needles.

TAYLORS GOOSE. An iron with which, when heated,

 press down the seams of clothes.

TEA VOIDER. A chamber pot.

TEA GUELAND. Ireland. Teaguelanders; Irishmen.

TEARS OF THE TANKARD. The drippings of liquor on a

 man's waistcoat.

TEDDY MY GODSON. An address to a supposed simple

 fellow, or nysey,

TEIZE. To-nap the teize; to receive a whipping. CANT.

TEMPLE PICKLING. Pumping a bailiff; a punishment

 formerly administered to any of that fraternity caught
 exercising their functions within the limits of Temple.

TEN TOES. See BAYARD OF TEN TOES.

TEN IN THE HUNDRED. An usurer; more than five in

 the hundred being deemed usurious interest.

TENANT AT WILL, One whose wife usually fetches him

 from the alehouse.

TENANT FOR LIFE. A married man; i.e. possessed of a

 woman for life.

TENDER PARNELL. A tender creature, fearful of the least

 puff of wind or drop of rain. As tender as Parnell, who
 broke her finger in a posset drink.

TERMAGANT. An outrageous scold from Termagantes, a

 cruel Pagan, formerly represented in diners shows and
 entertainments, where being dressed a la Turque, in long
 clothes, he was mistaken for a furious woman.

TERRA FIRMA. An estate in land.

TESTER. A sixpence: from TESTON, a coin with a head on it.

TETBURY PORTION. A **** and a clap.

THAMES. He will not find out a way to set the Thames

 on fire; he will not make any wonderful discoveries, he is
 no conjuror.

THATCH-GALLOWS. A rogue, or man of bad character.

THICK. Intimate. They are as thick as two inkle-weavers.

THIEF. You are a thief and a murderer, you have killed a

 baboon and stole his face; vulgar abuse.

THIEF IN A CANDLE. Part of the wick or snuff, which falling

 on the tallow, burns and melts it, and causing it to
 gutter, thus steals it away.

THIEF TAKERS. Fellows who associate with all kinds of

 villains, in order to betray them, when they have committed
 any of those crimes which entitle the persons taking
 them to a handsome reward, called blood money. It is
 the business of these thief takers to furnish subjects for a
 handsome execution, at the end of every sessions.

THIMBLE. A watch. The swell flashes a rum thimble;

 the gentleman sports a fine watch.

THINGSTABLE. Mr. Thingstable; Mr. Constable: a ludicrous

 affectation of delicacy in avoiding the pronunciation
 of the first syllable in the title of that officer, which in
 sound has some similarity to an indecent monosyllable.

THINGUMBOB. Mr. Thingumbob; a vulgar address or nomination

 to any person whose name is unknown, the same
 as Mr. What-d'ye-cal'em. Thingumbobs; testicles.

THIRDING. A custom practised at the universities, where

 two thirds of the original price is allowed by the upholsterers
 to the students for household goods returned to them
 within the year.

THIRTEENER. A shilling in Ireland, which there passes for

 thirteen pence.

THOMOND. Like Lord Thomond's cocks, all on one side.

 Lord Thomond's cock-feeder, an Irishman, being entrusted
 with some cocks which were matched for a considerable
 sum, the night before the battle shut them all together in
 one room, concluding that as they were all on the same
 side, they would not disagree: the consequence was, they
 were most of them either killed or lamed before the morning.

THOMAS. Man Thomas; a man's penis.

THORNS. To be or sit upon thorns; to be uneasy, impatient,

 anxious for an event.

THORNBACK. An old maid.

THOROUGH CHURCHMAN. A person who goes in at one door

 of a church, and out at the other, without stopping.

THOROUGH-GOOD-NATURED WENCH. One who being asked

 to sit down, will lie down.

THOROUGH GO NIMBLE. A looseness, a violent purging.

THOROUGH COUGH. Coughing and breaking wind backwards

 at the same time.

THOROUGH STITCH. To go thorough stitch; to stick at nothing;

 over shoes, over boots.

THOUGHT. What did thought do? lay'in bed and beshat

 himself, and thought he was up; reproof to any one who
 excuses himself for any breach of positive orders, by
 pleading that he thought to the contrary.

THREE TO ONE. He is playing three to one, though sure to

 lose; said of one engaged in the amorous congress.

THREE-PENNY UPRIGHT. A retailer of love, who, for the

 sum mentioned, dispenses her favours standing against a
 wall.

THREE-LEGGED MARE, or STOOL. The gallows, formerly

 consisting of three posts, over which were laid three
 transverse beams. This clumsy machine has lately given place
 to an elegant contrivance, called the NEW DROP, by which
 the use of that vulgar vehicle a cart, or mechanical
 instrument a ladder, is also avoided; the patients being left
 suspended by the dropping down of that part of the floor on
 which they stand. This invention was first made use of for
 a peer. See DROP.

THREE THREADS. Half common ale, mixed with stale and

 double beer.

THREPS. Threepence.

TO THROTTLE. To strangle.

THROTTLE. The throat, or gullet.

TO THRUM. To play on any instrument sttfnged with wire.

 A thrummer of wire; a player on the spinet, harpsichord,
 of guitar.

THRUMS. Threepence.

THUMB. By rule of thumb: to do any thing by dint of

 practice. To kiss one's thumb instead of the book; a vulgar
 expedient to avoid perjury in taking a false oath.

THCMMIKINS. An instrument formerly used in Scotland,

 like a vice, to pinch the thumbs of persons accused of
 different crimes, in order to extort confession.

THUMP. A blow. This is better than a thump on the back

 with a stone; said on giving any one a drink of good liquor
 on a cold morning. Thatch, thistle, thunder, and thump;
 words to the Irish, like the Shibboleth of the Hebrews.

THUMPING. Great! a thumping boy.

THWACK. A great blow with a stick across the shoulders.

TIB. A young lass

TIBBY. A cat.

TIB OF THE BUTTERY. A goose. CANT. Saint Tibb's

 evening; the evening of the last day, or day of judgment:
 he will pay you on St. Tibb's eve. IRISH.

TICK. To run o'tick; take up goods upon trust, to run in

 debt. Tick; a watch. SEE SESSIONS PAPERS.

TICKLE TEXT. A parson.

TICKLE PITCKEB. A thirsty fellow, a sot.

TICKLE TAIL. A rod, or schoolmaster. A man's penis.

TICKRUM. A licence.

TIDY. Neat.

TIFFING. Eating or drinking out of meal time, disputing

 or falling out; also lying with a wench, A tiff of punch,
 a small bowl of punch.

TILBUKY. Sixpence; so called from its formerly being the

 fare for Crossing over from Gravesend to Tilbury Fort.

