Arsène Houssaye  

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Baudelaire lui a dédié les poèmes en prose de Spleen de Paris. La publication de ces textes dans La Presse en 1862 fut néanmoins à l'origine d'une brouille entre les deux hommes, car Houssaye, cherchant à obtenir la suppression de certains poèmes qui pouvaient choquer ses lecteurs, en retarda la publication au prétexte que Baudelaire lui envoyait des textes dont certains avaient déjà été publiés dans des revues. En résulta une rupture de contrat qui affecta durement Baudelaire, qui avait alors un besoin impérieux d'argent.

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Arsène Houssaye (28 March 1815 – 26 February 1896) was a French novelist, poet and man of letters. He is perhaps best-known for the dedication of Charles Baudelaire in Le Spleen de Paris.

Biography

Houssaye was born in Bruyères (Aisne), near Laon; his original surname was Housset.

In 1832 he found his way to Paris, and in 1836 he published two novels, La Couronne de bluets and La Pécheresse. He had many friends in Paris, among them Jules Janin and Théophile Gautier, and he wrote in collaboration with Jules Sandeau. He produced art criticism in L'Histoire de la peinture flamande et hollandaise (1846); semi-historical sketches in Mlle de la Vallière et Mme de Montespan (1860) and Galerie de portraits du XVIII siècle (1844); literary criticism in Le Roi Voltaire (1858) and his famous satirical Histoire du quarante et unième fauteuil de l'Académie française, dealing with notables who failed of election to the French Academy (1855); drama in his Comédiennes (1857); poetry in his Symphonie de vingt ans (1867), Cent et un sonnets (1873), etc.; and novels, Les Filles d'Eve (1852) and many others. He was long editor of L'Artiste and for some years was editor and proprietor of La Presse.

In 1849, through the influence of the actress (Eliza) Rachel, he was entrusted with the administration of the Theâtre Français, a position he filled with unfailing tact and success until 1859, when he was made inspector-general of works of art.

His Confessions, souvenirs d'un demi-siècle appeared in 1885-1891. See also J. Lemaître, Arsène Houssaye (1897), with a bibliography.

He died in Paris. His son Henry was a noted historian.

See also




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