Civil Rights Act  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Civil Rights Act may refer to several acts of the United States Congress, including:

  • Civil Rights Act of 1866, extending the rights of emancipated slaves by stating that any person born in the United States regardless of race is a US citizen
  • Civil Rights Act of 1871, prohibiting ethnic violence against African Americans (see also, Enforcement Acts, three Acts in 1870-1871)
  • Civil Rights Act of 1875, prohibiting discrimination in "public accommodations", which was found unconstitutional in 1883 as Congress could not regulate conduct of individuals
  • Civil Rights Act of 1957, establishing the Civil Rights Commission
  • Civil Rights Act of 1960, establishing federal inspection of local voter registration polls
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibiting discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin by federal and state governments as well as some public places
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting discrimination in sale, rental, and financing of housing based on race, creed, and national origin
  • Civil Rights Act of 1991, providing the right to trial by jury on discrimination claims and introducing the possibility of emotional distress damages, while limiting the amount that a jury could award

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Civil Rights Act" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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