TILT. To tilt; to fight with a sword. To run full tilt

 against one; allusion to the ancient tilling with the lance.

TILTER. A sword.

TIM WHISKY. A light one--horse chaise without a head.

TIMBER TOE. A man with a wooden leg.

TINY. Little.

TO TIP. To give or lend. Tip me your daddle; give me

 your hand. Tip me a hog; give me a shilling. To tip
 the lion; to flatten a man's nose with the thumb, and, at
 the same time to extend his mouth, with the fingers, thereby
 giving him a sort of lion-like countenauce. To tip the
 velvet; tonguing woman. To tip all nine; to knock
 down all the nine pins at once, at the game of bows or
 skittles: tipping, at these gaines, is slightly touching the
 tops of the pins with the bowl. Tip; a draught; don't
 spoil his tip.

TIP-TOP. The best: perhaps from fruit, that growing at

 the top of the tree being generally the best, as partaking
 most of the sun. A tip-top workman; the best, or most
 excellent Workman.

TIPPERARY FORTUNE. Two town lands, stream's town,

 and ballinocack; said of Irish women without fortune.

TIPPLE. Liquor.

TIPPLERS. Sots who are continually sipping.

TIPSEY. Almost drunk.

TIRING. Dressing: perhaps abbreviation of ATTIRING. Tiring

 women, or tire women: women that used to cut ladies
 hair, and dress them.

TIT. A horse; a pretty little tit; a smart little girl.

 a *** or tid bit; a delicate morsel. Tommy tit; a smart lively
 little fellow.

TIT FOR TAT. An equivalent.

TO TITTER. To suppress a laugh.

TITTER TATTER. One reeling, and ready to fall at the least

 touch; also the childish amusement of riding upon the
 two ends of a plank, poised upon the prop underneath its
 centre, called also see-saw. Perhaps tatter is a rustic
 pronunciation of totter.

TITTLE-TATTLE. Idle discourse, scandal, women's talk,

 or small talk.

TITTUP. A gentle hand gallop, or canter.

TIZZY. Sixpence.

TOAD EATER. A poor female relation, and humble companion,

 or reduced gentlewoman, in a great family, the standing
 butt, on whom all kinds of practical jokes are played
 off, and all ill humours vented. This appellation is derived
 from a mountebank's servant, on whom all experiments
 used to be made in public by the doctor, his master; among
 which was the eating of toads, formerly supposed poisonous.
 Swallowing toads is here figuratively meant for swallowing
 or putting up with insults, as disagreeable to a person
 of feeling as toads to the stomach.

TOAD. Toad in a hole; meat baked or boiled in pye-crust.

 He or she sits like a toad on a chopping-block; a saying
 of any who sits ill on horseback. As much need of it
 as a toad of a side-pocket; said of a person who desires
 any thing for which he has no real occasion. As full of
 money as a toad is of feathers.

TOAST. A health; also a beautiful woman whose health is

 often drank by men. The origin of this term (as it is said)
 was this: a beautiful lady bathing in a cold bath, one of
 her admirers out of gallantry drank some of the water:
 whereupon another of her lovers observed, he never drank
 in the morning, but he would kiss the toast, and immediately
 saluted the lady.

TOASTING IRON, or CHEESE TOASTER. A sword.

TOBY LAY. The highway. High toby man; a highway-man.

 Low toby man; a footpad.

TOBACCO. A plant, once in great estimation as a medicine:

      Tobacco hic
 Will make you well if you be sick.
      Tobacco hic
 If you be well will make you sick.

TODDY. Originally the juice of the cocoa tree, and afterwards

 rum, water, sugar, and nutmeg.

TODDLE. To walk away. The cove was touting, but

 stagging the traps he toddled; be was looking out, and
 feeing the officers he walked away.

TODGE. Beat all to a todge: said of anything beat to mash.

TOGE. A coat. Cant.

TOGEMANS. The same. CANT.

TOGS. Clothes. The swell is rum-togged. The gentleman

 is handsomely dressed.

TOKEN. The plague: also the venereal disease. She tipped

 him the token; she gave him a clap or pox.

TOL, or TOLEDO. A sword: from Spanish swords made at

 Toledo, which place was famous for sword blades of an
 extraordinary temper.

TOLLIBAN RIG. A species of cheat carried on by a woman,

 assuming the character of a dumb and deaf conjuror.

TOM T--DMAN. A night man, one who empties necessary

 houses.

TOMBOY. A romping girl, who prefers the amusement used

 by boys to those of her own sex.

TOM OF BEDLAM. The same as Abram man.

TOM CONY. A simple fellow.

TOM LONG. A tiresome story teller. It is coming by Tom

 Long, the carrier; said of any thing that has been long
 expected.

TOM THUMB. A dwarf, a little hop-o'my-thumb.

TOMMY. Soft Tommy, or white Tommy; bread is so called

 by sailors, to distinguish it from biscuit. Brown Tommy:
 ammunition bread for soldiers; or brown  bread given to
 convicts at the hulks.

TO-MORROW COME NEVER. When two Sundays come

 together; never.

TONGUE. Tongue enough for two sets of teeth: said of

 a talkative person. As old as my tongue, and a little older
 than my teeth; a dovetail in answer to the question, How
 old are you? Tongue pad; a scold, or nimble-tongued
 person.

TONY. A silly fellow, or ninny. A mere tony: a simpleton.

TOOLS. The private parts of a man.

TOOL. The instrument of any person or faction, a cat's

 paw. See CATS PAW.

TOOTH Music. Chewing.

TOOTH-PICK. A large stick. An ironical expression.

TOPPER. A violent blow on the head.

TOP ROPES. To sway away on all top ropes; to live

 riotously or extravagantly.

TO TOP. To cheat, or trick: also to insult: he thought to

 have topped upon me. Top; the signal among taylors
 for snuffing the candles: he who last pronounces that word
 word, is obliged to get up and perform the operation.--
 to be topped; to be hanged. The cove was topped for
 smashing queerscreens; he was hanged for uttering forged
 bank notes.

TOP DIVER. A lover of women. An old top diver; one

 who has loved old hat in his time.

TOP HEAVY. Drunk.

TOP LIGHTS. The eyes. Blast your top lights. See CURSE.

Top SAIL. He paid his debts at Portsmouth with the topsail;

 i.e. he went to. sea and left them unpaid. SCT soldiers
 are said to pay off their scores with the drum; that
 is, by marching away.

TOPER. One that loves his bottle, a soaker. SEE TO SOAK.

TOPPING FELLOW. One at the top or head of his profession.

TOPPING CHEAT. The gallows. CANT.

