From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1859 - Bryant's Minstrels debut "Dixie" in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.
- 1901 - First issue of L'Assiette au Beurre, a French satirical and libertarian illustrated magazine
- 1966 - Third installment of the Festival of Free Expression opens in France
- 1967 - Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence" speech in New York City's Riverside Church.
- 1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated by James Earl Ray at a motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
- 1973 - The World Trade Center in New York is officially dedicated.
- 2007 - The International Situationist : 1957 – 1972 exhibition opens in Switzerland.
- 1646 - Antoine Galland, French archaeologist (d. 1715)
- 1755 - Christian Heinrich Spiess, German writer of Schauerromanen (d. 1799)
- 1758 - Pierre Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman (d. 1823)
- 1780 - Edward Hicks, American folk painter (d. 1849)
- 1785 - Bettina von Arnim, German writer (d. 1859)
- 1846 - Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (d. 1870)
- 1858 - Remy de Gourmont, French poet (d. 1915)
- 1873 - Élie Faure , French art historian and essayist. (d. 1937)
- 1876 - Maurice de Vlaminck, French painter (d. 1958)
- 1891 - Richard Euringer, German writer and Nazi censor (d. 1953)
- 1914 - Marguerite Duras, French writer (d. 1996)
- 1915 - Muddy Waters, American musician (d. 1983)
- 1920 - Éric Rohmer, French film director (d. 2010)
- 1922 - Elmer Bernstein, American composer (d. 2004)
- 1925 - Emmett Williams, American poet (d. 2007)
- 1932 - Anthony Perkins, American actor (d. 1992)
- 1932 - Andrei Tarkovsky, Soviet film director (d. 1986)
- 1939 - Hugh Masekela, South African musician
- 1945 - Daniel Cohn-Bendit, French political activist
- 1957 - Aki Kaurismäki, Finnish film director
- 1979 - Heath Ledger, Australian actor (d. 2008)
- 1806 - Carlo Gozzi, Italian dramatist and drama theorist (The Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations) (b. 1720)
- 1905 - Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter and sculptor (b. 1831)
- 1953 - Rachilde, French author (b. 1860)
- 1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1929)
- 1992 - Arthur Russell, American cellist, composer, and singer (b. 1951)
- 2007 - Bob Clark, American film director (b. 1941)