Council of Trent  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Council of Trent was the 19th Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. Considered one of the Church's important councils, it was convened in Trento three times between December 13, 1545 and December 4, 1563 as a response to the Protestant Reformation. It clearly specified current Catholic doctrines on salvation, the sacraments, and the Biblical canon, answering all Protestant disputes.

Censorship issues

  • The Council of Trent addressed the representational arts - at that time what is now known as baroque - by demanding that paintings and sculptures in church contexts should speak to the illiterate rather than to the well-informed. This turn toward a populist conception of the function of ecclesiastical art is seen by many art historians as driving the innovations of Caravaggio and the Carracci brothers, all of whom were working (and competing for commissions) in Rome around 1600.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Council of Trent" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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