From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
A partial or total loss of language skills due to brain damage. Usually, damage to the left perisylvian region, including Broca's area and Wernike's area, causes aphasia.
The first recorded case of aphasia is from an Egyptian papyrus, the Edwin Smith Papyrus, which details speech problems in a person with a traumatic brain injury to the temporal lobe.
Jan Berry of Jan and Dean
Robert E. Lee
Paul David Wilson
Sir John Hale