Andy Warhol filmography  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Andy Warhol worked across a wide range of media — painting, photography, drawing, and sculpture. In addition, he was a highly prolific filmmaker. Between 1963 and 1968, he made more than sixty films. One of his most famous films, Sleep (1963), monitors poet John Giorno sleeping for six hours. The 35-minute film Blow Job (1963) is one continuous shot of the face of DeVerne Bookwalter supposedly receiving oral sex, although the camera never tilts down to see this. Another, Empire (1964), consists of eight hours of footage of the Empire State Building in New York City at dusk.

Batman Dracula is a 1964 film that was produced and directed by Warhol, without the permission of DC Comics. It was screened only at his art exhibits. A fan of the Batman series, Warhol's movie was an "homage" to the series, and is considered the first appearance of a blatantly campy Batman. The film was until recently thought to have been lost, until scenes from the picture were shown at some length in the 2006 documentary Jack Smith and the Destruction of Atlantis.

Warhol's 1965 film Vinyl is an adaptation of Anthony Burgess' popular dystopian novel A Clockwork Orange. Others record improvised encounters between Factory regulars such as Brigid Berlin, Viva, Edie Sedgwick, Candy Darling, Holly Woodlawn, Ondine, Nico, and Jackie Curtis. Legendary underground artist Jack Smith appears in the film Camp.

His most popular and critically successful film was Chelsea Girls (1966). The film was highly innovative in that it consisted of two 16 mm films being projected simultaneously, with two different stories being shown in tandem. From the projection booth, the sound would be raised for one film to elucidate that "story" while it was lowered for the other. Then it would be the other film's turn to bask in the glory of sound. The multiplication of images evoked Warhol's seminal silk-screen works of the early 1960s. The influence of the film's split-screen, multi-narrative style could be felt in such modern work as Mike Figgis' Timecode and, however indirectly, the early seasons of 24.

Other important films include Bike Boy (1967-1968), My Hustler (1965) and Lonesome Cowboys (1968), a raunchy pseudo-Western. These and other titles document gay underground and camp culture, and continue to feature prominently in scholarship about sexuality and art - see, for example, Mathew Tinkom's Working Like a Homosexual (Duke University Press, 2002) or Juan Suarez's Bike Boys, Drag Queens, and Superstars (Indiana University Press, 1996). Blue Movie, a film in which Warhol superstar Viva makes love and fools around in bed with a man for 33 minutes of the film's playing-time, was Warhol's last film as director. The film was at the time scandalous for its frank approach to a sexual encounter. For many years Viva refused to allow it to be screened. It was publicly screened in New York in 2005 for the first time in over thirty years.

After his June 3, 1968 shooting, a reclusive Warhol relinquished his personal involvement in filmmaking. His acolyte and assistant director, Paul Morrissey, took over the film-making chores for the Factory collective, steering Warhol-branded cinema towards more mainstream, narrative-based, B-movie exploitation fare with Flesh, Trash, and Heat. All of these films, including the later Andy Warhol's Dracula and Andy Warhol's Frankenstein, were far more mainstream than anything Warhol as a director had attempted. These latter "Warhol" films starred Joe Dallesandro, who was more of a Morrissey star than a true Warhol superstar.

In order to facilitate the success of these Warhol-branded, Morrissey-directed movies in the marketplace, all of Warhol's earlier avant-garde films were removed from distribution and exhibition by 1972.

Another film, Bad, made significant impact as a "Warhol" film yet was directed by Jed Johnson. Bad starred the infamous Carroll Baker and a young Perry King.

The first volume of a catalogue raisonne for the Factory film archive, edited by Callie Angell, was published in the spring of 2006.


The following are the films directed and produced by Andy Warhol.

Year Film Cast Notes
1963SleepJohn GiornoRuntime of 320+ minutes
1963Andy Warhol Films Jack Smith Filming Normal Love
1963Denis Deegan
1964Naomi and Rufus Kiss
1963Rollerskate/Dance Movie
1963Jill and Freddy Dancing
1963Elvis at Ferus
1963Taylor and Me
1963Tarzan and Jane Regained... Sort of
1963Duchamp Opening
1963Salome and Delilah
1963Haircut No. 1
1963Haircut No. 2
1963Haircut No. 3
1963Henry in Bathroom
1963Taylor and John
1963Bob Indiana, Etc.
1963Billy Klüver
1963John Washing
1963Naomi and John
1964Screen Tests
1964Blow JobDeVeren BookwalterShot at 24 frame/s, projected at 16 frame/s
1964Jill Johnston Dancing
1964EatRobert Indiana
1964Dinner At Daley's
1964Soap Opera
1964Batman Dracula
1964Jane and Darius
1964EmpireRuntime of 8 hours 5 minutes
1964Henry Geldzahler
1964Taylor Mead's AssTaylor Mead
1964Six Months
1964Mario Banana
1964Mario Montez Dances
1964Isabel Wrist
1964Imu and Son
1964Philip and Gerard
196413 Most Beautiful Women
196413 Most Beautiful Boys
196450 Fantastics and 50 Personalities
1964Messy Lives
1964The End of Dawn
1965John and Ivy
1965Screen Test #1
1965Screen Test #2
1965The Life of Juanita Castro
1965Poor Little Rich GirlEdie Sedgwick
1965Beauty No. 1Edie Sedgwick
1965Beauty No. 2Edie Sedgwick
1965Factory Diaries
1965Outer and Inner Space
1965The Fugs and The Holy Modal Rounders
1965Paul Swan
1965My Hustler
1965My Hustler II
1965More Milk, Yvette
1965The Closet
1966Ari and Mario
19663 Min. Mary Might
1966Eating Too Fast
1966The Velvet Underground and Nico: A Symphony of Sound
1966Withering Heights
1966Salvador Dalí
1966The Beard
1966Chelsea Girls
1966Bufferin Commercial
1966The Velvet Underground Tarot Cards
1966Marcel Duchamp
1966Dentist: Nico
1966Ivy and Denis I
1966Ivy and Denis II
1966Tiger Hop
1966The Andy Warhol Story
1966The Bob Dylan Story
1966Mrs. Warhol
1966Kiss the Boot
1966Nancy Fish and Rodney
1966Alien in Jail
1966A Christmas Carol
1967Imitation of Christ
1967Ed Hood
1967Donyale Luna
1967I, a Man
1967The Loves of Ondine
1967Bike Boy
1967Tub Girls
1967The Nude Restaurant
1967Withering Sighs
1968Lonesome Cowboys
1968San Diego Surf
1969Blue Movie
1970Women in Revolt
1971Factory Diaries
1973Flesh for Frankenstein
1974Blood for Dracula
1973Vivian's Girls
1975Nothing Special footage
1977Andy Warhol's Bad

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