From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Antea (also known as Portrait of a Young Woman) is a painting by the Italian Mannerist artist Parmigianino, executed around 1524-1527.
The work is mentioned in 1671 as part of the Farnese collections in the Palazzo del Giardino, and in the late 17th century it was moved to the Ducal Gallery in the Palazzo della Pilotta in Parma. It is in Naples since 1734, apart a short period in 1816-1817 at Palermo. During World War II it was moved to Montecassino, where it was stolen by the occupying German forces and brought to Berlin, and then to the Austrian mind of Altaussee, from where it returned to Italy in 1945
In the description of the Farnese Ducal Gallery (1725) it is listed as Portrait of Antea or the Beloved of Parmigianino, referring to some famous courtesan of Rome and mentioned by both Benvenuto Cellini and Pietro Aretino. This attribution has been later contested, as well as the traditional dating of the work to the period in which Parmigianino was in Rome (1524-1527). Studies of the woman's garments, a mix of luxury and popular elements, led to the hypothesis that she could be either a daughter, a lover or a servant of Parmigianino, if not Pellegrina Rossi di San Secondo or another unknown noblewoman of Parma.