Death by boiling
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Boiling to death is a crude and torturous method of execution.
This penalty was carried out using a large cauldron filled with water, oil, tar, tallow or even molten lead. Sometimes the victim was immersed, the liquid then being heated, or he was plunged into the already boiling contents, usually head first. The executioner could then help speed their demise by means of a large hook with which he sank the criminal deeper. An alternative method was to use a large shallow receptacle rather than a cauldron; oil, tallow or pitch then being poured in. The victim was then partially immersed in the liquid and fried to death.
In England, statute 22 passed in 1531 by Henry VIII, made boiling a legal form of capital punishment. It was used for poisoners, specifically enacted because one John Roose, who was the cook for the Bishop of Rochester, poisoned a number of people, resulting in two deaths. It was employed again in 1542 for a woman who used poison. The act was finally repealed in 1547.
On the European continent, this form of capital punishment was reserved for counterfeiters during the Middle Ages. These types of executions usually attracted larger crowds than for hangings or beheadings due to their novelty. In the Dutch town of Deventer the kettle that was used for boiling criminals to death can still be seen.
Pomponio Algerio, a civil law student of the University of Padua was boiled in oil for heresy by the Roman Inquisition on 22 August 1556. His sentence was originally for him to have been burned at the stake, but under changes implemented by the Roman Inquisition, this was altered to the new execution method by order of Pope Paul IV shortly before the execution took place.
- In Asia Minor, John the Evangelist is said, by tradition, to have been boiled in oil, and yet miraculously survived, and was thus the only original Apostle of Jesus not to be martyred.
- The Chinese imperial court used boiling as a form of capital punishment and torture. The Mongol warlord Jamuqa boiled some generals of his rival Genghis Khan alive around the year 1200.
- In the Japanese folk tale of Ishikawa Goemon, Goemon was said to have been boiled in oil for a failed assassination attempt on Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
- In 1606, Guru Arjan of the Sikhs was boiled alive as a form of torture and subsequently died on the orders of the Mughal emperor Jahangir
- In 19th century Madagascar, Ranavalona I (known as the female Caligula) used boiling as a favourite means of execution for her subjects.
- In India it is said in "Garuda Puranam", that the people who didn't offer food for orphans and contaminated food are boiled in oil after their death.
The government of Uzbekistan under the regime of Islom Karimov have boiled a number of political dissidents. The British ambassador to Uzbekistan, Craig Murray, explains in his memoir Murder in Samarkand that he obtained photos of the corpse of Muzafar Avazov and sent them to a forensic pathologist in Britain, who concluded that the visible injuries were consistent with a living person having been immersed in boiling water.
Depictions in Western media
Early reports of cannibals from islands in the Pacific, such as Fiji or Papua New Guinea, killing western Christian missionaries were mistakenly assumed to involve some form of boiling alive. This became a fertile ground for film makers and especially cartoonists, whose cliché depiction of tourist or missionaries sitting restrained in a large cauldron above a wood fire and surrounded by bone-nosed tribes-people were staple of popular magazines and film for decades. Examples include the dream sequence in the movie Bagdad Café and Dan Piraro's depiction of Martha Stewart. In Kyle Onstott's novel "Mandingo", a slave, who slept with and impregnated his master's wife, was killed in a tub of boiling water.