From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Byzantium was an ancient Greek city, which was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas or Byzantas (Βύζας or Βύζαντας in Greek). The name "Byzantium" is a Latinization of the original name Byzantion. The city is what later evolved to be the center of the Byzantine Empire (the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of late Antiquity and the Middle Ages) under the name of Constantinople. Constantinople fell to the Turkish Ottoman Empire in 1453. The name of the city was changed to Istanbul in 1930 following the establishment of modern Turkey.
- Constantinople details the history of the city before the Turkish conquest of 1453.
- Istanbul details the history of the city from 1453 on, and describes the modern city.
- Sarayburnu is the geographic location of ancient Byzantium.