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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Chronophotography is a Victorian application of science (the study of movement), and art (photography). It is a precursor to the technique to cinematography.

The word is from the Greek chronos and photography, "pictures of time."

Chronophotography is divided into two separate processes: Motography (continuous exposure of the subject) and Strobophotography (intermittent exposure of the subject).

Notable chronophotographers include Eadweard Muybridge, Etienne-Jules Marey, Georges Demenÿ, Ottomar Anschütz, Thomas Eakins, Harold Eugene Edgerton, who all used chronophotography for the scientific study of motion. Many of their photographs are also praised for their aesthetics, however, and the technique further influenced the art world. Futurist painter Giacomo Balla used imagery similar to chronophotography in his painting Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash as did Marcel Duchamp in his painting Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2. Art photographers have also used this technique.

Modern photo editing software allows photographers to create chronophotography images by combining a series of images.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Chronophotography" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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