From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Anatolia is a geographic region of Western Asia, comprising most of the modern Republic of Turkey. The region is bounded by the Black Sea to the north, the Caucasus to the northeast, the Iranian plateau to the southeast, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Aegean Sea to the west. Anatolia has been home to many civilizations throughout history, including the Aramean, Hittite, Trojan, Phrygian, Lydian, Achaemenid, Greek, Armenian, Roman, Byzantine, Anatolian Seljuk and Ottoman states.
Geographically, three sides of the peninsula are bordered by Black Sea to the north, Aegean Sea to the west, and Mediterranean Sea to the south. The north east sides of Anatolia is more mountainous. Sea of Marmara form a connection between Black and Aegean seas through the Bosporus and Dardanelles straits. The north side of Marmara is considered to be in Europe and the Bosporus connects Europe to Asia.
Currently, Anatolia is situated in the Turkish Republic. The vast majority of the people residing in Anatolia are Turks. Kurds, who constitute a major community in southeastern Anatolia, are the largest ethnic minority. Albanians, Arabs, Armenians, Bosnians, Georgians, Greeks, Jews, and a number of other ethnic groups also live in Anatolia.