From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art forgery refers to creating and, in particular, selling works of art that are falsely attributed to be work of another, usually more famous, artist. Art forgery is extremely lucrative, but modern dating and analysis techniques have made the identification of forged artwork much simpler.
Fictional art forgery
- How to Steal a Million stars Audrey Hepburn joining a burglar (Peter O'Toole) to prevent technical examinations on a Cellini sculpture that would expose both her grandfather and father as art forgers (the latter working on Cézanne and van Gogh).
- In Incognito (1998, directed by John Badham), an expert in forging famous artists' paintings takes up a job of forging Rembrandt, but is framed for murder after meeting a beautiful Rembrandt expert.
- In the 1999 remake of The Thomas Crown Affair, Pierce Brosnan's millionaire character plays cat-and-mouse about a stolen (and then, on his initiative, forged) Monet painting with an insurance investigator (Rene Russo).
- Tom Ripley is involved in an artwork forgery scheme in several of Patricia Highsmith's crime novels, most notably Ripley Under Ground (1970), in which he is confronted by a collector who correctly suspects that the paintings sold by Tom are forgeries. The novel was adapted to film in 2005, and the 1977 film The American Friend is also partially based on the novel.
- Archaeological forgery
- Authenticity in art
- Museum of Art Fakes, Vienna
- Works of Art with Contested Provenance
Known art forgers and dealers of forged art
- Giovanni Bastianini, Italian forger of renaissance sculptures
- William Blundell, Forged Australian painters
- Yves Chaudron, France - forged Mona Lisa
- Zhang Daqian, forged Chinese art
- Alceo Dossena, Italian sculptor
- John Drewe sold the work of John Myatt
- Shaun Greenhalgh, British forger
- Guy Hain, forged Rodin bronzes
- Eric Hebborn, British-born forger of old masters
- Elmyr de Hory, Hungarian-born painter of Picassos
- Geert Jan Jansen, Dutch painter Karel Appel recognized one of Jansen's forgeries as his own work.
- Tom Keating, British forger
- Fernand Legros, purveyor of forged art
- Han van Meegeren, Dutchman who painted Vermeers
- John Myatt, British painter, created forgeries for John Drewe
- Ely Sakhai, who sold Gauguin's Vase de Fleurs twice
- Jean-Pierre Schecroun forged Picasso
- Emile Schuffenecker, French forger with Otto Wacker
- The Spanish Forger, French forger of medieval miniatures
- David Stein, U.S. art dealer and painter
- Tony Tetro, prolific U.S. forger
- William J. Toye, forged and sold the work of Clementine Hunter
- Eduardo de Valfierno, art dealer who worked with forger Yves Chaudron
- Otto Wacker, German purveyor of fake Van Gogh's
- Kenneth Walton, prosecuted for selling forged paintings on eBay
- Earl M[arshawn] Washington, forger of prints that he attributed to a grandfather, allegedly named "E[arl] M[ack] Washington".