TOPPING COVE. The hangman. CANT.

TOPPING MAN. A rich man.

TOFSY-TURVY. The top side the other way; i.e. the

 wrong side upwards; some explain it, the top side turf
 ways, turf being always laid the wrong side upwards.

TORCHECUL. Bumfodder.

TORMENTER OF SHEEP SKIN. A drummer.

TORMENTER OF CATGUT. A fiddler.

TORY. An advocate for absolute monarchy and church

 power; also an Irish vagabond, robber, Or rapparee.

TOSS POT. A drunkard.

TOSS OFF. Manual pollution.

TOTTY-HEADED. Giddy, hare-brained.

TOUCH. To touch; to get money from any one; also

 to arrest. Touched in the wind; broken winded.
 Touched in the head; insane, crazy. To touch up a
 woman; to have carnal knowledge of her. Touch bone
 and whistle; any one having broken wind backwards,
 according to the vulgar law, may be pinched by any of
 the company till he has touched bone (i.e. his teeth) and
 whistled.

TOUCH BUN FOR LUCK. See BUN.

TOVT. A look-out house, or eminence.

TOUTING. (From TUERI, to look about) Publicans

 fore-stalling guests, or meeting them on the road, and begging
 their custom; also thieves or smugglers looking out to see
 that the coast is clear. Touting ken; the bar of a public
 house.

TOW ROW. A grenadier. The tow row club; a club or

 society of the grenadier officers of the line.

TOWEL. An oaken towel, a cudgel. To rub one down

 with an oaken towel; to beat or cudgel him.

TOWER. Clipped money: they have been round the tower

 with it. CANT.

TO TOWER. To overlook, to rise aloft as in a high tower.

TOWER HILL PLAY. A slap on the face, and a kick on the

 breech.

TOWN. A woman of the town; a prostitute. To be on

 the town: to live by prostitution.

TOWN BULL. A common whoremaster. To roar like a

 town bull; to cry or bellow aloud.

TO TRACK. To go. Track up the dancers; go up stairs.

 CANT.

TRADING JUSTICES. Broken mechanics, discharged footmen,

 and other low fellows, smuggled into the commission
 of the peace, who subsist by fomenting disputes, granting
 warrants, and otherwise retailing justice; to the honour
 of the present times, these nuisances are by no means, so
 common as formerly.

TRADESMEN. Thieves. Clever tradesmen; good thieves.

TRANSLATORS. Sellers of old mended shoes and boots,

 between coblers and shoemakers.

TO TRANSMOGRAPHY, or TRANSMIGRIFY. To patch up

 vamp, or alter.

T0 TRANSNEAR. To come up with any body.

TRANTER. See CROCKER.

TRAP. To understand trap; to know one's own interest.

TRAP STICKS. Thin legs, gambs: from the sticks with

 which boys play at trap-ball.

TRAPS. Constables and thief-takers. CANT.

TO TRAPAN. To inveigle, or ensnare.

TRAPES. A slatternly woman, a careless sluttish woman.

TRAVELLER. To tip the traveller; to tell wonderful

 stories, to romance.

TRAVELLING PIQUET. A mode of amusing themselves,

 practised by two persons riding in a carriage, each
 reckoning towards his game the persons or animals that pass
 by on the side next them, according to the following
 estimation:
 A parson riding a grey horse, witholue furniture; game.
 An old woman under a hedge; ditto.
 A cat looking out of a window; 60.
 A man, woman, and child, in a buggy; 40.
 A man with a woman behind him; 30.
 A flock of sheep; 20.
 A flock of geese; 10.
 A post chaise; 5.
 A horseman; 2.
 A man or woman walking; 1.

TRAY TRIP. An ancient game like Scotch hop, played on

 a pavement marked out with chalk into different
 compartments.

TRENCHER CAP. The square cap worn by the collegians.

 at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge.

TRENCHER MAN. A stout trencher man; one who has a

 good appetite, or, as the term is, plays a good knife and
 fork.

TRESWINS. Threepence.

TRIB. A prison: perhaps from tribulation.

TRICKUM LEGIS. A quirk or quibble in the law.

TRIG. The point at which schoolboys stand to shoot their

 marbles at taw; also the spot whence bowlers deliver the
 bowl.

TO TRIG IT. To play truant. To lay a man trigging; to

 knock him down.

TRIGRYMATE. An idle female companion.

TRIM. State, dress. In a sad trim; dirty.--Also spruce or

 fine: a trim fellow.

TRIM TRAM. Like master, like man.

TRIMMING. Cheating, changing side, or beating. I'll

 trim his jacket; I'll thresh him. To be trimmed; to be
 shaved; I'll just step and get trimmed.

TRINE. To hang; also Tyburn.

TRINGUM TRANGUM. A whim, or maggot.

TRINING. Hanging.

TRINKETS. Toys, bawbles, or nicknacks.

TRIP. A short voyage or journey, a false step or stumble,

 an error in the tongue, a bastard. She has made a trip;
 she has had a bastard.

TRIPE. The belly, or guts. Mr. Double Tripe; a fat

 man. Tripes and trullibubs; the entrails: also a jeering
 appellation for a fat man.

TO TROLL. To loiter or saunter about.

TROLLY LOLLY. Coarse lace once much in fashion.

TROLLOP. A lusty coarse sluttish woman.

TROOPER. You will die the death of a trooper's horse,

 that is, with your shoes-on; a jocular method of telling
 any one he will be hanged.

TROT. An old trot; a decrepit old woman. A dog trot; a

 gentle pace.

TROTTERS. Feet. To shake one's trotters at Bilby's ball,

 where the sheriff pays the fiddlers; perhaps the Bilboes
 ball, i.e. the ball of fetters: fetters and stocks were
 anciently called the bilboes.

To TROUNCE. To punish by course of law.

TRUCK. To exchange, swop, or barter; also a wheel

 such as ship's guns are placed upon.

TRULL. A soldier or a tinker's trull; a soldier or tinker's

 female companion.--Guteli, or trulli, are spirits like women,
 which shew great kindness to men, and hereof it is
 that we call light women trulls. RANDLE HOLM'S
 ACADEMY OF ARMORY.

TRUMPERY. An old whore, or goods of no value; rubbish.

TRUMPET. To sound one's own trumpet; to praise one's

 self.

TRUMPETER. The king of Spain's trumpeter; a braying

 ass. His trumpeter is dead, he is therefore forced to
 sound his own trumpet. He would make an excellent
 trumpeter, for he has a strong breath; said of one having
 a foetid breath.

