Atra bilis  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

From ātra the nominative feminine of āter + 'bīlis. A translation of μελαγχολία (melancholia) " atrabiliousness", from μέλας μελαν- (melas, melan-) "black, dark, murky" + χολή (chole) "bile" since according to early physiology, the excess of black bile in the human body was to result in melancholy.

Adjective

  1. black bile, meaning melancholy, sadness, dejection
    Bilem atram generantes, quos μελαγχολικοὺς vocant.
    Generating a black bile which they call μελαγχολία.
    Delirat uxor. - Ātrā bīlī percita est.
    My wife is deranged! - It's caused by the black bile.
    Atra bilis agitat hominem.
    Melancholy makes men mad.

Descendants




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Atra bilis" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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