From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Der Netzzeichner (English: Artist and Model in the Studio) is a woodcut by Albrecht Dürer, first published in The Painter's Manual in 1525. The woodcut demonstrates the use of a draftsman's net. A wooden frame covered with a grid of threads, together with an eyepiece - Durer uses an obelisk here - permitted an artist to replicate the scene before him onto a drawing surface ruled with a matching grid. Marxists and feminists have stated that the image portrays the dominance of the male gaze in Western visual culture, illustrating the consequences of mechanizing the relationship between the viewer and the viewed.
In 1993 French photographic artist Dany Leriche appropriated Dürer's original image as Hanneke et Elise, known as a feminist-inspired rejection of the male gaze. The image is part of a diptych - the second part is a photograph of the model taken through the grid from the point of view of the observer.
Netzzeichner, Holzschnitt B 149, um 1525. Phot. Kupferstichkabinett Dresden.