Auschwitz concentration camp  

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"No poetry after Auschwitz" --Theodor Adorno

""Auschwitz" can be taken as a paradigmatic name for the tragic "incompletion" of modernity."--The Postmodern Explained by Lyotard

"[is there] a line from Kantian formalist ethics to the cold-blooded Auschwitz killing machine?" --"Kant and Sade: The Ideal Couple" (1998) by Slavoj Žižek

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Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi concentration camps. Located in southern Poland, it took its name from the nearby town of Oświęcim (Auschwitz in German), situated about 50 kilometers west of Kraków and 286 kilometers from Warsaw. Following the Nazi occupation of Poland in September 1939, Oświęcim was incorporated into Germany and renamed Auschwitz.

The complex consisted of three main camps: Auschwitz I, the administrative center; Auschwitz II (Birkenau), an extermination camp or Vernichtungslager; and Auschwitz III (Monowitz), a work camp. There were also around 40 satellite camps, some of them tens of kilometers from the main camps, with prisoner populations ranging from several dozen to several thousand.

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