From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Black Square on a White Field is a Suprematist painting by Malevich first exhibited in 1915 at the 0.10 Exhibition. It was predated by Paul Bilhaud's all black monochrome Negroes Fighting in a Cellar at Night.
Malevich's "black square" is placed in what is called the golden corner in ancient Russian Orthodox tradition ; the place of the main icon in a house.
It is in the Tretyakov Gallery collection.