TRUMPS. To be put to one's trumps: to be in difficulties,

 or put to one's shifts. Something may turn up trumps;
 something lucky may happen. All his cards are trumps:
 he is extremely fortunate.

TRUNDLERS. Peas.

TRUNK. A nose. How fares your old trunk? does your

 nose still stand fast? an allusion to the proboscis or trunk
 of an elephant. To shove a trunk: to introduce one's
 self unasked into any place or company. Trunk-maker
 like; more noise than work.

TRUSTY TROJAN, or TRUSTY TROUT. A true friend.

TRY ON. To endeavour. To live by thieving. Coves who

 try it on; professed thieves.

TRYNING. See TRINING.

TU QUOQUE. The mother of all saints.

TUB THUMPER. A presbyterian parson.

TUCKED UP. Hanged. A tucker up to an old bachelor or

 widower; a supposed mistress.

TUFT HUNTER. A it anniversary parasite, one who courts

 the acquaintance of nobility, whose caps are adorned with
 a gold tuft.

TUMBLER. A cart; also a sharper employed to draw in

 pigeons to game; likewise a posture-master, or rope-dancer.
 To shove the tumbler, or perhaps tumbril; to-be
 whipt at the cart's tail.

TO TUNE. To beat: his father tuned him delightfully:

 perhaps from fetching a tune out of the person beaten, or
 from a comparison with the disagreeable sounds of instruments
 when tuning.

TO TUP. To have carnal knowledge of a woman.

TUP. A ram: figuratively, a cuckold.

TUP RUNNING. A rural sport practised at wakes and fairs

 in Derbyshire; a ram, whose tail is well soaped and
 greased, is turned out to the multitude; any one that can
 take him by the tail, and hold him fast, is to have him for
 his own.

T--D. There were four t--ds for dinner: stir t--d, hold

 t--d, tread t--d, and mus-t--d: to wit, a hog's face, feet
 and chitterlings, with mustard. He will never sh--e a
 seaman's t--d; i.e. he will never make a good seaman.

TURF. On the turf; persons who keep running horses, or

 attend and bet at horse-races, are said to be on the turf.

TURK. A cruel, hard-hearted man. Turkish treatment;

 barbarous usage. Turkish shore; Lambeth, Southwark,
 and Rotherhithe side of the Thames.

TURKEY MERCHANT. A poulterer.

TURNCOAT. One who has changed his party from interested

 motives.

TURNED UP. Acquitted; discharged.

TURNIP-PATED. White or fair-haired.

TURNPIKE MAN. A parson; because the clergy collect

 their tolls at our entrance into and exit from the world.

TUZZY-MUZZY. The monosyllable.

TWADDLE. Perplexity, confusion, or any thing else: a

 fashionable term that for a while succeeded that of BORE. See
 BORE.

TWANGEY, or STANGEY. A north country name for a taylor.

TWEAGUE. In a great tweague: in a great passion. Tweaguey;

 peevish, passionate.

TO TWEAK. To pull: to tweak any one's nose.

TWELVER. A shilling.

TWIDDLE-DIDDLES. Testicles.

TWIDDLE POOP. An effeminate looking fellow.

IN TWIG. Handsome; stilish. The cove is togged in

 twig; the fellow is dressed in the fashion.

TO TWIG. To observe. Twig the cull, he is peery;

 observe the fellow, he is watching us. Also to disengage,
 snap asunder, or break off. To twig the darbies; to knock
 off the irons.

TWISS. (IRISH) A Jordan, or pot de chambre. A Mr. Richard

 Twiss having in his "Travels" given a very unfavourable
 description of the Irish character, the inhabitants of
 Dublin, byway of revenge, thought proper to christen this
 utensil by his name--suffice it to say that the baptismal
 rites were not wanting at the ceremony. On a nephew of
 this gentleman the following epigram was made by
 a friend of ouis:
     Perish the country, yet my name
      Shall ne'er in STORY be forgot,
     But still the more increase in fame,
      The more the country GOES TO POT.

TWIST. A mixture of half tea and half coffee; likewise

 brandy, beer, and eggs. A good twist; a good appetite.
 To twist it down apace; to eat heartily.

TWISTED. Executed, hanged.

TO TWIT. To reproach a person, or remind him of favours

 conferred.

TWITTER. All in a twitter; in a fright. Twittering is

 also the note of some small birds, such as the robin, &c.

TWITTOC. Two. CANT.

TWO HANDED PUT. The amorous congress.

TWO THIEVES BEATING A ROGUE. A man beating his

 hands against his sides to warm himself in cold weather;
 called also beating the booby, and cuffing Jonas.

TWO TO ONE SHOP. A pawnbroker's: alluding to the

 three blue balls, the sign of that trade: or perhaps to its
 being two to one that the goods pledged are never redeemed.

TWO-HANDED. Great. A two-handed fellow or wench;

 a great strapping man orwoman,

TYE. A neckcloth.

TYBURN BLOSSOM. A young thief or pickpocket, who in

 time will ripen into fruit borne by the deadly never-green.

TYBURN TIPPET. A halter; see Latimer's sermon before.

 Edward VI. A. D. 1549.

TYBURN TOP, or FORETOP. A wig with the foretop

 combed over the eyes in a knowing style; such being
 much worn by the gentlemen pads, scamps, divers, and
 other knowing hands.

TYKE. A dog, also a clown; a Yorkshire tyke-

TYNEY. See TINEY.

VAGARIES. Frolics, wild rambles.

VAIN-GLORIOUS, or OSTENTATIOUS MAN. One who

 boasts without reason, or, as the canters say, pisses more
 than he drinks.

VALENTINE. The first woman seen by a man, or man seen

 by a woman, on St. Valentine's day, the 14th of February,
 when it is said every bird chuses his mate for the ensuing
 year.

TO VAMP. To pawn any thing. I'll vamp it, and tip you

 the cole: I'll pawn it, and give you the money. Also to
 refit, new dress, or rub up old hats, shoes or other wearing
 apparel; likewise to put new feet to old boots. Applied
 more particularly to a quack bookseller.

VAMPER. Stockings.

VAN. Madam Van; see MADAM.

VAN-NECK. Miss or Mrs. Van-Neck; a woman with large

 breasts; a bushel bubby.

VARDY. To give one's vardy; i.e. verdict or opinion.

VARLETS. Now rogues and rascals, formerly yeoman's servants.

VARMENT. (Whip and Cambridge.) Natty, dashing. He is

 quite varment, he is quite the go. He sports a varment
 hat, coat, &c.; he is dressed like a gentleman Jehu.

VAULTING SCHOOL. A bawdy-house; also an academy

 where vaulting and other manly exercises are taught.

