Czech surrealism  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
See Czech, surrealism, Devětsil
"Vítězslav Nezval, author of Surrealist novel Valerie and Her Week of Wonders was along with Karel Teige, Jindřich Štyrský, and Toyen the start of Czech surrealism. When Nezval traveled to Paris he engaged with the French surrealists forging friendship with André Breton and Paul Eluard, and was thus instrumental in founding the Czech Surrealist Group in 1934. It was the first group of this kind outside France." --Sholem Stein

Czech surrealism can be said to have started when Czech painter Josef Sima traveled to Paris in 1921. In 1928 he co-founds the literary magazine Le Grand Jeu. The movement centered around this magazine was ostracized by Breton in 1929.

Surrealism in Prague, Czechoslovakia starts in 1934, when the Czech Surrealist Group was founded by Karel Teige, Jindřich Štyrský, Toyen and Vítězslav Nezval frequently traveled to Paris, engaging with the French surrealists. Forging a friendship with André Breton and Paul Eluard, Vítězslav Nezval was instrumental in founding Czech Surrealist Group in 1934 (the first group of this kind outside France), serving as an editor of the group's journal Surrealismus.


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