Le Bateau-Lavoir  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Le Bateau-Lavoir was a squalid block of buildings in Montmartre, Paris situated at 13 Rue Ravignan (Place Emile Goudeau). The place is famous because at the turn of the 20th century a group of outstanding artists lived and rented artistic studios there. First artists started to settle at the Bateau-Lavoir in the 1890s but after 1914 they started to move elsewhere (mainly Montparnasse).

The name of the place means the laundry-boat because it resembled boats of laundry women. One of the most famous residents of the place was Pablo Picasso (1904-1909) where he lived with his dog Frika. He reputedly invented cubism there and painted one of his finest works Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. Other well-known artists who lived in the Bateau-Lavoir:

At that time the tenement house was a meeting place of a lot of prominent figures of artistic avant-garde, like Guillaume Apollinaire, Georges Braque, Henri Matisse, Jean Cocteau, Gertrude Stein and others. According to his daughter, Jeanne, while living there Amedeo Modigliani one night in an alcoholic rage destroyed a number of his friends paintings.

In 1908 a celebration banquet for Henri Rousseau was organized in Picasso's studio in the Bateau-Lavoir.

See also: La Ruche, in Montparnasse, Paris.



Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Le Bateau-Lavoir" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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