Correspondance littéraire, philosophique et critique  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Les Nouvelles littéraires

La Correspondance littéraire, philosophique et critique was a hand-written French newsletter, a so-called 'manuscript newsletter'. It was destined for the educated aristocracy of the 18th century and was published from 1747 until 1793.

It was founded by Guillaume Raynal under the title Nouvelles littéraires. In 1753, he hands over the reign to Grimm who gave it its title Correspondance littéraire, philosophique et critique. From 1759 he delegates a part of the task to Diderot. Jacques-Henri Meister was the last director of the magazine.

The publication was highly confidential and handwritten which allowed for it to escape the attention of French censorship. This advantage has allowed Denis Diderot to write his Salons pieces of art criticism, where he sometimes severly judged certain artists. The mailing list was never revealed.

Les abonnés

La liste des abonnés de la Correspondance ne fut jamais directement révélée. L’édition lacunaire de 1812 indique toutefois les noms suivants. Les titres donnés cachent parfois le lecteur effectif dans la mesure où l’on ne sait pas de quelle année date le relevé. En 1759, on compte une quinzaine d’abonnés dont aucun ne réside en France :

Publication history

Grimm's Correspondance littéraire, philosophique et critique ..., depuis 1753 jusqu'en 1769, was edited, with many excisions, by Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Suard and published at Paris in 1812, in 6 vols. 8vo; deuxième partie, de 1771 a 1782, in 1812 in 5 vols. 8vo; and troisième partie, pendant une partie des années 1775 et 1776, et pendant les années 1782 a 1790 inclusivement, in 1813 in 5 vols. 8vo. A supplementary volume appeared in 1814; the whole correspondence was collected and published by Jules Taschereau, with the assistance of A. Chaudé, in a Nouvelle Édition, revue et mise dans un meilleur ordre, avec des notes et des éclaircissements, et oil se trouvent rétablies pour la première fois les phrases supprimées par la censure impériale (Paris, 1829, 15 vols. 8vo); and the Correspondance inédite, et recueil de lettres, poésies, morceaux, et fragments retranchés par la censure impériale en 1812 et 1813 was published in 1829. The standard edition is that of Jean Maurice Tourneux (16 vols., 1877–1882). It is now being replaced by the new edition [1] published by Ulla Kölving at the Centre international d'étude du XVIIIe siècle, Ferney-Voltaire.

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