Arbeitsrat für Kunst  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Arbeitsrat für Kunst (German: 'Workers council for art' or 'Art Soviet') was a union of architect, painters, sculptors and art writers, who were based in Berlin from 1918 to 1921. It developed as a response to the Workers and Soldiers councils and was dedicated to the goal of bringing the current developments and tendencies in architecture and art to a broader population.

The Arbeitsrat worked closely with the Novembergruppe and the Deutscher Werkbund. Some of the architects represented in the Arbeitsrat united in the Glass Chain, or joined the correspondence group, Der Ring. Many members were important founders of the Bauhaus. Individual members informed the most important German academy of art of the time, the Staatliche Akademie für Kunst und Kunstgewerbe Breslau, as well as the Bauhaus.

Members

The founding members were Bruno Taut, Walter Gropius acting from 1919 , César Klein and Adolf Behne as Chairman.

The signatories of the first manifesto were - besides Taut, Gropius, Klein and Behne – Otto Bartning, Rudolf Belling, Arthur Degner, Lyonel Feininger, Otto Freundlich, Jefim (Jef) Golyscheff, August Griesbach, Hermann Hasler, Erwin Hahs, Erich Heckel, Paul Rudolf Henning, Karl Jakob Hirsch, Walter Kaesbach, Georg Kolbe, Gerhard Marcks, Ludwig Meidner, Moritz Melzer, Otto Mueller, Franz Mutzenbecher, Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein, Friedrich Perzynski, Heinrich Richter-Berlin, Richard Scheibe, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Fritz Stuckenberg, Georg Tappert, Max Taut, Arnold Topp and Wilhelm Reinhold Valentiner.

Over 100 artists and architects from Germany and abroad, supported the group and were participants in its exhibitions. Some of these were:- Karl Paul Andrae, Walter Curt Behrendt, Max Berg, Paul Cassirer, Nicolay. Diulgheroff,Hermann Finsterlin, Paul Goesch, Otto Gothe, Wenzel Hablik, Oswald Herzog, Bernhard Hoetger, Willy Jaeckel, Käthe Kollwitz, Carl Krayl, Mechtilde Lichnowsky, Hans und Wassili Luckhardt, Paul Mebes, Ludwig Meidner, Julius Meier-Graefe, Adolf Meyer, Michael Mejer, Erich Mendelsohn, Johannes Molzahn, Karl Ernst Osthaus, Hans Poelzig, Paul Schmitthenner, Herman Sörgel, Milly Steger, Heinrich Tessenow and Wilhelm Worringer.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Arbeitsrat für Kunst" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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