VELVET. To tip the velvet; to put one's tongue into a

 woman's mouth. To be upon velvet; to have the best
 of a bet or match. To the little gentleman in velvet, i. e.
 the mole that threw up the hill that caused Crop (King
 William's horse) to stumble; a toast frequently drank by
 the tories and catholics in Ireland.

VENERABLE MONOSYLLABLE. Pudendum muliebre.

VENUS'S CURSE. The venereal disease.

VESSELS OF PAPER. Half a quarter of a sheet.

VICAR OF BRAY. See BRAY.

VICE ADMIRAL OF THE NARROW SEAS. A drunken man

 that pisses under the table into his companions' shoes.

VICTUALLING OFFICE. The stomach.

VINCENT'S LAW. The art of cheating at cards, composed of

 the following associates: bankers, those who play booty;
 the gripe, he that betteth; and the person cheated, who
 is styled the vincent; the gains acquired, termage.

VINEGAR. A name given to the person who with a whip

 in his hand, and a hat held before his eye, keeps the
 ring clear, at boxing-matches and cudgel-playing; also,
 in cant terms, a cloak.

VIXEN. A termagant; also a she fox, who, when she has

 cubs, is remarkably fierce.

TO VOWEL. A gamester who does not immediately pay

 his losings, is said to vowel the winner, by repeating the
 vowels I. O. U. or perhaps from giving his note for the
 money according to the Irish form, where the acknowledgment
 of the debt is expressed by the letters I. O. U. which,
 the sum and name of the debtor being added, is deemed a
 sufficient security among gentlemen.

UNCLE. Mine uncle's; a necessary house. He is gone to

 visit his uncle; saying of one who leaves his wife soon after
 marriage. It likewise means a pawnbroker's: goods pawned
 are frequently said to be at mine uncle's, or laid up in
 lavender.

UNDERSTRAPPER. An inferior in any office, or department.

UNDER DUBBER. A turnkey.

UNFORTUNATE GENTLEMEN. The horse guards, who thus

 named themselves in Germany, where a general officer
 seeing them very awkward in bundling up their forage,
 asked what the devil they were; to which some of them
 answered, unfortunate gentlemen.

UNFORTUNATE WOMEN. Prostitutes: so termed by the

 virtuous and compassionate of their own sex.

UNGRATEFUL MAN. A parson, who at least once a week

 abuses his best benefactor, i.e. the devil.

UNGUENTUM AUREUM. A bribe.

UNICORN. A coach drawn by three horses.

UNLICKED CUB. A rude uncouth young fellow.

UNRIGGED. Undressed, or stripped. Unrig the drab; strip

 the wench.

UNTRUSS. To untruss a point; to let down one's breeches

 in order to ease one's self. Breeches were formerly tied
 with points, which till lately were distributed to the boys
 every Whit Monday by the churchwardens of most of the
 parishes in London, under the denomination of tags: these
 tags were worsteds of different colours twisted up to a size
 somewhat thicker than packthread, and tagged at both
 ends with tin. Laces were at the same given to the
 girls.

UNTWISTED. Undone, ruined, done up.

UNWASHED BAWDRY. Rank bawdry.

UP TO THEIR GOSSIP. To be a match for one who attempts

 to cheat or deceive; to be on a footing, or in the secret.
 I'll be up with him; I will repay him in kind.

UPHILLS. False dice that run high.

UPPER BENJAMIN. A great coat. CANT.

UPPER STORY, or GARRET. Figuratively used to signify the

 head. His upper story or garrets are unfurnished; i.e.
 he is an empty or foolish fellow.

UPPING BLOCK. [Called in some counties a leaping stock,

 in others a jossing block.] Steps for mounting a horse.
 He sits like a toad on a jossing block; said of one who
 sits ungracefully on horseback.

UPPISH. Testy, apt to take offence.

UPRIGHT. Go upright; a word used by shoemakers, taylors

 and their servants, when any money is given to
 make them drink, and signifies, Bring it all out in liquor,
 though the donor intended less, and expects change, or
 some of his money, to be returned. Three-penny upright.
 See THREEPENNY UPRIGHT,

UPRIGHT MAN. An upright man signifies the chief or

 principal of a crew. The vilest, stoutest rogue in the
 pack is generally chosen to this post, and has the sole
 right to the first night's lodging with the dells, who

afterwards

 are used in common among the whole fraternity.
 He carries a short truncheon in his hand, which he calls
 his filchman, and has a larger share than ordinary in
 whatsoever is gotten in the society. He often travels in
 company with thirty or forty males and females, abram
 men, and others, over whom he presides arbitrarily. Sometimes
 the women and children who are unable to travel,
 or fatigued, are by turns carried in panniers by an ass, or
 two, or by some poor jades procured for that purpose.

UPSTARTS. Persons lately raised to honours and riches

 from mean stations.

URCHIN. A child, a little fellow; also a hedgehog.

URINAL OF THE PLANETS. Ireland: so called from the

 frequent rains in that island.

USED UP. Killed: a military saying, originating from a

 message sent by the late General Guise, on the expedition
 at Carthagena, where he desired the commander in chief
 to order him some more grenadiers, for those he had were
 all used up.

WABLER. Footwabler; a contemptuous term for a

 foot soldier, frequently used by those of the cavalry.

TO WADDLE. To go like a duck. To waddle out of

 Change alley as a lame duck; a term for one who has not
 been able to pay his gaming debts, called his differences,
 on the Stock Exchange, and therefore absents himself
 from it.

WAG. An arch-frolicsome fellow.

WAGGISH. Arch, gamesome, frolicsome.

WAGTAIL. A lewd woman.

WAITS. Musicians of the lower order, who in most towns

 play under the windows of the chief inhabitants at midnight,
 a short time before Christmas, for which they collect
 a christmas-box from house to house. They are said
 to derive their name of waits from being always in waiting
 to celebrate weddings and other joyous events happening
 within their district.

WAKE. A country feast, commonly on the anniversary of

 the tutelar saint of the village, that is, the saint to whom
 the parish church is dedicated. Also a custom of watching
 the dead, called Late Wake, in use both in Ireland and
 Wales, where the corpse being deposited under a table,
 with a plate of salt on its breast, the table is covered with
 liquor of all sorts; and the guests, particularly, the younger
 part of them, amuse themselves with all kinds of
 pastimes and recreations: the consequence is generally
 more than replacing the departed friend.

WALKING CORNET. An ensign of foot.

WALKING POULTERER. One who steals fowls, and hawks

 them from door to door.

WALKING STATIONER. A hawker of pamphlets, &c.

