From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
In United States education, Africana studies, Africology or Black studies is the study of the histories, politics and cultures of peoples of African origin both in Africa and in the African diaspora. It is thus the sum of the fields of African studies and African diaspora studies (Afro-Latin American and African American studies).
Africana Studies departments at many major universities grew out of the Afrocentric "Black Studies" departments formed in the 70s. Rather than focusing on black topics in the African diaspora (often exclusively African American topics) these reformed departments aimed to expand the field to encompass all of the African diaspora. They also sought to better align themselves with other University departments finding continuity and compromise between the radical Afrocentricity of the past decades and the multicultural scholarship found in many fields today.