Carol J. Clover  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Carol J. Clover (born July 31, 1940) is an American professor of film studies, rhetoric language and Scandinavian mythology at the University of California, Berkeley. She has been widely published in her areas of expertise. Her 1992 book Men, Women, and Chainsaws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film achieved popularity beyond academia, and she is credited with developing the "final girl" theory within the book, which changed both popular and academic conceptions of gender in horror films.

Clover is a featured expert in the film S&Man, which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival in 2006. Her son is academic and poet Joshua Clover.



Clover attended the University of California at Berkeley for both her undergraduate and graduate studies. From 1971 to 1977, she was an assistant professor at Harvard University, and then became an assistant professor and eventually a full professor at UC Berkeley. In 1965, she was a Fulbright Fellow at Uppsala University in Sweden.


  • Old Norse Icelandic Literature: a critical guide, University of Toronto Press, in association with the Medieval Academy of America, reprinted 2005
  • Men, Women, and Chainsaws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film, Princeton University Press, 1992 and the British Film Institute, 2004
  • The Medieval Saga, Cornell University Press, 1982


  • "God Bless Juries!" Refiguring American Film Genres History and Theory, ed. Nick Browne (University of California Press, 1998): 255-77.
  • "Law and the Order of Popular Culture," Law in the Domains of Culture, ed. Austin Sarat and Thomas R. Kearns (University of Michigan Press, 1998): 97- 119.
  • "Judging Audiences: The Trial Movie." Film Studies, ed. Christine Gledhill and Linda Williams. (London: Arnold, 1998).
  • "Dancin’ in the Rain." Critical Inquiry, 21 (1995).
  • "Regardless of Sex: Men, Women, and Power in Early Northern Europe." Speculum: Journal of the Medieval Academy of Amnerica, 68 (1993). Rpt. in Studying Medieval Women: Sex, Gender, Feminism. Medieval Academy of America, 1993. Rpt. in Representations, 44 (1993).
  • "The Politics of Scarcity: On the Sex Ratio in Early Scandinavia." Scandinavian Studies, 60 (1991). Rpt. in New Readings on Women in Old English Literature . Ed. Helen Damico and Alexandra Hennessey Olsen. Indiana Univ. Press).
  • "Hildigunnr's Lament: Women in Bloodfeud." In Structure and Meaning. Ed. Gerd Wolfgang Weber, et al. Odense Univ. Press, 1987.
  • "The Long Prose Form." Arkiv för nordisk filologi, 101 (1986).
  • "The Germanic Context of the Unferth Episode," Speculum, 55 (1980).
  • "Her Body, Himself: Gender in the Slasher Film," Representations, 20 (1987).

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Carol J. Clover" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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