WALKING THE PLANK. A mode of destroying devoted

 persons or officers in a mutiny or ship-board, by blindfolding
 them, and obliging them to walk on a plank laid
 over the ship's side; by this means, as the mutineers suppose,
 avoiding the penalty of murder.

WALKING UP AGAINST THE WALL. To run up a score,

 which in alehouses is commonly recorded with chalk on
 the walls of the bar.

WALL. To walk or crawl up the wall; to be scored up at a

 public-nouse. Wall-eyed, having an eye with little or
 no sight, all white like a plaistered wall.

TO WAP. To copulate, to beat. If she wont wap for a

 winne, let her trine for a make; if she won't lie with a
 man for a penny, let her hang for a halfpenny. Mort
 wap-apace; a woman of experience, or very expert at the
 sport.

WAPPER-EYED. Sore-eyed.

WARE. A woman's ware; her commodity.

WARE HAWK. An exclamation used by thieves to inform

 their confederates that some police officers are at hand.

WARM. Rich, in good circumstances. To warm, or give

 a man a warming; to beat him. See CHAFED.

WARMING-PAN. A large old-fashioned watch. A Scotch

 warming-pan; a female bedfellow.

WARREN. One that is security for goods taken up on credit

 by extravagant young gentlemen. Cunny warren;
 a girl's boarding-school, also a bawdy-house.

WASH. Paint for the face, or cosmetic water. Hog-wash;

 thick and bad beer.

WASP. An infected prostitute, who like a wasp carries a

 sting in her tail.

WASPISH. Peevish, spiteful.

WASTE. House of waste; a tavern or alehouse, where idle

 people waste both their time and money.

WATCH, CHAIN, AND SEALS. A sheep's head And pluck.

WATER-MILL. A woman's private parts.

WATER SNEAKSMAN. A man who steals from ships or

 craft on the river.

WATER. His chops watered at it; he longed earnestly for it.

 To watch his waters; to keep a strict watch on any one's
 actions. In hot water: in trouble, engaged in disputes.

WATER BEWITCHED. Very weak punch or beer.

WATERPAD. One that robs ships in the river Thames.

WATERY-HEADED. Apt to shed tears.

WATER SCRIGER, A doctor who prescribes from inspecting

 the water of his patients. See PISS PROPHET.

WATTLES. Ears. CANT.

WEAR A--E. A one-horse chaise.

WEASEL-FACED. Thin, meagre-faced. Weasel-gutted;

 thin-bodied; a weasel is a thin long slender animal with a
 sharp face.

WEDDING. The emptying of a neoessary-hovise, particularly

 in London. You have been at an Irish wedding,
 where black eyes are given instead of favours; saying to
 one who has a black eye.

WEDGE. Silver plate, because melted by the receivers of

 stolen goods into wedges. CANT.

TO WEED. To take a part. The kiddey weeded the swell's

 screens; the youth took some of the gentleman's bank
 notes.

WEEPING CROSS. To come home by weeping cross; to

 repent.

WELCH COMB. The thumb and four fingers.

WELCH FIDDLE. The itch. See SCOTCH FIDDLE.

WELCH MILE. Like a Welch mile, long and narrow. His

 story is like a Welch mile, long and tedious.

WELCH RABBIT, [i. e. a Welch rare-bit] Bread and cheese

 toasted. See RABBIT.--The Welch are said to be so
 remarkably fond of cheese, that in cases of difficulty their
 midwives apply a piece of toasted cheese to the janua vita
 to attract and entice the young Taffy, who on smelling it
 makes most vigorous efforts to come forth.

WELCH EJECTMENT. To unroof the house, a method

 practised by landlords in Wales to eject a bad tenant.

TO WELL. To divide unfairly. To conceal part. A cant

 phrase used by thieves, where one of the party conceals
 some of the booty, instead of dividing it fairly amongst
 his confederates.

WELL-HUNG. The blowen was nutts upon the kiddey because

 he is well-hung; the girl is pleased with the youth
 because his genitals are large.

WESTMINSTER WEDDING. A match between a whore

 and a rogue.

WET PARSON. One who moistens his clay freely, in order

 to make it stick together.

WET QUAKER. One of that sect who has no objection to

 the spirit derived from wine.

WHACK. A share of a booty obtained by fraud. A paddy

 whack; a stout brawney Irishman.

WHAPPER. A large man or woman.

WHEEDLE. A sharper. To cut a wheedle; to decoy by

 fawning or insinuation. Cant.

WHEELBAND IN THE NICK. Regular drinking over the

 left thumb.

WHELP. An impudent whelp; a saucy boy.

WHEREAS. To follow a whereas; to become a bankrupt,

 to figure among princes and potentates: the notice given
 in the Gazette that a commission of bankruptcy is issued
 out against any trader, always beginning with the word
 whereas. He will soon march in the rear of a whereas.

WHET. A morning's draught, commonly white wine, supposed

 to whet or sharpen the appetite.

WHETSTONE'S PARK. A lane between Holborn and Lincoln's-inn

 Fields, formerly famed for being the resort of
 women of the town.

WHIDS. Words. Cant.

TO WHIDDLE. To tell or discover. He whiddles; he

 peaches. He whiddles the whole scrap; he discovers all
 he knows. The cull whiddled because they would not
 tip him a snack: the fellow peached because they would
 not give him a share, They whiddle beef, and we must
 brush; they cry out thieves, and we must make off. Cant.

WHIDDLER. An informer, or one that betrays the secrets

 of the gang.

WHIFFLES. A relaxation of the scrotum.

WHIFFLERS. Ancient name for fifers; also persons at the

 universities who examine candidates for degrees. A whiffling
 cur, a small yelping cur.

WHIMPER, or WHINDLE. A low cry.

TO WHINE. To complain.

WHINYARD. A sword.

TO WHIP THE COCK. A piece of sport practised at wakes,

 horse-races, and fairs in Leicestershire: a cock being tied
 or fastened into a hat or basket, half a dozen carters
 blindfolded, and armed with their cart whips, are placed
 round it, who, after being turned thrice about, begin to
 whip the cock, which if any one strikes so as to make it
 cry out, it becomes his property; the joke is, that instead
 of whipping the cock they flog each other heartily.

WHIP JACKS. The tenth order of the canting crew, rogues

 who having learned a few sea terms, beg with counterfeit
 passes, pretending to be sailors shipwrecked on the
 neighbouring coast, and on their way to the port from whence
 they sailed.

TO WHIP OFF. To run away, to drink off greedily, to

 snatch. He whipped away from home, went to the alehouse,
 where he whipped off a full tankard, and coming
 back whipped off a fellow's hat from his head.

WHIP-BELLY VENGEANCE, or pinch-gut vengeance, of

 which he that gets the most has the worst share. Weak
 or sour beer.

