From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- 1915 – The use of poison gas in World War I escalates when chlorine gas is released as a chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres.
- 1954 - Red Scare: McCarthyism hearings begin.
- 1724 - Immanuel Kant, German philosopher, generally regarded as the last major philosopher of the early modern period.
- 1766 - Madame de Staël, French author
- 1840 - Odilon Redon, symbolist painter.
- 1899 - Vladimir Nabokov, Russian author
- 1923 - Bettie Page, American model, the subject of numerous "pin-up girl" photographs in the mid 20th century.
- 1937 - Jack Nicholson, highly successful, iconic American method actor, known for portraying antagonistic, cynical characters.
- 1946 - John Waters, American filmmaker. He has long been known as a "bad boy" among filmmakers. John Waters is also a professor for cinema and subculture at the European Graduate School.
- 1952 - Marilyn Chambers, an adult film actress who starred in David Cronenberg's films
- 1827 - Thomas Rowlandson, British caricaturist.
- 2002 - Linda Lovelace, famous pornographic actress in the 1972 film Deep Throat.
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