Chevalier d'Eon  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Charles-Geneviève-Louis-Auguste-André-Timothée d'Éon de Beaumont (5 October 1728 – 21 May 1810), usually known as the Chevalier d'Éon, was a French diplomat, spy, soldier and Freemason who lived the first half of his life as a man and the second half as a woman.


The term eonism was coined by Havelock Ellis to describe similar cases of transgender behavior; it is rarely used now.

The Beaumont Society, a long standing society for transgendered people, is named after Chevalier.

The Oxford English Dictionary records the following: Eonism . . . . Also eonism. [f. the name of the Chevalier Charles d'Éon (1728-1810), a French adventurer who wore women's clothes: see -ism.] Transvestism, esp. by a man. So Eonist, one who wears the clothes of the opposite sex. 1928 H. Ellis Studies Psychol. Sex VII. i. 10 It was clearly a typical case of what Hirschfeld later termed 'transvestism' and what I would call 'sexo-aesthetic inversion', or more simply, 'Eonism'. Ibid. 12 The Eonist (though sometimes emphatically of the apparent sex) sometimes shows real physical approximations towards the opposite sex. 1970 Times 5 Sept. 8/4 Today we can see that the Chevalier was an a-sexual transvestite. From his name Havelock Ellis coined the term eonism to describe this minor deviation.


  • Valentin Pikul. Пером и шпагой. Zvezda, 1971.
  • Gary Kates – Monsieur D'Eon Is a Woman : A Tale of Political Intrigue and Sexual Masquerade (2001) ISBN 0-8018-6731-2, Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Charles D'Eon De Beaumont - "The Maiden of Tonnerre: The Vicissitudes of the Chevalier and the Chevalière D'Eon" (2001) Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Evelyn & Maurice Lever, Le Chevalier d'Éon, une vie sans queue ni tête
  • Le Chevallier D'eon is a series of manga written by Tou Ubukata and illustrated by Kiriko Yumeji. It is published by Del Rey Manga
  • Michel de Decker- "Le Chevalier d'Éon" (1998) France-Empire
  • Jean-Michel Royer- "Le Double Je" (1986) Grasset & Fasquelle

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Chevalier d'Eon" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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