From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- Portuguese-speaking country in South America. Official name: Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil).
Brazilian culture is a culture of a very diverse nature. An ethnic and cultural mixing occurred in the colonial period between Native Americans, Portuguese and Africans formed the bulk of Brazilian culture. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Italian, German, Spanish, Arab and Japanese immigrants settled in Brazil and played an important role in its culture, creating a multicultural and multiethnic society.
Strong influences on the music of Brazil come from many parts of the world, but there are very popular regional music styles influenced by African and European forms. Samba is no doubt the best known form of Brazilian music worldwide, though Bossa nova and other genres have also received much attention abroad. Brazil also has a growing community of modern/experimental composition, including electroacoustic music. All genres of Brazilian music formed a solid tradition.