WHIPPER-SNAPPER. A diminutive fellow.

WHIPSHIRE. Yorkshire.

WHIPSTER. A sharp or subtle fellow.

WHIPT SYLLABUB. A flimsy, frothy discourse or treatise,

 without solidity.

WHIRLYGIGS. Testicles.

WHISKER. A great lie.

WHISKER SPLITTER. A man of intrigue.

WHISKIN. A shallow brown drinking bowl.

WHISKY. A malt spirit much drank in Ireland and Scotland;

 also a one-horse chaise. See TIM WHISKY.

WHISTLE. The throat. To wet one's whistle; to drink.

WHISTLING SHOP. Rooms in the King's Bench and Fleet

 prison where drams are privately sold.

WHIT. [i. e. Whittington's.] Newgate. Cant.--Five rum-padders

 are rubbed in the darkmans out of the whit, and
 are piked into the deuseaville; five highwaymen broke out
 of Newgate in the night, and are gone into the country.

WHITE RIBBIN. Gin.

WHITE FEATHER. He has a white feather; he is a coward;

 an allusion to a game cock, where having a white leather
 is a proof he is not of the true game breed.

WHITE-LIVERED. Cowardly, malicious.

WHITE LIE. A harmless lie, one not told with a malicious

 intent, a lie told to reconcile people at variance.

WHITE SERJEANT. A man fetched from the tavern or ale-house

 by his wife, is said to be arrested by the white serjeant.

WHITE SWELLING. A woman big with child is said to have

 a white swelling.

WHITE TAPE. Geneva.

WHITE WOOL. Geneva.

WHITECHAPEL. Whitechapel portion; two smocks, and

 what nature gave. Whitechapel breed; fat, ragged, and
 saucy: see ST. GILES'S BREED. Whitechapel beau;
 one who dresses with a needle and thread, and undresses
 with a knife. To play at whist Whitechapel fashion;
 i.e. aces and kings first.

WHITEWASHED. One who has taken the benefit of an act

 of insolvency, to defraud his creditors, is said to have been
 whitewashed.

WHITFIELITE. A follower of George Whitfield, a Methodist.

WHITHER-GO-YE. A wife: wives being sometimes apt to

 question their husbands whither they are going.

WHITTINGTON'S COLLEGE. Newgate; built or repaired by

 the famous lord mayor of that name.

WHORE'S BIRD. A debauched fellow, the largest of all birds.

 He sings more like a whore's bird than a canary bird; said
 of one who has a strong manly voice.

WHORE'S CURSE. A piece of gold coin, value five shillings

 and three pence, frequently given to women of the town by
 such as professed always to give gold, and who before the
 introduction of those pieces always gave half a guinea.

WHOHE'S KITLING, or WHORE'S SON. A bastard.

WHORE-MONGER. A man that keeps more than one mistress.

 A country gentleman, who kept a female friend, being reproved
 by the parson of the parish, and styled a whore-monger,
 asked the parson whether he had a cheese in his
 house; and being answered in the affirmative, 'Pray,'
 says he, 'does that one cheese make you a cheese-monger?'

WHORE PIPE. The penis.

WHOW BALL. A milk-maid: from their frequent use of the

 word whow, to make the cow stand still in milking. Ball
 is the supposed name of the cow.

WIBBLE. Bad drink.

WIBLING'S WITCH. The four of clubs: from one James

 Wibling, who in the reign of King James I. grew rich by
 private gaming, and was commonly observed to have that
 card, and never to lose a game but when he had it not.

WICKET. A casement; also a little door.

WIDOW'S WEEDS. Mourning clothes of a peculiar fashion,

 denoting her state. A grass widow; a discarded mistress.
 a widow bewitched; a woman whose husband is abroad,
 and said, but not certainly known, to be dead.

WIFE. A fetter fixed to one leg.

WIFE IN WATER COLOURS. A mistress, or concubine;

 water colours being, like their engagements, easily effaced,
 or dissolved.

WIGANNOWNS. A man wearing a large wig.

WIGSBY. Wigsby; a man wearing a wig.

WILD ROGUES. Rogues trained up to stealing from their

 cradles.

WILD SQUIRT. A looseness.

WILD-GOOSE CHASE. A tedious uncertain pursuit, like the

 following a flock of wild geese, who are remarkably shy.

WILLING TIT. A free horse, or a coming girl.

WILLOW. Poor, and of no reputation. To wear the willow;

 to be abandoned by a lover or mistress.

WIN. A penny,

TO WIN. To steal. The cull has won a couple of rum

 glimsticks; the fellow has stolen a pair of fine candlesticks.

WIND. To raise the wind; to procure mony.

WINDER. Transportation for life. The blowen has napped

 a winder for a lift; the wench is transported for life for
 stealing in a shop.

WIND-MILL. The fundament. She has no fortune but

 her mills; i.e. she has nothing but her **** and a*se.

WINDFALL. A legacy, or any accidental accession of property.

WINDMILLS IN THE HEAD. Foolish projects.

WINDOW PEEPER. A collector of the window tax.

WINDWARD PASSAGE. One who uses or navigates the

 windward passage; a sodomite.

WINDY. Foolish. A windy fellow; a simple fellow.

WINK. To tip one the wink; to give a signal by winking

 the eye.

WINNINGS. Plunder, goods, or money acquired by theft.

WINTER CRICKET. A taylor.

WINTER'S DAY. He is like a winter's day, short and dirty.

WIPE. A blow, or reproach. I'll give you a wipe on the

 chops. That story gave him a fine wipe. Also a handkerchief.

WIPER. A handkerchief. CANT.

WIPER DRAWER. A pickpocket, one who steals handkerchiefs.

 He drew a broad, narrow, cam, or specked wiper;
 he picked a pocket of a broad, narrow, cambrick, or coloured
 handkerchief.

TO WIREDRAW. To lengthen out or extend any book, letter,

 or discourse.

WISE. As wise as Waltham's calf, that ran nine miles to

 suck a bull.

WISE MEN OF GOTHAM. Gotham is a village in Nottinghamshire;

 its magistrates are said to have attempted to
 hedge in a cuckow; a bush, called the cuckow's bush, is
 still shewn in support of the tradition. A thousand other
 ridiculous stories are told of the men of Gotham.

WISEACRE. A foolish conceited fellow.

WISEACRE'S HALL. Gresham college.

WIT. He has as much wit as three folks, two fools and a

 madman.

WITCHES. Silver. Witcher bubber; a silver bowl. Witcher

 tilter; a silver-hilted sword. Witcher cully; a silversmith.

