From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Anathema (from Koine Greek ἀνάθεμα "something dedicated, especially dedicated to evil” from ἀνατίθημι anatithēmi, "I set upon, offer as a votive gift") originally meant something lifted up as an offering to the gods; it later evolved to mean:
- to be formally set apart;
- banished, exiled, excommunicated;
- denounced, sometimes accursed; or
- a literary term.
In the Bible, it appears in conjunction with the word "maranatha".