Cinema of the United States
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- In many ways Roger Corman is to American cinema what Jess Franco is to European cinema. They both directed low budget, B movie style films that attracted minority cultures in the United States and Europe respectively. --Sholem Stein
Hollywood is practicaly metonymous with the Cinema of the United States. This was perhaps different in the Pre-Code era, and certainly different after the 1948 Hollywood Antitrust Case led to the break-up of the Hollywood studio system and the development of arthouse and grindhouse movie theatres.
Rise of the home video market
The 1980s and 1990s saw another significant development. The full acceptance of home video by studios opened a vast new business to exploit. Films such as The Secret of NIMH and The Shawshank Redemption, which performed poorly in their theatrical run, were now able to find success in the video market. It also saw the first generation of film makers with access to video tapes emerge. Directors such as Quentin Tarantino and P.T. Anderson had been able to view thousands of films and produced films with vast numbers of references and connections to previous works. This, along with the explosion of independent film and ever-decreasing costs for filmmaking, changed the landscape of American movie-making once again, and led a renaissance of filmmaking among Hollywood's lower and middle-classes—those without access to studio financial resources.
With the rise of the DVD in the 21st century, DVDs have quickly become even more profitable to studios and have led to an explosion of packaging extra scenes, extended versions, and commentary tracks with the films.
- Jahsonic's American film canon (1996-2007)
- Academy Awards
- World cinema
- Hollywood film strike (2008)