From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Chicago house is the earliest style of house music which originated in North America at a Chicago, USA, nightclub called The Warehouse. Many believe that the term "house music" can be traced to the name of that club. DJ Frankie Knuckles originally popularized house music while working at The Warehouse.
House music grew out of the post-disco dance club culture of the early 1980s. After disco became popular, certain urban DJs, particularly those in gay communities, altered the music to make it less pop-oriented. The beat became more mechanical and the bass grooves became deeper, while elements of electronic synth pop, Latin soul, dub, rap, and jazz were grafted over the music's insistent, unvarying 4/4 beat. Frequently, the music was purely instrumental and when there were vocalists, they were faceless female divas that often sang wordless melodies.
By the late 1980s, house had broken out of underground clubs in cities like Chicago, New York, and London and had begun making inroads on the pop charts, particularly in England and Europe, but later in America under the guise of artists like C+C Music Factory and Madonna. At the same time, it fragmented into a number of subgenres, including hip-house, ambient house, and most notably, acid house, a subgenre of house with the instantly recognizable squelch of the Roland TB-303 bassline generator. During the '90s, house ceased to be cutting-edge music, yet it remained popular in clubs throughout Europe and America. At the end of the decade, a new wave of progressive house artists including Daft Punk and Basement Jaxx.
- Acid house
- Curtis Jones (Cajmere/Green Velvet)
- Derrick Carter
- DJ Sneak
- Frankie Knuckles
- Larry Heard
- Marshall Jefferson
- Ten City
- Trax Records
- The History Of The House Sound Of Chicago