From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Auvergne (Template:IPA-fr; Occitan: Auvèrnhe/Auvèrnha) was a historic province in south central France. It was originally the feudal domain of the Counts of Auvergne. It is now the geographical and cultural area that corresponds to the former province.
Today, the whole of the province of Auvergne is contained inside the administrative région of Auvergne, a région which also includes provinces and territories that were not part of Auvergne historically. The capital of the région of Auvergne is Clermont-Ferrand.
- Vercingetorix, King of the Arverni, leader of the Gallic resistance against Julius Caesar.
- Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, (1757–1834), born in Auvergne, was a national hero in both France and the United States for his roles in the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolution.
- Pierre-Andre Coffinhal, Jacobin leader and vice-president of the Revolutionary Tribunal, was born in Auvergne. A close friend of Robespierre, he was executed following the events of the 9 Thermidor.
- Jean-Baptiste Carrier was a French Revolutionary born in Yolet of Auvergne. He was famous for his brutality towards his enemies. In 1794, he was guillotined upon the conviction of the National Convention.
- The Dalfi d'Alvernha or Dauphin d'Auvergne, troubadour and patron of troubadours, Count of Clermont and Montferrand
- Joseph Canteloube, (1879–1957), French composer.
- Guy Debord, writer and leader of the Situationist International, acquired a country house in the region in 1975, where he frequently lived until committing suicide there in 1994.
- Audrey Tautou, internationally successful French actress, was born and raised in Auvergne: her surname is typically Occitan.
Notable fictional residents
- Lestat de Lioncourt
- Gabrielle de Lioncourt
- Nicolas de Lenfent
- Philippe Charboneau, later Philip Kent; protagonist of the early novels of The Kent Family Chronicles and the eponymous family's progenitor