From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Capriccio espagnol, Op. 34, is the common Western title for an orchestral work based on Spanish melodies and written by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov in 1887. Rimsky-Korsakov originally intended for the work to place a solo violin against an orchestra, but he later decided that a purely orchestral work would do better justice to the lively melodies. The Russian title translates as Capriccio on Spanish Themes.