André Gide  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

André Paul Guillaume Gide (November 22, 1869February 19, 1951) was a French author and winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1947. Gide's career spanned from the symbolist movement to the advent of anticolonialism in between the two World Wars.

Known for his fiction as well as his autobiographical works, Gide exposes to public view the conflict and eventual reconciliation between the two sides of his personality, split apart by a straightlaced education and a narrow social moralism. Gide's work can be seen as an investigation of freedom and empowerment in the face of moralistic and puritan constraints, and gravitates around his continuous effort to achieve intellectual honesty. His self-exploratory texts reflect his search of how to be fully oneself, even to the point of owning one's sexual nature, without at the same time betraying one's values. His political activity is informed by the same ethos, as suggested by his repudiation of communism after his 1936 voyage to the USSR.

Partial list of works

  • Les cahiers d'André Walter - 1891
  • Le traité du Narcisse - 1891
  • Les poésies d'André Walter - 1892
  • Le voyage d'Urien - 1893
  • La tentative amoureuse - 1893
  • Paludes - 1895
  • Réflexions sur quelques points de littérature - 1897
  • Les nourritures terrestres - 1897
  • Feuilles de route 1895-1896 - 1897
  • El Hadj
  • Le Prométhée mal enchaîné - 1899
  • Philoctète - 1899
  • Lettres à Angèle - 1900
  • De l'influence en littérature - 1900
  • Le roi Candaule - 1901
  • Les limites de l'art - 1901
  • L'immoraliste - 1902 (translated by Richard Howard as The Immoralist)
  • Saül - 1903
  • De l'importance du public - 1903
  • Prétextes - 1903
  • Amyntas - 1906
  • Le retour de l'enfant prodigue - 1907
  • Dostoïevsky d'après sa correspondence - 1908
  • La porte étroite - 1909 (translated as Strait Is the Gate)
  • Oscar Wilde - 1910
  • Nouveaux prétextes - 1911
  • Charles-Louis-Philippe - 1911
  • C. R. D. N. - 1911
  • Isabelle - 1911
  • Bethsabé - 1912
  • Souvenirs de la Cour d'Assises - 1914
  • Les caves du Vatican - 1914 (translated as Lafcadio's Adventures)
  • La marche Turque - 1914
  • La symphonie pastorale - 1919
  • Corydon - 1920
  • Numquid et tu . . .? - 1922
  • Dostoïevsky - 1923
  • Incidences - 1924
  • Caractères - 1925
  • Les faux-monnayeurs - 1925 (translated as The Counterfeiters - 1927)
  • Si le grain ne meurt - 1926 (translated as If It Die)
  • Le journal des faux-monnayeurs - 1926
  • Dindiki - 1927
  • Voyage au Congo - 1927
  • Le retour de Tchad - 1928
  • L'école des femmes - 1929
  • Essai sur Montaigne - 1929
  • Un esprit non prévenu - 1929
  • Robert - 1930
  • La séquestrée de Poitiers - 1930
  • L'affaire Redureau - 1930
  • Œdipe - 1931
  • Perséphone - 1934
  • Les nouvelles nourritures - 1935
  • Geneviève - 1936
  • Retour de l'U. R. S. S. - 1936
  • Retouches â mon retour de l'U. R. S. S. - 1937
  • Notes sur Chopin - 1938
  • Journal 1889-1939 - 1939
  • Découvrons Henri Michaux - 1941
  • Thésée - 1946
  • Le retour - 1946
  • Paul Valéry - 1947
  • Le procès - 1947
  • L'arbitraire - 1947
  • Eloges - 1948
  • Littérature engagée - 1950




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "André Gide" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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