CIA activities in Afghanistan  

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Since the 1970s, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has engaged in multiple operations in Afghanistan. The first major operation, code-named Operation Cyclone, began in 1979. It was a program to arm and finance the mujahideen fighters in Afghanistan prior to and during the military intervention by the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.). President Ronald Reagan had supported an expansion of the Reagan Doctrine, which aided anti-Soviet resistance movements around the world. The program primarily supported militant Islamic groups that were favored by the regime of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq in neighboring Pakistan, at the expense of other resistance groups fighting the Marxist-oriented Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (DRA).

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