Montesquieu  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu (January 18, 1689 in BordeauxFebruary 10, 1755), was a French "philosophe" who lived during the Era of the Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He was largely responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism and Byzantine Empire.

List of works

  • Les causes de l'écho (The Causes of an Echo)
  • Les glandes rénales (The Renal Glands)
  • La cause de la pesanteur des corps (The Cause of Gravity of Bodies)
  • La damnation éternelle des païens (The Eternal Damnation of the Pagans, 1711)
  • Système des Idées (System of Ideas, 1716)
  • Lettres persanes (Persian Letters, 1721)
  • Le Temple de Gnide (The Temple of Gnide, a novel; 1724)
  • Histoire véritable d'Arsace et Isménie ((The True History of) Arsace and Isménie, a novel; 1730)
  • Considérations sur les causes de la grandeur des Romains et de leur décadence (Considerations on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decadence of the Romans, 1734)
  • De l'esprit des lois ((On) The Spirit of the Laws, 1748)
  • La défense de «L'Esprit des lois» (In Defence of "The Spirit of the Laws", 1750)
  • Pensées suivies de Spicilège (Thoughts after Spicilège)
  • Essai sur le goût (1757)
  • Le flux et le reflux de la mer
  • Mémoires sur la fièvre intermittente
  • Mémoires sur l'écho
  • Les maladies des glandes rénales
  • La pesanteur des corps
  • Le mouvement relatif
  • Le Spicilège
  • Pensées




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Montesquieu" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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