Anne Henriette of Bavaria  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Anne Henriette Julie (Anna Henrietta Julia) of Bavaria, Princess of Condé (Paris, 13 March 1648 – Paris, 23 February 1723) was a Bavarian Princess by birth and by her marriage in 1663, the Duchess of Enghien and then the Princess of Condé. She was also the Princess of Arches in her own right from 1708.


She was born in Paris the second of three daughters to Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern and his wife Anna Gonzaga. She was engaged to the Duke of Enghien. He was known as Monsieur le Duc at the court of Louis XIV of France. The young Duke was the heir of the infamous Grand Condé.

The marriage ceremony took place at the Palais du Louvre on 11 December 1663. She took on the title of Duchess of Enghien. She held that title till the death of her father-in-law in 1684. It was at her father-in-laws death that Anne Henriette took on the style of Madame la Princess. Her husband, though he suffered from Clinical lycanthropy, was greatly supported by his caring wife, known in French as Anne Henriette, princesse Palatine. Anne Henriette and her husband had 10 children in all.

The young princess, very pious generous and charitable, was well praised by many at court due to her very supportive nature towards her husband. Despite that her husband, who was prone to great rages, would often beat his quiet wife. Love Affairs of the Condé family Out of her many children, five survived infancy. Four of those went onto marry.

Her mother was instrumental at helping bring about a marriage between her niece by marriage, Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate and the brother of Louis XIV of France, Philippe de France, duc d'Orléans in 1671.

In 1708, when her cousin Charles IV, Duke of Mantua died, Anne Henriette became the Princess of Arches in her own right, her being his heiress. He was the last Duke of Mantua. The next year, her husband died in Paris on 1 April 1709 aged 65 making her son, Louis, the next Prince of Condé.

Louis died th next year and as such, his son Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon was the next holder of the title. Anne Henriette was the princess who gave the name of Rue Palatine to a road in the 6th arrondissement of Paris where she had lived in the Petit Luxembourg, next to the Luxembourg Palace in Paris. Anne Henriette also owned the Château du Raincy which was sold to the House of Orléans in 1769. By then the Orléans family had Anne Henriettes blood in their veins.

Anne Henriette died in Paris at the age of 74 having outlived her husband and all but 2 of he children; the Princess of Conti and the Duchess of Maine.

On her death the principality of Arches became extinct; the title was claimed by her son, the Prince of Condé and her nephew, the son of her sister, Louise Marie of Bavaria. She was buried at the Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques in Paris.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Anne Henriette of Bavaria" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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