Brazilian jazz  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Brazilian jazz is the term for the style of jazz popular or associated with Brazil. The style is sometimes seen as a Brazilian outgrowth of cool jazz as many of the early popularizers of jazz in Brazil were associated with that sub-genre. It was noted for the bossa nova, which mixes samba and jazz, and a greater use of guitar than in North American jazz.

Initially jazz in Brazil faced some critical disdain because of jazz's association with the United States. Although popular as early as 1922 leading Brazilian musical figures considered musicians who experimented with jazz to be succumbing to foreign cultural influence. Still by the 1950s Brazilian jazz had taken on enough native Brazilian cultural aspects to begin to be seen as "Brazilian."

Hence it became popular in the United States as a kind of "new sub-genre." Preparation for that might have been interest in samba shown in the 1942 Disney film Saludos Amigos and in US the popularity of Carmen Miranda. However Brazilian jazz itself gained a following in the early 1960s. In 1962 American tenor saxophonist Stan Getz and guitarist Charlie Byrd had success with Jazz Samba. This album fused jazz with Brazilian music. Although Brazilian musicians themselves would be important as well. The guitarist João Gilberto and his wife, the singer Astrud Gilberto, worked with Getz as well as having some US success with their own albums. The composer Antonio Carlos Jobim played a crucial role as well in bringing the music a wide and respectable audience. Sergio Mendes helped popularize the music in Japan and became the biggest Brazilian star in the U.S. Although later his popularity in the US waned.

In current times Luciana Souza and Eliane Elias are important musicians from Brazil who work in the subgenre. It is also known for contributors from the United States with Chick Corea being a living example of a jazz musician who does Brazilian jazz. Additionally, during the 1970's Flora Purim and her husband Airto Moriera (who were part of Corea's "Return To Forever" band) were important in bringing a blending of genuine Brazilian influence with modern jazz themes.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Brazilian jazz" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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