TO WOBBLE. To boil. Pot wobbler; one who boils a

 pot.

WOLF IN THE BREAST. An extraordinary mode of imposition,

 sometimes practised in the country by strolling
 women, who have the knack of counterfeiting extreme
 pain, pretending to have a small animal called a wolf in
 their breasts, which is continually gnawing them.

WOLF IN THE STOMACH. A monstrous or canine appetite.

WOOD. In a wood; bewildered, in a maze, in a peck of

 troubles, puzzled, or at a loss what course to take in any
 business. To look over the wood; to ascend the pulpit,
 to preach: I shall look over the wood at St. James's on
 Sunday next. To look through the wood; to stand in the
 pillory. Up to the arms in wood; in the pillory.

WOOD PECKER. A bystander, who bets whilst another

 plays.

WOODCOCK. A taylor with a long bill.

WOODEN HABEAS. A coffin. A man who dies in prison is

 said to go out with a wooden habeas. He went out with
 a wooden habeas; i.e. his coffin.

WOODEN SPOON. (Cambridge.) The last junior optime.

 See WRANGLER, OPTIME.

WOODEN HORSE. To fide the wooden horse was a military

 punishment formerly in use. This horse consisted of two
 or more planks about eight feet long, fixed together so as
 to form a sharp ridge or angle, which answered to the
 body of the horse. It was supported by four posts, about
 six feet long, for legs. A head, neck, and tail, rudely cut
 in wood, were added, which completed the appearance of
 a horse. On this sharp ridge delinquents were mounted,
 with their hands tied behind them; and to steady them
 (as it was said), and lest the horse should kick them off,
 one or more firelocks were tied to each leg. In this situation
 they were sometimes condemned to sit an hour or
 two; but at length it having been found to injure the
 soldiers materially, and sometimes to rupture them, it was
 left off about the time of the accession of King George I.
 A wooden horse was standing in the Parade at Portsmouth
 as late as the year 1750.

WOODEN RUFF. The pillory. See NORWAY NECKCLOTH.

WOODEN SURTOUT. A coilin.

WOMAN OF THE TOWN, or WOMAN OF PLEASURE. A

 prostitute.

WOMAN AND HER HUSBAND. A married couple, where

 the woman is bigger than her husband.

WOMAN'S CONSCIENCE. Never satisfied.

WOMAN OF ALL WORK. Sometimes applied to a female

 servant, who refuses none of her master's commands.

WOOLBIRD. A sheep. CANT.

WOOL GATHERING. Your wits are gone a woolgathering;

 saying to an absent man, one in a reverie, or absorbed
 in thought.

WOOLLEY CROWN. A soft-headed fellow.

WORD GRUBBERS. Verbal critics, and also persons who

 use hard words in common discourse.

WORD PECKER. A punster, one who plays upon words.

WORD OF MOUTH. To drink by word of mouth, i.e. out

 of the bowl or bottle instead, of a glass.

WORLD. All the world and his wife; every body, a great

 company.

WORM. To worm out; to obtain the knowledge of a secret

 by craft, also to undermine or supplant. He is gone to
 the diet of worms; he is dead and buried, or gone to
 Rothisbone.

WRANGLERS. At CAMBRIDGE the first class (generally of

 twelve) at the annual examination for a degree. There
 are three classes of honours, wranglers, senior optimes,
 and junior optimes. Wranglers are said to be born with
 golden spoons in their mouths, the senior optimes with
 silver, and the junior with leaden ones. The last junior
 optime is called the wooden spoon. Those who are not
 qualified for honors are either in the GULF (that is,
 meritorious, but not deserving of being in the three first
 classes) or among the pollot [Proofreaders Note: Greek Letters]
 the many. See PLUCK, APOSTLES, &C.

WRAP RASCAL. A red cloak, called also a roquelaire.

WRAPT UP IN WARM FLANNEL. Drunk with spirituous

 liquors. He was wrapt up in the tail of his mother's
 smock; saying of any one remarkable for his success with
 the ladies. To be wrapt up in any one: to have a good
 opinion of him, or to be under his influence.

WRINKLE. A wrinkle-bellied whore; one who has had

 a number of bastards: child-bearing leaves wrinkles in a
 woman's belly. To take the wrinkles out of any one's
 belly; to fill it out by a hearty meal. You have one
 wrinkle more in your a-se; i.e. you have one piece of
 knowledge more than you had, every fresh piece of
 knowledge being supposed by the vulgar naturalists to add a
 wrinkle to that part.

WRY MOUTH AND A PISSEN PAIR OF BREECHES. Hanging.

WRY NECK DAY. Hanging day.

WYN. See WIN.

XANTIPPE. The name of Socrates's wife: now used to

 signify a shrew or scolding wife.

YAFFLING. Eating. CANT.

TO YAM. To eat or stuff heartily.

YANKEY, or YANKEY DOODLE. A booby, or country

 lout: a name given to the New England men in North
 America. A general appellation for an American.

YARMOUTH CAPON. A red herring: Yarmouth is a

 famous place for curing herrings.

YARMOUTH COACH. A kind of low two-wheeled cart

 drawn by one horse, not much unlike an Irish car.

YARMOUTH PYE. A pye made of herrings highly spiced,

 which the city of Norwich is by charter bound to present
 annually to the king.

YARUM. Milk. CANT.

YEA AND NAY MAN. A quaker, a simple fellow, one who

 can only answer yes, or no.

YELLOW. To look yellow; to be jealous. I happened to

 call on Mr. Green, who was out: on coming home, and
 finding me with his wife, he began to look confounded
 blue, and was, I thought, a little yellow.

YELLOW BELLY. A native of the Fens of Licoinshire; an

 allusion to the eels caught there.

YELLOW BOYS. Guineas.

TO YELP. To cry out. Yelper; a town cryer, also one

 apt to make great complaints on trifling occasions.

YEST. A contraction of yesterday.

YOKED. Married. A yoke; the quantum of labour performed

 at one spell by husbandmen, the day's work being
 divided in summer into three yokes. Kentish term.

YORKSHIRE TYKE. A Yorkshire clown. To come Yorkshire

 over any one; to cheat him.

YOUNG ONE. A familiar expression of contempt for another's

 ignorance, as "ah! I see you're a young one." How
 d'ye do, young one?

TO YOWL. To cry aloud, or howl.

ZAD. Crooked like the letter Z. He is a mere zad, or

 perhaps zed; a description of a very crooked or deformed
 person.

ZANY. The jester, jack pudding, or merry andrew, to a

 mountebank.

ZEDLAND. Great part of the west country, where the

 letter Z is substituted for S; as zee for see, zun for sun,





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