From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Cannabis, also known as marijuana) among many other names, refers to any number of preparations of the Cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug. The word marijuana comes from the Mexican Spanish marihuana. According to the United Nations, cannabis "is the most widely used illicit substance in the world."
The typical herbal form of cannabis consists of the flowers and subtending leaves and stalks of mature pistillate of female plants. The resinous form of the drug is known as hashish (or merely as 'hash').
The major psychoactive chemical compound in cannabis is Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (commonly abbreviated as THC). At least 66 other cannabinoids are also present in cannabis, including cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN) and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), which can result in different effects from those of THC alone.
Cannabis use has been found to have occurred as long ago as the third millennium B.C. In modern times, the drug has been used for recreational, religious or spiritual, and medicinal purposes. The UN estimated that in 2004 about 4% of the world's adult population (162 million people) use cannabis annually, and about 0.6% (22.5 million) use it on a daily basis. The possession, use, or sale of cannabis preparations containing psychoactive cannabinoids became illegal in most parts of the world in the early 20th centuryTemplate:Citation needed. Since then, some countries have intensified the enforcement of cannabis prohibition, while others have reduced it.
In film and literature
- Les paradis artificiels by Charles Baudelaire
- The Hasheesh Eater by Fitz Hugh Ludlow
- Cannabis film by Pierre Koralnik
- Cannabis plant
- Cannabis drug strains
- Hash or hashish
- Hash oil or honey oil
- Hemp oil
- Cannabis health
- Cannabis legality
- Legality of cannabis
- Legal history of cannabis in the United States
- 1937 Marihuana Tax Act
- Cannabis political parties
- Global Marijuana March
- International Opium Convention
- Legal and medical status of cannabis
- Legality of cannabis by country
- Marijuana Control, Regulation, and Education Act
- Marijuana Policy Project
- National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws
- Cannabis use demographics