Charles Féré  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Charles Samson Féré (13 July 1852 in Auffay – 22 April 1907) was a French physician.

He initially studied medicine in Rouen, where he subsequently served at the Hôtel-Dieu under surgeon Achille Flaubert (1813-1882), an older brother of writer Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880). Afterwards, he relocated to Paris, where in 1877 he gained his internship. In 1881 he began work as an assistant to Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), who was a profound influence to Féré's career. In 1887, he was appointed chief medical officer at the Hospice Bicêtre, remaining there for the rest of his career.

Féré's wide-ranging research covered subjects such as medicine, psychology, criminology, sexuality, hypnosis, Darwinism, heredity, et al. The following are a few of his principal written works:

  • Le Magnétisme animal (with Alfred Binet), 1887 - Animal magnetism.
  • Dégénérescence et criminalité, 1888 - Degeneration and criminality.
  • La Pathologie des émotions, 1892 - The pathology of emotions.
  • La Famille névropathique, 1894 - The neuropathic family.
  • L'instinct sexuel: évolution et dissolution, 1899 - The sexual instinct, evolution and dissolution.

Féré is credited with introducing the term "hallucination altruiste" to denote an hallucination depicting a person to whom a sensation, wish, or feeling is conveyed or attributed.

See also

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